79 results match your criteria pfm endurance


Relationship Between Sexual Function and Pelvic Floor and Hip Muscle Strength in Women With Stress Urinary Incontinence.

Sex Med 2021 Apr 1;9(2):100325. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Laboratory of Kinetic Ergocise Based on Movement Analysis, Yonsei University, Wonju, South Korea. Electronic address:

Introduction: The pelvic floor muscle (PFM) could affect female sexual functions. The hip muscles are morphologically and functionally linked to PFM and are important elements of female sexual attraction.

Aim: To determine the relationship between female sexual function and hip muscle strength and PFM functions in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Read More

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Characterizing Pelvic Floor Muscle Function and Morphometry in Survivors of Gynecological Cancer Who Have Dyspareunia: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study.

Phys Ther 2021 Apr;101(4)

School of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: More than one-half of gynecological cancer survivors are affected by pain during sexual intercourse, also known as dyspareunia. Oncological treatments may result in pelvic floor muscle (PFM) alterations, which are suspected to play a key role in dyspareunia. However, to our knowledge, no study has investigated PFM function and morphometry in this population. Read More

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The Reliability of Pelvic Floor Muscle Bioelectrical Activity (sEMG) Assessment Using a Multi-Activity Measurement Protocol in Young Women.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 18;18(2). Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Department, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland.

The aim of the study was to determine the between-trial and between-day reliability of the Glazer protocol and our multi-activity surface electromyography (sEMG) measurement protocol for pelvic floor muscle (PFM) evaluation. The bioelectrical activity of PFM was collected using an endovaginal electrode in 30 young, Caucasian, nulliparous women (age 22-27, 168.6 ± 5. Read More

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January 2021

Reliability of the PERFECT scheme assessed by unidigital and bidigital vaginal palpation.

Int Urogynecol J 2021 Jan 8. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Physical Therapy Department, Women's Health Research Laboratory, Rodovia Washington Luís, km 235, Monjolinho, São Carlos, SP, 13565-905, Brazil.

Introduction And Hypothesis: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the inter- and intra-rater reliability of the PERFECT scheme assessed by uni- and bidigital vaginal palpation in young nulligravid women.

Methods: Forty healthy women [median age 22 (19-34) years] were evaluated by unidigital vaginal palpation by both Examiners A and C, while the other 40 participants [median age 23.5 (19-35) years] were assessed by Examiners B and C by bidigital vaginal palpation. Read More

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January 2021

Is pelvic floor muscle training able to alter the response of cardiovascular autonomic modulation and provide a possible cardiovascular benefit to pregnant women?

Neurourol Urodyn 2020 11 12;39(8):2272-2283. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Women's Health Research Laboratory, Physical Therapy Department, Rodovia Washington Luís, km 235, Monjolinho, São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil.

Aims: To evaluate the acute and chronic effect of an exercise protocol of pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) contraction on the heart period (HP) and systolic arterial pressure (SAP) variabilities and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) at rest in pregnant women; and to evaluate if this progressive exercise protocol was well-tolerated by the pregnant women studied.

Methods: We evaluated 48 women at 18 weeks of pregnancy by vaginal palpation, vaginal manometry, and cardiopulmonary exercise test. They were divided in control (CG; 31. Read More

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November 2020

The role of vaginal palpation in motor learning of the pelvic floor muscles for women with stress urinary incontinence: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2020 Jul 31;21(1):693. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Gynaecology, Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Napoleão de Barros, 608 - Vila Clementino, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04024-002, Brazil.

Background: Approximately 30 to 50% of women are unable to correctly perform pelvic floor muscle (PFM) contractions. For women to benefit from a pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) programme for stress urinary incontinence (SUI), the awareness phase of PFMT cannot be omitted. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether vaginal palpation together with verbal instructions about PFMs and body awareness techniques helps women with SUI learn how to correctly contract the PFMs and improve their functions. Read More

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Ability to contract the pelvic floor muscles and association with muscle function in incontinent women.

Int Urogynecol J 2020 Nov 28;31(11):2337-2344. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Department of Gynaecology, Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Napoleão de Barros, 608 - Vila Clementino, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04024-002, Brazil.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Many women with pelvic floor dysfunction are unable to perform pelvic floor muscle (PFM) contraction. We aimed to assess the ability to contract the PFM and to evaluate the association with muscle function in Brazilian women with urinary incontinence.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study including incontinent women over the age of 18. Read More

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November 2020

Integrating chemical engineering and crystallographic texturing design strategy for the realization of practically viable lead-free sodium bismuth titanate-based incipient piezoceramics.

Dalton Trans 2020 Jul 17;49(25):8661-8671. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

College of Materials and Environmental Engineering, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou, 310018, China.

Off-resonance actuators utilizing lead-free incipient piezoelectric materials have recently gained extensive attention because of their exceptionally high electromechanical strain. However, current incipient piezoelectric materials have three critical challenges, namely, high driving field required for producing potentially high strains, high frequency dependence, and relatively poor fatigue resistance, which seriously restrict the implementation of lead-free incipient piezoelectrics in high-efficiency actuator applications. Herein, we demonstrate that the integration of chemical engineering and crystallographic texturing design strategies into a BiNaTiO-based system provides a highly effective approach to address these challenges. Read More

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Effects of surface electrical stimulation during sitting on pelvic floor muscle function and sexual function in women with stress urinary incontinence.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2020 May 30;63(3):370-378. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Sophie-Marceau Women's Clinic, Daegu, Korea.

Objective: Dysfunction of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) is associated with sexual dysfunction in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The EasyK7 device was developed to stimulate the PFM by surface electrical stimulation during sitting (SESdS). We investigated the effects of SESdS on PFM function and sexual function in women with SUI. Read More

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Effects of home-based pelvic floor muscle training on decreasing symptoms of stress urinary incontinence and improving the quality of life of urban adult Omani women: A randomized controlled single-blind study.

Neurourol Urodyn 2020 06 1;39(5):1557-1566. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman.

Aim: This study aims to determine the effectiveness of home-based pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) on decreasing the severity of symptoms and improving the quality of life (QOL) among Omani women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

Methods: A randomized controlled single-blind trial was conducted in three primary health care centers in Muscat. Eligible women who were diagnosed with SUI (from a concurrent phase-I study which was a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence in Oman) were invited to take part. Read More

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The Influence of Early Exercise Postpartum on Pelvic Floor Muscle Function and Prevalence of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction 12 Months Postpartum.

Phys Ther 2020 08;100(9):1681-1689

Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sports Sciences and Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Akershus University Hospital.

Objective: There is limited knowledge on how exercise impacts the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) and prevalence of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) postpartum. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether early onset of general exercise postpartum negatively affects the PFM and/or increases the risk of SUI and POP 12 months postpartum.

Methods: This study used a prospective cohort design. Read More

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Reliability of manometry for assessing pelvic floor muscle function in healthy men.

Neurourol Urodyn 2020 06 27;39(5):1464-1471. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Renal and Genitourinary Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Objectives: To the best of our knowledge, no study has examined the reliability of assessment methods for male pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function. Therefore, this study aimed to clarify the reliability of manometry with an anal sensor (Peritron cat 9300A) to assess PFM function in healthy men.

Methods: Healthy male subjects (n = 21) without urinary leakage underwent testing to assess PFM function, and intra- and interrater reliability tests among examiners were performed. Read More

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The Effects of home-based stabilization exercises focusing on the pelvic floor on postnatal stress urinary incontinence and low back pain: a randomized controlled trial.

Int Urogynecol J 2020 Nov 10;31(11):2301-2307. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Pelvic care Centre Maastricht, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and low back pain (LBP) are common postnatal problems. We aimed to compare the effects of stabilization exercises focusing on the pelvic floor on postnatal SUI and LBP.

Methods: This two-arm, single-blind, parallel, randomized controlled trial was done on 80 women (mean age: 30. Read More

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November 2020

Game therapy a new approach to treat women facing mixed urinary incontinence: A study protocol.

Neurourol Urodyn 2020 06 3;39(5):1592-1600. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Health Science Center, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

Aims: To describe a pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) isolated and associated with game therapy (PFMT + GT) for women facing mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) during climacteric period.

Methods: To standardize a randomized controlled clinical trial intervention, a protocol was created, in an attempt to decrease women's symptomatology generated by MUI, through pelvic floor and abdomino-loin-pelvic muscles strength, and endurance. This study protocol will be composed of 32 volunteers, divided into two groups of 16. Read More

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Assessment of the Short-Term Effects after High-Inductive Electromagnetic Stimulation of Pelvic Floor Muscles: A Randomized, Sham-Controlled Study.

J Clin Med 2020 Mar 23;9(3). Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Clinical Biomechanics and Physiotherapy in Motor System Disorders, Faculty of Health Science, Wroclaw Medical University, Grunwaldzka 2, 50-355 Wroclaw, Poland.

Background: Physiotherapy should be performed by patients with stress or mixed urinary incontinence (SUI and MUI) to increase the strength and endurance of the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs). A method that can positively affect the pelvic floor is stimulation with high-inductive electromagnetic stimulation (HIES). The aim of the study was to evaluate the PFMs after the application of HIES in women with SUI and MUI by using surface electromyography (sEMG). Read More

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Electromyographic Evaluation of the Pelvic Muscles Activity After High-Intensity Focused Electromagnetic Procedure and Electrical Stimulation in Women With Pelvic Floor Dysfunction.

Sex Med 2020 Jun 4;8(2):282-289. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Medical Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, RUDN University, Moscow, Russia.

Introduction: Impaired coordination, relaxation, and atrophy of pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) may cause various health issues referred to as pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD). In recent years, electromagnetic noninvasive stimulation of the pelvic floor was successfully used to treat PFD symptoms.

Aim: This study aims to compare the effectiveness of electrical and magnetic noninvasive stimulation for the treatment of PFD in postpartum women. Read More

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Which pelvic floor muscle functions are associated with improved subjective and objective symptoms after 8 weeks of surface electrical stimulation in women with stress urinary incontinence?

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2020 Apr 5;247:16-21. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

234 Maeji-ri, Heungeop-Myeon, Kangwon-Do 220-710, Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Laboratory of Kinetic Ergocise Based on Movement Analysis, Yonsei University, Wonju, South Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is defined as involuntary urine loss during effort, sneezing, or coughing. We investigated which pelvic floor muscle (PFM) functions (muscle strength, power, and endurance) are associated with improvement in subjective and objective symptoms after 8 weeks of surface electrical stimulation (SES) training. This study was performed to determine the effects of SES in the seated position on PFM functions and subjective and objective symptoms, and to identify predictors of improved subjective and objective symptoms after 8 weeks of SES training via secondary analysis of females with SUI. Read More

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Pelvic floor and abdominal muscle responses during hypopressive exercises in women with pelvic floor dysfunction.

Neurourol Urodyn 2020 02 27;39(2):793-803. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Physical Therapy in Women's Health Research Group, University of Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain.

Aim: To measure the neuromuscular activation of the pelvic floor and abdominal muscles concurrently with vaginal closure forces induced during a hypopressive exercise (HE) and to identify the contribution of the HEs sequences (posture and maneuver) in the muscle's activation.

Methods: A cross-sectional study design was employed. Sixty-six women who had participated in a physical therapy program focused on HEs were recruited. Read More

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February 2020

Effect of diaphragm and abdominal muscle training on pelvic floor strength and endurance: results of a prospective randomized trial.

Sci Rep 2019 12 16;9(1):19192. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Medical Academy, Department of Urology, Kaunas, Lithuania.

Pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) play a crucial role in urinary continence. Therefore, training the PFMs remains the most popular conservative treatment for urinary incontinence (UI). The effect of training other body muscles on the PFMs is unclear and mostly hypothetical. Read More

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December 2019

Does epidural anesthesia influence pelvic floor muscle endurance and strength and the prevalence of urinary incontinence 6 weeks postpartum?

Int Urogynecol J 2020 03 4;31(3):577-582. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University People's Hospital, No.11, Xi-Zhi-Men South Street, Xi Cheng District, Beijing, 100044, China.

Introduction And Hypothesis: With the increasingly extensive application of epidural analgesia, its effect on pelvic floor function outcomes has received growing attention. The aim of the study is to determine the possible effect of epidural analgesia on pelvic floor muscle (PFM) endurance and strength and the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) at 6 weeks postpartum.

Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of 333 primiparous women after vaginal delivery. Read More

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Pelvic Floor Muscle Parameters Affect Sexual Function After 8 Weeks of Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation in Women with Stress Urinary Incontinence.

Sex Med 2019 Dec 26;7(4):505-513. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

Laboratory of Kinetic Ergocise Based on Movement Analysis, Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Yonsei University, Heungeop-myun, Wonju, South Korea. Electronic address:

Introduction: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is often associated with female sexual dysfunction. We investigated which pelvic floor muscle (PFM) parameters (strength, power, and endurance) are associated with improvement of sexual function after 8 weeks of transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) training.

Aim: This study was performed to determine the effects of TES in the seated position on PFM parameters and female sexual function and to identify correlation between improved PFM parameters and sexual function after 8 weeks of TES training in women with SUI. Read More

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December 2019

Comparisons of Electromyography and Digital Palpation Measurement of Pelvic Floor Muscle Strength in Postpartum Women with Stress Urinary Incontinence and Asymptomatic Parturients: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2019 23;84(6):599-605. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

Department of Gynecology, Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China,

Aims: Early evaluation of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) in postpartum women is important for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Digital vaginal palpation and electromyography (EMG) evaluation based on Glazer protocol are widely used for the assessment of PFM. However, the correlation among digital palpation, EMG, and morbidity of postpartum SUI is still unclear. Read More

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February 2020

Pelvic floor rehabilitation in the treatment of women with dyspareunia: a randomized controlled clinical trial.

Int Urogynecol J 2019 11 8;30(11):1849-1855. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Pelvic Care Centre Maastricht, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Dyspareunia, the symptom of painful sexual intercourse, is a common sexual dysfunction in reproductive-aged women. Because of its multifactorial etiology, a multidisciplinary approach may be required to treat it. Musculoskeletal factors play an important role; thus, rehabilitating the pelvic floor and modifying the tone of the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) may be an effective way to treat this dysfunction. Read More

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November 2019

Electromyographic evaluation of synergist muscles of the pelvic floor muscle depending on the pelvis setting in menopausal women: A prospective observational study.

Gait Posture 2019 06 25;71:170-176. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Department of Clinical Biomechanics and Physiotherapy in Motor System Disorders, Faculty of Health Science, Wroclaw Medical University, Grunwaldzka 2, 50-355 Wroclaw, Poland. Electronic address:

Background: Pelvic floor muscle (PFM) training is recommended to increase their strength and endurance. Muscles which act synergistically with PFM are taken into consideration in the therapeutic management of weakened PFM.

Research Question: how does electromyography activity of the synergists muscle to PFM change concerning pelvis position and does the greater bioelectric activity of synergist muscles affect PFM function?

Methods: A prospective, observational study evaluating the surface electromyography (sEMG) activity of selected synergist muscles of the PFM depending on the orientation of the pelvis. Read More

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Nanodomain Engineering for Programmable Ferroelectric Devices.

Nano Lett 2019 05 5;19(5):3194-3198. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Physics and Astronomy , University of Nebraska , Lincoln , Nebraska 68588 , United States.

We introduce a concept of programmable ferroelectric devices composed of two-dimensional (2D) and ferroelectric (FE) materials. It enables precise modulation of the in-plane conductivity of a 2D channel material through nanoengineering FE domains with out-of-plane polarization. The functionality of these new devices has been demonstrated using field-effect transistors (FETs) fabricated with monolayer molybdenum disulfide (MoS) channels on the Pb(Zr,Ti)O substrates. Read More

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The Association Between Pelvic Floor Muscle Force and General Strength and Fitness in Postpartum Women.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2020 06;26(6):351-357

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT.

Objective: The aim of the study was to determine whether measures of muscular strength and fitness are associated with pelvic floor muscle (PFM) force 1-year postpartum in a population of primiparous women who delivered vaginally.

Methods: This cross-sectional analysis is an ancillary study to an ongoing prospective cohort study and includes 203 primiparous women. Procedures collected 1-year postpartum included maximal PFM force, grip strength, trunk flexor muscle endurance, percent body fat, intra-abdominal pressure during trunk flexor endurance testing, intra-abdominal pressure during strain, and self-reported physical activity. Read More

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Parity: a risk factor for decreased pelvic floor muscle strength and endurance in middle-aged women.

Int Urogynecol J 2019 06 13;30(6):933-938. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Comprehensive Gynecologic Cancer Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, 59, Yatap-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea, 13496.

Introduction And Hypothesis: The incidence of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) dysfunction increases rapidly with menopause and aging. Despite the raised magnitude and prevalence of pelvic floor disorders in middle-aged women, the risk factors underlying PFM dysfunction still remain to be identified. PFM function can be clinically measured as the maximum strength and endurance using manometry. Read More

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An International Classification of Function, Disability and Health (ICF)-based investigation of movement impairment in women with pelvic organ prolapse.

S Afr J Physiother 2019 14;75(1):472. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Economic and Business Science, University of the Free State, South Africa.

Background: There is little evidence on movement impairment of the abdominal and pelvic floor muscles (PFM) in women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP).

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the movement impairments and interactions between the PFM and abdominal muscles in POP.

Method: The PFM and abdominal muscles of 100 conveniently sampled South African women with POP were assessed by ultrasonography, electromyography (EMG), the PERFECT scale, Sahrmann scale and a Pressure Biofeedback Unit (PBU). Read More

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February 2019

Temperature-Dependent Domain Dynamics and Electrical Properties of Nd-doped Bi₄TiMnO Thin Films in Fatigue Process.

Materials (Basel) 2018 Nov 29;11(12). Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Key Laboratory of Key Film Materials & Application for Equipments (Hunan Province), School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, China.

Bi₄TiMnO (BTM) thin films with different ratio of neodymium (Nd) doping were prepared on Pt(111)/Ti/SiO₂/Si(100) substrates through a sol-gel method. The effects of Nd doping on domain dynamics and temperature-dependent fatigue behaviors of BTM thin films were systematically studied. The polarization fatigues of BTM (not doped) and BiNdTiMnO (BNTM05) thin films first get better with the increasing temperature () from 300 to 350 K and then become worse from 350 to 400 K, while BiNdTiMnO (BNTM85) thin films show enhanced fatigue endurance from 300 to 400 K. Read More

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November 2018