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An Ear with Multiple Vascular Lesions: Does Dermoscopy Offer Any Hints?

J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2021 Mar 1;14(3):30-31. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Drs. Scarfì, Silvestri, Trane, Venturi, and De Giorgi are with the Department of Dermatology, University of Florence in Florence, Italy.

Cutaneous lesions of vascular origin are normally easily diagnosed, both clinically and dermoscopically. However, Kaposi's sarcoma can trigger difficulties in making a correct preoperative diagnosis. Although dermoscopic pictures are not pathognomonic for diagnosing Kaposi's sarcoma, dermoscopic analysis could be a useful complement to a differential diagnosis of nodular pigmented cutaneous lesions. Read More

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The #orthorexia community on Instagram.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Athena Institute, Faculty of Science, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: This mixed-methods study delved into the relationship between orthorexia nervosa (ON) and Instagram.

Methods: Two quantitative data sources were used: content analysis of pictures using #orthorexia (n = 3027), and an online questionnaire investigating the experience of ON and the use of Instagram of people sharing ON-related content on Instagram (n = 185). Following, interviews (n = 9) were conducted with people posting ON-related content on Instagram and self-identifying as having (had) ON. Read More

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Universal neonatal foot orthotics-a novel treatment of infantile metatarsus adductus.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Assuta Ashdod Hospital, Ashdod, Israel.

Approximately one in 100 babies has metatarsus adductus) MTA(. Although most deformities may resolve spontaneously, moderate and severe deformities might cause future discomfort and are therefore often treated. Common treatment alternatives include stretching, serial casting, and orthoses. Read More

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Alpha and theta mechanisms operating in internal-external attention competition.

J Integr Neurosci 2021 Mar;20(1):1-19

Department of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering "Guglielmo Marconi", University of Bologna-Campus of Cesena, 47521 Cesena, Italy.

Attention is the ability to prioritize a set of information at expense of others and can be internally- or externally-oriented. Alpha and theta oscillations have been extensively implicated in attention. However, it is unclear how these oscillations operate when sensory distractors are presented continuously during task-relevant internal processes, in close-to-real-life conditions. Read More

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Mobile-Assisted Virtual Bonding Enables Breast Milk Supply in Critically Ill Mothers With COVID-19: A Reflection on the Feasibility of Telelactation.

Cureus 2021 Mar 4;13(3):e13699. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Pediatrics, University Maternity Hospital Limerick (UMHL), Limerick, IRL.

The separation of the mother-infant pair during the immediate postpartum period has been shown to impair the initiation and sustenance of breastfeeding. For critically ill mothers with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the imposed isolation generates anxiety for their health and that of the offspring. In this study, we present a few cases where a favorable outcome was observed through a telehealth initiative for mothers with severe COVID-19 pneumonia, which involved sharing pictures and videos of newborn infants with the mothers during the ongoing severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2) pandemic in a maternity hospital in northern Iran. Read More

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[Feasibility analysis of visual analogue scale in esthetic evaluation of anterior implant-supported single crown in maxilla].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Apr;56(4):324-328

Department of Prosthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology & Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing 100081, China.

To test the reproducibility of the visual analogue scale (VAS) used in the evaluation of the esthetic effect of anterior dental implants, and to explore the factors that affect the correlation between VAS and pink esthetic score/white esthetic score (PES/WES). From January 2018 to August 2019, a total of 108 doctors and patients were recruited in the Department of Prosthodontics, Implantology and Fourth Clinical Division of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Among them, there were 35 dental implant specialists who were familiar with PES/WES [implant specialist group, 25 males, 10 females, (37. Read More

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Age-related differences in memory for "who," "when," and "where" are detectable in middle-aged adults.

Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 2021 Apr 8:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA.

Our study examined age-related differences across the adult lifespan using a recently developed test assessing memory for "who, when, and where" in addition to associations among these elements. Young (ages 18-25), middle-aged (ages 40-55), and older adults (ages 60+) were asked to remember a sequence of pictures of different faces paired with different places and place the pairs in the correct sequence. Young adults remembered significantly more face-place pairs in the correct sequence than middle-aged ( < . Read More

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Circ_0001982 accelerates the progression of colorectal cancer via sponging microRNA-144.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Mar;25(6):2458

Department of Colorectal Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

The article "Circ_0001982 accelerates the progression of colorectal cancer via sponging microRNA-144, by Q. Deng, C.-J. Read More

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Looking at Buswell's pictures.

Authors:
Nicholas J Wade

J Eye Mov Res 2020 Jun 2;13(2). Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK.

In 1935 Guy Buswell, an educational psychologist at Chicago University, published How People Look at Pictures. In it he recorded photographically the eye movements of 200 observers when looking at a wide variety of pictures. He analysed the overall distribution of fixations on pictures, compared the first few fixations on a picture to the last few, measured the durations of fixations made early in viewing and those made near the end of viewing, examined how fixation duration changed with viewing time, recorded the consistency between different observers when viewing the same picture and he looked at the influence of instructions given to observers upon their eye movements when viewing a picture. Read More

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Absorbing the gaze, scattering looks: Klimt's distinctive style and its two-fold effect on the eye of the beholder.

J Eye Mov Res 2020 Oct 6;13(2). Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Vienna Cognitive Science Hub, University of Vienna, Austria.

Among the most renowned painters of the early twentieth century, Gustav Klimt is often associated - by experts and laymen alike - with a distinctive style of representation: the visual juxtaposition of realistic features and flattened ornamental patterns. Art historical writing suggests that this juxtaposition allows a two-fold experience; the perception of both and . While Klimt adopted a variety of stylistic choices in his career, this one popularised his work and was hardly ever used by other artists. Read More

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October 2020

Does Pictorial Composition Guide the Eye? Investigating Four Centuries of Last Supper Pictures.

J Eye Mov Res 2020 Aug 21;12(2). Epub 2020 Aug 21.

University of Vienna, Austria.

Within art literature, there is a centuries-old assumption that the eye follows the lines set out by the composition of a painting. However, recent empirical findings suggest that this may not be true. This study investigates beholders' saccadic eye movements while looking at fourteen paintings representing the scene of the Last Supper, and their perception of the compositions of those paintings. Read More

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Social Attention Deficits in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Task Dependence of Objects vs. Faces Observation Bias.

Front Psychiatry 2021 22;12:640599. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

CIBIT - Coimbra Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Translational Research, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Social attention deficits represent a central impairment of patients suffering from autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the nature of such deficits remains controversial. We compared visual attention regarding social (faces) vs. non-social stimuli (objects), in an ecological diagnostic context, in 46 children and adolescents divided in two groups: ASD ( = 23) and typical neurodevelopment (TD) ( = 23), matched for chronological age and intellectual performance. Read More

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Social media as a new source of medical information and support: analysis of scoliosis-specific information.

Spine Deform 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Ascension Texas Spine and Scoliosis, 1600 West 38th Street Suite 200, Austin, TX, 78731, USA.

Background Context: It has never been easier for patients to obtain information about and to connect with others with a given health issue. Frequently, patients turn to social media. There, more information and emotional support from individuals with similar experiences should empower patients, contributing to a better functional and overall outcome. Read More

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Perception of social media behaviour among medical students, residents and medical specialists.

Perspect Med Educ 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Academy for Postgraduate Medical Training, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Behaviour is visible in real-life events, but also on social media. While some national medical organizations have published social media guidelines, the number of studies on professional social media use in medical education is limited. This study aims to explore social media use among medical students, residents and medical specialists. Read More

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Cockroaches are scarier than snakes and spiders: Validation of an affective standardized set of animal images (ASSAI).

Behav Res Methods 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Departamento de Psicología Básica, Clínica y Psicobiología, Universitat Jaume I, Avda. Vicente Sos Baynat s/n, 12006, Castellón, Spain.

Research on emotional processes has been closely related to the use of emotional stimuli, promoting the development of different standardized sets of images. However, some kinds of images that would be relevant in clinical psychology research are not available, especially for small animal phobias. The aim of the present study is to validate a set of animal images that includes images of cockroaches, which are not present in the current sets of images. Read More

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Recognition and naming test of the Portuguese population for national and international celebrities.

Behav Res Methods 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

School of Psychology, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057, Braga, Portugal.

Research on familiar faces has been conducted in different countries and resort to celebrities faces, stimuli that are highly constrained by geographic context and cultural peculiarities, since many celebrities are only famous in particular countries. Despite their relevance to psychological research, there are no normative studies of celebrities' facial recognition in Portugal. We developed a database with 160 black and white pictures of famous persons' faces in this work. Read More

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FACSHuman, a software program for creating experimental material by modeling 3D facial expressions.

Behav Res Methods 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Psychology, Université Paris 8, 2, rue de la Liberté, 93526, Saint-Denis CEDEX, France.

This paper presents the FACSHuman software program, a tool for creating facial expression materials (pictures and videos) based on the Facial Action Coding System (FACS) developed by Ekman et al. (2002). FACSHuman allows almost all the Action Units (AUs) described in the FACS Manual to be manipulated through a three-dimensional modeling software interface. Read More

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Communication and animal observation in livestock farming - pilot study of a teaching project in veterinary education.

GMS J Med Educ 2021 15;38(3):Doc61. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover, Außenstelle für Epidemiologie in Bakum, Bakum, Germany.

Within the scope of a teaching project, students of veterinary medicine are to study animal and environmental observation and how to communicate with the persons responsible for animals on pig farms. They will be prepared to reflect on conversational behavior, identify difficult conversational situations and solve them in a goal-oriented way. In addition to piloting, the the aim of the study is to evaluate the teaching project by the students and the teaching staff. Read More

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Uncovering the computational mechanisms underlying many-alternative choice.

Elife 2021 Apr 6;10. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

The Ohio State University, Columbus, United States.

How do we choose when confronted with many alternatives? There is surprisingly little decision modelling work with large choice sets, despite their prevalence in everyday life. Even further, there is an apparent disconnect between research in small choice sets, supporting a process of gaze-driven evidence accumulation, and research in larger choice sets, arguing for models of optimal choice, satisficing, and hybrids of the two. Here, we bridge this divide by developing and comparing different versions of these models in a many-alternative value-based choice experiment with 9, 16, 25, or 36 alternatives. Read More

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The effect on pain and anxiety levels of using DistrACTION® Cards to distract children during a skin-prick test: a randomized controlled experimental study.

Authors:
Leyla Erdim

Minerva Pediatr (Torino) 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Midwifery Department, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa Faculty of Health Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey -

Background: The effect of using Distraction® Cards to distract children aged 6-10 during a skin-prick test on their levels of pain and anxiety was explored in this study.

Methods: The study was conducted as randomized, controlled, experimental research with a total of 104 children presenting at a hospital for a skin-prick test, 52 of whom comprised the experimental and 52 the control group. DistrACTION® Cards were employed in the experimental group of children to distract their attention during a skin prick test by observer nurse. Read More

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Recognition memory performance can be estimated based on brain activation networks.

Behav Brain Res 2021 Apr 2:113285. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Division of Molecular Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Basel, CH-4055 Basel, Switzerland; Transfaculty Research Platform Molecular and Cognitive Neurosciences, University of Basel, CH-4055 Basel, Switzerland; Psychiatric University Clinics, University of Basel, CH-4055 Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background: Recognition memory is an essential ability for functioning in everyday life. Establishing robust brain networks linked to recognition memory performance can help to understand the neural basis of recognition memory itself and the interindividual differences in recognition memory performance.

Methods: We analysed behavioural and whole-brain fMRI data from 1'410 healthy young adults during the testing phase of a picture-recognition task. Read More

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Insights into Mycoplasma-associated mucocutaneous disease.

Clin Exp Allergy 2021 Apr 4. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Dermatology Division, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine (DIMES), IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

We read with great interest the paper by Liccioli and colleagues concerning Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP)-associated mucocutaneous disease in children. Interestingly, among a cohort of 10 patients, the clinical presentation was variable but oral mucositis was constantly present. In particular, the lip involvement reported in their pictures caught our attention because of marked lip enlargement and swelling of the vermilion border. Read More

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Should Iliac Wing Screws Be Included in Long Segment Dynamic Stabilization?

Cureus 2021 Feb 24;13(2):e13543. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Neurosurgery, Koç University School of Medicine, Istanbul, TUR.

Background In this article, clinical satisfaction and radiological results are discussed in a series of patients where the iliac wings participate in dynamic stabilization. Dynamic stabilization is an effective alternative surgical treatment method, especially in clinical pictures that go with pain due to minor instabilities. Practically the unique surgical instrument used in multilevel instabilities is the Dynesys system. Read More

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February 2021

Challenging control over emotions in Borderline Personality Disorder-a tDCS study.

Neuropsychologia 2021 Apr 1:107850. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Neurophysiology & Interventional Neuropsychiatry, University of Tübingen, Germany.

Background: Deficient cognitive control (CC) over emotional distraction is a central characteristic of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Reduced activation of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) has been linked to this deficit. This study investigates whether it is possible to ameliorate CC deficits via anodal tDCS over the left dlPFC in BPD. Read More

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Metamemory for pictures of naturalistic scenes: Assessment of accuracy and cue utilization.

Mem Cognit 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, University of Mannheim, A 5, 6, C 203, 68159, Mannheim, Germany.

Memory for naturalistic pictures is exceptionally good. However, little is known about people's ability to monitor the memorability of naturalistic pictures. We report the first systematic investigation into the accuracy and basis of metamemory in this domain. Read More

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Aesthetic Preference for Glossy Materials: An Attempted Replication and Extension.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2021 Mar 26;11(4). Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Penn Center for Neuroaesthetics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

The psychology of art and aesthetics has a long-standing interest in how low-level features, such as symmetry, curvature, and color, affect people's aesthetic experience. Recent research in this tradition suggests that people find glossy, shiny objects and materials more attractive than flat, matte ones. The present experiment sought to replicate and extend research on the attractiveness of images printed on glossy and flat paper. Read More

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"Reading Pictures Instead of Looking": RGB-D Image-Based Action Recognition via Capsule Network and Kalman Filter.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Mar 22;21(6). Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033, China.

This paper proposes an action recognition algorithm based on the capsule network and Kalman filter called "Reading Pictures Instead of Looking" (RPIL). This method resolves the convolutional neural network's over sensitivity to rotation and scaling and increases the interpretability of the model as per the spatial coordinates in graphics. The capsule network is first used to obtain the components of the target human body. Read More

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Anthropomorphic Strategies Promote Wildlife Conservation through Empathy: The Moderation Role of the Public Epidemic Situation.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 30;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.

The global illegal wildlife trade directly threatens biodiversity and leads to disease outbreaks and epidemics. In order to avoid the loss of endangered species and ensure public health security, it is necessary to intervene in illegal wildlife trade and promote public awareness of the need for wildlife conservation. Anthropomorphism is a basic and common psychological process in humans that plays a crucial role in determining how a person interacts with other non-human agents. Read More

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Rare Variants in Autophagy and Non-Autophagy Genes in Late-Onset Pompe Disease: Suggestions of Their Disease-Modifying Role in Two Italian Families.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 31;22(7). Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Institute of Genetics and Biophysics "Adriano Buzzati-Traverso", National Research Council, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Pompe disease is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency in the enzyme acid alpha-glucosidase. The late-onset form of Pompe disease (LOPD) is characterized by a slowly progressing proximal muscle weakness, often involving respiratory muscles. In LOPD, the levels of GAA enzyme activity and the severity of the clinical pictures may be highly variable among individuals, even in those who harbour the same combination of mutations. Read More

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Network Visualization and Pyramidal Feature Comparison for Ablative Treatability Classification Using Digitized Cervix Images.

J Clin Med 2021 Mar 1;10(5). Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Communications Engineering Branch, Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA.

Uterine cervical cancer is a leading cause of women's mortality worldwide. Cervical tissue ablation is an effective surgical excision of high grade lesions that are determined to be precancerous. Our prior work on the Automated Visual Examination (AVE) method demonstrated a highly effective technique to analyze digital images of the cervix for identifying precancer. Read More

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