Arch Oral Biol 2020 Apr 27;112:104668. Epub 2020 Jan 27.
Department of Orthodontics, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of Interleukin-1α (IL-1α), Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), Interleukin-10 (IL-10), Interleukin-13 (IL-13), Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), and Growth related oncogene (GRO) in the peri-miniscrew implant crevicular fluid (MICF) under orthodontic loading.
Design: The study sample comprised 14 miniscrews immediately loaded and 17 unloaded ones. A load of 200gF was immediately applied to the miniscrews in the loaded group after the placement surgery. Read More