31,805 results match your criteria perioperative outcomes


Risk Factors for Perioperative Morbidity in Adults Undergoing Cardiac Surgery at Children's Hospitals.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: Increasing numbers of adult with congenital heart disease (ACHD) undergo cardiac surgery in children's hospitals, yet surgical outcomes data are limited. We sought to better understand the impact of preoperative risk factors on postoperative complications and cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) length of stay (LOS).

Methods: Surgical CICU admissions for patients > 18 years in the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium registry (8/2014-1/2019; 34 hospitals) were included. Read More

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New-onset atrial fibrillation in the intensive care unit: protocol for an international inception cohort study (AFIB-ICU).

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Intensive Care, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Introduction: New-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) is frequently observed in critically ill patients and may be associated with prolonged hospital stay and increased mortality. Considerable variation exists in the reported frequencies of NOAF due to the lack of a standardised definition and detection method. Importantly, there are limited data on NOAF in the intensive care unit (ICU). Read More

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Hematoma After Non-Oncologic Breast Procedures: A Comprehensive Review of the Evidence.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Hansjörg Wyss Department of Plastic Surgery, New York University Langone Health, 222 East 41st Street, New York, NY, 10017, USA.

Background: Hematoma after non-oncologic breast surgery is a common concern requiring expeditious treatment. The purpose of this study is to perform an evidence-based review of perioperative factors that may contribute to hematoma in non-oncologic breast procedures.

Methods: A comprehensive literature review was performed of non-oncologic breast procedures: breast augmentation, single-stage augmentation-mastopexy, mastopexy, and reduction. Read More

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Predictors of unplanned 30-day readmissions after coronary artery bypass graft: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies.

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Ajou University College of Nursing and Research Institute of Nursing Science, 164, Worldcup-Ro, Yeongtong-Gu, Suwon 16499, Republic of Korea.

Aims: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is one of the most performed cardiac surgery globally. CABG is known to have a high rate of short-term readmissions. The 30-day unplanned readmission rate as a quality measure is associated with adverse health outcomes. Read More

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Effect of perioperative bronchodilator therapy on postoperative pulmonary function among lung cancer patients with COPD.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 16;11(1):8359. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06351, Republic of Korea.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an established risk factor for lung cancer, remains largely undiagnosed and untreated before lung cancer surgery. We evaluated the effect of perioperative bronchodilator therapy on lung function changes in COPD patients who underwent surgery for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). From a database including NSCLC patients undergoing lung resection, COPD patients were identified and divided into two groups based on the use of bronchodilator during the pre- and post-operative period. Read More

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Laparoscopic hepatectomy versus open hepatectomy for tumors located in right posterior segment: A single institution study.

Asian J Surg 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Faculty of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, 1th Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, 100853, PR China. Electronic address:

Object: With the gradual advancement of laparoscopic technology, surgeries can be successfully performed with the help of laparoscopy increasingly. This study initially explored the difference between laparoscopic right posterior sectionectomy (LRPS) and open right posterior sectionectomy (ORPS)of liver in our center, discussed the effectiveness, benefits and safety of LRPS and introduce some surgical techniques in our center.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively analyze 96 cases of liver tumor located in the right posterior lobe of liver in our institution from January 2015 to January 2018. Read More

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The clinical effects of cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy monitoring (NIRS) versus no monitoring: a protocol for a systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis.

Syst Rev 2021 Apr 16;10(1):111. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Neonatology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Multiple clinical conditions are associated with cerebral hypoxia/ischaemia and thereby an increased risk of hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury. Cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy monitoring (NIRS) is a tool to monitor brain oxygenation and perfusion, and the clinical uptake of NIRS has expanded over recent years. Specifically, NIRS is used in the neonatal, paediatric, and adult perioperative and intensive care settings. Read More

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Sagittal alignment changes and postoperative complications following surgery for adult spinal deformity in patients with Parkinson's disease: a multi-institutional retrospective cohort study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Apr 16;22(1):357. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1 Chome-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo City, Tokyo, 113-8510, Japan.

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) has been found to increase the risk of postoperative complications in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD). However, few studies have investigated this by directly comparing patients with PD and those without PD.

Methods: In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, we reviewed all surgically treated ASD patients with at least 2 years of follow-up. Read More

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Flow-diverter stents in the early management of acutely ruptured brain aneurysms: effective rebleeding protection with low thromboembolic complications.

J Neurosurg 2021 Apr 16:1-8. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

4Neurology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel; and.

Objective: Flow-diverter stents (FDSs) are not generally used for the management of acutely ruptured aneurysms with associated subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Herein, the authors present their experience with FDSs in this scenario, focusing on the antiplatelet regimen, perioperative management, and outcome.

Methods: The authors retrospectively reviewed their institutional database for the treatment and outcomes of all patients with acutely ruptured aneurysms and associated SAH from July 2010 to September 2018 who had received an FDS implant as stand-alone treatment within 4 days after diagnosis. Read More

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Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with FOLFIRINOX and preoperative chemoradiotherapy for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (UNICANCER-PRODIGE 23): a multicentre, randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Hôpital Nord Franche-Comté, Montbéliard, France; University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France.

Background: Treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer with chemoradiotherapy, surgery, and adjuvant chemotherapy controls local disease, but distant metastases remain common. We aimed to assess whether administering neoadjuvant chemotherapy before preoperative chemoradiotherapy could reduce the risk of distant recurrences.

Methods: We did a phase 3, open-label, multicentre, randomised trial at 35 hospitals in France. Read More

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Cost-Benefit Analysis of Robotic vs. Laparoscopic Hepatectomy: A Propensity-Matched Retrospective Cohort Study of American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database.

Am Surg 2021 Apr 16:31348211011124. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Surgery, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ, USA.

Background: Robotic and laparoscopic hepatectomies having increased utilization as minimally invasive techniques are explored for hepatobiliary malignancies. Although the data on outcomes from these 2 approaches are emerging, the cost-benefit analysis of these approaches remains sparse. This study compares the costs associated with robotic vs. Read More

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Robotic esophagectomy: results from a tertiary care Italian center.

Updates Surg 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

USL Toscana Sud Est, Grosseto, Italy.

There is growing evidence supporting the use of minimally invasive resection in esophageal surgery, mainly due to reduced postoperative morbidity and faster recovery after surgery. In recent years, robot-assisted surgery has shown some potential benefits over conventional laparo-thoracoscopic esophagectomy. The purpose of this study is to report our experience with different esophageal resections with a full-robotic approach for malignant disease. Read More

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Bricker ileal conduit vs. Cutaneous ureterostomy after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer: a systematic review.

Int Braz J Urol 2021 Feb 20;47. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Divisão de Urologia, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo André, SP, Brasil.

Purpose: A systematic review of the literature with available published literature to compare ileal conduit (IC) and cutaneous ureterostomy (CU) urinary diversions (UD) in terms of perioperative, functional, and oncological outcomes of high-risk elderly patients treated with radical cystectomy (RC). Protocol Registration: PROSPERO ID CRD42020168851.

Materials And Methods: A systematic review, according to the PRISMA Statement, was performed. Read More

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February 2021

The Impact of Socioeconomic Disadvantage on Pediatric Tracheostomy Outcomes.

Laryngoscope 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, U.S.A.

Objectives: To determine if socioeconomic disadvantage impacts perioperative outcomes after tracheostomy.

Methods: We performed a retrospective case series of children who underwent tracheostomy. Children were divided into less and more disadvantaged groups based on their community's Area Deprivation Index (ADI), a validated socioeconomic vulnerability measure. Read More

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Quasilobar minimalist lung volume reduction surgery.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Biostatistics, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Objectives: Our goal was to assess the results and the costs of the quasilobar minimalist (QLM) thoracoscopic lung volume reduction (LVR) surgical method developed to minimize the trauma from the operation and the anaesthesia and to maximize the effect of the lobar volume reduction.

Methods: Forty patients with severe emphysema underwent QLM-LVR that entailed adoption of sole intercostal block analgesia and lobar plication through a single thoracoscopic incision. Results were compared after propensity matching with 2 control groups undergoing non-awake resectional LVR with double-lumen tracheal intubation or awake non-resectional LVR by plication with thoracic epidural anaesthesia. Read More

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Trends in Emergent Groin Hernia Repair-An Analysis From the Herniamed Registry.

Front Surg 2021 30;8:655755. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

COPV - Hernia Center, Berlin, Germany.

While the proportion of emergency groin hernia repairs in developed countries is 2.5-7.7%, the percentage in developing countries can be as high as 76. Read More

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Withholding vs. Continuing Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors or Angiotensin Receptor Blockers Before Non-cardiac Surgery in Older Patients: Study Protocol for a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 30;8:654700. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Older hypertensive adults are at increased risk for postoperative morbidity and mortality. As first line antihypertensive drug therapy, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have many beneficial effects. However, the use of ACEIs/ARBs in the perioperative period remains controversial. Read More

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Cerebrovascular Accident Manifesting as Altered Mental Status During a Telehealth Visit: Preoperative Evaluation in the COVID-19 Era.

Cureus 2021 Mar 10;13(3):e13812. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Anesthesiology & Perioperative Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Health, Los Angeles, USA.

We present the case of a 91-year-old patient scheduled for a preoperative telehealth evaluation who was found to have altered mental status from an acute stroke. Her care, if delayed, could have caused permanent morbidity during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This case highlights the digital leap the pandemic spurred: 1. Read More

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Perioperative Electroacupuncture Can Accelerate the Recovery of Gastrointestinal Function in Cancer Patients Undergoing Pancreatectomy or Gastrectomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 31;2021:5594263. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

State Key Lab of Molecular Oncology and Department of Pancreatic and Gastric Surgery, National Cancer Center, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

The effect of perioperative acupuncture on accelerating gastrointestinal function recovery has been reported in colorectal surgery and distal gastrectomy (Billroth-II). However, the evidence in pancreatectomy and other gastrectomy is still limited. A prospective, randomized controlled trial was conducted between May 2018 and August 2019. Read More

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Feasibility of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) in ovarian cancer during COVID-19 pandemic.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Koç University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions on patients who underwent cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for ovarian cancer.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated ovarian cancer patients who underwent HIPEC following complete cytoreductive surgery performed during the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in three different centers specializing in gynecological oncology. All patients who underwent cytoreduction plus HIPEC for a primary, interval, and recurrent surgery were evaluated. Read More

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Short Time Delay Between Previous Prostate Biopsy for Prostate Cancer Assessment and Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate Correlates with Worse Perioperative Outcomes.

Eur Urol Focus 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Urology, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, Bologna, Italy; Università degli Studi di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Background: No data are available regarding the impact of time between a previous transrectal prostate biopsy (PB) and holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) on perioperative outcomes.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of time from PB to HoLEP on perioperative outcomes.

Design, Setting, And Participants: A total of 172 consecutive patients treated with HoLEP within 12 mo of a single previous transrectal PB at two tertiary centers were included. Read More

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Association between postoperative muscle wasting and survival in older patients undergoing surgery for non-metastatic colorectal cancer.

J Geriatr Oncol 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, University Center for Geriatric Medicine, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Background: Preoperative sarcopenia in older patients is a risk factor for adverse outcomes after colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery. Longitudinal changes in muscle mass in this group have not been studied previously although muscle wasting may have prognostic significance regarding survival. We aimed to determine the association between muscle wasting and overall survival (OS) in older patients who underwent surgery for CRC. Read More

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Perioperative Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy: A Review With the Emphasis on Randomized Controlled Trials and Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Anesth Analg 2021 May;132(5):1306-1313

Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

The perioperative use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy has increased substantially in recent years, particularly in relationship to the treatment of patients with known or suspected obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). OSA is common in the surgical population and is reported as an independent risk factor for postoperative complications, intensive care unit admission, and increased length of hospital stay. A large proportion of OSA patients are undiagnosed at the time of surgery and can therefore not be optimized preoperatively. Read More

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Perioperative Management of Insomnia, Restless Legs, Narcolepsy, and Parasomnias.

Anesth Analg 2021 May;132(5):1287-1295

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been shown to increase risk of adverse perioperative events. More recently, investigators have begun to examine other common sleep disorders to assess how they may be impacted by the perioperative environment, as well as influence postoperative outcomes. There are a number of mechanisms by which such common sleep disorders (eg, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy, and parasomnias) may have consequences in the perioperative setting, both related to the underlying pathophysiology of the diseases as well as their treatments. Read More

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Obesity and Obesity Hypoventilation, Sleep Hypoventilation, and Postoperative Respiratory Failure.

Anesth Analg 2021 May;132(5):1265-1273

Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is considered as a diagnosis in obese patients (body mass index [BMI] ≥30 kg/m2) who also have sleep-disordered breathing and awake diurnal hypercapnia in the absence of other causes of hypoventilation. Patients with OHS have a higher burden of medical comorbidities as compared to those with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This places patients with OHS at higher risk for adverse postoperative events. Read More

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Chronic Opioid Use and Central Sleep Apnea, Where Are We Now and Where To Go? A State of the Art Review.

Anesth Analg 2021 May;132(5):1244-1253

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Opioids are commonly used for pain management, perioperative procedures, and addiction treatment. There is a current opioid epidemic in North America that is paralleled by a marked increase in related deaths. Since 2000, chronic opioid users have been recognized to have significant central sleep apnea (CSA). Read More

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Outcome of acute kidney injury: how to make a difference?

Ann Intensive Care 2021 Apr 15;11(1):60. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

INSERM UMR 1018, Equipe Epidémiologie clinique, CESP, Villejuif, France.

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most frequent organ failure encountered among intensive care unit patients. In addition to the well-known immediate complications (hydroelectrolytic disorders, hypervolemia, drug overdose), the occurrence of long-term complications and/or chronic comorbidities related to AKI has long been underestimated. The aim of this manuscript is to briefly review the short- and long-term consequences of AKI and discuss strategies likely to improve outcome of AKI. Read More

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Short-term outcome in robotic vs laparoscopic and open rectal tumor surgery within an ERAS protocol: a retrospective cohort study from the Swedish ERAS database.

Surg Endosc 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Surgery, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, 18288, Stockholm, Danderyd, Sweden.

Background: Advantages of robotic technique over laparoscopic technique in rectal tumor surgery have yet to be proven. Large multicenter, register-based cohort studies within an optimized perioperative care protocol are lacking. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to compare short-term outcomes in robotic, laparoscopic and open rectal tumor resections, while also determining compliance to the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS)®Society Guidelines. Read More

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Non-intubated Robotic-Assisted Thoracic Surgery for Tracheal/Airway Resection and Reconstruction: Technique Description and Preliminary Results.

Ann Surg 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Thoracic Surgery and Oncology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, Guangzhou, China Department of Anesthesia, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University.

Objective: We aim to report a novel surgical technique that robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery combined with non-intubated spontaneous ventilation to perform tracheal/airway surgery.

Summary Background Data: Our team has demonstrated video-assisted transthoracic surgery (VATS) can be used for thoracic tracheal diseases with satisfactory outcomes. Our team has also demonstrated that tracheal/ airway resection and reconstruction under spontaneous ventilation can improve the anastomosis and operating time. Read More

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Surgical outcomes of single stage surgery for Tandem spinal stenosis (TSS) in elderly and younger patients: A comparative study.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2021 Jun 18;17:157-162. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Mumbai Institute of Spine Surgery, Bombay Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Marine Lines, Mumbai, 400020, India.

Study Design: Retrospective study.

Objective: To evaluate and compare the outcomes of single stage surgery for Tandem Spinal Stenosis (TSS) in elderly (Age ≥65 years) and younger patients (Age <65 years).

Summary Of Background Data: Tandem spinal stenosis among elderly is common and often missed diagnosed with delayed presentation. Read More

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