151,925 results match your criteria personal health


Intermediate vs Standard-dose Prophylactic Anticoagulation in Patients with COVID-19 Admitted to ICU: Ninety-day Results from the INSPIRATION Trial.

Thromb Haemost 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran, Iran (the Islamic Republic of).

Background: Thrombotic complications are considered among the main extrapulmonary manifestations of COVID-19. The optimal type and duration of prophylactic antithrombotic therapy in these patients remain unknown.

Methods: This manuscript reports the final (90-day) results of the Intermediate versus Standard-dose Prophylactic anticoagulation In cRitically-ill pATIents with COVID-19: An opeN label randomized controlled trial (INSPIRATION) study. Read More

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Environmental Awareness and sensitivity of nursing students.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Apr 8;101:104882. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, North Cyprus, via Mersin 10, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objective: Currently, environmental problems have reached alarming levels, constituting a serious problem for public health. This study was conducted in order to evaluate the environmental awareness and sensitivity of nursing students.

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 286 nursing students of a foundation university in Northern Cyprus in the fall term of the 2016-2017 academic year. Read More

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#MentalHealthArt: How Instagram artists promote mental health awareness online.

Public Health 2021 Apr 14;194:67-74. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, 43403, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Instagram artwork about mental illness was examined to learn how artists promote awareness about mental health and mental illness.

Study Design: Mixed methods predictive and descriptive analyses were conducted on a public dataset of artwork posts from Instagram.

Methods: One thousand art images were classified by media (painting, drawing, collage, photograph, digital art, printmaking, sculpture, jewelry, or other) and style (representational, nonrepresentational, and functional). Read More

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Biomonitoring of occupational exposure to bisphenol A, bisphenol S and bisphenol F: A systematic review.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 5;783:146905. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

French Research and Safety Institute for the Prevention of Occupational Accidents and Diseases (INRS), 1 rue du Morvan, 54519 Vandœuvre-Lès-Nancy, France.

Bisphenol A (BPA) and its substitutes bisphenol S (BPS) and bisphenol F (BPF) are endocrine disrupting chemicals widely used in the production of polycarbonate plastics, epoxy resins and thermal papers. The aim of the review was to identify occupational studies using human biomonitoring (HBM) as a tool for bisphenol exposure assessment and to characterize research gaps on the topic as part of the HBM4EU project. Hence, a systematic literature search using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) methodology was conducted for articles published between 2000 and 27th March 2020 across three databases (PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science). Read More

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An integrated assessment methodology for management of potentially contaminated sites based on public data.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 6;783:146913. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Key Laboratory of Environment Remediation and Ecological Health, Ministry of Education, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Ranking assessment of potentially contaminated sites (PCS) provides a great quantity of information (namely the risk screening list) that is usually examined by environmental managers, and therefore reduces the cost of risk management in terms of site investigation. Here we propose an integrated assessment methodology to establish a risk screening list of PCS in China using the Choquet integral correlation coefficient (ICC), which takes the uncertainty and interaction of PCS attributes into explicit account. The proposed method globally considers the importance and ordered positions of PCS attributes while reflecting their overall ranking. Read More

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Visible-light induced activation of persulfate by self-assembled EHPDI/TiO photocatalyst toward efficient degradation of carbamazepine.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 9;783:146996. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, College of Architecture and Environment, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China; Sino-German Centre for Water and Health Research, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China. Electronic address:

Removal of pharmaceutical and personal care products from wastewater is very important in water treatment process. Combining photocatalysis with persulfate (PS) could be a good solvent for this problem. Novel perylene diimide derivative (EHPDI) was designed and synthesized. Read More

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Detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in the Danube River in Serbia associated with the discharge of untreated wastewaters.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 8;783:146967. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

University of Belgrade, Institute for Biological Research "Siniša Stanković", National Institute of Republic of Serbia, Department of Hydroecology and Water Protection, Bulevar despota Stefana 142, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

In Serbia less than 13% of collected municipal wastewaters is being treated before their release in the environment. This includes all municipal wastewater discharges from Belgrade (capital city of Serbia; population 1,700,000). Previous research has identified the impacts of raw wastewater discharges from Belgrade on the Danube River, and this study investigated if such discharges also provided a pathway for SARS-CoV-2 RNA material. Read More

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Decreased serum testosterone levels associated with 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity in 7-year-old children from a dioxin-exposed area of Vietnam.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Mar 30;783:146701. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Japan.

Since 2008, we have conducted epidemiological cohort studies on the relationship between dioxin exposure and disruption with children in the area sprayed with defoliants during the Vietnam War. In a long-term survey of children through the age of five, we observed androgen disruption due to decreased dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and testosterone levels. In this study of 7-year-old, we separately elucidated androgen disruption for boys and girls, and discussed with respect to hormone disruption with sex differences on the steroid hormone biosynthesis process. Read More

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Application of crAssphage, F-RNA phage and pepper mild mottle virus as indicators of human faecal and norovirus contamination in shellfish.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 1;783:146848. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd (ESR), Porirua 5240, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Shellfish growing waters contaminated with inadequately treated human wastewater is a major source of norovirus in shellfish and poses a significant human health risk to consumers. Microbial source tracking (MST) markers have been widely used to identify the source (s) of faecal contamination in water but data are limited on their use for shellfish safety. This study evaluated the source specificity, sensitivity, occurrence and concentration of three viral MST markers i. Read More

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COVID-19 information on social media and preventive behaviors: Managing the pandemic through personal responsibility.

Authors:
Piper Liping Liu

Soc Sci Med 2021 Apr 12;277:113928. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Communication, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macao. Electronic address:

In the face of a pandemic, social media have found to be vital information channels that might exert a positive influence on people's preventive behaviors. However, little is known about the underlying processes that may mediate or moderate the relationship. The present study examined the relation between novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) information consumption on social media and preventive behaviors, as well as the mediation role of personal responsibility and moderation role of health orientation. Read More

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Predicting why people engage in pro-sustainable behaviors in Portland Oregon: The role of environmental self-identity, personal norm, and socio-demographics.

J Environ Manage 2021 Apr 14;289:112538. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Kinesiology, College of Nursing and Health Innovations, The University of Texas at Arlington, TX, USA. Electronic address:

This study aims to identify factors influencing people's participation in frequent and effective pro-sustainable behaviors (PSB) in Portland, Oregon, using value-belief-norm theory and a modified value-identity-personal-norm (VIP) model. Drawing from a resident survey (n = 484) and applying a series of regression and mediation analyses, we tested the power of the VIP model in our sample to examine the influence of values, environmental self-identity, and personal norms on PSB while adjusting for socio-demographic factors. Our study revealed participants who held altruistic values (i. Read More

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Effective HPV vaccination coverage in Australia by number of doses and two-dose spacing: what if one or two doses are sufficient?

Tumour Virus Res 2021 Apr 14:200216. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

VCS Population Health, VCS Foundation, Melbourne, Australia; Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Initially, three-dose schedules were recommended for vaccines against human papillomavirus (HPV); subsequently recommendations have been updated to a schedule of two doses delivered at least six (minimum five) months apart for those aged <15 years at dose 1. We aimed to re-estimate effective HPV vaccination coverage in Australia, considering reduced-dose schedules and possible one-dose effectiveness. We also aimed to identify which of the three school visits was most commonly missed amongst two-dose only recipients, to inform optimal timing of visits. Read More

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Cross National Comparison of Medical Students' Attitudes and Beliefs about Medical Cannabis and its Application for Pain Management.

Complement Ther Med 2021 Apr 14:102720. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Regional Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research (RADAR) Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.

Objectives: To examine attitudes and beliefs about medical cannabis (MC), and specifically about its application for pain management, across medical students in Israel and Thailand.

Design: Cross-sectional survey which measured attitudes and beliefs about MC. Participants were additionally asked to rate the perceived efficacy of MC for different medical conditions that are related to pain (arthritis, chronic pain, fibromyalgia and multiple sclerosis). Read More

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The sourcing and use of high physical resemblance personal protective equipment to train health care workers, improve confidence and conserve medical grade equipment.

J Hosp Infect 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Design Health Collab, Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture, Monash University, Caulfield, Victoria, Australia; School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia; Emergency Medicine Research, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton, Victoria, Australia; Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, Monash Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University and Monash Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is essential for health care worker (HCW) safety. Conservation of PPE for clinical use during the COVID-19 pandemic reduced its availability for training, necessitating an innovative approach to sourcing high physical resemblance PPE (HPR-PPE). We present a case study of crowd-sourcing HPR-PPE to train HCW. Read More

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Trypanosoma cruzi co-infections with other vector borne diseases are frequent in dogs from the pacific coast of Ecuador.

Microb Pathog 2021 Apr 14:104884. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados en Salud Animal, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Km 15.5 Carretera Panamericana Toluca-Atlacomulco, Toluca, Estado de México, C.P. 50200, Mexico.

Dogs are a reservoir for Chagas disease, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi), and other companion vector-borne diseases, including ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia canis and Ehrlichia ewingii), anaplasmosis (Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Anaplasma platys), dirofilariasis (Dirofilaria immitis) and Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi). This study has two key objectives: 1) to determine seroreactivity against T. Read More

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Examining the relationship between weight controllability beliefs and eating behaviors: The role internalized weight stigma and BMI.

Appetite 2021 Apr 14:105257. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

University of Connecticut Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity; Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, University of Connecticut, One Constitution Plaza, Suite 600, Hartford, CT, 06103.

Body weight is often viewed as personally controllable. This belief, however, ignores the complex etiology of body weight. While such attributions of personal willpower may help some individuals regulate their eating patterns, they have also been associated with increased internalized weight stigma which, itself, is associated with more disinhibited eating. Read More

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RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, δ-undecalactone, CAS Registry Number 710-04-3.

Food Chem Toxicol 2021 Apr 14:112208. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Member Expert Panel, The Journal of Dermatological Science (JDS), Editor-in-Chief, Professor and Chairman, Department of Dermatology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, 431-3192, Japan.

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Post-exercise recovery for the endurance athlete with type 1 diabetes: a consensus statement.

Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2021 May;9(5):304-317

Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology, Nutritional Medicine and Metabolism, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

There has been substantial progress in the knowledge of exercise and type 1 diabetes, with the development of guidelines for optimal glucose management. In addition, an increasing number of people living with type 1 diabetes are pushing their physical limits to compete at the highest level of sport. However, the post-exercise recovery routine, particularly with a focus on sporting performance, has received little attention within the scientific literature, with most of the focus being placed on insulin or nutritional adaptations to manage glycaemia before and during the exercise bout. Read More

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Fluid volume regulation in patients with heart failure - Authors' reply.

Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2021 May;9(5):258

Department of Cardiology, Herlev and Gentofte University Hospital, Herlev DK-2730, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

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Semaglutide for obesity: four STEPs forward, but more to come.

Authors:
Donna H Ryan

Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2021 May;9(5):252-254

Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA. Electronic address:

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Global estimates of expected and preventable cervical cancers among girls born between 2005 and 2014: a birth cohort analysis.

Lancet Public Health 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Early Detection, Prevention and Infections Branch, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO), Lyon, France. Electronic address:

Background: WHO has launched an initiative aiming to eliminate cervical cancer as a public health problem. Elimination is a long-term target that needs long-lasting commitment. To support local authorities in implementing human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, we provide regional and country-specific estimates of cervical cancer burden and the projected impact of HPV vaccination among today's young girls who could develop cervical cancer if not vaccinated. Read More

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National survey of percutaneous coronary intervention during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan: second report of the Japanese Association of Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics.

Cardiovasc Interv Ther 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Cardiology, Tokai University, Isehara, Japan.

Healthcare systems worldwide have been overburdened by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak. Accordingly, hospitals have had to implement strategies to profoundly reorganize activities, which have affected procedures such as primary percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). This study aimed to describe changes in PCI practices during the health emergency at the national level. Read More

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The Effect of Islamic Belief and Spiritual Well-being on Organ Donation in Turkey: A Descriptive-Relational Study.

J Relig Health 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, University of Bandırma Onyedi Eylul, Bandırma, Balıkesir, Turkey.

The aim of the study is to determine how Islamic belief and spiritual well-being affect the attitudes of individuals towards organ donation. The study was designed as a descriptive-relational study and included the participation of 402 adults in the eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey. For data collection, a personal information form, the Organ Donation Attitude Scale, and the Spiritual Well-being Scale were used. Read More

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Burnout among healthcare professionals during COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study.

Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To describe the prevalence of burnout among healthcare professionals dealing with COVID-19 patients and the associated factors.

Methods: In this cross-sectional survey, healthcare workers at six university-affiliated hospitals, who had been taking care of COVID-19 patients were studied. Age, gender, marital status, having children, hospital, job category, experience, and work load, as well as the level of burnout in each subscale were measured. Read More

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Promoting Safety: Behavioural Emergency Response during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Healthc Q 2021 Apr;24(1):50-53

The clinical leader manager for the Inpatient Mental Health Unit and Mental Health Emergency Service Area at St. Michael's Hospital (Unity Health Toronto) in Toronto, ON. She can be contacted by e-mail at

During the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, patients with and without pre-existing mental health diagnoses will either be admitted to the hospital as patients under investigation for COVID-19 or patients positive for COVID-19. A safe and timely response is required for patients exhibiting escalating behaviours (e.g. Read More

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In Their Own Words: What Do Healthcare Workers Want from Their Organization during the COVID-19 Pandemic?

Healthc Q 2021 Apr;24(1):44-49

Professor and chair in the Department of Psychiatry at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western University in London, ON, and chief of Psychiatry at the London Health Sciences Centre and St. Joseph's Health Care London in London, ON.

Pandemics are associated with heightened distress among healthcare workers (HCWs). We report qualitative findings from a two-stage survey administered to HCWs at a large acute care hospital in Ontario during the COVID-19 pandemic to identify their concerns and wellness needs. Responses reflected HCWs' desires to be heard, protected, prepared, supported and cared for by the organization. Read More

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Masked and Distanced: A Qualitative Study of How Personal Protective Equipment and Distancing Affect Teamwork in Emergency Care.

Int J Qual Health Care 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, MA.

Background: Newly intensified use of personal protective equipment (PPE) in emergency departments presents teamwork challenges affecting the quality and safety of care at the frontlines. We conducted a qualitative study to categorize and describe barriers to teamwork posed by PPE and distancing in the emergency setting.

Methods: We conducted 55 semi-structured interviews between June-August, 2020 with personnel from two emergency departments serving in a variety of roles. Read More

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Consider the context: An analysis of personal social networks of caregivers of children participating in a paediatric weight management program.

Clin Obes 2021 Apr 17:e12456. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Institute for Better Health, Trillium Health Partners, Mississauga, Canada.

Social networks influence the health and well-being of children and families. This study aimed to identify and understand the social networks of caregivers of children participating in the KidFit Health and Wellness Clinic, a paediatric weight management program. An egocentric social network analysis was used. Read More

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Predictors of unplanned 30-day readmissions after coronary artery bypass graft: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies.

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Ajou University College of Nursing and Research Institute of Nursing Science, 164, Worldcup-Ro, Yeongtong-Gu, Suwon 16499, Republic of Korea.

Aims: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is one of the most performed cardiac surgery globally. CABG is known to have a high rate of short-term readmissions. The 30-day unplanned readmission rate as a quality measure is associated with adverse health outcomes. Read More

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'COVID-19 and palliative medicine: faith-based hospitals in India'.

BMJ Support Palliat Care 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Centre for Population Health Sciences, Primary Palliative Care Research Group, The University of Edinburgh, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, Edinburgh, UK.

Objectives: Faith-based organisations (FBOs) in India provide health services particularly to marginalised communities. We studied their preparedness and delivery of palliative care during COVID-19 as part of a mixed-method study. We present the results of an online questionnaire. Read More

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