195,916 results match your criteria people metabolic


Cumulative Exposure to Metabolic Syndrome Components and the Risk of Dementia: A Nationwide Population-Based Study.

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Metabolic disturbances are modifiable risk factors for dementia. Because the status of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components changes over time, we aimed to investigate the association of the cumulative exposure to MetS and its components with the risk of dementia.

Methods: Adults (n=1,492,776; ≥45-years-old) who received health examinations for 4 consecutive years were identified from a nationwide population-based cohort in Korea. Read More

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Does the epithelial barrier hypothesis explain the increase in allergy, autoimmunity and other chronic conditions?

Authors:
Cezmi A Akdis

Nat Rev Immunol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research (SIAF), University Zurich, Davos, Switzerland.

There has been a steep increase in allergic and autoimmune diseases, reaching epidemic proportions and now affecting more than one billion people worldwide. These diseases are more common in industrialized countries, and their prevalence continues to rise in developing countries in parallel to urbanization and industrialization. Intact skin and mucosal barriers are crucial for the maintenance of tissue homeostasis as they protect host tissues from infections, environmental toxins, pollutants and allergens. Read More

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Prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in South Asians in the US: A clinical perspective from the National Lipid Association.

J Clin Lipidol 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Advocate Lutheran General Hospital, Park Ridge, IL, United States.

It is now well recognized that South Asians living in the US (SAUS) have a higher prevalence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) that begins earlier and is more aggressive than age-matched people of other ethnicities. SA ancestry is now recognized as a risk enhancer in the US cholesterol treatment guidelines. The pathophysiology of this is not fully understood but may relate to insulin resistance, genetic and dietary factors, lack of physical exercise, visceral adiposity and other, yet undiscovered biologic mechanisms. Read More

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Cumulative exposure to impaired fasting glucose and future risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2021 Apr 9:108799. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 07345, Korea. Electronic address:

Aims: The status of metabolic abnormalities including impaired fasting glucose (IFG) can change over time, yet little is known about how exposure duration to IFG is related to diabetes risk.

Methods: Using nationally representative data from the Korean National Health Insurance system, 2,513,127 people who were free of diabetes and who received four consecutive annual health examinations commencing in 2006 or 2007 were followed up at the end of 2016. IFG was defined as fasting blood glucose levels of 100-125 mg/dL. Read More

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Antibiotic Resistance In Diabetic Foot Infection: How It Changed With COVID-19 Pandemic In A Tertiary Care Center.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2021 Apr 9:108797. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy; Unit of Diabetes, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy. Electronic address:

Aim: To investigate the rate of antibiotic resistance and its main risk factors in a population of patients with diabetic foot infection (DFI) during the COVID-19 pandemic, in comparison with the population of 2019.

Methods: Two hundred and twenty-five patients with DFI were admitted in a tertiary care center from January 2019 to December 2020. Antibiotic resistance was evaluated by microbiological examination of soft tissues' or bone's biopsy. Read More

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[Sociodemographic Patterning of Cardiorespiratory Fitness Derived by Equation in the Chilean Population: Findings from the Chilean Health Survey 2016-2017].

Rev Med Chil 2020 Dec;148(12):1750-1758

BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Background: Cardiorespiratory fitness is a strong predictor of mortality and chronic diseases. However, its estimation is costly and time consuming which may limit it broad use in population-based studies.

Aim: To estimate the cardiorespiratory fitness of the Chilean population by using equations and to characterize fitness levels of the Chilean population by sociodemographic factors. Read More

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December 2020

Erosive Hand Osteoarthritis: Incidence and Predictive Characteristics among Participants in the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Care New England Medical Group/Primary Care and Specialty Services, Pawtucket, RI, USA.

Objective: To evaluate age, sex, race, osteoarthritis severity, metabolic factors, and bone health as risk factors for incident erosive hand osteoarthritis (EHOA) at baseline and over 48-month period.

Methods: This study was a longitudinal cohort design including participants from the Osteoarthritis Initiative with complete hand radiographs from baseline and 48-month visits who were eligible at baseline for incident EHOA. Individuals were classified as having EHOA if they had Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade≥2 in at least one interphalangeal joint on two different fingers and central erosion in at least one joint. Read More

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Epigenetic and metabolic interplay in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.

Exp Dermatol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Dermatology, all University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, U.S.A.

With the aging of the population and increased levels of recreational sun exposure and immunosuppression, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), is both an enormous and expanding clinical and economic issue. Despite advances in therapy, up to 5,000-8,000 people are estimated to die every year from cSCC in the U.S. Read More

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A clinical diagnostic model based on an eXtreme Gradient Boosting algorithm to distinguish type 1 diabetes.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Mar;9(5):409

Department of Metabolism and Endocrinology, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Background: Accurate classification of type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in the early phase is crucial for individual precision treatment. This study aimed to develop a classification model having fewer and easier to access clinical variables to distinguish T1DM in newly diagnosed diabetes in adults.

Methods: Clinical and laboratory data were collected from 15,206 adults with newly diagnosed diabetes in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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Design and Development of a Mobile-Based Self-Care Application for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.

J Diabetes Sci Technol 2021 Apr 10:19322968211007124. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Introduction: Mobile-based applications play a leading role in changes in life-style, improve medication adherence, and provide a unique opportunity to aid patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) elevate their healthcare level. Therefore, we aim to design and develop a mobile-based self-care application for patients with T2DM.

Methods: The present study was an applied and developmental study to design and develop a mobile-based self-care application for people living with T2DM conducted in 2020. Read More

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Sirtuins: To Be or Not To Be in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy.

Trends Mol Med 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Institute of Biomedicine of the University of Barcelona (IBUB); and Spanish Biomedical Research Center in Diabetes and Associated Metabolic Diseases (CIBERDEM), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Barcelona, Spain; Pediatric Research Institute - Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Diabetic cardiomyopathy is the leading cause of death among people with diabetes. Despite its severity and poor prognosis, there are currently no approved specific drugs to prevent or even treat diabetic cardiomyopathy. There is a need to understand the pathogenic mechanisms underlying the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy to design new therapeutic strategies. Read More

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Association between the type of physical activity and metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older adult residents of a semi-mountainous area in Japan.

Environ Health Prev Med 2021 Apr 10;26(1):46. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Public Health Nursing, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan.

Background: Physical activity is reported to prevent metabolic syndrome. However, it is unclear whether exercise or daily physical activity is more beneficial for residents of semi-mountainous areas. This study aimed to identify whether daily physical activity is more beneficial than exercise for the prevention of metabolic syndrome among middle-aged and older residents in semi-mountainous areas. Read More

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