Water Res 2021 Apr 22;193:116861. Epub 2021 Jan 22.
Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, 6-6-06 Aza-Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579, Japan.; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, 6-6-06 Aza-Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579, Japan. Electronic address:
The potential of the formation of anammox-hydroxyapatite (HAP) granule composites as a cost-effective approach to removing nitrogen and phosphorus in the treatment of wastewater has been recently reported. Before these annamox granules, which consist of an anammox biofilm layer and an HAP crystallizing layer, can be used in applications, the formation mechanism of hydroxyapatite (HAP) encapsulation in the granules needs to be further studied. In this work, the role of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) secreted by microorganisms and HAP core in Ca and P removal in anammox-HAP coupled granular sludge was investigated. Read More