21,042 results match your criteria people familiar


Digital Health Literacy in Bipolar Disorder: International Web-Based Survey.

JMIR Ment Health 2021 Oct 19;8(10):e29764. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Background: Web-based resources can support people with bipolar disorder (BD) to improve their knowledge and self-management. However, publicly available resources are heterogeneous in terms of their quality and ease of use. Characterizing digital health literacy (the skillset that enable people to navigate and make use of health information in a web-based context) in BD will support the development of educational resources. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

The legacy of traditional rice cultivation by descendants of Indian contract laborers in Suriname.

J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2021 Oct 18;17(1):60. Epub 2021 Oct 18.

Institute of Biology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Background: Some 35,000 indentured laborers from India were recruited to work on plantations in Suriname between 1868 and 1916. It is likely that most were familiar with farming before they were shipped to this former Dutch colony in the Caribbean. Around 1900, those who did not return received a piece of land where most of them started growing rice as a staple crop. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Headache as a reason for consultation: the primary care perspective.

Neurologia (Engl Ed) 2021 Oct 13;36(8):597-602. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Servicio de Neurología, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, Spain.

Introduction: Headache is a frequent reason for consultation with primary care (PC) physicians. However, the condition is underdiagnosed and undertreated. One reason for this may be the lack of specific training on headache in PC. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

For flux's sake: General considerations for energy-flux calculations in ecological communities.

Ecol Evol 2021 Oct 14;11(19):12948-12969. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig Leipzig Germany.

Global change alters ecological communities with consequences for ecosystem processes. Such processes and functions are a central aspect of ecological research and vital to understanding and mitigating the consequences of global change, but also those of other drivers of change in organism communities. In this context, the concept of energy flux through trophic networks integrates food-web theory and biodiversity-ecosystem functioning theory and connects biodiversity to multitrophic ecosystem functioning. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

The Moderating Role of Social Network Size on Social Media Use and Self-Esteem: An Evolutionary Mismatch Perspective.

Front Psychol 2021 27;12:734206. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, Singapore, Singapore.

Existing meta-analyses have shown that the relationship between social media use and self-esteem is negative, but at very small effect sizes, suggesting the presence of moderators that change the relationship between social media use and self-esteem. Employing principles from social comparison and evolutionary mismatch theories, we propose that the social network sizes one has on social media play a key role in the relationship between social media use and self-esteem. In our study ( = 123), we showed that social media use was negatively related to self-esteem, but only when their social network size was within an evolutionarily familiar level. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

[Genotypes and clinical features of neonatal-onset genetic epilepsy in 141 patients].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2021 Sep;59(9):767-771

Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China.

To summarize the genotypes and clinical features of neonatal-onset genetic epilepsy. Patients (114 cases) with identified gene variants were collected from May 2013 to May 2019 in Peking University First Hospital, retrospectively. The genotype, clinical, electroencephalographic and neuroimaging characteristics were analyzed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Knowledge of pet-related zoonotic diseases and pet care in Hong Kong, a heavily crowded urban setting.

Vet Med Sci 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: With the rapid expansion of pet animal populations worldwide, pet-related zoonotic diseases are becoming an important issue in public health. Hong Kong (HK), located in southern China, is one of the most crowded urban centres in the world. The population of pets, especially exotic pets, in HK has grown significantly in recent decades, potentially elevating the risk of pet-related zoonotic diseases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Impact of COVID-19 on the digital divide: a rapid review.

BMJ Open 2021 10 12;11(10):e053440. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham College of Medical and Dental Sciences, Birmingham, UK.

Objective: The increased reliance on digital technologies to deliver healthcare as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic has meant pre-existing disparities in digital access and utilisation of healthcare might be exacerbated in disadvantaged patient populations. The aim of this rapid review was to identify how this 'digital divide' was manifest during the first wave of the pandemic and highlight any areas which might be usefully addressed for the remainder of the pandemic and beyond.

Design: Rapid review and narrative synthesis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Progression of the Pathway for Public Health Care during the COVID-19 Outbreak at District Health Office.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 10 7;18(19). Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Klang District Health Office, Selangor Health Department, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Klang 41200, Malaysia.

Public health activities under district health offices (DHOs) play a major role in Malaysia's fight against COVID-19. This article aims to describe and illustrate the public health activity pathway in combating the COVID-19 pandemic, and a team of public health workers who are familiar with DHO work settings was created in April 2020 for that purpose. Review of documents and the Ministry of Health's updates was carried out, followed by a series of discussions with stakeholders. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Constructing Japanese MeSH term dictionaries related to the COVID-19 literature.

Genomics Inform 2021 Sep 30;19(3):e25. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Computer Science Department, The University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a flood of research papers and the information has been updated with considerable frequency. For society to derive benefits from this research, it is necessary to promote sharing up-to-date knowledge from these papers. However, because most research papers are written in English, it is difficult for people who are not familiar with English medical terms to obtain knowledge from them. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

A prospective, randomized, single-blinded, crossover trial to investigate the effect of a wearable device in addition to a daily symptom diary for the Remote Early Detection of SARS-CoV-2 infections (COVID-RED): a structured summary of a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Oct 11;22(1):694. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Julius Clinical, Zeist, the Netherlands.

Objectives: It is currently thought that most-but not all-individuals infected with SARS-CoV-2 develop symptoms, but the infectious period starts on average 2 days before the first overt symptoms appear. It is estimated that pre- and asymptomatic individuals are responsible for more than half of all transmissions. By detecting infected individuals before they have overt symptoms, wearable devices could potentially and significantly reduce the proportion of transmissions by pre-symptomatic individuals. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

[The "Tortoni effect" in prosopagnosia].

Medicina (B Aires) 2021 ;81(5):853-856

División Fonoaudiología, Hospital José María Ramos Mejía, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Proposapnosia is a type of visual agnosia characterized by the inability to recognize people's faces. There are basically two variants, apperceptive and associative. The "Tortoni effect" is a phenomenon described by Bekinschtein et al a few years ago in waiters from Buenos Aires, who used this tool to remember the orders of each member of a table. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Exploring patient perspectives on telemedicine monitoring within the operating room.

Int J Med Inform 2021 Sep 27;156:104595. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, United States.

Background: Clinical decision support systems and telemedicine for remote monitoring can together support clinicians' intraoperative decision-making and management of surgical patients' care. However, there has been limited investigation on patient perspectives about advanced health information technology use in intraoperative settings, especially an electronic OR (eOR) for remote monitoring and management of surgical patients.

Purpose: Our study objectives were: (1) to identify participant-rated items contributing to patient attitudes, beliefs, and level of comfort with eOR monitoring; and (2) to highlight barriers and facilitators to eOR use. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Vitamin D status, proinflammatory cytokines and bone mineral density in Mexican people with multiple sclerosis.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2021 Sep 15;56:103265. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Querétaro, México.

Background: Vitamin D (VD) has been classically associated with calcium homeostasis and bone mineral density since it has a key role on mineralization and resorption. Immunomodulatory effects have been attributable to VD; low concentrations of VD have been associated with elevation of inflammatory markers. Inflammatory autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic neurodegenerative suffering, whose etiology is still unknown, is directly related to an increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 17 and interleukin 1β who play an important role in this physiopathology. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Linking hospital and residential aged care: A Nurse-led Vascular-Geriatric Model of Care.

Contemp Nurse 2021 Oct 8:1-20. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Sydney Nursing School, University of Sydney.

The interplay of frailty, multimorbidity and polypharmacy in the older person results in complex care needs. Monitoring and proactive management of chronic diseases in this context can be challenging. Early identification of deterioration reduces the risk of hospitalisation in older people, particularly in residential care, where the person can be particularly vulnerable. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Continuity of Care and the Control of High Blood Pressure at Colombian Primary Care Services.

Inquiry 2021 Jan-Dec;58:469580211047043

School of Public Health, Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases Group, PRECEC, Faculty of Health. 469604Universidad Del Valle, Cali, Colombia.

Continuity of care (COC) has been associated with lower mortality and hospitalizations and higher high blood pressure (HBP) control rates. This evidence mainly came from high income countries. We aimed to identify conditions associated with controlled HBP, particularly COC, in primary care services (PCSs) affiliated to two health insurances in Colombia, a low-median income country. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

What factors influence nursing home use of hospital avoidance programs? An interview study.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Oct 7. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Australian Centre for Evidence Based Aged Care, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Aims: To understand why some nursing homes use hospital avoidance programs more frequently than others.

Design: Two hospital avoidance programs, called residential-in-reach services in Victoria, Australia, were evaluated using a qualitative descriptive design.

Methods: Between 2014 and 2018, 127 semi-structured interviews were conducted with staff from nursing homes, general practitioners and staff from the residential-in reach services. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Knowledge of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among 2nd to 4th Phase MBBS Students of Bangladesh.

Mymensingh Med J 2021 Oct;30(4):980-985

Alvee Ahsan, 5th year MBBS Student, Mymensingh Medical College (MMC), Mymensingh, Bangladesh; E-mail:

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), being one of the fastest-growing disabilities in children, is an omnipresent, immutable neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired socialization, impaired verbal and non-verbal communication, restricted interests, and repetitive behaviour patterns. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from 30 October to 30 November 2019 among the MBBS students of 21 medical colleges in Bangladesh to assess their knowledge of autism. The 'Knowledge about Childhood Autism among Health Workers (KCAHW)' questionnaire containing 19 item questions divided into four domains was used. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

An Innovative Non-Pharmacologic Treatment for Delusional Misidentification in Persons with Major Neurocognitive Disorder.

Dela J Public Health 2021 Sep 27;7(4):32-36. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Swank Foundation Endowed Chair, Memory Care and Geriatrics, ChristianaCare; Professor, Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University; Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology.

Misidentification delusions are false, fixed beliefs that assign an incorrect identity to a previously familiar or unfamiliar person or place. Such delusions are common in several neuropsychiatric disorders and place a particular burden on individuals with Major Neurocognitive Disorder and their caregivers. No standard pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic treatment approaches have been shown to be consistently effective in addressing this problem. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Development of an intervention to manage knee osteoarthritis risk and symptoms following anterior cruciate ligament injury.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2021 Sep 28. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

University of Toronto Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Women's College Hospital, University of Toronto, and Schroeder Arthritis Program, Krembil Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a risk factor for developing knee osteoarthritis (OA). We developed an intervention to support people manage risk factors for OA.

Methods: We conducted one-on-one interviews with 20 individuals with OA symptoms 6-15 years post ACL injury and used a nominal group process during a workshop with 40 patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs) to elicit information on the intervention content and delivery characteristics (timing, HCPs, and methods). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Detecting a viewer's familiarity with a face: Evidence from event-related brain potentials and classifier analyses.

Psychophysiology 2021 Sep 29:e13950. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Department of Psychology, University of York, York, UK.

Human observers recognize the faces of people they know efficiently and without apparent effort. Consequently, recognizing a familiar face is often assumed to be an automatic process beyond voluntary control. However, there are circumstances in which a person might seek to hide their recognition of a particular face. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Effect of low-dose amitriptyline on reducing pain in clinical knee osteoarthritis compared to benztropine: study protocol of a randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled trial.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Sep 27;22(1):826. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Knee osteoarthritis is a major cause of pain and disability. Pain control is poor, with most patients remaining in moderate to severe pain. This may be because central causes of pain, a common contributor to knee pain, are not affected by current treatment strategies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Age-Related Disparities in Stroke Knowledge Among Community Older Adults.

Front Neurol 2021 8;12:717472. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Neurology, Minhang Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

This study aimed to investigate the disparities in stroke knowledge between older adults and the oldest old. Family physicians conducted a cross-sectional survey through face-to-face interviews with the older and oldest old adults of two suburban communities in the Minhang district, Shanghai between October 1, 2020, and November 30, 2020. All participants were classified as oldest old (age ≥80 years) and older adults (age 60-79 years). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Everyday Life Meaningfulness for the Community-Dwelling Oldest Old During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Psychol 2021 9;12:716428. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Center for Alzheimer Research, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

In many countries, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to strong restrictions and changed the everyday lives of older people. In Finland, people aged 70 and over were instructed to stay at home under quarantine-like conditions. Existing studies from other countries have reported increases in negative experiences and symptoms as a result of such restrictions, including psychosocial stress. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Inequalities in population health loss by multiple deprivation: COVID-19 and pre-pandemic all-cause disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in Scotland.

Int J Equity Health 2021 09 26;20(1):214. Epub 2021 Sep 26.

Place and Wellbeing Directorate, Public Health Scotland, Glasgow, Scotland.

Background: COVID-19 has caused almost unprecedented change across health, education, the economy and social interaction. It is widely understood that the existing mechanisms which shape health inequalities have resulted in COVID-19 outcomes following this same, familiar, pattern. Our aim was to estimate inequalities in the population health impact of COVID-19 in Scotland, measured by disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

[Prevalence and associated factors of frailty in adults over 70 years in the community].

Aten Primaria 2021 Sep 21;53(10):102128. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Departamento de Enfermería, Universidad de Alicante, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria y Biomédica de Alicante (ISABIAL), Alicante, España; Unidad de Investigación en Cuidados y Servicios de Salud (Investén-isciii), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, España; CIBER Fragilidad y Envejecimiento Saludable (CIBERFES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, España.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence and analyze the factors associated with frailty syndrome, in adults ≥70 years old, belonging to a health center in Asturias.

Design: Observational cross-sectional study.

Participants: Adults ≥70 years of age. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Mass SARS-CoV-2 serological screening, a population-based study in the Principality of Andorra.

Lancet Reg Health Eur 2021 Jun 21;5:100119. Epub 2021 May 21.

ISGlobal, Hospital Clínic, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Andorra is a small country located in the Pyrenees attracting millions of visitors for tourism, mostly associated with skiing, and nature-related activities. As its neighbouring countries, Spain and France, it has been heavily affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. We estimated SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence in the entire country by universal serological testing under a lockdown environment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Semantic knowledge attenuates age-related differences in event segmentation and episodic memory.

Mem Cognit 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

College of Arts and Sciences, Psychological Sciences, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA.

While semantic and episodic memory may be distinct memory systems, their interdependence is substantial. For instance, decades of work have shown that semantic knowledge facilitates episodic memory. Here, we aim to clarify this interactive relationship by determining whether semantic knowledge facilitates the acquisition of new episodic memories, in part, by influencing an encoding mechanism, event segmentation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia follow-up and long COVID in primary care: A retrospective observational study in Madrid city.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(9):e0257604. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Unidad Docente Multiprofesional de Atención Familiar y Comunitaria Norte, Gerencia Asistencial Atención Primaria, Madrid Health Service, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Patients with COVID-19 are follow-up in primary care and long COVID is scarcely defined. The study aim was to describe SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia and cut-offs for defining long COVID in primary care follow-up patients.

Methods: A retrospective observational study in primary care in Madrid, Spain, was conducted. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021