19 results match your criteria phasic irritability

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[Statics and dynamics of psychopathies in the concept of Ε. Κraepelin].

Authors:
N Yu Pyatnitskiy

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2021 ;121(7):104-113

Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia.

The concept of psychopathic personalities presented in the 8-th last lifetime edition of E. Kraepelin's textbook is analyzed. The special interest was guided by the fact that many types of psychopathic personalities were described by E. Read More

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September 2021

The association of phasic irritability (aggressive outbursts) and tonic irritability (irritable mood) to depression occurrences, symptoms, and subtypes.

J Affect Disord 2021 10 11;293:9-18. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee.

Background: Research among adults has rarely differentiated between tonic irritability (i.e., irritable mood) and phasic irritability (i. Read More

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October 2021

Differential outcomes of tonic and phasic irritability in adolescent girls.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2021 Mar 14. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.

Background: Irritable mood is a transdiagnostic clinical feature that is present in multiple psychiatric disorders. Although irritability is frequently examined as a unitary construct, two dimensions of irritability, tonic (i.e. Read More

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Editorial: Moving From Concept to Proof in the Distinction Between Phasic and Tonic Irritability.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Feb 15. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. Electronic address:

In child and adolescent psychiatry, irritability is listed as a cardinal or associated symptom in nearly every emotional, behavioral, and neurodevelopmental disorder in the DSM-5. Despite the omnipresence of irritability in distinct psychiatric disorders, its manifestation is highly heterogeneous, across and within individuals. Part of that heterogeneity has to do with its temporal dynamics. Read More

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February 2021

Understanding Phasic Irritability: Anger and Distress in Children's Temper Outbursts.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2021 Feb 6. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Psychology Department, Fordham University, 441 East Fordham Road, Dealy Hall, Bronx, NY, 10458, USA.

Pediatric irritability can be highly impairing and is implicated in adverse outcomes. The phasic component, characterized by temper outbursts, is a frequent impetus to seek treatment. This study tested whether a previously described anger-distress model of tantrums applies to an outpatient sample of school-age children with clinically impairing temper outbursts (TO; 5. Read More

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February 2021

Phasic Versus Tonic Irritability: Differential Associations With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Jan 10. Epub 2021 Jan 10.

Emotion and Development Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Objective: Irritability is a multifaceted construct in pediatric psychopathology. It has been conceptualized as having a phasic dimension and a tonic dimension. Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder is defined by the presence of both dimensions. Read More

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January 2021

Irritability as a Transdiagnostic Vulnerability Trait:Current Issues and Future Directions.

Behav Ther 2020 03 27;51(2):350-364. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Northwestern University.

In recent years, irritability has received increasing attention among mental health professionals given its transdiagnostic associations with diverse forms of psychopathology. In contrast to other emotional states and traits, however, literature addressing associations between irritability and related temperament and personality constructs is limited. In addition, those who study irritability have diverse perspectives on its neurobiological substrates. Read More

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Heritability, stability, and prevalence of tonic and phasic irritability as indicators of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2019 09 17;60(9):1032-1041. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

Background: Little is known about genetic and environmental influences on the components of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD), tonic irritability (i.e., irritable mood) and phasic irritability (i. Read More

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September 2019

Neural substrates of trait impulsivity, anhedonia, and irritability: Mechanisms of heterotypic comorbidity between externalizing disorders and unipolar depression.

Dev Psychopathol 2016 11;28(4pt1):1177-1208

The Ohio State University.

Trait impulsivity, which is often defined as a strong preference for immediate over delayed rewards and results in behaviors that are socially inappropriate, maladaptive, and short-sighted, is a predisposing vulnerability to all externalizing spectrum disorders. In contrast, anhedonia is characterized by chronically low motivation and reduced capacity to experience pleasure, and is common to depressive disorders. Although externalizing and depressive disorders have virtually nonoverlapping diagnostic criteria in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, heterotypic comorbidity between them is common. Read More

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November 2016

Normative Irritability in Youth: Developmental Findings From the Great Smoky Mountains Study.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2015 Aug 2;54(8):635-42. Epub 2015 Jun 2.

Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.

Objective: The goal of this study is to examine the developmental epidemiology of normative irritability and its tonic and phasic components in a longitudinal community sample of youth.

Method: Eight waves of data from the prospective, community Great Smoky Mountains Study (6,674 assessments of 1,420 participants) were used, covering children in the community 9 to 16 years of age. Youth and 1 parent were interviewed using the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment to assess tonic (touchy/easily annoyed, irritable mood, angry or resentful) and phasic (temper tantrums or anger outbursts) components of irritability, including frequency, duration, onset, and cross-context variability. Read More

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Motility response to colonic distention is increased in postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS).

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2014 May 13;26(5):696-704. Epub 2014 Feb 13.

Center for Functional GI and Motility Disorders, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: Acute intestinal infection leads to persistent intestinal smooth muscle hypercontractility and pain hypersensitivity after resolution of the infection in animal models. We investigated whether postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS) is associated with abnormalities in phasic contractions of the colon, smooth muscle tone, and pain sensitivity compared to non-PI-IBS (NI-IBS) or healthy controls (HC).

Methods: Two hundred and eighteen Rome III-positive IBS patients and 43 HC participated. Read More

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Irritable bowel syndrome in childhood: visceral hypersensitivity and psychosocial aspects.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2009 Sep 30;21(9):940-e74. Epub 2009 Mar 30.

Gastroenterology and Endoscopic Units, University Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Visceral hypersensitivity is often considered to play a major etiologic role in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome in adults, and some authors argue that this increased sensitivity is mainly due to psychological factors. In contrast, there are no data in children with irritable bowel syndrome which confirm this relationship. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between psychosocial aspects and sensorymotor function in children affected by irritable bowel syndrome. Read More

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September 2009

Prenatal origins of temperamental reactivity in early infancy.

Early Hum Dev 2008 Sep 4;84(9):569-75. Epub 2008 Mar 4.

Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe St., E4531, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.

Background: Temperament theory has long considered individual differences in reactivity and regulation to be present at birth. Recent evidence suggests that such differences may be present prenatally and moderated by maternal emotionality.

Aims: To determine whether induced maternal emotional activation generates a fetal response and whether observed fetal responsivity is associated with early infant temperament. Read More

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September 2008

[Cerebral venous hemodynamics in chronic disorders of cerebral circulation].

Angiol Sosud Khir 2005 ;11(2):39-43

The aim of the work was to assess extra- and intracranial venous hemodynamics in patients with circulatory disorder-induced encephalopathy (DE). Altogether 114 DE patients were examined. There were 46 women and 68 men aged 43 to 78 years (mean age 59. Read More

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September 2005

[Confusing clinical presentations and differential diagnosis of bipolar disorder].

Authors:
P Gorwood

Encephale 2004 Mar-Apr;30(2):182-93

Hôpital Louis Mourier, Service de Psychiatrie, 178, rue des Renouillers, 92700 Colombes, Paris, France.

An early recognition of bipolar disorders may have an important impact on the prognosis of this disorder according to different mechanisms. Bipolar disorder is nevertheless not easy to detect, the diagnosis being correctly proposed after, in average more than a couple of Years and three different doctors assessments. A short delay before introducing the relevant treatment should help avoiding inappropriate treatments (prescribing, for example, neuroleptics for long periods, antidepressive drugs each time depressive symptoms occurs, absence of treatment despite mood disorders), with their associated negative impact such as mood-switching, rapid cycling or presence of chronic side-effects stigmates. Read More

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[Pros and cons of triphasic oral contraception].

Authors:
J Berdah

Contracept Fertil Sex (Paris) 1985 Dec;13(12):1205-10

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December 1985
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