Dent Mater 2021 04 13;37(4):690-700. Epub 2021 Feb 13.
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA; Department of Periodontology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA. Electronic address:
Objective: Modifications to implant surface properties, including topography, chemistry, and wettability, alter immune response, osteoblast differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs), and implant integration in vivo. Dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma treatment has been used to sterilize surfaces and remove adsorbed carbon, improving wettability. However, unless it is used immediately prior to placement, ambient atmospheric hydrocarbons rapidly adhere to the surface, thereby reducing its hydrophilicity. Read More