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Internet gaming disorder and comorbidities among campus-dwelling U.S. university students.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Jun 6;302:114043. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, CA, United States.

This study investigates the prevalence and associations of DSM-5 Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) with sleep impairment, daytime functioning, psychiatric disorders, and health status among young adults living in student houses on the campus of an American university. A random sample of students living on the campus underwent phone interviews during the 2007 & 2015 academic years. The sample included 1,871 undergraduate and 1,113 graduate students (2,984 in total). Read More

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Web-Based Delivery of the Caregiving Essentials Course for Informal Caregivers of Older Adults in Ontario: Mixed Methods Evaluation Study.

JMIR Aging 2021 Jun 15;4(2):e25671. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

School of Earth, Environment & Society, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background: Many informal caregivers of older adults have limited time because of the number of responsibilities that their caregiving role entails. This population often experiences high levels of burden due to the stressful nature of their work and are vulnerable to developing negative psychological health outcomes. Easily accessible and flexible knowledge interventions are needed to alleviate the burden and stress experienced by this group. Read More

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Participant Experiences of a Quit Smoking Attempt Through Either Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) Methods or the Use of an E-cigarette.

J Addict Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Academy for Sport and Physical Activity, Health and Wellbeing Department, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK (GJ), Lifestyle Exercise and Nutrition Improvement (LENI) Research Group, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health, Wellbeing and Life Sciences, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK (GJ, EM, MK), Addictions, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK and SPECTRUM Research Consortium, UK (LSB).

Objectives: There is a lack of evidence exploring experiences of using e-cigarettes for smoking cessation. The study's main aim was to explore participant experiences of e-cigarettes compared to nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) delivered through stop smoking services.

Methods: Semi-structured, face-to-face, and telephone interviews at 3-month post-quit follow-up in a randomized controlled trial comparing nicotine-containing e-cigarettes, nicotine-free e-cigarettes, and NRT for smoking cessation. Read More

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Estimating bias from internet non-use for a hybrid web vaccination survey - 2013-2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.

Vaccine 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States.

Objective: To maintain acceptable response rates, the cost has grown for vaccination surveys that use traditional data collection modes, such as face-to-face and telephone interviews. Conducting a web or internet survey could be a low-cost alternative. However, because the internet is not used by everyone, we need to study how prevalence estimates in web surveys for vaccination surveillance could be affected by internet non-use. Read More

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LISTEN UP (Locally Integrated Screening and Testing Ear aNd aUral Programme): a feasibility study protocol for a community pharmacy-based ear health intervention.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2021 Jun 14;7(1):124. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

Background: Ear disease is a major cause of preventable hearing loss and is very common in rural communities, estimated to affect 1.3 million Australians. Rural community pharmacists are well placed to provide improved ear health care to people who are unable to easily access a general practitioner (GP). Read More

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New graduate employment in general practice: Perceptions of final-year nursing students.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Jun 8;54:103115. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Professor of Primary Health Care Nursing, School of Nursing, Faculty of Science, Medicine & Health, Illawarra Health & Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Northfields Ave Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia. Electronic address:

Aim/objective: This paper sought to investigate the perceptions of final-year nursing students regarding general practice nursing as a new graduate career path.

Background: General practice nurses have become increasingly important in providing community-based care, in response to the growing burden of chronic conditions and the ageing population. To sustain this workforce, there is a need to optimise strategies to promote a consistent supply of new graduate nurses. Read More

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Exploring physical activity changes and experiences of older adults living in retirement villages during a pandemic.

Australas J Ageing 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Curtin School of Allied Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: To explore physical activity changes and participation among physically active older adults living in retirement villages during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted over the telephone. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Read More

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The Impact of a Medical Education Research Faculty Development Program on Career Development, Through the Lens of Social Cognitive Career Theory.

AEM Educ Train 2021 Jul 22;5(3):e10565. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

and the Department of Emergency Medicine George Washington University, and Georgetown University Washington DC USA.

Objectives: The Medical Education Research Certificate at the Council of Residency Directors in Emergency Medicine (MERC at CORD), a specialized adaptation of the Association of American Medical Colleges MERC program, provides faculty development in education research in emergency medicine. However, its long-term influence on career development remains unknown. Our study explored the impact of MERC at CORD on career development through the lens of social cognitive career (SCC) theory. Read More

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Psychological impact of infection with SARS-CoV-2 on health care providers: A qualitative study.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Apr 29;10(4):1666-1672. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Psychiatry, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Background: Rapid increase in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SAR-CoV-2) infection has also affected many health care providers (HCPs). This study aims to understand personal stories of HCPs affected by SARS-CoV-2, which could help with insights about ways to support them.

Methods: Using a phenomenological approach and purposive sampling method, we recruited participants for semi-structured interviews through a telephone. Read More

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Acceptability of a Mobile Phone Support Tool (Call for Life Uganda) for Promoting Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among Young Adults in a Randomized Controlled Trial: Exploratory Qualitative Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Jun 14;9(6):e17418. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Institute for Global Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Background: Adherence to treatment is critical for successful treatment outcomes. Although factors influencing antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence vary, young adults are less likely to adhere owing to psychosocial issues such as stigma, ART-related side effects, and a lack of access to treatment. The Call for Life Uganda (CFLU) mobile health (mHealth) tool is a mobile phone-based technology that provides text messages or interactive voice response functionalities through a web interface and offers 4 modules of support. Read More

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Insufficient Access: Naloxone Availability to Laypeople in Arizona and Indiana, 2018.

J Health Care Poor Underserved 2021 ;32(2):819-829

Objectives: To understand naloxone availability to laypeople in Arizona (Ariz.) and Indiana (Ind.). Read More

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January 2021

The Experiences of COVID-19 Patients in Intensive Care Units: A Qualitative Study.

Omega (Westport) 2021 Jun 12:302228211024120. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

3Nursing Department, Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University, Turkey.

This exploratory qualitative study explores the experiences of COVID-19 patients in intensive care units and after discharge. Semi- structured telephone interviews were conducted with 18 COVID-19 patients admitted to and discharged from intensive care units between March and September in 2020. The themes of this study were determined as "feelings about the illness and intensive care," "psychological and physical damages," "nurses' efforts and the importance of care. Read More

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The Current State of PAG Residency Training in Canada: A Needs Assessment from Program Directors.

Authors:
Tania Dumont

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

University of Ottawa, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ottawa, Canada; CHEO, Department of Surgery, Division of Gynecology, Ottawa, Canada; The Ottawa Hospital, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Newborn Care, Ottawa, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: To perform a needs assessment to determine if a mandatory Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology (PAG) training experience in each Obstetrics and Gynecology (ObGyn) residency program in Canada is required and feasible.

Methods: This was a comparative descriptive design where the 16 ObGyn Residency Program Directors (PD) in Canada were asked to undergo a 20-minute structured phone interview. These interviews were recorded and explored how PAG and Reproductive Endocrinology (RE) objectives are met in each program, the PD's awareness of PAG opportunities in North America and the feasibility of a mandatory training experience. Read More

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A Qualitative Study of Mothers' Perspectives on Enrolling and Engaging in an Evidence-Based Nurse Home Visiting Program.

Prev Sci 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Health Systems, Management & Policy, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, USA.

Prevention programs like Nurse-Family Partnership® (NFP) must enroll and retain clients of the intended population to maximize program impact. NFP is an evidence-based nurse home visitation program shown in randomized trials to improve maternal and child health and life course outcomes for first-time parents experiencing economic adversity, particularly for mothers with limited psychological resources. The purpose of this study was to understand enrollment and engagement experiences of mothers with previous live births referred to NFP in a formative study of the program for this population, but did not enroll or dropped out before program graduation. Read More

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Understanding general practitioners' views and experiences of using clinical prediction rules in the management of respiratory infections: a qualitative study.

BJGP Open 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Primary Care Research Centre, School of Primary Care, Population Sciences and Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.

Background: Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) account for 60% of antibiotic prescribing in primary care. Several clinical prediction rules (CPRs) have been developed to help reduce unnecessary prescribing for RTIs, but there are a lack of studies exploring whether or how these CPRs are being used in UK general practice.

Aim: To explore UK GPs' views and experiences with regards to RTI CPRs and to identify barriers and facilitators to their use in practice. Read More

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Access to treatment for pregnant incarcerated people with opioid use disorder: Perspectives from community opioid treatment providers.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 Jul 25;126:108338. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins Bayview Hospital, 4940 Eastern Ave, A121, Baltimore, MD 21224, United States; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health, Behavior and Society, 24 N. Broadway, Hampton House 737, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Many jail facilities provide limited access to medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) for pregnant people with opioid use disorder (OUD), despite it being the standard of care. We aim to explore the perspectives of opioid treatment providers (OTPs) on access to MOUD for pregnant people while incarcerated and postincarceration.

Methods: We conducted 16 semistructured phone interviews with providers and administrators representing 16 unique OTPs in various U. Read More

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The systematic development of a mobile phone-delivered brief intervention for hazardous drinking in India.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 Jul 15;126:108331. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Addictions Research Group, Sangath, H No 451 (168), Bhatkar Waddo, Socorro, Bardez, Porvorim, Goa 403501, India; Tees, Esk and Wear NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Background: The treatment gap for alcohol use disorders (AUD) in India is the highest among all mental health and substance use disorders. Despite evidence of the cost effectiveness of brief interventions (BIs) for hazardous drinking, implementation in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is rare due to several human resource-related barriers. This paper describes the processes and outputs of a study aimed at systematically developing a mobile phone-delivered BI to overcome such barriers. Read More

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Preferences for mHealth Technology and Text Messaging Communication in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Qualitative Interview Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 11;23(6):e25958. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: Individuals with diabetes need regular support to help them manage their diabetes on their own, ideally delivered via mechanisms that they already use, such as their mobile phones. One reason for the modest effectiveness of prior technology-based interventions may be that the patient perspective has been insufficiently incorporated.

Objective: This study aims to understand patients' preferences for mobile health (mHealth) technology and how that technology can be integrated into patients' routines, especially with regard to medication use. Read More

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Feasibility and Acceptability of a Mobile Phone App Intervention for Coping With Cancer as a Young Adult: Pilot Trial and Thematic Analysis.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 11;23(6):e25069. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Psychosocial Oncology and Palliative Care, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: Many young adult patients do not receive adequate psychosocial services to help them cope with cancer.

Objective: This study aims to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a smartphone app (iaya) intervention that was designed to create an engaged community of young adult patients and help them learn emotional coping skills.

Methods: For this single-group pilot trial, 25 young adult patients aged 18-39 years who were receiving active cancer treatment were asked to use the iaya app for 12 weeks. Read More

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Using a Tailored Digital Health Intervention for Family Communication and Cascade Genetic Testing in Swiss and Korean Families With Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer: Protocol for the DIALOGUE Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Jun 11;10(6):e26264. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Clinical Research, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: In hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC), family communication of genetic test results is essential for cascade genetic screening, that is, identifying and testing blood relatives of known mutation carriers to determine whether they also carry the pathogenic variant, and to propose preventive and clinical management options. However, up to 50% of blood relatives are unaware of relevant genetic information, suggesting that potential benefits of genetic testing are not communicated effectively within family networks. Technology can facilitate communication and genetic education within HBOC families. Read More

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Patients' and healthcare professionals' views on a pre- and post-operative rehabilitation programme (SOLACE) for lung cancer: A qualitative study.

J Clin Nurs 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.

Aims And Objectives: To explore patients' and healthcare professionals' views and experiences of a pre- and post-operative rehabilitation intervention (SOLACE), for patients undergoing surgery for early-stage lung cancer.

Background: Considerable post-operative complications can occur after surgery. A specialist lung cancer service (SOLACE) was developed to optimise health and fitness levels prior to and following lung cancer resections, as well as reducing morbidity and mortality, and improving the physical and psychological well-being of patients. Read More

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Navigating change - managers' experience of implementation processes in disability health care: a qualitative study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jun 10;21(1):571. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

University Health Care Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Orebro University, Orebro, Sweden.

Background: Effective implementation processes play a central role in health care organizations and affect the care of patients. Managers are pivotal in facilitating the use of new practices, but their experience and how it affects the implementation outcome are still largely unknown. In the field of disability health care in particular, managers experiences have scarcely been investigated. Read More

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Access to, use, knowledge, and preferences for information technology and technical equipment among people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Sweden. A cross-sectional survey study.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2021 Jun 10;21(1):185. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Neurobiology, Caring Sciences and Society, Division of Physiotherapy, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.

Background: The use of information technology can make pulmonary rehabilitation interventions in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) more flexible and thereby has the potential to reach a larger proportion of the population. However, the success of using information technology in pulmonary rehabilitation is dependent on the end-user's competence in information technology and access to the Internet. The aim was to describe the access to, and the use, knowledge, and preferences of information technology and technical equipment among people with COPD. Read More

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Farm Dinner Theater: Testing an innovative health and safety intervention among older farmers and their families.

J Rural Health 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Institute for Social Science Research, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA.

Purpose: The effectiveness of a novel intervention for increasing health and safety behaviors of older farmers was tested. Blending didactic and readers' theater techniques, Farm Dinner Theater (FDT) engages farmers in discussions of health and safety in a nonthreatening social atmosphere supportive of potential changes.

Methods: Through community collaborations, farmers 45 years and older were recruited in 8 communities for the FDT. Read More

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Adaptation of a Live Video Mind-Body Program to a Web-Based Platform for English-Speaking Adults With Neurofibromatosis: Protocol for the NF-Web Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Jun 10;10(6):e27526. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Integrated Brain Health Clinical and Research Program, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: Neurofibromatosis (NF) is a rare genetic condition associated with lower but modifiable quality of life (QoL). Although a virtual live video program (Relaxation Response Resiliency Program for Neurofibromatosis [3RP-NF]; efficacy randomized controlled trial underway) that we created has been made available, ongoing barriers impede some patients from engaging in this intervention. A necessary next step is to develop a stand-alone web-based intervention that reduces barriers to accessing NF-specific psychosocial care. Read More

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'When you are on your own, everything is your responsibility': Experiences of audiologists and audiometrists working in rural Australia.

Aust J Rural Health 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

School of Allied Health, Human Services, and Sport, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.

Objective: To investigate the experiences of audiologists and audiometrists working in regional and remote areas of Australia.

Design: A qualitative design, using telephone and videoconference semi-structured interviews and thematic analysis.

Setting: Regional and remote locations across Australia PARTICIPANTS: 5 audiologists and 2 audiometrists, 6 female and one male. Read More

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Determinants of Social Distancing Among South Africans From 12 Days Into the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Cross Sectional Study.

Front Public Health 2021 24;9:632619. Epub 2021 May 24.

Human and Social Capabilities Division, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa.

Social or physical distancing has been an effective measure for reducing the spread of COVID-19 infections. Investigating the determinants of adherence to social distancing can inform public health strategies to improve the behaviour. However, there is a lack of data in various populations. Read More

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Motivational interviewing with community-dwelling older adults after hip fracture (MIHip): protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2021 06 9;11(6):e047970. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

La Trobe University College of Science Health and Engineering, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: Community-dwelling people recovering from hip fracture have the physical capacity to walk in their community but lack the confidence to do so. The primary aim of this trial is to determine whether motivational interviewing increases time spent walking at 12 months in community-dwelling people after hip fracture compared with an attention placebo control group. Secondary aims are to evaluate cost effectiveness, patient and health service outcomes and to complete a process evaluation. Read More

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Evaluation of adherence monitoring system using evriMED with a differentiated response compared to standard of care among drug-sensitive TB patients in three provinces in South Africa: a protocol for a cluster randomised control trial.

Trials 2021 Jun 9;22(1):389. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

The Aurum Institute, Parktown, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: South Africa has achieved drug-susceptible TB (DS-TB) treatment success of only 77% among people with new and previously treated TB. Alternative approaches are required to improve medication adherence and treatment completion to limit transmission, TB relapse and the development of resistance. This study aims to implement and evaluate the use of adherence medication monitors (Wisepill evriMED 1000) with a differentiated response to patient care, among DS-TB patients in three provinces of South Africa. Read More

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Influence of Sociospatial determinants on knowledge, attitudes and practices related to the plague in a population living in endemic areas in the central highlands, Madagascar.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 9;21(1):1102. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, 101, Antananarivo, Madagascar.

Background: Plague is endemic to the central highlands of Madagascar. Sporadic human cases or outbreaks can occur annually in these areas. In Madagascar, the associations between endemicity and the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of the population with regard to this disease remain poorly documented. Read More

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