Radiology 2021 Apr 6:203711. Epub 2021 Apr 6.
From the Department of Radiology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan (Y.O.); Joint Research Laboratory of Advanced Medical Imaging, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan (Y.O.); Division of Functional and Diagnostic Imaging Research, Department of Radiology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan (Y.O.); Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea (J.B.S.); Department of Medicine, Robarts Research Institute, and Department of Medical Biophysics, Western University, London, Canada (G.P.); Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine (SKKU-SOM), Seoul, Korea (K.S.L.); Department of Radiology, Penn Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa (W.B.G.); Departments of Medical Physics and Radiology (S.B.F., M.L.S.), UW-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wis; and Center for Pulmonary Functional Imaging, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02215 (H.H.).
Over the past few decades, pulmonary imaging technologies have advanced from chest radiography and nuclear medicine methods to high-spatial-resolution or low-dose chest CT and MRI. It is currently possible to identify and measure pulmonary pathologic changes before these are obvious even to patients or depicted on conventional morphologic images. Here, key technological advances are described, including multiparametric CT image processing methods, inhaled hyperpolarized and fluorinated gas MRI, and four-dimensional free-breathing CT and MRI methods to measure regional ventilation, perfusion, gas exchange, and biomechanics. Read More