1,662 results match your criteria physiologic emotional


Perioperative Transgender Hormone Management: Avoiding Venous Thromboembolism and Other Complications.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Apr;147(4):1008-1017

From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Rush University Medical Center; the Department of Pediatrics, New York University Langone Medical Center; Chase Brexton Health Care; the Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco; and the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Summary: This review discusses the current evidence regarding perioperative hormone therapy for transgender individuals, with an emphasis on strategies to reduce the risk of perioperative venous thromboembolism. Historically, surgeons routinely discontinued estrogen therapy in the perioperative period with the goal of reducing the risk of venous thromboembolism. However, abrupt estrogen cessation may also lead to adverse emotional and physiologic effects, including an exacerbation of one's gender dysphoria. Read More

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Higher Right Hemisphere Gamma Band Lateralization and Suggestion of a Sensitive Period for Vocal Auditory Emotional Stimuli Recognition in Unilateral Cochlear Implant Children: An EEG Study.

Front Neurosci 2021 9;15:608156. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Laboratory of Industrial Neuroscience, Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

In deaf children, huge emphasis was given to language; however, emotional cues decoding and production appear of pivotal importance for communication capabilities. Concerning neurophysiological correlates of emotional processing, the gamma band activity appears a useful tool adopted for emotion classification and related to the conscious elaboration of emotions. Starting from these considerations, the following items have been investigated: (i) whether emotional auditory stimuli processing differs between normal-hearing (NH) children and children using a cochlear implant (CI), given the non-physiological development of the auditory system in the latter group; (ii) whether the age at CI surgery influences emotion recognition capabilities; and (iii) in light of the right hemisphere hypothesis for emotional processing, whether the CI side influences the processing of emotional cues in unilateral CI (UCI) children. Read More

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Study design and rationale for a randomized controlled trial to assess effectiveness of stochastic vibrotactile mattress stimulation versus standard non-oscillating crib mattress for treating hospitalized opioid-exposed newborns.

Contemp Clin Trials Commun 2021 Mar 11;21:100737. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA.

The incidence of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) continues to rise and there remains a critical need to develop non-pharmacological interventions for managing opioid withdrawal in newborns. Objective physiologic markers of opioid withdrawal in the newborn remain elusive. Optimal treatment strategies for improving short-term clinical outcomes and promoting healthy neurobehavioral development have yet to be defined. Read More

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Addressing Pain for a Proper Rehabilitation Process in Patients With Severe Disorders of Consciousness.

Front Pharmacol 2021 17;12:628980. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Research in Advanced NeuroRehabilitation, Istituto Sant'Anna, Crotone, Italy.

Consciousness constitutes a fundamental prerequisite in the individual appraisal and experience of pain. In the same way, a person needs to be able to report on pain perception. Patients who suffered a severe brain injury with disorders of consciousness (DOC) represent a spectrum of pathologies affecting patients' capacity to interact with the external world. Read More

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February 2021

Fear Recognition for Women Using a Reduced Set of Physiological Signals.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Feb 25;21(5). Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Electronic Technology Department, Universidad Carlos III of Madrid, 28911 Leganés, Madrid, Spain.

Emotion recognition is benefitting from the latest research into physiological monitoring and wireless communications, among other remarkable achievements. These technologies can indeed provide solutions to protect vulnerable people in scenarios such as personal assaults, the abuse of children or the elderly, gender violence or sexual aggression. Cyberphysical systems using smart sensors, artificial intelligence and wearable and inconspicuous devices can serve as bodyguards to detect these risky situations (through fear-related emotion detection) and automatically trigger a protection protocol. Read More

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February 2021

A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study Examining Effects of Animal Assisted Therapy in Children Undergoing Sealant Placement.

Pediatr Dent 2021 Jan;43(1):10-16

Dr. Maclin is an assistant professor of Pediatric Dentistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn., USA.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a companion canine on physiologic responses, discomfort level, and behavior in children undergoing sealant placement using a dental isolation system (Isodry). Forty-seven healthy six- to 10-year-olds who needed sealants were randomly assigned to a control group (N =23) or experimental group (N =24) that utilized an emotional support canine in the child's lap. Preoperative baseline anxiety was obtained. Read More

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January 2021

Primary hyperhidrosis in children: A review of therapeutics.

Pediatr Dermatol 2021 Mar 4. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

McGovern Medical School, Departments of Dermatology and Pediatrics, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA.

Primary hyperhidrosis, an idiopathic disease that commonly affects the palms, soles, axillae, or craniofacial region, is characterized by perspiration in excess of what is required for physiologic cooling. This disease begins in childhood or adolescence and negatively impacts emotional, physical, and psychologic well-being. This review explores current therapeutic options for primary hyperhidrosis in the pediatric population, including topical therapies, oral therapies, non-surgical and procedural interventions, and adjunctive therapies. Read More

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Mental Health in Early Childhood and Changes in Cardiometabolic Dysregulation by Preadolescence.

Psychosom Med 2021 Apr;83(3):256-264

From the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences (Qureshi, Tiemeier, Kubzansky), Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Psychology, Education and Child Studies (Derks), Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology (Derks) and; The Generation R Study Group, Department of Pediatrics (Jaddoe), Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; and Department of Epidemiology (Williams, Koenen), Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective: Poor mental health in childhood is associated with a greater risk of cardiometabolic disease in adulthood, but less is known about when these associations begin to emerge. This study tests whether poor mental health (indexed by emotional and behavioral problems) in early childhood predicts increases in cardiometabolic dysregulation over 4 years of follow-up.

Methods: Data are from 4327 participants in the Generation R Study. Read More

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Reliability of additional reported seizure manifestations to identify dissociative seizures.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 Feb 1;115:107696. Epub 2021 Jan 1.

Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Purpose: Descriptions of seizure manifestations (SM), or semiology, can help localize the symptomatogenic zone and subsequently included brain regions involved in epileptic seizures, as well as identify patients with dissociative seizures (DS). Patients and witnesses are not trained observers, so these descriptions may vary from expert review of seizure video recordings of seizures. To better understand how reported factors can help identify patients with DS or epileptic seizures (ES), we evaluated the associations between more than 30 SMs and diagnosis using standardized interviews. Read More

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February 2021

Sleep-related (psychogenic) dissociative disorders as parasomnias associated with a psychiatric disorder: update on reported cases.

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Apr;17(4):803-810

Sleep Disorders Center, Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Study Objectives: To update the literature on the diagnostic category of sleep-related dissociative disorders (SRDDs), involving psychogenic dissociation, since the time of their inclusion in the parasomnias section of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, second edition, in 2005; to summarize the most salient clinical and video-polysomnographic (vPSG) findings and typical clinical profile from all reported cases; and to provide the rationale for the re-inclusion of the group of SRDDs in future editions of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders.

Methods: A systematic computerized literature search was conducted searching for SRDDs, nocturnal dissociative disorders, and nocturnal dissociation.

Results: Nine additional cases were identified, with sufficient clinical history and vPSG findings to justify the diagnosis of SRDDs, supplementing the 11 cases cited in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, second edition, for a total of 20 cases. Read More

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A 4-Month Whole-Systems Ayurvedic Medicine Nutrition and Lifestyle Intervention Is Feasible and Acceptable for Breast Cancer Survivors: Results of a Single-Arm Pilot Clinical Trial.

Glob Adv Health Med 2020 1;9:2164956120964712. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

Purpose: Ongoing symptoms and impairments in quality of life (QOL) among breast cancer survivors remain a significant problem. We tested the feasibility and acceptability of a manualized Ayurvedic nutrition and lifestyle intervention for breast cancer survivors.

Methods: Eligible participants had Stage I-III breast cancer, underwent treatment within the past year that included chemotherapy, and were without active disease. Read More

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December 2020

Feasibility and safety of exercise training and nutritional support prior to haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with haematologic malignancies.

BMC Cancer 2020 Nov 24;20(1):1142. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Department of Hematology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Zaloska cesta 7, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Background: Prehabilitation with regular exercise and nutritional care for patients undergoing surgeries for malignant disease was recently introduced to increase physiologic reserve prior to the procedure, accelerate recovery and improve outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility and safety of combined exercise training and nutritional support in patients with haematologic malignancies prior to haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).

Methods: In this single-arm pilot study, 34 HSCT candidates were enrolled at least two weeks before admission for the procedure. Read More

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November 2020

Can We Ditch Feature Engineering? End-to-End Deep Learning for Affect Recognition from Physiological Sensor Data.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Nov 16;20(22). Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

To further extend the applicability of wearable sensors in various domains such as mobile health systems and the automotive industry, new methods for accurately extracting subtle physiological information from these wearable sensors are required. However, the extraction of valuable information from physiological signals is still challenging-smartphones can count steps and compute heart rate, but they cannot recognize emotions and related affective states. This study analyzes the possibility of using end-to-end multimodal deep learning (DL) methods for affect recognition. Read More

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November 2020

The Result of Acute Induced Psychosocial Stress on Pain Sensitivity and Modulation in Healthy People.

Pain Physician 2020 11;23(6):E703-E712

Research Group MOVANT, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy (REVAKI), University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium; Pain in Motion International Research Group, www.paininmotion.be, Belgium; Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Pain can be influenced by several factors, including stress. Stress can have various reactions on pain. These reactions are influenced by several internal factors such as gender, age, and experience with stress or pain. Read More

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November 2020

The Importance of Respiratory Rate Monitoring: From Healthcare to Sport and Exercise.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Nov 9;20(21). Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome "Foro Italico", 00135 Rome, Italy.

Respiratory rate is a fundamental vital sign that is sensitive to different pathological conditions (e.g., adverse cardiac events, pneumonia, and clinical deterioration) and stressors, including emotional stress, cognitive load, heat, cold, physical effort, and exercise-induced fatigue. Read More

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November 2020

Anxiety, Depression, and Pain: Considerations in the Treatment of Patients with Uncontrolled Hypertension.

Curr Hypertens Rep 2020 11 10;22(12):106. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Henry Ford Hospital, Emergency Medicine, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The association between mental health, pain, and treatment-resistant hypertension is an important consideration for treating physicians. We review and discuss the connection between conditions of anxiety, depression, and chronic pain and their effect on uncontrolled hypertension.

Recent Findings: There is significant co-occurrence of hypertension with anxiety, depression, and chronic pain which may lead to undertreatment of hypertension and undertreatment of the underlying mental health disorder. Read More

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November 2020

Evaluation of associations between owner presence and indicators of fear in dogs during routine veterinary examinations.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2020 Nov;257(10):1031-1040

Objective: To evaluate the influence of owner presence on behavioral and physiologic indicators of fear in dogs during routine physical examinations.

Animals: 32 client-owned dogs.

Procedures: Dogs underwent a standardized, video-recorded examination consisting of 6 phases (examination of the head, lymph node palpation, body palpation, axillary temperature measurement, heart rate assessment, and respiratory rate assessment) with or without their owner present in a randomized, controlled study. Read More

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November 2020

Emotional Deprivation in Children: Growth Faltering and Hypopituitarism.

Authors:
Alan David Rogol

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2020 7;11:596144. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, United States.

Emotional deprivation can lead to growth faltering of infants and children. The mechanism(s) involved differ in that for infants, the major metabolic problem is inadequate energy intake for growth. In young children, it is likely that the emotional deprivation causes a syndrome not only of growth faltering, but with bizarre behaviors, especially with regard to food: hoarding, gorging and vomiting, hyperphagia, drinking from the toilet, and eating from garbage pails. Read More

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October 2020

Biosensing and Actuation-Platforms Coupling Body Input-Output Modalities for Affective Technologies.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Oct 22;20(21). Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Departamento de Física, LIBPhys FCT-UNL Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Largo da Torre, 2825-149 Caparica, Portugal.

Research in the use of ubiquitous technologies, tracking systems and wearables within mental health domains is on the rise. In recent years, affective technologies have gained traction and garnered the interest of interdisciplinary fields as the research on such technologies matured. However, while the role of movement and bodily experience to affective experience is well-established, how to best address movement and engagement beyond measuring cues and signals in technology-driven interactions has been unclear. Read More

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October 2020

Automated video-based heart rate tracking for the anesthetized and behaving monkey.

Sci Rep 2020 10 21;10(1):17940. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Institut des Sciences Cognitives Marc Jeannerod, UMR5229 CNRS, Université de Lyon, 67 Boulevard Pinel, 69675, Bron Cedex, France.

Heart rate (HR) is extremely valuable in the study of complex behaviours and their physiological correlates in non-human primates. However, collecting this information is often challenging, involving either invasive implants or tedious behavioural training. In the present study, we implement a Eulerian video magnification (EVM) heart tracking method in the macaque monkey combined with wavelet transform. Read More

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October 2020

The Urban Built Environment, Walking and Mental Health Outcomes Among Older Adults: A Pilot Study.

Front Public Health 2020 23;8:575946. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

Department of Urban and Environmental Planning, School of Architecture, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, United States.

The benefits of walking in older age include improved cognitive health (e.g., mental alertness, improved memory functioning) and a reduced risk of stress, depression and dementia. Read More

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September 2020

Rate Adaptive Pacing: Memories From a Bygone Era.

Authors:
Harry G Mond

Heart Lung Circ 2021 Feb 5;30(2):225-232. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

Department of Cardiology, The Royal Melbourne Hospital and the Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia. Electronic address:

With the recognised physiologic value of dual chamber pacing, there was, at the commencement of the 1980s, an intense search for sensors to enable ventricular pacemakers to alter the pulse repetition rate in response to physiologic demand. Manufacturers fell into two main groups; those who chose highly physiologic sensors often requiring special pacing leads and those whose sensors allowed a standard pacing lead. Thirteen (13) sensors for rate adaptive pacing progressed at least to human investigational studies. Read More

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February 2021

Physiological Signal Monitoring for Identification of Emotional Dysregulation in Children.

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2020 07;2020:4273-4277

Children, particularly those with atypical or delayed development, have a reduced ability to self-regulate their emotions and behaviour. After a number of anxiety or stress provoking events, this reduced regulatory ability can result in a meltdown. Extrinsic signals of an impending meltdown are often recognised and acted on by clinicians or parents. Read More

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[Normal childbirth: physiologic labor support and medical procedures. Guidelines of the French National Authority for Health (HAS) with the collaboration of the French College of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians (CNGOF) and the French College of Midwives (CNSF) - Intrapartum care for healthy women and non pharmacological approaches for pain management].

Authors:
C Schantz

Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol 2020 Dec 1;48(12):883-890. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Centre Population et Développement (Ceped), Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Université de Paris, Inserm ERL 1244, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Objective: To make clinical practice guidelines for intrapartum care for healthy women and non-pharmacologic approaches for pain management.

Methods: Review of the literature of articles published between January 2000 and September 2017 in English and French language from the Medline database, the Cochrane Library and recommendations from international institutes.

Results: During the initial examination of a pregnant woman, it is recommended to take note of the pregnancy monitoring file and its possible birth plan; perform an anamnesis, inquire about her wishes and physiological and emotional needs; and perform a clinical examination (Consensus agreement). Read More

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December 2020

Two cases of exploding head syndrome documented by polysomnography that improved after treatment.

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Jan;17(1):103-106

Department of Otolaryngology, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Japan.

None: Exploding head syndrome is a rare sleep disorder, characterized by an explosive feeling in the head, that occurs during the sleep-wake transition. Usually the attacks are painless, but the fear caused by the attack can result in awakening and insomnia when it is generated frequently. It has been suspected that exploding head syndrome is related to emotional stress, because most patients report stressful life situations in periods when attacks are intense and frequent. Read More

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January 2021

Cardiac arrhythmias and In-hospital mortality amongst patients with takotsubo cardiomyopathy: A retrospective study in an Italian population.

Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc 2020 Dec 29;31:100608. Epub 2020 Aug 29.

The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is an acute non-ischemic cardiomyopathy classically associated with an intense emotional or physiologic trigger. Data on the relationship between arrhythmias and mortality in TTC have been limited by small sample sizes. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of ventricular and atrial arrhythmias and advanced atrioventricular block on in-hospital mortality in a large inpatient population with TTC. Read More

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December 2020

Real-time mobile monitoring of bipolar disorder: a review of evidence and future directions.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2021 01 12;46(1):197-208. Epub 2020 Sep 12.

Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Rapidly accumulating data from mobile assessments are facilitating our ability to track patterns of emotions, behaviors, biologic rhythms, and their contextual influences in real time. These approaches have been widely applied to study the core features, traits, changes in states, and the impact of treatments in bipolar disorder (BD). This paper reviews recent evidence on the application of both passive and active mobile technologies to gain insight into the role of the circadian system and patterns of sleep and motor activity in people with BD. Read More

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January 2021

Do PROMS improve outcomes in patients with depression in primary care?

BMJ 2020 09 8;370:m3313. Epub 2020 Sep 8.

Primary Care and Population Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

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September 2020

A limbic circuit selectively links active escape to food suppression.

Elife 2020 09 7;9. Epub 2020 Sep 7.

Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, The Rockefeller University, New York, United States.

Stress has pleiotropic physiologic effects, but the neural circuits linking stress to these responses are not well understood. Here, we describe a novel population of lateral septum neurons expressing neurotensin (LS) in mice that are selectively tuned to specific types of stress. LS neurons increase their activity during active escape, responding to stress when flight is a viable option, but not when associated with freezing or immobility. Read More

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September 2020