Pain Physician 2022 Jan;25(1):E55-E65
Department of Anesthesiology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Department of Anesthesiology, Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Department of Anesthesiology, Zhongshan Wusong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Fudan Zhangjiang Institute, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Perioperative Stress and Protection.
Background: Lumpectomy is important for preventing malignant changes in benign tumors and diagnosing malignant tumors. Intercostal nerve blocks (ICNBs) are useful for breast lumpectomy as either the primary anesthetic or as an adjuvant anesthetic procedure. To our knowledge, no studies have evaluated the association between Horner syndrome and ICNB. Read More