120,874 results match your criteria physical psychological


Investigation of the effects of restrictions applied on children during Covid-19 pandemic.

J Pediatr Nurs 2021 Sep 15;61:340-345. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Pediatric Nursing, Pamukkale University Faculty of Health Sciences, Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Kınıklı Kampüsü, Denizli, Turkey. Electronic address:

Purpose: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of restrictions that have been imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic, and contact with a COVID-19 positive individual on children and the practices adopted by parents to help their children cope with these effects.

Design And Methods: The data for this descriptive study were collected through social media platforms. The study included 464 parents who have children between the ages of 3 and 18, use social media, and are willing to participate in the study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The care needs of persons with oropharyngeal dysphagia and their informal caregivers: A scoping review.

PLoS One 2021 23;16(9):e0257683. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Introduction: Besides affecting physical health, Oropharyngeal Dysphagia (OD) entails limitations in daily activities and social participation for both patients and their informal caregivers. The identification of OD-related needs is crucial for designing appropriate person-centered interventions.

Aims: To explore and map the literature investigating the care needs related to OD management of adult persons with OD and their informal caregivers during the last 20 years. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The role of the NP in primary care of adults with autism spectrum disorder.

Nurse Pract 2021 Oct;46(10):44-48

Abstract: Adults with autism spectrum disorder have poorer physical and psychological health outcomes compared with individuals who are neurotypical and benefit from exceptional primary care. NPs are uniquely positioned to reform primary care and eliminate inequities, and can help influence practice standards and optimize care for these patients through education, advocacy, and health promotion. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Treatment Impact on Patient-Reported Outcomes in Peripheral Neuropathic Pain: Comparing Single Intervention With Topical High-Concentration Capsaicin to Daily Oral Pregabalin.

Pain Physician 2021 Sep;24(6):453-463

Grünenthal GmbH, Aachen, Germany.

Background: Peripheral neuropathic pain (PNP) is a complex, subjective experience affecting both physical and psychological aspects of functioning. Assessing patient-reported outcomes (PROs) beyond pain relief is important and aligns with the recommendations of IMMPACT (Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials). Moreover, PRO data are key to clinical decision-making when evaluating treatment options. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Associations among attitudes towards motherhood, pet-keeping, and postpartum depression symptoms.

Biol Futur 2020 Jun 13;71(1-2):153-164. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Ethology, Institute of Biology, Eötvös Loránd University, Pázmány Péter prom 1/c, Budapest, 1117, Hungary.

Certain companion animals' relationship to humans is analogous to child-parent attachment. Further, pet-keeping is associated with less physical and psychological health problems and animal-assisted interventions ameliorate depressive symptoms. Accordingly, cognitive representations of pet-keeping and parenthood may be related, and pet-keeping may protect against postpartum depression symptoms (PPDS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Fear of Reinjury Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Is Manifested in Muscle Activation Patterns of Single-Leg Side-Hop Landings.

Phys Ther 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Umeå University, Sweden SE-901 87, Umeå, Sweden.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether fear of re-injury is manifested in joint kinematics and muscle activation patterns during landings of a standardized rebound side-hop (SRSH), or in patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), among individuals with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).

Methods: In this cross-sectional observational study, 38 individuals within 2 years post-ACLR were grouped into HIGH-FEAR (n = 21, median 11.2 months post-surgery) or LOW-FEAR (n = 17, median 10. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Met and unmet rehabilitative needs among pediatric patients with moderate to severe TBI.

Brain Inj 2021 Sep 23:1-6. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Veterans Health Administration Rocky Mountain Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Objective: Estimate the probability of met and unmet post-acute rehabilitative needs among pediatric patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Participants: One hundred and thirty children who received acute and post-acute rehabilitative services at a hospital for children.

Methods: Prospective, observational study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

[Quality of Pediatric Palliative Care Crisis Intervention - A Retrospective Survey].

Klin Padiatr 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Pediatrics, FAU Erlangen, Erlangen, Deutschland.

Background: In addition to palliative care in the dying phase, the care of sick children and their families is becoming increasingly important in times of crisis of a life-limiting illness. The families are supported by a specialised ambulatory palliative team for children and adolescents (SAPV-team for children and adolescents). The aim of the retrospective survey was to determine the quality of these palliative care crisis interventions for the families. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Effects of a creative yoga intervention on the joint attention and social communication skills, as well as affective states of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Res Autism Spectr Disord 2021 Oct 11;88. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Biomechanics & Movement Sciences Program & Department of Physical Therapy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19713.

Background: Yoga is gaining popularity as a multisystem intervention due to its impact on both the physical and mental well-being of children with typical development. However, there is limited empirical evidence to support the use of this approach in school-aged children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The current pilot study evaluated the impact of a creative yoga intervention on the joint attention, social communication, and affective states of children with ASD. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Examining Empathy Through Consolation Behavior in Prairie Voles.

Authors:
Jenna M Wilson

J Undergrad Neurosci Educ 2021 20;19(2):R35-R38. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

School of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, UK KY16 9JP.

Empathy is an affective and cognitive event in which an organism experiences an approximation of the physical or psychological state of another organism. The phenomenon has been well-studied in humans but is not as widely researched in other animals. Burkett and colleagues in a 2016 article published in measured empathy in prairie voles () and meadow voles () by observing consolation behavior between non-stressed and stressed individuals. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Reliability of the French-Canadian adaptation of the Personality Assessment Inventory: Medical-legal implications.

Psychiatr Psychol Law 2021 25;28(1):135-148. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, ON, Canada.

The Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) is a reliable multidimensional psychometric inventory that is increasingly being used in the medical-legal context. To date, 18 language adaptations of the PAI exist, yet only the Spanish, Greek and German language versions have been examined psychometrically. This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the French-Canadian version of the PAI by comparing mean scale and subscale scores between the French-Canadian and English language versions, and analyzing the internal consistency and mean item inter-correlations (MICs) of each version in a sample of 50 bilingual university students. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sleep, resilience, and psychological distress in United States military Veterans.

Mil Psychol 2018 17;30(5):404-414. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

School of Social Work, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Sleep problems are prevalent among Veterans. Left untreated, such problems may elevate psychological distress and increase risk of subsequent mental health disorders. Psychological resilience may buffer against negative psychological outcomes, yet the relationship between sleep and resilience has not been studied. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Short- and Long-Term Complications of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia.

Respir Care 2021 Oct;66(10):1618-1629

Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disease most commonly seen in preterm infants of low birthweight who required postnatal respiratory support. Although overall incidence rates have not changed, recent advancements in medical care have resulted in lower mortality rates, and those affected are beginning to live longer. As a result, the long-term repercussions of BPD are becoming more apparent. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Child maltreatment, early life socioeconomic disadvantage and all-cause mortality in mid-adulthood: findings from a prospective British birth cohort.

BMJ Open 2021 Sep 22;11(9):e050914. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

UCL Division of Surgery & Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK

Objectives: Early-life adversities (ELAs) such as child maltreatment (neglect and abuse) and socioeconomic disadvantage have been associated with adult mortality. However, evidence is sparse for specific types of ELA. We aimed to establish whether specific ELAs (ie, different types of child maltreatment and socioeconomic disadvantage) were associated independently with all-cause mortality in mid-adulthood and to examine potential intermediary pathways. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Getting the MOST out of follow-up: a randomized controlled trial comparing 3 monthly nurse led follow-up via telehealth, including monitoring CA125 and patient reported outcomes using the MOST (Measure of Ovarian Symptoms and Treatment concerns) with routine clinic based or telehealth follow-up, after completion of first line chemotherapy in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Prince of Wales Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Physical symptoms, anxiety, depression, fear of recurrence, sexual dysfunction, and social withdrawal are common in women after treatment for ovarian cancer. Most patients would like and need help dealing with these symptoms. The traditional model of follow-up care is unstructured and largely focused on diagnosing recurrent disease, and most oncologists lack skills to identify and manage psychosocial issues. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Detrimental changes to the health and well-being of healthcare workers in an Australian COVID-19 hospital.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Sep 22;21(1):1002. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Epidemiology and Health Analytics, Western Sydney Local Health District, Locked Bag 7118, Parramatta BC, NSW, 2124, Australia.

Background: Most studies examining the psychological impact of COVID-19 on healthcare workers (HCWs) have assessed well-being during the initial stages or the peak of the first wave of the pandemic. We aimed to measure the impact of COVID-19 and potential changes over time in its impact, on the health and well-being of HCWs in an Australian COVID-19 hospital.

Methods: An online questionnaire assessed current and retrospective physical and mental health; psychological distress (Kessler Psychological Distress Scale); lifestyle behaviours; and demographics, providing measures of health and wellbeing at three phases of the pandemic. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Emotion Regulation and Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration in Undergraduate Samples: A Review of the Literature.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2021 Sep 22:15248380211036063. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Edson College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration increases throughout young adulthood and is particularly widespread among college students, resulting in mental health and academic consequences. Deficits in emotion regulation (ER) are an important factor associated with IPV perpetration; the developmental tasks and challenges associated with college, including relationship stressors and hazardous alcohol use, implicate ER as a particularly relevant risk factor for IPV perpetration. Thus, college presents an important opportunity for intervention in order to change the trajectories of IPV perpetration across young adulthood. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Psychological distress during the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador: Cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(9):e0257661. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Sociology, Social Work and Public Health, Faculty of Labour Sciences, University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain.

Background: The effects of the COVID 19 pandemic on the mental health of citizens from Asia, Europe, or North America begin to be known, but there are fewer publications on its effects in Latin American countries. In this study, its impact in Ecuador is described, with data collected during the first phase of the pandemic. The objective of this study was to analyse the level of psychological distress in the population of Ecuador during the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

A Matched Comparison of the Benefits of Breast Reduction on Health-Related Quality of Life.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Oct;148(4):729-735

From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania.

Background: Breast reduction surgery has consistently fallen within the top 10 surgical procedures performed by plastic surgeons. This is because of its capability to relieve the physical and psychological impact of macromastia. Although numerous women pursue consultation, many never undergo the procedure. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Effects of Bathing in a Tub on Physical and Psychological Symptoms of End-of-Life Cancer Patients: An Observational, Controlled Study.

J Hosp Palliat Nurs 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Eriko Hayashi, PhD, RN, is assistant professor, Nursing Course, School of Medicine, Yokohama City University; and Department of Palliative Nursing, Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan. Maho Aoyama, PhD, RN, is assistant professor, Department of Palliative Nursing, Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan. Fumiyasu Fukano, MD, is palliative care ward doctor, Fujisawa Shounandai Hospital, Japan. Junko Takano, MSN, RN, is assistant head nurse, Fujisawa Shounandai Hospital, Japan. Yoichi Shimizu, PhD, RN, is assistant head nurse, Division of Nursing, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Mitsunori Miyashita, PhD, RN, is professor, Department of Palliative Nursing, Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

This observational, controlled study explored the effects of bathing on the physical and psychological aspects of terminal cancer patients on a palliative care ward. With nurses' assistance, the patients evaluated and recorded the severity of their symptoms at 10:00 AM, 30 minutes after initial bathing, and at 5:00 PM. The bathing care was provided as routine care according to the patients' wishes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Psychological distress, optimism and emotion regulation among Israeli Jewish and Arab pregnant women during COVID-19.

J Reprod Infant Psychol 2021 Sep 22:1-16. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Clalit Health Services (Kupat Holim Clalit), Israel.

Background: Pregnancy is a vulnerable period for women, and it is especially so under the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic. Whereas there is some evidence for distress among pregnant women during the outspread of COVID-19, little is known about the second wave of the pandemic. We therefore sought to examine the contribution of background variables, ethnicity (Jewish, Arab), personal resources (optimism, emotion regulation), and COVID-19-related anxieties to pregnant Israeli women's psychological distress. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Immediate & delayed effects of suppression and mindfulness as emotion regulation strategies.

Anxiety Stress Coping 2021 Sep 22:1-14. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Raleigh, NC, USA.

Background & Objectives: Emotion regulation is an integral component of multiple physical and psychological functions, and problems with emotion regulation are thought to be involved with the development of psychological disorders. Most laboratory research on emotion regulation has been limited to investigating short-term impact during a single session.

Design & Methods: In the current study, we investigated the potential delayed consequences of the short-term use of two emotion regulation strategies: mindfulness and suppression. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The Effect of Self-Paced Exercise Intensity and Cardiorespiratory Fitness on Frontal Grey Matter Volume in Cognitively Normal Older Adults: A Randomised Controlled Trial.

J Int Neuropsychol Soc 2021 Sep 22:1-14. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

School of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: Exercise has been found to be important in maintaining neurocognitive health. However, the effect of exercise intensity level remains relatively underexplored. Thus, to test the hypothesis that self-paced high-intensity exercise and cardiorespiratory fitness (peak aerobic capacity; VO2peak) increase grey matter (GM) volume, we examined the effect of a 6-month exercise intervention on frontal lobe GM regions that support the executive functions in older adults. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Prevalence of Maltreatment Among Canadian National Team Athletes.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Sep 22:8862605211045096. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

University of Toronto, ON, Canada.

This study assessed the prevalence of maltreatment experienced by Canadian National Team athletes. In total, 995 athletes participated in this study, including current athletes and athletes who had retired in the past 10 years. An anonymous online survey was administered, consisting of questions about experiences of psychological, physical, and sexual harm, and neglect, as well as questions about identity characteristics, when the harm was experienced, and who perpetrated the harm. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Impact of Periodontal Disease on the Quality of Life of Older People in Indonesia: A Qualitative Study.

JDR Clin Trans Res 2021 Sep 22:23800844211041911. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Edinburgh Dental Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Introduction: The impact of periodontal disease on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) has often been investigated from a quantitative research perspective, which is based on clinical findings and an OHRQoL questionnaire. Very few studies have examined the issue from the view of qualitative research. To our knowledge, there have been no previous qualitative studies focusing the effect of periodontal disease on OHRQoL in Indonesian older people. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Patterns of weight change in a weight gain prevention study for young adults.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Objective: Recovery from weight regain is uncommon during weight loss treatment. This study examined whether participants in a weight gain prevention intervention similarly struggle to recover following weight gains and which factors predict transitions.

Methods: This is a secondary analysis of data from the Study of Novel Approaches to Weight Gain Prevention (SNAP), a randomized controlled trial comparing two weight gain prevention interventions with a control group. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Outdoor daylight exposure and longer sleep promote wellbeing under COVID-19 mandated restrictions.

J Sleep Res 2021 Sep 21:e13471. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Institute and Polyclinic for Occupational-, Social- and Environmental Medicine, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.

Light is an important regulator of daily human physiology in providing time-of-day information for the circadian clock to stay synchronised with the 24-hr day. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic led to social restrictions in many countries to prevent virus spreading, restrictions that dramatically altered daily routines and limited outdoor daylight exposure. We previously reported that sleep duration increased, social jetlag decreased, and mid-sleep times delayed during social restrictions (Global Chrono Corona Survey, N = 7,517). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Frailty in Young and Middle-Aged Adults: An Integrative Review.

J Frailty Aging 2021 ;10(4):327-333

Courtney Loecker, MSN, APRN-NP, AGACNP-BC, 985330 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA, 402-559-6571 phone, 402-472-7345 fax.

Background: Frailty is a public health priority resulting in poor health outcomes and early mortality in older adults. Early identification, management, and prevention of frailty may reduce frailty trajectory into later life. However, little is known about frailty in younger adults. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The AWESCORE, a patient-reported outcome measure: development, feasibility, reliability, validity and responsiveness for adults with cystic fibrosis.

ERJ Open Res 2021 Jul 20;7(3). Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Monash University, School of Medicine, Prahran, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Quality of life has improved dramatically over the past two decades in people with cystic fibrosis (CF). Quantification has been enabled by patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs); however, many are lengthy and can be challenging to use in routine clinical practice. We propose a short-form PROM that correlates well with established quality-of-life measures. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

PTSD Symptoms and Sleep Quality of COVID-19 Patients During Hospitalization: An Observational Study from Two Centers.

Nat Sci Sleep 2021 14;13:1519-1531. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Lab for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Faculty of Psychology and Mental Health, Naval Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, People's Republic of China.

Background: The outbreak of COVID-19 has developed into a pandemic. Data are required that specifically address the psychological consequences in COVID-19 confirmed patients. This study mainly aimed to examine posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and sleep quality among COVID-19 confirmed patients during hospitalization. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021