Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Feb 9;129:109773. Epub 2019 Nov 9.
Texas Children's Hospital, Pediatric Otolaryngology, 6701 Fannin, Mark Wallace Tower, Suite 540, Houston, TX, 77030, USA; Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 1977 Butler St., 5th floor, Houston, TX, 77030, USA. Electronic address:
Introduction: Vocal fold movement impairment (VFMI) is a well-known sequela of cervical and thoracic procedures performed in the vicinity of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Interpretation of flexible nasolaryngoscopy (FNL) can be difficult in young children due to crying, secretions, and obstructing supraglottic structures. We have previously published on the use of radiologist performed and interpreted, laryngeal ultrasound (LUS) to evaluate vocal fold mobility with substantial agreement with FNL in infants in the cardiovascular intensive care unit. Read More