930 results match your criteria perceptions hostility


Quality of Life and Psychological Distress in Portuguese Older Individuals with Tinnitus.

Brain Sci 2021 Jul 20;11(7). Epub 2021 Jul 20.

ENT Department, Hospital Cuf Tejo-Nova Medical School, 1350-352 Lisbon, Portugal.

Tinnitus is the perception of a sound without an external source, often associated with adverse psychological and emotional effects leading to impaired quality of life (QoL). The present study investigated QoL and psychological distress in tinnitus patients and analysed the effects of associated comorbidities. Tonal and speech audiometry, tinnitus assessment, and clinical interviews were obtained from 122 Portuguese individuals (aged from 55 to 75). Read More

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Vexing visits: Variables correlating with physician perceptions of patients as "difficult" and overall enjoyment of their delivery of primary ambulatory care.

Int J Psychiatry Med 2021 Sep 1;56(5):354-363. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Department of Graduate Medical Education, 23071AdventHealth East Orlando, AdventHealth East Orlando, Orlando, FL, USA.

All physicians experience some patients described as "difficult." Their prevalence negatively impacts work satisfaction. Prior research identified factors present when physicians perceive patients as difficult. Read More

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September 2021

Victim and Perpetrator Acknowledgement of Intimate Partner Violence and Victim Psychopathology.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jul 2:8862605211028289. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

The University of West Virginia, West Virgina, VA, USA.

The present study assesses differences between acknowledged and unacknowledged victims in post-victimization psychopathology, abuse disability and coping. Few studies have examined abuse acknowledgment among intimate partner violence (IPV) victims. To our knowledge, this study is the first to use an experimental manipulation to assess changes in acknowledgment among IPV victims. Read More

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"There is LGBTQ Life beyond the Big City": Discourses, Representations and Experiences in Two Medium-Sized Spanish Cities.

J Homosex 2021 Jun 14:1-20. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Social Anthropology, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Whilst debates on sexual diversity in public space have been extensive, these have tended to focus on large cities as the environments within which to analyze sexual and gender diversity, gradually consolidating an intrinsic relationship between the LGBTQ experience and the big city. This emphasis has led to the LGBTQ experiences of small and medium-sized cities being overlooked, neglecting the complexity of the intersection between the urban and the sex-gender. Grounded on an original ethnographic work, this paper explores the experiences of LGBTQ people living in two medium-sized cities in Spain: Girona and Sabadell, to analyze the interrelationships between these cities and Barcelona as their main LGBTQ-friendly reference; and the perceptions of tolerance and hostility toward LGBTQ expressions in public spheres. Read More

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The relation between young adults' trust beliefs in others and interpersonal hostility.

Aggress Behav 2021 09 10;47(5):544-556. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

School of Psychology, Keele Uniiversity, Keele, United Kingdom.

The research examined whether, and if so how, young adults' trust beliefs in others were associated with interpersonal hostility. The participants in Study 1 were 139 young adults from the UK (76 women; Mage = 20.8). Read More

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September 2021

Effect of enuresis on perceived parental acceptance-rejection in children.

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021 Jan 1;56(1):62-67. Epub 2021 Jan 1.

Department of Child Health and Diseases, Pediatric Nephrology Clinic, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Yenimahalle Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Enuresis is a major problem affecting both the child and his family. This study aimed to investigate the effect of enuresis on mother acceptance-rejection perceived by children.

Material And Methods: Fourty-six children and their mothers with the diagnosis of primary enuresis were included in the study. Read More

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January 2021

A Qualitative View of Migration-Related Stressors on the Mental Health of Latinx Americans in the Current Sociopolitical Climate of Hostility Towards Migrants.

J Immigr Minor Health 2021 Oct 4;23(5):1053-1064. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Population Health, Dell Medical School, & Steve Hicks School of Social Work, University of Texas At Austin, Austin, USA.

This qualitative study aimed to elucidate and contextualize which and how migration-related stressors may influence Latinx Americans' (i.e., US-born; US-citizens) mental health status, including substance misuse. Read More

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October 2021

Latent Class Analysis of Individual-Level Characteristics Predictive of Intervention Outcomes in Urban Male Adolescents.

Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol 2021 09 5;49(9):1139-1149. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

RTI International, Research Triangle Park, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Preventive intervention research dictates that new techniques are needed to elucidate what types of interventions work best for whom to prevent behavioral problems. The current investigation applies a latent class modeling structure to identify the constellation of characteristics-or profile-in urban male adolescents (n = 125, aged 15) that interrelatedly predict responses to a brief administration of an evidence-based program, Positive Adolescent Choices Training (PACT). Individual-level characteristics were selected as predictors on the basis of their association with risk behaviors and their implication in intervention outcomes (e. Read More

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September 2021

The effect of anger on intentionality bias.

Authors:
Baptiste Subra

Aggress Behav 2021 07 1;47(4):464-471. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Laboratoire de Psychologie (EA4139), Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.

More than a decade of research on emotions has demonstrated the role of affect in social judgments. Emotions influence the way individuals make inferences about others' behavior. Building on these previous findings, the present research investigates the effects of anger and sadness on the attribution of intentionality. Read More

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Aggression differentially modulates neural correlates of social intention attribution to benevolent, tickling and taunting laughter: An fMRI study in children and adolescents.

Soc Neurosci 2021 Jun 12;16(3):303-316. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe University, Frankfurt Am Main, Germany.

Human laughter is a powerful means of communicating social intention, ranging from welcoming and friendly to hostile and ridiculing. To be communicated accurately, the recipient must correctly identify the laugher's underlying social intention. Regular misattribution of the social intention of others has been associated with maladaptive psychosocial development, in particular with aggressive behavior. Read More

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Attachment and Borderline Personality Disorder: Differential Effects on Situational Socio-Affective Processes.

Affect Sci 2020 Sep 18;1(3):117-127. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Department of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Insecure attachment and borderline personality disorder (BPD) are defined by similar affective and interpersonal processes. Individuals diagnosed with BPD, however, represent only a subset of those described as insecurely attached, suggesting that attachment may hold broader relevance for socio-affective functioning. Based on a 21-day ecological momentary assessment protocol in a mixed clinical and community sample ( = 207) oversampled for BPD, we evaluate the discriminant validity of each construct as it influences daily interpersonal interactions. Read More

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September 2020

Primary dysmenorrhea in adolescents: Association with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and psychological symptoms.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2021 Mar;60(2):311-317

Pamukkale University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Denizli, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objective: No prior study has investigated the relation of primary dysmenorrhea (PD) with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in adolescent age groups. This study aimed to investigate the relationship of PD with ADHD and psychological symptoms among adolescents. Another objective was to examine the PD related non-psychogenic factors and sleep quality. Read More

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Situational context influences the degree of hostile attributions made by individuals with schizophrenia or autism spectrum disorder.

Br J Clin Psychol 2021 Jun 1;60(2):160-176. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, USA.

Objectives: Previous work has demonstrated that the tendency to make hostile attributions is not a stable trait but varies across different social situations. Therefore, we sought to investigate whether hostile attributions within clinical samples are better understood as a persistent characteristic or one that varies across contexts.

Methods: The current analyses investigated patterns of attributions among people diagnosed with schizophrenia (SCZ, n = 271) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD, n = 100) and non-clinical control participants (NCC, n = 233) in an existing data set. Read More

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Neuronal responses to adverse social threat in healthy human subjects.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 04 19;136:47-53. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA.

Social-emotional information processing (SEIP) is critical for appropriate human interaction. It is composed of processes that underlie how we behave towards others, especially in response to adverse social threat. We conducted a study in 26 healthy participants who completed a validated Video-SEIP (V-SEIP) task in the fMRI scanning environment. Read More

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Knowledge, attitudes and mental health of university students during the COVID-19 pandemic in China.

Authors:
Ruichen Jiang

Child Youth Serv Rev 2020 Dec 24;119:105494. Epub 2020 Sep 24.

School of Teacher Education, Anqing Normal University, Anqing, Anhui, China.

Background: Little is known about the psychological impact of COVID-19 on university students during the disease outbreak in China, but this information is important for the development of services to support these students who are typically in their early 20s. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine university students' knowledge, attitudes, and mental health status during the COVID-19 pandemic in China.

Methods: On February 10, 2020 and during the second week of national lockdown, 511 students from a university in China were assessed using the COVID-19 General Information Questionnaire and the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) questionnaire. Read More

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December 2020

Associations between maternal technology use, perceptions of infant temperament, and indicators of mother-to-infant attachment quality.

Early Hum Dev 2021 Mar 5;154:105305. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

California Polytechnic State University, Department of Kinesiology and Public Health, College of Science and Mathematics, One Grand Avenue, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Previous research suggests parents' use of technological devices, such as TV and mobile devices, within family contexts may decrease the quality of parent-child interactions. During early infancy, mothers report engaging with technological devices during infant feeding and care interactions, however, few studies have explored potential associations between maternal technology use and the quality of mother-to-infant attachment.

Aim: To examine associations between maternal technology use during mother-infant interactions and indicators of mother-to-infant attachment during early infancy. Read More

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"Discrimination, dispositions, and cardiovascular responses to stress." Correction to Richman et al. (2007).

Authors:

Health Psychol 2021 Feb;40(2):88

Reports an error in "Discrimination, dispositions, and cardiovascular responses to stress" by Laura Smart Richman, Gary G. Bennett, Jolynn Pek, Edward C. Suarez, Ilene Siegler and Redford B. Read More

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February 2021

Does Trait Hostility Moderate the Asymmetry in Victim-Perpetrator Perceptions of Aggressive Behaviors?

Psychol Rep 2021 Jan 5:33294120984123. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Department of Psychology, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA.

Victims often perceive aggressive behaviors as being more harmful than do perpetrators-a so-called victim-perpetrator asymmetry. We examined whether this victim-perpetrator asymmetry was especially strong for individuals who were high in trait hostility. In two studies-one where participants recalled actual aggressive experiences and one where participants took the perspective of a person in a vignette-we found that victims who were high in trait hostility, relative to those who were low, viewed aggressive behaviors as being most harmful. Read More

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January 2021

Coping in Chronic Tinnitus Patients.

Front Neurol 2020 19;11:570989. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands.

Tinnitus is the perception of sound without an external stimulus. A large part of the adult population experiences this symptom but never seeks professional help, where others have devastating complaints in daily life. This suggests that the impact of tinnitus varies among patients and may be influenced by coping strategies and multiple psychological factors. Read More

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November 2020

The lump-versus-split dilemma in couple observational coding: A multisite analysis of rapid marital interaction coding system data.

J Fam Psychol 2021 Jun 12;35(4):559-565. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

School of Global Public Health.

Historically, observational couple communication researchers have oscillated between splitting behaviors into narrowly defined discrete codes and grouping behaviors into broader codes-sometimes within the same study. We label this the "lump-versus-split dilemma." Coding across a decade and 11 investigators were used to recommend the most meaningful number of codes to use when observing couples' conflict. Read More

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Communicative Blame in Online Communication of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Computational Approach of Stigmatizing Cues and Negative Sentiment Gauged With Automated Analytic Techniques.

J Med Internet Res 2020 11 25;22(11):e21504. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Department of Management and Marketing, Faculty of Business Administration, University of Macau, Macao, China.

Background: Information about a new coronavirus emerged in 2019 and rapidly spread around the world, gaining significant public attention and attracting negative bias. The use of stigmatizing language for the purpose of blaming sparked a debate.

Objective: This study aims to identify social stigma and negative sentiment toward the blameworthy agents in social communities. Read More

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November 2020

Psychometric evaluation of the perceived context of reception scale among Hispanic and Somali adolescents.

J Clin Psychol 2021 Jun 23;77(6):1443-1452. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA.

Objectives: This study validates the psychometric properties and correlates of the perceived context of reception (PCOR) scale, a measure of immigrant youth's perceptions of the openness or hostility of their receiving communities, among Hispanic and Somali adolescents.

Methods: Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) was conducted to assess the properties of PCOR among a sample of first- and second-generation Hispanic and Somali youth (N = 311) recruited in the Twin Cities metro area of Minnesota.

Results: CFA results provided evidence that the negative dimension of PCOR was structurally equivalent across ethnicity and generation and has acceptable internal consistency reliability. Read More

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Fusiform Activity Distinguishes Between Subjects With Low and High Xenophobic Attitudes Toward Refugees.

Front Behav Neurosci 2020 11;14:98. Epub 2020 Sep 11.

Applied Neurosciences and Neuroimaging, National Institute of Mental Health, Klecany, Czechia.

This study analyzes how people's attitudes to the European refugee crisis (ERC) correspond to selected psychological state and trait measures and impact the neural processing of media images of refugees. From a large pool of respondents, who filled in an online xenophobia questionnaire, we selected two groups (total = 38) with the same socio-demographic background, but with opposite attitudes toward refugees. We found that a negative attitude toward refugees (high xenophobia - HX) was associated with a significantly higher conscientiousness score and with a higher trait aggression and hostility, but there was no group effect connected with empathy, fear, and anxiety measures. Read More

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September 2020

Psychological Constructs Related to Seat Belt Use: A Nationally Representative Survey Study.

Accid Anal Prev 2020 Dec 8;148:105715. Epub 2020 Oct 8.

HumRRO, Alexandria, VA, USA.

Seat belt use can significantly reduce fatalities in motor vehicle crashes (Kahane, 2000). Nevertheless, the current U.S. Read More

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December 2020

Reconnecting Homeless Adolescents and Their Families: Correlates of Participation in a Family Intervention.

Prev Sci 2020 11;21(8):1048-1058

University of Southern California Suzanne Dworak-Peck School of Social Work, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Behavioral family interventions are an effective way to intervene to prevent negative developmental outcomes for adolescents. Participation in family interventions encompasses behavioral and cognitive/attitudinal dimensions, among others, indicated by retention and engagement, respectively. Two dimensions of participation, retention and engagement, in a family intervention were examined in a sample of newly homeless adolescents and their parents or guardians. Read More

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November 2020

Social Relationship Quality Among Patients With Chronic Pain: A Population-Based Sample.

J Patient Exp 2020 Jun 7;7(3):316-323. Epub 2019 Aug 7.

Mayo Clinic Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA.

Objective: Chronic daily pain is experienced by 11.2% of United States adults and psychosocial factors have significant impact on self-reported pain. Most research in this area has focused on pain-related conditions, not the general population. Read More

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Strategies of Female Teaching Attending Physicians to Navigate Gender-Based Challenges: An Exploratory Qualitative Study.

J Hosp Med 2020 08;15(8):454-460

Medicine Service, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Background: Women in medicine experience discrimination, hostility, and unconscious bias frequently and with deleterious effects. While these gender-based challenges are well described, strategies to navigate and respond to them are less understood.

Objective: To explore the lived experiences of female teaching attending physicians emphasizing strategies they use to mitigate gender-based challenges in clinical environments. Read More

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Association between depression and hostile attribution bias in hostile and non-hostile individuals: An ERP study.

J Affect Disord 2020 11 3;276:1077-1083. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Psychology, University of Montreal, Canada; Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation of Greater Montreal, Canada; Laboratoire d'électrophysiologie en neuroscience sociale (LENS), University of Montreal, Canada.

Background: Hostility and aggression have been found to be highly prevalent among depressed patients and are associated with higher comorbidity and illness severity levels. Although negative interpretation biases are a fundamental element of cognitive models of depression, few studies have examined the specific biases in information processing, mainly the hostile attribution bias, found in hostile individuals who present depressive symptoms.

Method: Using pre-collected data from a sample of 72 (male=41,6%, female=58,3%) undergraduate and community-based hostile (n = 26) and non-hostile (n = 46) adult participants, the authors aimed to examine the association between depression and the hostile attribution bias by determining whether depression level scores were uniquely related to electrophysiological measures of the hostile attribution bias. Read More

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November 2020

Negative Attribution Bias and Related Risk Factors After Brain Injury.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2021 Jan-Feb 01;36(1):E61-E70

Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Drs Neumann and Hammond) and Biostatistics (Dr Perkins and Ms Bhamidipalli), Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis; Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana, Indianapolis (Drs Neumann and Hammond); Division of Clinical Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation Psychology, H. Ben Taub Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine and Harris Health System, Houston, Texas (Dr Sander); and Brain Injury Research Center, TIRR Memorial Hermann, Houston, Texas (Dr Sander).

Objective: In participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and peer controls, examine (1) differences in negative attributions (interpret ambiguous behaviors negatively); (2) cognitive and emotional factors associated with negative attributions; and (3) negative attribution associations with anger responses, life satisfaction, and participation.

Setting: Two TBI outpatient rehabilitation centers.

Participants: Participants with complicated mild to severe TBI (n = 105) and peer controls (n = 105). Read More

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January 2022

Why do Patients Engage in Pain Behaviors? A Qualitative Study Examining the Perspective of Patients and Partners.

Clin J Pain 2020 10;36(10):750-756

Department of Health Psychology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Patients' pain behavior plays an important role in the interaction between patients and their partners, as acknowledged in operant models of pain. However, despite the considerable research attention to pain behaviors, the underlying motives of such behaviors are still unclear. The current study explores the motives to engage in pain behaviors and the possible discrepancies between individuals experiencing pain and partners' perceptions of those motives. Read More

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October 2020