6,400 results match your criteria phylogenies recovered


Evolution of host use in fungivorous ciid beetles (Coleoptera: Ciidae): molecular phylogeny focusing on Japanese taxa.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 May 4:107197. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Zoology, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-oiwake, Sakyo, Kyoto 606 8502 Japan.

Consumer-resource interactions between trophic levels are ubiquitous and important factors in shaping the diversity of insects. However, dietary patterns such as host specificity and conservatism have been insufficiently examined in fungivorous insects. Here we reconstructed the evolutionary history of host use in fungivorous ciid beetles (Coleoptera: Ciidae) and tested for host conservatism. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A review of the taxonomy of spiny-backed orb-weaving spiders of the subfamily Gasteracanthinae (Araneae, Araneidae) in Thailand.

Zookeys 2021 16;1032:17-62. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Animal Systematics and Molecular Ecology Laboratory, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand Animal Systematics and Molecular Ecology Laboratory, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University Bangkok Thailand.

Spiny-backed orb-weaving spiders of the subfamily Gasteracanthinae are broadly distributed in the Old World. Despite their use as a model species in biology, evolution, and behavior because of their extraordinary characteristics, the systematics of this group of spiders are still poorly understood. This study elucidates the systematics of Gasteracanthinae in Thailand based on morphological and molecular-based analyses. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Molecular evidence and morphological aspects of and re-description of (Digenea) from the Red Sea.

Vet Res Forum 2021 15;12(1):15-24. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Biology, College of Science, Al Baha University, Al Baha, Saudi Arabia.

During a recent survey on digenean parasites infecting marine fish captured from water located along the Red Sea off Gizan Coasts, Saudi Arabia, thirty-two (29.09%) out of 110 fish were naturally infected with three different species of digenean parasites. The taxonomical status of the recovered worms was confirmed by light microscopy and molecular analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Potential syntrophic relationship between coral-associated and its companion sulfate-reducing bacterium unveiled by genomic analysis.

Microb Genom 2021 May;7(5)

Molecular and Biological Agricultural Sciences, Program Taiwan International Graduate Program, National Chung Hsing University and Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Endolithic microbial symbionts in the coral skeleton may play a pivotal role in maintaining coral health. However, compared to aerobic micro-organisms, research on the roles of endolithic anaerobic micro-organisms and microbe-microbe interactions in the coral skeleton are still in their infancy. In our previous study, we showed that a group of coral-associated (CAP), a genus of anaerobic green sulphur bacteria, was dominant in the skeleton of the coral . Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Multi-locus phylogeny with dense Guiana Shield sampling supports new suprageneric classification of the Neotropical three-barbeled catfishes (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae).

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 Apr 28:107186. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Ichthyology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, 10024, USA.

The catfish family Heptapteridae is ubiquitous across a range of freshwater habitats from southern Mexico to northern Argentina and contains 23 genera and 228 valid species. After a century of mostly morphology-based systematic analyses of these fishes, we provide the first molecular phylogenetic hypothesis spanning most valid Heptapteridae genera (16 of 23). We examined eight of 14 valid genera in the Nemuroglanis-subclade (Heptapterini, new tribe), all valid genera in the Brachyglanis-subclade (Brachyglaniini, new tribe) and most valid Brachyglaniini species (11 of 15). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ecophysiological Features Shape the Distribution of Prophages and CRISPR in Sulfate Reducing Prokaryotes.

Microorganisms 2021 Apr 27;9(5). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Laboratorio de Microbiología Molecular y Biotecnología Ambiental, Departamento de Química & Centro de Biotecnología Daniel Alkalay-Lowitt, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Avenida España 1680, Valparaíso 2390123, Chile.

Sulfate reducing prokaryotes (SRP) are a phylogenetically and physiologically diverse group of microorganisms that use sulfate as an electron acceptor. SRP have long been recognized as key players of the carbon and sulfur cycles, and more recently, they have been identified to play a relevant role as part of syntrophic and symbiotic relations and the human microbiome. Despite their environmental relevance, there is a poor understanding about the prevalence of prophages and CRISPR arrays and how their distribution and dynamic affect the ecological role of SRP. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Molecular Phylogeny of Endophytic Fungi from Rattan ( Griff.) Spines and Their Antagonistic Activities against Plant Pathogenic Fungi.

J Fungi (Basel) 2021 Apr 15;7(4). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang USM 11800, Malaysia.

is a common rattan palm species in the tropical forests of Peninsular Malaysia and is noticeable by the yellow-based spines that cover the stems. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of fungal endophytes within spines and whether they inhibit the growth of fungal pathogens. Twenty-one genera with 40 species of fungal endophytes were isolated and identified from rattan palm spines. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Morphological and molecular characterization of Ceratomyxa xanthopteri n. sp. (Myxosporea: Ceratomyxidae) from the marine ornamental fish Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes 1835 (Acanthuridae) off Vizhinjam coast, Kerala.

Parasitol Res 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Fish Health Section, Marine Biotechnology Division, Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, PB No. 1603, North P.O., Ernakulam, Kerala, 682018, India.

A new species of Ceratomyxa infecting the gallbladder of the marine ornamental fish Acanthurus xanthopterus collected from the Vizhinjam coast of Kerala is described. The parasite exhibited a prevalence of 100%. Mature spores recovered from the gallbladder were slightly crescentic with rounded lateral extremities and possessed convex anterior and slightly concave to straight posterior margins. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Discordant Phylogenomic Placement of Hydnoraceae and Lactoridaceae Within Piperales Using Data From All Three Genomes.

Front Plant Sci 2021 12;12:642598. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Institut für Botanik, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

Phylogenetic relationships within the magnoliid order Piperales have been studied extensively, yet the relationships of the monotypic family Lactoridaceae and the holoparasitic Hydnoraceae to the remainder of the order remain a matter of debate. Since the first confident molecular phylogenetic placement of Hydnoraceae among Piperales, different studies have recovered various contradictory topologies. Most phylogenetic hypotheses were inferred using only a few loci and have had incomplete taxon sampling at the genus level. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A giant within Carpocorini (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae): Description of emAdustonotus/em emgraziae/em sp. nov.

Zootaxa 2021 Apr 14;4958(1):zootaxa.4958.1.29. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Departamento de Zoologia, Av. Bento Gonçalves 9500, 91501-970, Prédio 43435, Porto Alegre RS, Brazil..

The Carpocorini are distributed worldwide, and it is one of the most speciose tribes within the Pentatomidae with 127 genera and more than 500 valid species. Recently, Adustonotus Bianchi was described to contain eight species formerly placed within Euschistus Dallas. Among them, Adustonotus grandis (Rolston) and Adustonotus latus (Dallas) are remarkable for their large size. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Molecular phylogenetics, PCA, and MFA recover a new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from an isolated sandstone massif in northwestern Cambodia.

Zootaxa 2021 Mar 25;4949(2):zootaxa.4949.2.3. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Herpetology Laboratory, Department of Biology, La Sierra University, 4500 Riverwalk Parkway, Riverside, California 92515, USA..

The integrated results of maximum likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) analyses, principal component analyses (PCA), and a multiple factor analysis (MFA) recover a new, widely allopatric species of the Cyrtodactylus intermedius species group. Cyrtodactylus kulenensis sp. nov is endemic to the Phnom Kulen sandstone massif of the Phnom Kulen National Park, Siem Reap Province, in the lowlands of northwestern Cambodia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Multi-character taxonomic review, systematics, and biogeography of the Black-capped/Tawny-bellied Screech Owl (emMegascops/em ematricapilla/em-emM. watsonii/em) complex (Aves: Strigidae).

Zootaxa 2021 Mar 26;4949(3):zootaxa.4949.3.1. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

1Zoology Graduate Program, Universidade Federal do Pará/Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Belém-PA, Brazil. Department of Zoology, Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém-PA, Brazil..

Megascops is the most species-rich owl genus in the New World, with 21 species currently recognized. Phylogenetic relationships within this genus are notoriously difficult to establish due to the considerable plumage similarity among species and polymorphism within species. Previous studies have suggested that the widespread lowland Amazonian M. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

New insights on the diversity of Brazilian anuran blood parasites: With the description of three new species of (Apicomplexa: Hepatozoidae) from Leptodactylidae anurans.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2021 Apr 24;14:190-201. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Setor de Parasitologia, DBBVPZ, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista- UNESP, Distrito de Rubião Junior, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

The Amphibia are considered the most threatened vertebrate class globally, yet in Brazil they are also one of the more diverse and species rich groups. Although, in recent years there has been strong focus on amphibian related research, their parasites have not received the same attention. In Brazil, only a single species of , namely (Lesage, 1908) Pessoa, 1970, has been described from anuran hosts. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Adaptive radiation and speciation in Rhipicephalus ticks: A medley of novel hosts, nested predator-prey food webs, off-host periods and dispersal along temperature variation gradients.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 Apr 20;162:107178. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Evolutionary Genomics Group, Department of Botany and Zoology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa.

Rhipicephalus are a species-diverse genus of ticks, mainly distributed in the Afrotropics with some species in the Palearctic and Oriental regions. Current taxonomic consensus comprise nine informal species groups/lineages based on immature morphology. This work integrates biogeographic, ecological and molecular lines of evidence to better understand Rhipicephalus evolution. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Revisiting the phylogeny of microsporidia.

Int J Parasitol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Zoology, University of Otago, 340 Great King Street, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand.

Canonical microsporidians are a group of obligate intracellular parasites of a wide range of hosts comprising ~1,300 species of >220 genera. Microsporidians are related to fungi, and many characterised and uncharacterized groups closely related to them have been discovered recently, filling the knowledge gaps between them. These groups assigned to the superphylum Opisthosporidia have provided several important insights into the evolution of diverse intracellular parasitic lineages within the tree of eukaryotes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The complete mitochondrial genome of (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) and phylogenetic analysis.

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 Apr 8;6(4):1326-1327. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystems, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China.

Here, we sequenced and annotated the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). This mitogenome was 15,118 bp long, comprising of 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), 2 ribosomal RNA genes ( and ) and a large non-coding control region. The mitogenome with an A + T content of 76. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

New lineages of photobionts in Bolivian lichens expand our knowledge on habitat preferences and distribution of Asterochloris algae.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 22;11(1):8701. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Plant Taxonomy and Nature Conservation, Faculty of Biology, University of Gdańsk, Wita Stwosza 59, 80308, Gdańsk, Poland.

We studied the biodiversity of Asterochloris photobionts found in Bolivian lichens to better understand their global spatial distribution and adaptation strategies in the context of a worldwide phylogeny of the genus. Based on nuclear ITS rDNA, the chloroplast rbcL gene and the actin type I gene we reconstructed a phylogenetic tree that recovered nine new Asterochloris lineages, while 32 Bolivian photobiont samples were assigned to 12 previously recognized Asterochloris lineages. We also show that some previously discovered Asterochloris photobiont species and lineages may occur in a broader spectrum of climatic conditions, and mycobiont species and photobionts may show different preferences along an altitude gradient. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cardicola mediterraneus n. sp. (Trematoda, Aporocotylidae): a new species infecting the gilthead seabream, Sparus aurata L., from the Western Mediterranean Sea.

Parasitol Res 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Cavanilles Institute of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, Science Park, University of Valencia, Paterna, Valencia, Spain.

The genus Cardicola Short, 1953 has the highest number of species within the family Aporocotylidae (Trematoda: Digenea). Five Cardicola species have been reported to date in the Mediterranean Sea, one of them in the gilthead seabream Sparus aurata L. Analyses of infected S. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

First mitogenome of subfamily Langiinae (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) with its phylogenetic implications.

Gene 2021 Apr 18;789:145667. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Collaborative Innovation Center of Recovery and Reconstruction of Degraded Ecosystem in Wanjiang Basin Co-founded by Anhui Province and Ministry of Education, School of Ecology and Environment, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241000, China. Electronic address:

To date, a relatively complete classification of Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) has been generated, but the phylogeny of the family remains need to be fully resolved. Some phylogenetic relationships within Sphingidae still remains uncertain, especially the taxonomic status of the subfamily Langiinae and its sole included genus and species, Langia zenzeroides. To begin to address this problem, we generated nine new complete mitochondrial genomes, including that of Langia, and together with that of Theretra oldenlandiae from our previous study and 25 other Sphingidae mitogenomes downloaded from GenBank, analyzed the phylogenetic relationships of Sphingidae and investigated the mitogenomic differences among members of the Langiinae, Sphinginae, Smerinthinae and Macroglossinae. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Environmental genomics of Late Pleistocene black bears and giant short-faced bears.

Curr Biol 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Lundbeck Foundation GeoGenetics Centre, GLOBE Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK; Wellcome Sanger Institute, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK; MARUM, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany. Electronic address:

Analysis of ancient environmental DNA (eDNA) has revolutionized our ability to describe biological communities in space and time, by allowing for parallel sequencing of DNA from all trophic levels. However, because environmental samples contain sparse and fragmented data from multiple individuals, and often contain closely related species, the field of ancient eDNA has so far been limited to organellar genomes in its contribution to population and phylogenetic studies. This is in contrast to data from fossils where full-genome studies are routine, despite these being rare and their destruction for sequencing undesirable. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence, genomic characteristics, and transmission dynamics of mcr-1-positive Salmonella enterica Typhimurium from patients with infectious diarrhea.

Int J Med Microbiol 2021 Apr 1;311(4):151501. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Microbiology, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, China; Key Laboratory of Tropical Diseases Control (Sun Yat-sen University), Ministry of Education, Guangzhou, 510080, China; School of Medicine, Xizang Minzu University, Xianyang, Shaanxi 712082, China. Electronic address:

Background: Previous studies reported the prevalence of mcr-1 among clinical infected Salmonella isolates in China. However, the transmission dynamics of mcr-1 in different ecological niches were not well investigated. Our objective is to exhibit the transmission dynamics of mcr-1 in Salmonella. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ellipinema and ×Ellipisorus? Just Lepisorus (Polypodiaceae)!

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 Apr 16;161:107176. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China. Electronic address:

The establishment of a segregate lepisoroid fern genus Ellipinema was mainly to accommodate the isolated position of Lepisorus jakonensis (Polypodiaceae) recovered in plastid gene tree. Using newly obtained nuclear data, we recovered that Ellipinema and allied genera, such as Lepidomicrosorium, Lemmaphyllum, Neolepisorus, Paragramma, Tricholepidium and Weatherbya are deeply nested within Lepisorus. The nuclear phylogeny showing incongruent phylogenetic placement in comparison with plastid results perhaps indicated ancient hybridization events. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Vibrio nitrifigilis sp. nov., a marine nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from the lagoon sediment of an islet inside an atoll.

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, P.O. Box 23-13, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.

A nitrogen-fixing isolate of facultatively anaerobic, marine bacterium, designated strain NFV-1, was recovered from the lagoon sediment of Dongsha Island, Taiwan. It was a Gram-negative rod which exhibited motility with monotrichous flagellation in broth cultures. The strain required NaCl for growth and grew optimally at about 25-35 °C, 3% NaCl and pH 7-8. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Morphological and molecular characters of () from South Africa.

Authors:
Ebrahim Shokoohi

J Nematol 2021 11;53. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

University of Limpopo, Green Biotechnologies Research Centre of Excellence, Private Bag X1106, Sovenga 0727, South Africa.

During a survey on plant-parasitic nematodes from South Africa, was recovered from soil samples collected around the rhizosphere of wild grass in the North West and Limpopo provinces. This species characterized by a hemispherical lip region with four to six annuli, basal lip's annuli with longitudinal incisures, body length 696-904 µm (a = 25.1-33. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Description of n. sp. (Dorylaimida: Nordiidae) from north Iran.

J Nematol 2021 15;53. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

This contribution provides the morphological and molecular identification of a new species of the genus (). n. sp. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Integrative taxonomy, distribution, and host associations of and from southern Alberta, Canada.

J Nematol 2021 1;53. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (IAS), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Campus de Excelencia Internacional Agroalimentario, ceiA3, Avenida Menéndez Pidal s/n, 14004 Córdoba, Spain.

Two stunt nematode species, and , were recovered from the potato growing regions of southern Alberta, described and characterized based on integrative taxonomy. Morphometrics, distribution, and host associations of both species are discussed. The Canadian populations of both species displayed minor variations in morphometrical characteristics (viz. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Genomic characterization of a polyvalent hydrocarbonoclastic bacterium Pseudomonas sp. strain BUN14.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 14;11(1):8124. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

University of Manouba, ISBST, BVBGR-LR11ES31, Biotechpole SidiThabet, 2020, Ariana, Tunisia.

Bioremediation offers a viable alternative for the reduction of contaminants from the environment, particularly petroleum and its recalcitrant derivatives. In this study, the ability of a strain of Pseudomonas BUN14 to degrade crude oil, pristane and dioxin compounds, and to produce biosurfactants, was investigated. BUN14 is a halotolerant strain isolated from polluted sediment recovered from the refinery harbor on the Bizerte coast, north Tunisia and capable of producing surfactants. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

, a new species of cave-dwelling loach (Teleostei, Nemacheilidae) from Chongqing, Southwest China.

Zookeys 2021 26;1026:179-192. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fish Reproduction and Development (Ministry of Education), Southwest University School of Life Sciences, Chongqing 400715, China Southwest University Chongqing China.

We describe a new species of cave-dwelling loach, , based on specimens collected in a subterranean pool in a cave in Wulong County, Chongqing, Southwest China. The pool is connected to the Wujiang River drainage. differs from its congeners by the following combination of characters: eyes present, caudal fin with 18 branched rays; posterior chamber of the air bladder degenerate; stomach U-shaped; intestine without bends or loops immediately posterior to stomach; body smooth and scaleless, and lateral line complete. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lineage-specific plastid degradation in subtribe Gentianinae (Gentianaceae).

Ecol Evol 2021 Apr 22;11(7):3286-3299. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum Frankfurt am Main Germany.

The structure and sequence of plastid genomes is highly conserved across most land plants, except for a minority of lineages that show gene loss and genome degradation. Understanding the early stages of plastome degradation may provide crucial insights into the repeatability and predictability of genomic evolutionary trends. We investigated these trends in subtribe Gentianinae of the Gentianaceae, which encompasses ca. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Morphological and molecular characterization of species from Yam ( spp.) in West Africa.

J Nematol 2020 22;52. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Nematology Research Unit, Department of Biology, Ghent University, K.L. Ledeganckstraat 35, 9000 Gent, Belgium.

The root-lesion nematodes (RLN), spp., are among the major plant-parasitic nematodes affecting yam ( spp.) production in West Africa. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021