Clin Pharmacol Ther 2019 05 11;105(5):1204-1212. Epub 2019 Jan 11.
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University Medicine of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.
Bioavailability of orally administered drugs is partly determined by function of drug transporters in the liver and intestine. Therefore, we explored adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette (ABC) and solute carriers family transporters expression (quantitative polymerase chain reaction) and protein abundance (liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)) in human liver and duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon in paired tissue specimens from nine organ donors. The transporter proteins were detected in the liver (permeability-glycoprotein (P-gp), multidrug resistance protein (MRP)2, MRP3, breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP)1B1, OATP1B3, OATP2B1, organic cation transporter (OCT)1, OCT3, organic anion transporter 2, Na+-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide, monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)1, and multidrug and toxin extrusion 1) and the intestine (P-gp, multidrug-resistance protein (MRP)2, MRP3, MRP4, BCRP, OATP2B1, OCT1, apical sodium-bile acid transporter (only ileum), MCT1, and peptide transporter (PEPT1)). Read More