136,473 results match your criteria performed pain


Childbirth experiences of immigrant women in Chile: Trading human rights and autonomy for dignity and good care.

Midwifery 2021 May 28;101:103047. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Women´s and Newborns Health Promotion, School of Midwifery University of Chile, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address:

Background: Childbirth is a transcendent life experience but may also be a moment of great vulnerability, especially when it occurs outside the mother's country of origin.

Objective: To explore the perceptions and experiences of Spanish-speaking immigrant women regarding the healthcare they received during labour and childbirth in Santiago, Chile.

Methods: This qualitative, transcendental phenomenological research was performed at two maternity hospitals using purposive criterion sampling. Read More

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Heart rate variability biofeedback in chronic disease management: a systematic review.

Complement Ther Med 2021 Jun 9:102750. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Laboratoire IRISSE EA4075, UFR des Sciences de l'Homme et de l'Environnement, Université de la Réunion, Le Tampon, La Réunion, France. Electronic address:

Background: Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) is a non-pharmacological intervention used in the management of chronic diseases.

Method: A systematic search was performed according to eligibility criteria including adult chronic patients, HRVB as main treatment with or without control conditions, and psychophysiological outcomes as dependent variables.

Results: In total, 29 articles were included. Read More

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The association of family functioning with possible major depressive disorders and complicated grief among bereaved family members of patients with cancer: Results from the J-HOPE4 study, a nationwide cross-sectional follow-up survey in Japan.: Family function association with depression.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Palliative Nursing, Health Sciences, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Context: Family functioning is a modifiable factor associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) and complicated grief (CG) among the bereaved families of patients with advanced cancer; however, the evidence regarding this association is limited.

Objectives: We aimed to explore the association of family functioning with possible MDD and CG among the bereaved families of patients with advanced cancer who died in palliative care units.

Methods: This study is a part of the J-HOPE4 study, a nationwide cross-sectional multi-purpose questionnaire survey conducted in 2018. Read More

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Unfolding the Apoptotic Mechanism of Antioxidant Enriched-Leaves of Tabebuia pallida (Lindl.) Miers in EAC Cells and Mouse Model.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 9:114297. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Pharmacy, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Tabebuia pallida (Lindl.) Miers (T. pallida) is a well-known native Caribbean medicinal plant. Read More

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Ultrasound-guided erector spinae plane block for open inguinal hernia repair: a randomized controlled trial.

Braz J Anesthesiol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

SIANEST/Hospital Florianópolis, Unidade de Anestesiologia, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil; Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina (UNISUL), Florianópolis, SC, Brazil; TSA, Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia, Brazil.

Introduction And Objectives: Inguinal hernia repair is associated with significant postoperative pain. We assessed the analgesia efficacy of unilateral Erector Spinae Plane block (ESP) performed under ultrasound guidance in patients submitted to open unilateral inguinal hernia repair, comparing ESP to spinal anesthesia administered with or without opioid.

Method: Forty-five patients with ages ranging from 27 to 83 years were randomly allocated into three groups: control group receiving spinal anesthesia (n = 14), ESP group receiving ESP block combined with spinal anesthesia (n = 16), and spinal morphine group receiving spinal anesthesia with morphine 1 mcg. Read More

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Inflammatory disease of the costotransverse joints: US evaluation in 15 symptomatic patients.

J Ultrasound 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Advanced Musculoskeletal Ultrasound, SIUMB School of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

The costotransverse joints (CTJs) are small arthrodial joints which articulate with the costal tuberosity on the transverse process of the thoracic vertebrae. CTJs are composed of oval-shaped facets with a major axis, vertical at the upper vertebrae and almost horizontal at the lower vertebrae. This position explains the different movements of the ribs: the cranial ribs move on the sagittal plane and the caudal ribs on the transverse plane. Read More

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Comparison of the analgesic effects of two quadratus lumborum blocks (QLBs), QLB type II vs. QLB type III, in Cesarean Delivery: A randomised study.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 12:e14513. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Ondokuz Mayis University Faculty of Medicine, Samsun, Turkey.

Background: Quadratus lumborum blocks (QLB) are relatively novel regional anesthesia techniques, and the efficacy of all three types of QLB for postoperative analgesia in cesarean delivery (CD) has been demonstrated in separate studies. The aim of the present study is to compare the analgesic efficacy of the QLB-II and QLB-III blocks performed at the end of surgery in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia for CD.

Methods: We conducted a comparative, blinded, prospective, randomized, efficiency study. Read More

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Patients with stage II of the knee osteoarthritis most likely benefit from the intra-articular injections of autologous adipose tissue-from 2 years of follow-up studies.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rehasport Clinic, Poznan, Poland.

Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common, chronic, progressive and degenerative disease which affects patients' quality of life and may cause disability and social isolation. OA is a huge economic burden for the patient and a large strain for the whole healthcare system. Articular cartilage has a small potential to repair, with progressively more clinicians emphasizing cellular therapy. Read More

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A European Survey on Digestive Perianastomotic Ulcerations, a Rare Crohn-Like Disorder Occurring in Children and Young Adults.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of pediatric surgery, Hôpital Robert Debré, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France Children's Hospital, Zagreb University Medical School, Zagreb, Croatia Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Saint Etienne, Saint Etienne, France Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Germany Department of Paediatrics, School of Medicine Collegium Medicum University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland Hôpital Timone Enfants, service de pédiatrie multidisciplinaire, Marseille, France Aix Marseille Univ, INSERM, MMG, Marseille, France Department of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition, Hopital Robert Debré, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France Université de Paris ; INSERM UMR1149 ; Paris, France Unidade de Gastrenterologia Pediátrica, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal Bordeaux University Hospital, Paediatric Gastroenterology Unit, CIC 1401, F-33000, Bordeaux, France Department of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition, Hôpital Trousseau, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Paris, Paris, France Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Pierre Bénite, France Pediatric gastroenterology Unit, Ospedale Maggiore Carlo Alberto Pizzardi di Bologna, Bologna, Italy Sapienza University - Umberto I Hospital, Rome, Italy Department of Translational Medical Science, Section of Pediatrics, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy Department of pediatrics, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France. University Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, U1286 - INFINITE - Institute for Translational Research in Inflammation, F-59000 Lille, France Department of pediatrics. Centre Hospitalier universitaire de Limoges, Limoges, France Department of pediatrics. Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Clocheville, Tours, France Department of pediatrics. University Normandie, UNICAEN, CHU de Caen Normandie, F-14000 Caen, France INSERM UMR 1073, University Rouen, F-76000 Rouen, France Al Jalila Children's Specialty Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.

Objectives: Digestive perianastomotic ulcerations (DPAU) resembling Crohn's disease lesions are long-term complications of intestinal resections, occurring in children and young adults. They are known to be uncommon, severe and difficult to treat.

Methods: In the absence of recommendations, we performed a large European survey among the members of the ESPGHAN working group on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in order to collect the experience of expert pediatric gastroenterologists on DPAU. Read More

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Early gastrogastric fistula after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass: successful fistula treatment with self-expandable endoscopic stent.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 11;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Visceral Surgery, Clarunis University Center for Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases, Basel, Switzerland.

A 25-year-old patient underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery with an initially uneventful postoperative course. Two weeks postoperatively, the patient presented with acute abdominal pain. CT scan revealed a gastrogastric fistula from the gastric pouch to the gastric remnant. Read More

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Ultrastructural Analysis of Volumetric Histotripsy Bio-effects in Large Human Hematomas.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Laboratory for Industrial and Medical Ultrasound, Physics Faculty, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation; Center for Industrial and Medical Ultrasound, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Large-volume soft tissue hematomas are a serious clinical problem, which, if untreated, can have severe consequences. Current treatments are associated with significant pain and discomfort. It has been reported that in an in vitro bovine hematoma model, pulsed high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation, termed histotripsy, can be used to rapidly and non-invasively liquefy the hematoma through localized bubble activity, enabling fine-needle aspiration. Read More

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Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma with lung metastases: a case report and review of the literature.

Thyroid Res 2021 Jun 11;14(1):15. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Breast and Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano, 390-8621, Japan.

Background: Distant metastasis from papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) is rare. Here we report a case of PTMC with multiple lung metastases.

Case Presentation: A 64-year-old man presented to our hospital with abdominal pain. Read More

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Logistic regression analysis on risk factors of augmented vertebra recompression after percutaneous vertebral augmentation.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Jun 11;16(1):374. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Spinal Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, 310005, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To explore the high-risk factors of augmented vertebra recompression after percutaneous vertebral augmentation (PVA) in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) and analyze the correlation between these factors and augmented vertebra recompression after PVA.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 353 patients who received PVA for a single-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture from January 2017 to December 2018 in our department according to the inclusion criteria. All cases meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into two groups: 82 patients in the recompression group and 175 patients in the non-compression group. Read More

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COVID-19 and gastrointestinal symptoms in Mexico, a systematic review: does location matter?

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jun 11;21(1):555. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Medicine, Department of Pathology and Cancer Center, Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Howard University College of Medicine, 2041 Georgia Avenue, N.W, Washington, D.C, 20060, USA.

Background: Covid-19 in Mexico is on the rise in different parts of the country. We aimed to study the symptoms and comorbidities that associate with this pandemic in 3 different regions of Mexico.

Methods: We analyzed data from SARS-CoV-2 positive patients evaluated at healthcare centers and hospitals of Mexico (n = 1607) including Northwest Mexico (Sinaloa state), Southeast Mexico (Veracruz state) and West Mexico (Jalisco state) between March 1 and July 30, 2020. Read More

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Infrared thermography for assessment of thoracic paravertebral block: a prospective observational study.

BMC Anesthesiol 2021 Jun 11;21(1):168. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background: There was no "gold standard" to assess the success or failure of thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB). Measurement of skin temperature with infrared thermography (IT) would be a reliable method to evaluate the effectiveness of regional blocks. This study aimed to explore the feasibility of using skin temperature difference (Td) determined by IT between the blocked and unblocked side to predict the spread of TPVB. Read More

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Autologous Matrix-Induced Chondrogenesis (AMIC) for Isolated Retropatellar Cartilage Lesions: Outcome after a Follow-Up of Minimum 2 Years.

Cartilage 2021 Jun 11:19476035211021908. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Orthopedics, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Purpose: To evaluate autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) for isolated focal retropatellar cartilage lesions and the influence of patellofemoral (PF) anatomy on clinical outcomes at a minimum of 2-year follow-up.

Methods: Twenty-nine consecutive patients (31 knees) who underwent retropatellar AMIC with a mean age of 27.9 ± 11. Read More

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The Regional Cerebral Oxygen Saturation Effect of Inotropes/Vasopressors Administered to Treat Intraoperative Hypotension: A Bayesian Network Meta-analysis.

J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA Department of Anesthesiology, MMIMSR, MM (DU), Mullana, Haryana, India Bernard Becker Medical Library Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO.

One of the main concerns of intraoperative hypotension is adequacy of cerebral perfusion, as cerebral blood flow decreases passively when mean arterial pressure falls below the lower limit of cerebral autoregulation. Treatment of intraoperative hypotension includes administration of drugs, such as inotropes and vasopressors, which have different pharmacological effects on cerebral hemodynamics; there is no consensus on the preferred drug to use. We performed a network meta-analysis (NMA) to pool and analyze data comparing the effect on cerebral oxygen saturation (ScO2) measured by cerebral oximetry of various inotropes/vasopressors used to treat intraoperative hypotension. Read More

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Acute Gluteal Compartment Syndrome with Nonclassical Symptoms: A Case Report on an Easily Missed Diagnosis.

JBJS Case Connect 2021 Jun 11;11(2). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Loyola University Medical Center, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois.

Case: A 34-year-old man presented to the emergency department with rhabdomyolysis, acute kidney injury, and pain in the gluteal region after falling asleep on his side after heroin and alcohol use. On examination, he had swollen gluteal compartment musculature; however, he tolerated full passive range of motion with minimal pain. Intercompartmental pressure measured >110 mm Hg; therefore, emergent fasciotomy of the gluteal compartment musculature was performed. Read More

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Development and Validation of a Three-Dimensional Printed Training Model to Teach Ultrasound-Guided Injections of the Cervical Articular Process Joints in Horses.

J Vet Med Educ 2021 Jun 11:e20200137. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Intra-articular injections are routinely performed to alleviate pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis in horses. Intra-articular injections require accurate needle placement to optimize clinical outcomes and minimize complications. This study's objectives were to develop and validate a three-dimensional (3D) printed model of an equine cervical articular process joint to teach ultrasound-guided injections. Read More

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Lateral Elbow Laxity Is Affected by the Integrity of the Radial Band of the Lateral Collateral Ligament Complex: A Cadaveric Model With Sequential Releases and Varus Stress Simulating Everyday Activities.

Am J Sports Med 2021 Jun 11:3635465211018208. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

UOC 1° Clinica Ortopedica, ASST Centro Specialistico Ortopedico Traumatologico Gaetano Pini-CTO, Milan, Italy.

Background: An elongation of the radial lateral collateral complex (R-LCL) can provoke symptomatic minor instability of the lateral elbow leading to lateral elbow pain. Biomechanical models investigating the effects of elongation and partial or complete lesions of the R-LCL on lateral elbow stability are lacking.

Purpose: To evaluate how partial and complete R-LCL release affects radiocapitellar joint stability in a setting of controlled varus load and progressive soft tissue release. Read More

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[Back pain: a phenomenon of age? : Degenerative alterations of the spine are normal with increasing age. But how is this "normal" in old age defined, does it compulsorily lead to more complaints and a relevant impairment of the quality of life?]

Z Gerontol Geriatr 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Faculty of Health, University Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Deutschland.

Background: Under the assumption that a certain degree of degeneration is normal in old age, the changes that significantly lead to discomfort should be identified. Care should be taken to ensure that the geriatric patient receives adequate treatment and can quickly return to a normal pain-free life.

Material And Methods: A prospective study was performed on symptomatic outpatients who came for a magnetic resonance (MR) examination of the spine. Read More

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Universal approach for full endoscopic decompression and percutaneous transpedicular fixation of the lumbar spine: A medial central approach (ACM).

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26310

Instituto de Columna Newro Spine.

Abstract: Cohort study.This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the universal approach of full endoscopy and percutaneous transpedicular fixation via a medial central approach (ACM) performed to surgically treat patients with lumbar degenerative surgical pathologies.Alternatives to interventionist treatments available to patients with lumbar degenerative surgical pathologies are related to recovery from minimally invasive surgery. Read More

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Use of oxidised regenerated cellulose/collagen dressings versus standard of care over multiple wound types: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int Wound J 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Medical Solutions Division, 3M, San Antonio, Texas, USA.

Oxidised regenerated cellulose (ORC)/collagen dressings help maintain physiologically moist wound environments conducive to wound healing. While evidence supporting ORC/collagen dressing use exists, comprehensive assessment is needed. This systematic review/meta-analysis evaluated the performance of ORC/collagen dressings compared with standard dressings. Read More

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Could the Valsalva manoeuvre be an alternative to the tenaculum for intrauterine device insertion?

Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2021 Jun 11:1-4. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Alanya Education and Research Hospital, Alanya, Turkey.

Objectives: This study investigated whether the Valsalva manoeuvre (VM) could be an alternative to use of the tenaculum for intrauterine device (IUD) insertion. The aims were to establish whether VM could provide good patient comfort and enable the insertion to be performed successfully with adequate pain control in cases where the cervix could not be passed spontaneously.

Methods: Women who attended the outpatient clinic of Alanya Education and Research Hospital between November 2017 and December 2020 for IUD insertion were randomly assigned to the VM ( = 52) or tenaculum ( = 55) group. Read More

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A case series of intra-articular diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis of the knee: Prognosis of complete synovectomy under arthroscopic surgery.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2021 May-Aug;29(2):23094990211022042

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 38014Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Guishan District, Taoyuan City.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcome and prognosis of complete synovectomy performed under arthroscopic surgery in the treatment of diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis (DPVNS) of the knee.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 7 cases (6 female and 1 male) diagnosed with diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis (DPVNS) of knee from 2013 to 2017. All of these cases were treated with knee arthroscopy-assisted complete synovectomy. Read More

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Efficacy of glycine powder air-polishing in supportive periodontal therapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Periodontal Implant Sci 2021 Jun;51(3):147-162

College of Stomatology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases and Biomedical Sciences, Chongqing Municipal Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedical Engineering of Higher Education, Chongqing, China.

Purpose: This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effects of glycine powder air-polishing (GPAP) in patients during supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) compared to hand instrumentation and ultrasonic scaling.

Methods: The authors searched for randomized clinical trials in 8 electronic databases for relevant studies through November 15, 2019. The eligibility criteria were as follows: population, patients with chronic periodontitis undergoing SPT; intervention and comparison, patients treated by GPAP with a standard/nozzle type jet or mechanical instrumentation; and outcomes, bleeding on probing (BOP), patient discomfort/pain (assessed by a visual analogue scale [VAS]), probing depth (PD), gingival recession (Rec), plaque index (PI), clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival epithelium score, and subgingival bacteria count. Read More

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The Prevalence of Elevated Impedances and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Ineligibility Following Implantation of 10 kHz Spinal Cord Stimulation Devices: A Retrospective Review.

Neuromodulation 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Division of Pain Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Objectives: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is increasingly utilized in the treatment of multiple chronic pain conditions. However, patients will continue to experience other medical issues and the potential for future magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) needs must not be overlooked. SCS devices have device-specific MRI conditional labeling and if impedances are elevated the patient may not be able to obtain an MRI. Read More

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Global longitudinal strain and long-term outcome in patients presenting to the emergency department with suspected acute coronary syndrome.

Echocardiography 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Lady Davis Carmel Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Aims: We have previously shown that 2-dimentional strain is not a useful tool for ruling out acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the emergency department (ED). The aim of the present study was to determine whether in patients with suspected ACS, global longitudinal strain (GLS), measured in the ED using 2-dimensional strain imaging, can predict long-term outcome.

Methods: Long-term (median 7. Read More

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Testicular shear wave elastography in oligo-astheno-teratozoospermic individuals: a prospective case-control study.

Int Urol Nephrol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Andrology and Urogynecology Clinic, Santa Maria Terni Hospital, University of Perugia, Viale Tristano di Jannuccio 1 Terni, Perugia, Italy.

Purpose: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the testicular stiffness by ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE) both in men with oligo-astheno-teratozospermia (OAT) and in control group. The secondary objective was to identify a possible correlation between semen quality with testicular stiffness.

Methods: This was a prospective case-control study. Read More

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Impact of Opioid Prescribing Guidelines on Postoperative Opioid Prescriptions Following Elective Spine Surgery: Results From an Institutional Quality Improvement Initiative.

Neurosurgery 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Background: With a dramatic rise in prescription opioid use, it is imperative to review postsurgical prescribing patterns given their contributions to the opioid epidemic.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of departmental postoperative prescribing guidelines on opioid prescriptions following elective spine surgery.

Methods: Patients undergoing elective cervical or lumbar spine surgery between 2017 and 2018 were identified. Read More

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