239,522 results match your criteria perspective


[How do Persons Perceive Rehabilitation Counseling? A Qualitative Study on Experienced Rehabilitation Counseling Implemented by the Federal German Pension Insurance among Persons with Approved Vocational Rehabilitation].

Rehabilitation (Stuttg) 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Universität zu Lübeck, Institut für Sozialmedizin und Epidemiologie, Sektion Rehabilitation und Arbeit.

Background And Objective: Persons with approved vocational rehabilitation participate in a conversation with a rehabilitation consultant shortly after approval. The aim of the consultation is to select individually suitable services from the available range of services, based on the illness and employment biography of persons with approved vocational rehabilitation. The initial consultation is thus of essential importance for the further rehabilitation process. Read More

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September 2021

Arginine vasopressin and pathophysiology of COVID-19: An innovative perspective.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Sep 15;143:112193. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour University, Damanhour 22511, AlBeheira, Egypt. Electronic address:

In Covid-19, systemic disturbances may progress due to development of cytokine storm and dysregulation of and plasma osmolarility due to high release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and neuro-hormonal disorders. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) which is involve in the regulation of body osmotic system, body water content, blood pressure and plasma volume, that are highly disturbed in Covid-19 and linked with poor clinical outcomes. Therefore, this present study aimed to find the potential association between AVP serum level and inflammatory disorders in Covid-19. Read More

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September 2021

Psychological impairment and extreme weather event (EWE) exposure, 1980-2020: A global pooled analysis integrating mental health and well-being metrics.

Int J Hyg Environ Health 2021 Sep 17;238:113840. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Science (BEES), University College Cork, Cork, Ireland; Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland; Irish Centre for Research in Applied Geoscience, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address:

Extreme Weather Events (EWEs) impose a substantial health and socio-economic burden on exposed populations. Projected impacts on public health, based on increasing EWE frequencies since the 1950s, alongside evidence of human-mediated climatic change represents a growing concern. To date, the impacts of EWEs on mental health remain ambiguous, largely due to the inherent complexities in linking extreme weather phenomena with psychological status. Read More

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September 2021

What is your research question? A mixed methods evaluation of an academic statistical consulting center.

Eval Program Plann 2021 Sep 16;89:102001. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

University of Northern Colorado, Applied Statistics and Research Methods, 501 20th St, Greeley, CO, 80639, USA.

Academic consulting centers on research and statistics are the bridge between applied researchers and statisticians and thus at the core of university-wide research. The client-centered evaluation focused on investigating the perspective of the clients in university research and statistical consulting center. A mixed-methods methodology was used in this study, specifically a concurrent triangulation design was implemented to have multiple data sources collected and analyzed simultaneously in order to identify areas of overlapping information. Read More

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September 2021

Recurrent neural network from adder's perspective: Carry-lookahead RNN.

Neural Netw 2021 Sep 6;144:297-306. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

School of Computer Science and Technology, Hangzhou Dianzi University, China. Electronic address:

The recurrent network architecture is a widely used model in sequence modeling, but its serial dependency hinders the computation parallelization, which makes the operation inefficient. The same problem was encountered in serial adder at the early stage of digital electronics. In this paper, we discuss the similarities between recurrent neural network (RNN) and serial adder. Read More

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September 2021

Overestimation of eye size: People see themselves with bigger eyes in a holistic approach.

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2021 Sep 17;220:103419. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Information Environment, Tokyo Denki University, Adachi-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

A face contains crucial information for identification; moreover, face recognition is superior to other types of recognition. Notably, one's own face is recognized better than other familiar faces. However, it is unclear whether one's own face, especially one's own internal facial features, is represented more accurately than other faces. Read More

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September 2021

Coping styles moderate the relationship between perceived discrimination and eating behaviors during the transition to college.

Appetite 2021 Sep 17:105699. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Connecticut, 406 Babbidge Road, Unit 1020, Storrs, CT, 06269-1020, USA. Electronic address:

The transition to college is a critical developmental window during which eating behaviors are susceptible to dysregulation. Changes in exposure to discrimination contribute to alterations in eating behaviors, which may be exacerbated or attenuated by coping styles. The present longitudinal study examines whether increases in perceived discrimination predict increases in overeating and decreases in eating well during the transition to college. Read More

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September 2021

Isatidis Radix and Isatidis Folium: A systematic review on ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry and pharmacology.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Sep 17:114648. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

State Key Laboratory of Southwestern Chinese Medicine Resources, School of Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, 611137, Sichuan, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Isatidis Radix (called Banlangen, BLG in Chinese) and Isatidis Folium (called Daqingye, DQY in Chinese) are common traditional edible-medicinal herbs in detoxifying for thousands of years, have been traditionally applied in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. Both of them are bitter in taste, coolness in nature, acting on the heart and stomach channels. They are often used to treat influenza and other viral infectious diseases in clinic, as well as could treat fever, dizziness, and cough and sore throat caused by lung heat. Read More

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September 2021

Diversity of insect antimicrobial peptides and proteins - A functional perspective: A review.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Entomology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt. Electronic address:

The innate immune response of insects provides a robust line of defense against pathogenic microbes and eukaryotic parasites. It consists of two types of overlapping immune responses, named humoral and cellular, which share protective molecules and regulatory mechanisms that closely coordinate to prevent the spread and replication of pathogens within the compromised insect hemocoel. The major feature of the humoral part of the insect immune system involves the production and secretion of antimicrobial peptides from the fat body, which is considered analogous to adipose tissue and liver in vertebrates. Read More

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September 2021

Measuring the COVID-19 Mortality Burden in the United States : A Microsimulation Study.

Ann Intern Med 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, and National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts (D.L.).

Background: Fully assessing the mortality burden of the COVID-19 pandemic requires measuring years of life lost (YLLs) and accounting for quality-of-life differences.

Objective: To measure YLLs and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) lost from the COVID-19 pandemic, by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and comorbidity.

Design: State-transition microsimulation model. Read More

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September 2021

The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and its inhibitors in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Authors:
Moisés Mercado

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2020 ;58(4):378-380

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, Hospital de Especialidades "Dr. Bernardo Sepúlveda Gutiérrez", Unidad de Investigación Médica en Enfermedades Endocrinas. Ciudad de México, México.

Una de las confusiones que ha generado la pandemia de COVID-19 es la idea de que los inhibidores de la enzima convertidora de la angiotensina y los antagonistas del receptor de la angiotensina II de tipo 1 pueden agravar el daño pulmonar inducido por el SARS-CoV-2 en pacientes de edad avanzada. En este breve comunicado se analiza, desde una perspectiva crítica, la evidencia científica que secunda esta asociación.

One of the confusions aroused by the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic is the idea that angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and type 1 angiotensin II receptor may aggravate the lung damage induced by SARS CoV-2 virus in older adult patients. Read More

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January 2020

Improving predictions of invasive fish ranges combining functional and ecological traits with environmental suitability under climate change scenarios.

Glob Chang Biol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Université Côte d'Azur, CNRS, UMR 7035 ECOSEAS, Nice, France.

Biological invasions represent one of the main threats to marine biodiversity. From a conservation perspective, especially in the context of increasing sea warming, it is critical to examine the suitability potential of geographical areas for the arrival of Range Expanding Introduced and Native Species (REINS), and hence anticipate the risk of such species to become invasive in their new distribution areas. Here, we developed an empirical index, based on functional and bio-ecological traits, that estimates the Invasive Potential (IP; i. Read More

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September 2021

Associations between older African academics' physical activity, walkability and mental health: a social distancing perspective.

Health Promot Int 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Africa Centre for Epidemiology, Gerontology and Geriatric Care, Accra North, Ghana.

This study aimed to assess the moderating influence of neighborhood walkability on the association between physical activity (PA) and mental health among older African academics aged 50 years or more in cities with social distancing protocols in response to the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). A total of 905 volunteer academics participated in the study. A hierarchical linear regression analysis was employed to conduct sensitivity analyses and test the study hypotheses. Read More

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September 2021

Evaluation of Appropriate Use of Preoperative Echocardiography before Major Abdominal Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Anesthesiology 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Background: Preoperative resting echocardiography is often performed before noncardiac surgery, but indications for preoperative resting echocardiography are limited. This study aimed to investigate appropriateness of preoperative resting echocardiography using the Appropriate Use Criteria for Echocardiography, which encompass indications from the guidelines on perioperative cardiovascular evaluation and management and nonperioperative indications independent of the perioperative period. The authors hypothesized that patients are frequently tested without an appropriate indication. Read More

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September 2021

Hypoxemia in Young Children Undergoing One-lung Ventilation: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Anesthesiology 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Background: One-lung ventilation in children remains a specialized practice with low case numbers even at tertiary centers, preventing an assessment of best practices. The authors hypothesized that certain case factors may be associated with a higher risk of intraprocedural hypoxemia in children undergoing thoracic surgery and one-lung ventilation.

Methods: The Multicenter Perioperative Outcomes database and a local quality improvement database were queried for documentation of one-lung ventilation in children 2 months to 3 yr of age inclusive between 2010 and 2020. Read More

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September 2021

Empathy and its associations with age and sociodemographic characteristics in a large UK population sample.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257557. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Objectives: Empathy is fundamental to social cognition, driving prosocial behaviour and mental health but associations with aging and other socio-demographic characteristics are unclear. We therefore aimed to characterise associations of these characteristics with two main self-reported components of empathy, namely empathic-concern (feeling compassion) and perspective-taking (understanding others' perspective).

Methods: We asked participants in an internet-based survey of UK-dwelling adults aged ≥18 years to complete the Interpersonal Reactivity Index subscales measuring empathic concern and perspective taking, and sociodemographic and personality questionnaires. Read More

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September 2021

Cost-effectiveness analysis of domiciliary topical sevoflurane for painful leg ulcers.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257494. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Anesthesiology, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario, Albacete, Spain.

Objectives: The general anesthetic sevoflurane is being repurposed as a topical analgesic for painful chronic wounds. We conducted a Bayesian cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) comparing the addition of domiciliary topical sevoflurane to conventional analgesics (SEVOFLURANE, n = 38) versus conventional analgesics alone (CONVENTIONAL, n = 26) for the treatment of nonrevascularizable painful leg ulcers in an outpatient Pain Clinic of a Spanish tertiary hospital.

Methods: We used real-world data collected from charts to conduct this CEA from a public healthcare perspective and with a one-year time horizon. Read More

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September 2021

Creep behavior of reinforced concrete-filled steel tubular columns under axial compression.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0255603. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

School of Civil Engineering, Liaoning Technical University, Fuxin, China.

The reinforced concrete-filled steel tube (RCFST) column solves several of the problems of the concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) column in practical engineering applications. Moreover, RCFST has a simple joint structure, high bearing capacity, good ductility, and superior fire resistance. From a structural safety perspective, designers prioritize the creep performance of CFST members in structural design. Read More

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September 2021

Improving the Performance of Individually Calibrated SSVEP-BCI by Task-Discriminant Component Analysis.

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2021 Sep 20;PP. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

A brain-computer interface (BCI) provides a direct communication channel between a brain and an external device. Steady-state visual evoked potential based BCI (SSVEP-BCI) has received increasing attention due to its high information transfer rate, which is accomplished by individual calibration for frequency recognition. Task-related component analysis (TRCA) is a recent and state-of-the-art method for individually calibrated SSVEP-BCIs. Read More

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September 2021

Learning Spherical Convolution for 360 Recognition.

IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 2021 Sep 20;PP. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

While 360 cameras offer tremendous new possibilities in vision, graphics, and augmented reality, the spherical images they produce make visual recognition non-trivial. Ideally, 360 imagery could inherit the convolutional neural networks (CNNs) trained with great success on perspective projection images. However, existing methods to transfer CNNs from perspective to spherical images introduce significant computational costs and/or degradations in accuracy. Read More

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September 2021

Optimizing Physician Payment Models to Address Health System Priorities: Perspectives from Specialist Physicians.

Healthc Policy 2021 Aug;17(1):58-72

Professor, Departments of Medicine and Community Health Sciences, O'Brien Institute of Public Health and Libin Cardiovascular Institute, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.

Objective: Despite well-documented data on the mixed impact of physician payment models, there is limited evidence on how to enhance existing payment model designs. This study examines the approaches to optimizing payment models from the perspective of specialist physicians to better support patient and physician experience and other health system objectives.

Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 32 specialist physicians across Alberta, Canada. Read More

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Relationship between anxiety and drug abstention motivation in men with substance use disorders: a cross-sectional study of compulsory isolation rehabilitation in China.

J Ethn Subst Abuse 2021 Sep 20:1-24. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, China.

Studies have found that anxiety is among the common negative emotions in individuals with substance use disorders. Anxiety affects drug abstention motivation, but the mechanism underlying this effect is still unclear. The current study aimed to examine the relationship among anxiety, regulatory emotional self-efficacy, psychological resilience and drug abstention motivation in an attempt to explore the mechanism underlying drug abstention motivation. Read More

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September 2021

Economic evaluation of the Happy Talk pilot effectiveness trial: A targeted selective speech, language and communication intervention for children from areas of social disadvantage.

Int J Speech Lang Pathol 2021 Sep 20:1-12. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Economics, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

This study presents a cost-effectiveness analysis of a targeted selective pre-school intervention programme, "Happy Talk", which focuses on language development, by simultaneously enhancing parental interaction and the pre-school environment. Happy Talk (delivered to 77 children) is an add on intervention, and is compared to usual care, adopting a healthcare perspective. Cost-effectiveness analyses were carried out using the Pre-school Language Scale 5- Total (PLS-5) for baseline analysis and the Child Health Utility Instrument (CHU9D) in a secondary analysis. Read More

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September 2021

Reader Comment Regarding "Cutaneous Immune-Related Adverse Events (irAEs) to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: A Dermatology Perspective on Management".

J Cutan Med Surg 2021 Sep 20:12034754211041610. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

10051 Princess Margaret Hospital Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada.

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September 2021

[The application of technoscience to man: ethical discernment in relation to the transhumanist-posthumanist proposal].

Cuad Bioet 2021 May-Aug;32(105):183-193

Departamento de Biología Celular e Histología, Facultad de Medicina, Master de Bioética, IMIB-Arrixaca, Regional Campus of International Excellence Campus Mare Nostrum, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Transhumanism-posthumanism is a current of thought that appears closely linked to the development of technoscience and its application to man. At the same time that this current must be subject to criticism, an anthropological and ethical paradigm must be illuminated that allows accepting or not the new technoscientific advances, making a discernment between them. Such discernment should lead us to weigh the goodness of these advances, rejecting only those that represent a degradation of the human being, and accepting those that help man to be more fully man. Read More

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February 2021

[Posfeminist and transhumanism: a historical relationship].

Cuad Bioet 2021 May-Aug;32(105):171-182

Departamento de Humanidades, Área de Bioética. Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Madrid, España.

Gender post-feminism or ″gender ideology″ is a revolution against man that denies the existence of his human nature, and promotes a homogenized world with interchangeable roles without sexual distinction. As man has been transforming the world with technology and depending on it, he has been changing himself and we get to the point that, when faced with a machine and a human being, we opt for the machine because the human being seems imperfect to us. The transhumanist ideology as an overcoming of the human supposes the dehumanization of man. Read More

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January 2021

[Transhumanism, human enhancement and bioethical challenges of emerging technologies for the 21st century].

Cuad Bioet 2021 May-Aug;32(105):133-139

Instituto de Bioética. Universidad Francisco de Vitoria. Ctra. Pozuelo- Majadahonda, Km 1.800, 28223 Madrid.

In this article we start by submitting a definition of transhumanism and then turn to the main bioethical problems that arise from it, with particular attention to the so-called human enhancement perspective. Secondly, and without being exhaustive, we shall seek to identify some of the main challenges posed by emerging sciences in the 21st century, specially with an eye to convergent technologies or NBICs (nanotechnology, biotechnology, informatics and cognitive sciences). And finally, we end up by enumerating some of the bioethical questions every researcher should take into account before considering applying any new technology on humans in the coming decades. Read More

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Undervalued Roles of Binder in Modulating Solid Electrolyte Interphase Formation of Silicon-Based Anode Materials.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

College of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China.

The use of silicon (Si) for lithium (Li) storage has the significant merits of an ultrahigh theoretical specific capacity and a low working platform, potentially enabling a high-energy-density Li-ion battery (LIB). However, the Si itself undergoes a huge volume variation (>300%) upon the lithiation/delithiation process, which inevitably causes material pulverization and electrode cracking as well as ceaselessly repairs the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI), eventually resulting in a rapid capacity decay of the Si anode. Presently, using a robust binder has been well-recognized as an effective solution, which is generally explained by its robust mechanical properties that enable the electrode integrity of the Si anode during the repeated cycling process. Read More

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September 2021

Chest CT Features from 58 Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia from the Perspective of ACE2.

Clin Lab 2021 Sep;67(9)

Background: Chest CT is important for the diagnosis of Corona Virus Disease 2019, which is caused by SARS-CoV-2 via the receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2. This study aimed to present special chest CT changes in the detection and management of COVID-19.

Methods: From February 20 to March 6, 2020, clinical data and chest CT of patients with COVID-19 being treated by the Hubei Medical Team were retrospectively analyzed with a time-interval of 2 weeks. Read More

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September 2021

Cancer Pain Management-A European Perspective.

Authors:
Denis Dupoiron

Cancer Treat Res 2021 ;182:39-55

Anesthesia and Pain Department, Institut de Cancérologie de l'Ouest, Rue Boquel, 49055, Angers, France.

Cancer pain management is a major challenge in both Europe and the United States. Recent studies show that the incidence of cancer pain remains high and even increases at an advanced stage of the disease. Read More

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January 2021