11,928 results match your criteria perceived identity

The "black box" of treatment: Patients' perspective on what works in opioid maintenance treatment for opioid dependence.

Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2021 May 10;16(1):41. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mid Sweden University, 10 - 85170, Holmgatan, Sundsvall, Sweden.

Background: A lack of conceptual modeling of how the components of opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) for opioid dependence (OD) work causes it to occasionally be labeled the "black-box" of treatment. This study had a two-fold objective: First, to analyze which factors related to OMT for OD contribute to the abstinence of problematic use of non-prescribed opioids and sustain recovery, from the patients' perspective; second, to understand which changes OMT produced in the individuals' lives might significantly contribute to relapse prevention.

Methods: We used qualitative methods of design, inquiry, and analysis from a convenience sample of 19 individuals in a Swedish treatment setting. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Heritage, geographical scale and didactic potentiality: Students and teachers' perspectives.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(5):e0251398. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of General and Specific Didactics, Faculty of Education, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain.

Heritage and space establish reciprocal relations that have been studied for decades. On the one hand, heritage has been described as an inherently spatial phenomenon. On the other hand, places are defined according to the attributes that make up their identity, among which heritage is a fundamental instrument. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Body image, internalized stigma and enacted stigma predict psychological distress in women with breast cancer: A serial mediation model.

J Adv Nurs 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Connective Tissue Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Aims: To investigate the roles of total stigma, enacted stigma, and internalized stigma in the prediction of psychological distress among breast cancer patients, and to evaluate the mediating effect of body image in this process.

Design: Cross-sectional.

Methods: Between Oct-2014 to May-2015, a cross-sectional study was conducted with participation of 223 patients from three cancer centres located in Tehran, Iran. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Collectively coping with coronavirus: Local community identification predicts giving support and lockdown adherence during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Br J Soc Psychol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Università Degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Naples, Italy.

The role of shared identity in predicting both ingroup helping behaviour and adherence to protective norms during COVID-19 has been extensively theorized, but remains largely under-investigated. We build upon previous Social Identity research into community resilience by testing the role of pre-existing local community (or 'neighbourhood') identity as a predictor of these outcomes, via the mediator of perceived social support. Community residents in the UK completed a longitudinal online survey four months before lockdown (T1; N = 253), one month before lockdown (T2; N = 217), and two months into lockdown (T3; N = 149). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Efficacy and risk of sexual orientation change efforts: a retrospective analysis of 125 exposed men.

F1000Res 2021 18;10:222. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Southern California Seminary, El Cajon, CA, 92019, USA.

Background:  Voluntary therapeutic interventions to reduce unwanted same-sex sexuality are collectively known as sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE).  To date almost all evidence addressing the contested question whether SOCE is effective or safe has consisted of anecdotes or very small sample qualitative studies of persons who currently identify as sexual minority and thus by definition failed to change.  We conducted this study to examine the efficacy and risk outcomes for a group of SOCE participants unbiased by current sexual orientation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Specific Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intention Among Newly Returned Chinese International Students.

Yue Mao Yinghua Ye

Front Psychol 2021 22;12:622276. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

College of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

A growing group of Chinese students is returning to China following graduation, especially young returnees. This group is seen as one of the most innovative sectors of Chinese society. Based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and three kinds of capital theories, this study explores entrepreneurial intention (EI) and its influencing factors among Newly Returned Chinese International Students (NRCIS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Transcultural and familial factors in bilingualism and language transmission: A qualitative study of maternal representations of French-Maghrebi Arabic bilingual children.

Transcult Psychiatry 2021 May 9:13634615211011846. Epub 2021 May 9.

University of Paris, PCPP, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.

This qualitative exploratory study examined transcultural and familial factors involved in bilingualism and minority language transmission among French and Arabic-speaking children. Participants included 30 children aged 4 to 6 years, born in France, and their bilingual French-Maghrebi Arabic-speaking parents. Children's bilingual language profiles were assessed with the ELAL Scale for Maghrebi Arabic (minority language) and the Neel Scale for French (majority language). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Identification of common features within massage therapists' professional identity.

J Complement Integr Med 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Objectives: In Ontario, Canada, MTs are regulated and have a common scope of practice. However, diverse practice settings and approaches to care create a need for MTs to articulate their professional identity. This study sought to answer, "what common features are foundational to the professional identity of MTs in Ontario?"

Methods: This quantitative research study was a part of a larger exploratory sequential mixed methods study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Illness perceptions predict distress in patients with chronic kidney disease.

BMC Psychol 2021 May 7;9(1):75. Epub 2021 May 7.

Health Psychology Section, Psychology Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, 5th floor Bermondsey Wing, Guy's Campus, London, SE1 9RT, UK.

Background: Patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease (CKD) report increased distress associated with their clinical diagnosis. Distress in patients with predialysis CKD, has been linked to several adverse events; including increased risk of hospitalisation, early dialysis initiation and even death, suggesting that distress is a matter of great concern during routine care in predialysis CKD.

Aims: The present study aimed to assess the nature of illness perceptions and the level of distress in a CKD cohort diagnosed with different stages of kidney disease. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Views on Mobile Health Apps for Skin Cancer Screening in the General Population: An In-Depth Qualitative Exploration of Perceived Barriers and Facilitators.

Br J Dermatol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Dermatology, Erasmus MC Cancer Institute, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Mobile health (mHealth) applications (apps) integrated with artificial Intelligence (AI) for skin cancer screening are increasingly reimbursed by health insurers. However, an in-depth exploration of the general public's views towards these apps is lacking.

Objectives: To explore the perceived barriers and facilitators towards mHealth apps for skin cancer screening among the Dutch general population. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinical teachers' perceptions of role modeling: a qualitative study.

BMC Med Educ 2021 May 6;21(1):261. Epub 2021 May 6.

Liver and Pancreatobiliary Diseases Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Role modeling has been significantly considered in medical education in recent decades. In the clinical course, students learn necessary skills and accordingly their professional identity is formed by observing and working among clinical educators. Given the importance of the role modeling in medical education, in the present study, it was attempted to explore the clinical teachers' perceptions of being a role model for medical students using a qualitative method. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Deconstructing the mouse olfactory percept through an ethological atlas.

Curr Biol 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Sidra Medicine, PO Box 26999, Doha, Qatar; Monell Chemical Senses Center, 3500 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; College of Health and Life Sciences, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

Odor perception in non-humans is poorly understood. Here, we generated the most comprehensive mouse olfactory ethological atlas to date, consisting of behavioral responses to a diverse panel of 73 odorants, including 12 at multiple concentrations. These data revealed that mouse behavior is incredibly diverse and changes in response to odorant identity and concentration. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Perceived psychosocial impacts of legalized same-sex marriage: A scoping review of sexual minority adults' experiences.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(5):e0249125. Epub 2021 May 6.

School of Nursing & Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America.

A growing body of literature provides important insights into the meaning and impact of the right to marry a same-sex partner among sexual minority people. We conducted a scoping review to 1) identify and describe the psychosocial impacts of equal marriage rights among sexual minority adults, and 2) explore sexual minority women (SMW) perceptions of equal marriage rights and whether psychosocial impacts differ by sex. Using Arksey and O'Malley's framework we reviewed peer-reviewed English-language publications from 2000 through 2019. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Student Experience and Ethnic Diversity: The Experiences of Underrepresented Minority Students at a Veterinary University in the United Kingdom.

J Vet Med Educ 2021 May 6:e20200101. Epub 2021 May 6.

Despite a lack of diversity, studies on the experience of ethnically diverse (ED) students have not focused on veterinary education. This study used focus groups to explore the experience of ED veterinary students, their challenges, and their sources of support in this setting. Focus groups were held using two formats: a traditional, in-person approach, and online, via a social media group. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Understanding interprofessional team delivery of patient-centered care: a qualitative secondary analysis.

J Interprof Care 2021 May 6:1-8. Epub 2021 May 6.

College of Nursing, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

Primary Care providers are expected to deliver patient-centered care (PCC) within teams; however, PCC tends to be studied within the provider-patient dyad, often to the exclusion of interprofessional team relationships. The purpose of this study was to explore how PCC is understood in the context of inter-provider relationships within Collaborative Mental Health Care teams. Previously collected data formed the basis of a qualitative secondary analysis using constructivist grounded theory. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Central importance of emotional and quality-of-life outcomes in the public's perception of face transplantation.

Br J Surg 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of History, University of York, York, UK.

Background: Face transplantation is a surgical innovation to manage people with severely interrupted facial function and form. How the public perceive face transplantation and its potential implications for the recipient, donor, and society is unclear. The aim of this study was to understand the public perception of face transplantation, including when it is appropriate, what information is required to feel adequately informed, and which factors influence a person's willingness to donate their face. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Honor, face, and dignity norm endorsement among diverse North American adolescents: Development of a Social Norms Survey.

Int J Behav Dev 2021 May 10;45(3):256-268. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

University of Washington, USA.

This article examined the psychometric properties and validity of a new self-report instrument for assessing the social norms that coordinate social relations and define self-worth within three normative systems. A survey that assesses endorsement of honor, face, and dignity norms was evaluated in ethnically diverse adolescent samples in the U.S. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Perceived COVID-19 risk is attenuated by ingroup trust: evidence from three empirical studies.

BMC Public Health 2021 05 5;21(1):869. Epub 2021 May 5.

Research School of Psychology, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia.

Background: The social identity model of risk taking proposes that people take more risks with ingroup members because they trust them more. While this can be beneficial in some circumstances, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic it has the potential to undermine an effective public health response if people underestimate the risk of contagion posed by ingroup members, or overestimate the risk of vaccines or treatments developed by outgroup members.

Methods: Three studies (two prospective surveys, one experiment) with community-based adults tested the potential for the social identity model of risk taking to explain risk perception and risk taking in the context of COVID-19. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Odor identity can be extracted from the reciprocal connectivity between olfactory bulb and piriform cortex in humans.

Neuroimage 2021 May 2:118130. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, 17177, Stockholm, Sweden; Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA; Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA; Stockholm University Brain Imaging Centre, Stockholm University, 10691, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Neuronal oscillations route external and internal information across brain regions. In the olfactory system, the two central nodes-the olfactory bulb (OB) and the piriform cortex (PC)-communicate with each other via neural oscillations to shape the olfactory percept. Communication between these nodes have been well characterized in non-human animals but less is known about their role in the human olfactory system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Shame in medical clerkship: "You just feel like dirt under someone's shoe".

Perspect Med Educ 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Centre for Medical Education and Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Introduction: This study explores how senior medical students' experience and react to shame during clinical placements by asking them to reflect on (1) manifestations of shame experiences, (2) situations and social interactions that give rise to shame, and (3) perceived effects of shame on learning and professional identity development.

Methods: In this interpretive study, the authors recruited 16 senior medical students from two classes at a Norwegian medical school. In three focus group interviews, participants were invited to reflect on their experiences of shame. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Social death in patients: Concept analysis with an evolutionary approach.

SSM Popul Health 2021 Jun 16;14:100795. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Social death is an important concept that should be considered in a wide range of patients, especially in chronic diseases. Despite, there is still no clear and comprehensive definition of social death in medicine. The present study was thus conducted with Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis method to identify the key features and provide a clear definition of social death in patients and understand its background and consequences. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Substance and Circumstances of Race and Immigration Talk in High School Gender and Sexuality Alliances.

Am J Community Psychol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

San Diego State University School of Public Health, San Diego, CA, USA.

Gender & Sexuality Alliances (GSAs) are school-based clubs that support youth of diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. As identity-centered spaces, GSAs could also foster discussions related to race and immigration (i.e. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

'This is not part of my life plan': A qualitative study on the psychosocial experiences and practical challenges in young adults with cancer age 25 to 39 years at diagnosis.

Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2021 May 3:e13458. Epub 2021 May 3.

Institute of Cancer Research, London, UK.

Objective: Adolescents and young adults with cancer face unique psychosocial and practical issues. However, patients across this group encounter different life experiences, cancer diagnoses and treatment settings given the tailored services for patients ages 15 to 24. Here, we qualitatively explore the psychosocial experiences and practical challenges of young adults (YAs) with cancer diagnosed between ages 25 and 39 in the United Kingdom. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The relationship between the asthma patients' illness perception, beliefs about medicine and adherence to medication treatment in China.

J Asthma 2021 May 3:1-19. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Pharmacy, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, PR China.

: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between illness perceptions, medication beliefs, and self-reported adherence to inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) therapy in adult Chinese patients with asthma.: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the asthma outpatient clinic of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University (Shanghai, China) between October 2018 and September 2019. Illness perceptions, medication beliefs, and medication adherence were assessed using validated scales, specifically the Medication Adherence Report Scale for Asthma, Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire -Specific, and the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Extrastriate Body Area and identity processing: An fMRI guided TMS study.

Physiol Rep 2021 Apr;9(8):e14711

Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, ISM, Marseille, France.

The extrastriate body area (EBA) is a body-selective focal region located in the lateral occipito-temporal cortex that responds strongly to images of human bodies and body parts in comparison with other classes of stimuli. Whether EBA contributes also to the body recognition of self versus others remains in debate. We investigated whether EBA contributes to self-other distinction and whether there might be a hemispheric-side specificity to that contribution using double-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in right-handed participants. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

"Being a Person of Color in This Institution Is Exhausting": Defining and Optimizing the Learning Climate to Support Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion at the University of Washington School of Public Health.

Front Public Health 2021 15;9:642477. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.

Learning climate greatly affects student achievement. This qualitative study aimed to understand community definitions of climate; share lived experiences of students, faculty, and staff; and define priority areas of improvement in the University of Washington School of Public Health (UWSPH). Between March-May 2019, 17 focus group discussions were conducted-stratified by role and self-identified race/ethnicity, gender and sexual orientation-among 28 faculty/staff and 36 students. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sentence predictability modulates cortical response to phonetic ambiguity.

Brain Lang 2021 Apr 28;218:104959. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Mansfield, CT 06269, USA; Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Mansfield, CT 06269, USA. Electronic address:

Phonetic categories have undefined edges, such that individual tokens that belong to different speech sound categories may occupy the same region in acoustic space. In continuous speech, there are multiple sources of top-down information (e.g. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Moral rebels and dietary deviants: How moral minority stereotypes predict the social attractiveness of veg*ns.

Appetite 2021 Apr 27;164:105284. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Economics, Ghent University, Tweekerkenstraat 2, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.

In this preregistered study we examined why people with an omnivorous diet (i.e., omnivores) would view vegetarians and vegans (i. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Rescuing Flavor Identity and Dynamic Perception in Puréed Dishes; A Restructuring Solution for the Purée Diet.

Foods 2021 Apr 20;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology (IATA, CSIC), Agustín Escardino, 7, 46980 Paterna, Spain.

With age, difficulties with masticating and swallowing means food consistency and structure must be modified, such as puréeing food. However, elderly consumers have reported that puréed food's taste lacks appeal. This study shows how puréeing food changes the recognition and dynamics of flavors and new strategies to improve them. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Parental Ethnic Identity and Its Influence on Children's Oral Health in American Indian Families.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 14;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.

Objectives: To examine the relationship between ethnic identity and oral health knowledge, beliefs, behavior, and outcomes in American Indian families.

Methods: Secondary data were analyzed for 579 parent-child dyads in a randomized controlled trial aimed at reducing early childhood caries in a Northern Plains tribal community. Data included demographic characteristics; parental ethnic identity; oral health knowledge, beliefs, and behavior; and parental/pediatric oral health outcomes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF