2,020 results match your criteria people combating

Dual attention multiple instance learning with unsupervised complementary loss for COVID-19 screening.

Med Image Anal 2021 May 24;72:102105. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Robotics Engineering, Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST), Daegu, South Korea. Electronic address:

Chest computed tomography (CT) based analysis and diagnosis of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) plays a key role in combating the outbreak of the pandemic that has rapidly spread worldwide. To date, the disease has infected more than 18 million people with over 690k deaths reported. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is the current gold standard for clinical diagnosis but may produce false positives; thus, chest CT based diagnosis is considered more viable. Read More

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Causes of anxiety among teachers giving face-to-face lessons after the reopening of schools during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 2;21(1):1050. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Shinagawa Pharmaceutical Association, 2-4-2 Nakanobu, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, 142-0053, Japan.

Background: Coronavirus infections are spreading rapidly worldwide, and primary and middle schools are closed in many countries. After the state of emergency was lifted in Japan, schools have reopened, and teachers are conducting face-to-face classes while maintaining safety precautions. This study aimed to assess the factors contributing to infection-related anxiety and educational anxiety among teachers conducting face-to-face classes during the COVID-19 pandemic after schools reopened. Read More

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Beliefs in COVID-19 conspiracy theories, compliance with the preventive measures, and trust in government medical officials.

Curr Psychol 2021 May 26:1-11. Epub 2021 May 26.

Institute of Social Sciences Ivo Pilar, Zagreb, Croatia.

The COVID -19 pandemic represents a global health crisis, so adherence to government guidelines and public health advice is critical in reducing transmission rates. Despite this, it has been reported that a minority of people do not comply with the governmental guidelines. When considering the reasons why some people do not comply with preventive measures, previous studies have shown that beliefs in COVID-19 conspiracy theories negatively predict responsible pandemic-related behaviour. Read More

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Differential effects of COVID-19 lockdowns on well-being: interaction between age, gender and chronotype.

J R Soc Interface 2021 06 2;18(179):20210078. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Industrial Engineering, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

The unprecedented restrictions imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic altered our daily habits and severely affected our well-being and physiology. The effect of these changes is yet to be fully understood. Here, we analysed highly detailed data on 169 participants for two to six months, before and during the second COVID-19 lockdown in Israel. Read More

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Biological activity evaluations of chemical constituents derived from Mongolian medicinal forage plants and their applications in combating infectious diseases and addressing health problems in humans and livestock.

J Nat Med 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, National University of Mongolia, POB-617/46A, Ulaanbaatar, 14201, Mongolia.

Mongolian nomadic people possess traditional knowledge of wild plants that grow in their areas of habitation. Many of these are forage plants in nature and are consumed by livestock. However, these plants are known to have medicinal and/or toxic properties. Read More

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Exploring the Influential Factors of Consumers' Willingness Toward Using COVID-19 Related Chatbots: An Empirical Study.

Manal Almalki

Med Arch 2021 Feb;75(1):50-55

Department of Health Informatics, Faculty of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Consumers' willingness to use health chatbots can eventually determine if the adoption of health chatbots will succeed in delivering healthcare services for combating COVID-19. However, little research to date has empirically explored influential factors of consumer willingness toward using these novel technologies, and the effect of individual differences in predicting this willingness.

Objectives: This study aims to explore (a) the influential factors of consumers' willingness to use health chatbots related to COVID-19, (b) the effect of individual differences in predicting willingness, and (c) the likelihood of using health chatbots in the near future as well as the challenges/barriers that could hinder peoples' motivations. Read More

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February 2021

Severity of COVID-19 and Treatment Strategy for Patient With Diabetes.

Shi Jin Weina Hu

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 30;12:602735. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Cardiology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which was named by the World Health Organization (WHO) in February 2020, has quickly spread to more than 200 countries around the world and was declared as a global pandemic in March 2020. The severity of the disease makes it more prone to severe symptoms and higher mortality rates in patients, especially those who are with comorbidities, including high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, obesity, and diabetes, increases the concern over the consequences of this pandemic. However, initial reports do not clearly describe whether diabetes itself or associated comorbidities or treatment strategies contribute to the severe prognosis of COVID-19 infections. Read More

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Molecular Insights into COVID-19 Pathophysiology, Immune Pathogenesis, Detection, and Treatment.

DNA Cell Biol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Student Research Committee, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

In late December 2019, a new kind of Coronavirus called severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was officially identified in Wuhan, China. In March 2020, SARS-CoV-2 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO), and it has infected millions of people worldwide. SARS-CoV-2 is a highly contagious Coronavirus, which has led to an outbreak of acute respiratory tract infection called "Coronavirus disease 2019" (COVID-19), resulting in mild to severe respiratory infections in humans. Read More

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Endogenous Carboxyhemoglobin Concentrations in Predicting Prognosis of Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia.

Clin Lab 2021 May;67(5)

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has caused great difficulties in providing healthcare services worldwide. Accurate and useful indicators are needed for the effective use of resources. Carbon monoxide (CO) is also produced endogenously without exogenous exposure. Read More

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Treatment of chronic airway diseases using nutraceuticals: Mechanistic insight.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 May 12:1-15. Epub 2021 May 12.

Discipline of Pharmacy, Graduate School of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Respiratory diseases, both acute and chronic, are reported to be the leading cause of morbidity and mortality, affecting millions of people globally, leading to high socio-economic burden for the society in the recent decades. Chronic inflammation and decline in lung function are the common symptoms of respiratory diseases. The current treatment strategies revolve around using appropriate anti-inflammatory agents and bronchodilators. Read More

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Modulation of injectable hydrogel properties for slow co-delivery of influenza subunit vaccine components enhance the potency of humoral immunity.

J Biomed Mater Res A 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.

Vaccines are critical for combating infectious diseases across the globe. Influenza, for example, kills roughly 500,000 people annually worldwide, despite annual vaccination campaigns. Efficacious vaccines must elicit a robust and durable antibody response, and poor efficacy often arises from inappropriate temporal control over antigen and adjuvant presentation to the immune system. Read More

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Combating COVID-19 as a designated hospital: Experience from Shanghai, China.

Glob Health Med 2021 Apr;3(2):112-114

Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Many large international cities, such as Shanghai, are facing the threat of more imported cases of COVID-19 because of the frequent flow of people and objects at home and abroad. In the face of the complex and changing disease status of the international community, dealing with this disease effectively is a great challenge to the city's existing public health emergency response capacity and also a major test of designated COVID-19 hospitals. Here, we share our experience as a designated COVID-19 hospital in Shanghai, China in terms of ) A Professional Multi-disciplinary Team, ) Personalized Treatment Plans for Patients in Severe or Critically Ill Condition, ) Well-organized Classification of Patients, ) Establishment of Transitional Wards, ) Nosocomial Infection Prevention and Control, and ) Identification and Reporting of the Asymptomatic in the hopes that these approaches can serve as a reference for healthcare providers and medical staff who are fighting the pandemic. Read More

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Peripartum optimization and coordination of collaborative care practice: a critical role for the obstetric anesthesiologist in combating maternal morbidity and mortality.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2021 Jun;34(3):205-211

Johns Hopkins Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Antenatal anesthesia clinics remain uncommon despite the rising incidence of maternal morbidity and mortality in the United States. The purpose of the present review is to outline the major considerations and challenges surrounding antenatal anesthetic evaluation.

Recent Findings: Data from the general surgical population would suggest a mortality benefit associated with preoperative anesthesia evaluation, although no such data exists in the obstetric population. Read More

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Prospective pragmatic quasi-experimental study to assess the impact and effectiveness of an innovative large-scale public health intervention to foster healthy ageing in place: the SoBeezy program protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 04 29;11(4):e043082. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

University Hospital Centre Bordeaux Cardiology Hospital Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Pessac, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.

Introduction: With the accelerating pace of ageing, healthy ageing has become a major challenge for all societies worldwide. Based on that Healthy Ageing concept proposed by the WHO, the SoBeezy intervention has been designed through an older person-centred and integrated approach. The programme creates the environments that maximise functional ability to enable people to be and do what they value and to stay at home in best possible conditions. Read More

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Cognitive Outcomes During COVID-19 Confinement Among Older People and Their Caregivers Using Technologies for Dementia: Protocol for an Observational Cohort Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 May 18;10(5):e26431. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Mental Health, Regional University Hospital of Málaga, Biomedical Research Institute of Malaga (IBIMA), Málaga, Spain.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to worldwide implementation of unprecedented restrictions to control its rapid spread and mitigate its impact. The Spanish government has enforced social distancing, quarantine, and home confinement measures. Such restrictions on activities of daily life and separation from loved ones may lead to social isolation and loneliness with health-related consequences among community-dwelling older adults with mild cognitive impairment or mild dementia and their caregivers. Read More

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The ongoing HIV epidemic in American youth: challenges and opportunities.

Mhealth 2021 20;7:33. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Fenway Health, Boston, MA, USA.

The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been decreasing in the United States overall, except among youth, and in particular among Black and Latinx young men who have sex with men (MSM). In this review we summarize key drivers of the HIV epidemic among youth, as well as novel interventions geared specifically towards combating the epidemic among high-risk populations. Many factors driving the HIV epidemic among youth are related to systemic inequities, including lack of access to healthcare, inadequate education, and internalized and experience homophobia and racism. Read More

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Pharmacological or non-pharmacological interventions for treatment of common mental disorders associated with Tuberculosis: A systematic review.

Chron Respir Dis 2021 Jan-Dec;18:14799731211003937

7586Midlands Partnership Foundation Trust, St George's Hospital, Stafford, UK.

We aimed to review the literature on interventions for treating Common Mental Disorders (CMD) in people with Tuberculosis (TB). We followed PRISMA guidelines and the protocol was registered at PROSPERO. The electronic databases (PsycInfo, CINAHL, Medline, Google Scholar, Embase) were searched from 1982 to 2020. Read More

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Emotional labor of nurses in the front line against the COVID-19 pandemic.

Rev Bras Enferm 2021 14;74Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e20200660. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Lisboa, Unidade de Investigação & Desenvolvimento em Enfermagem. Lisboa, Portugal.

Objective: To analyze nurses' experiences in the front line of the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic regarding the performance of emotional labor (EL), aiming at its characterization and identification of support strategies and development opportunities of nurses and practices.

Methods: Qualitative, descriptive, and exploratory study, with content analysis of eleven written narratives and reports from a focus group composed of nurses with experience in caring for patients with COVID-19 from different Hospital Centers in Lisbon, Portugal.

Results: Five themes were extracted: 1) Challenges experienced by nurses in the frontline; 2) Emotions experienced by nurses in service care; 3) Emotional responses of nurses and patients: impact on care; 4) EL of nurses in the patient care process; 5) Opportunities for development in the face of the emotional challenge required of nurses in combating COVID-19. Read More

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A swaying between successive pandemic waves and pandemic fatigue: Where does Jordan stand?

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 May 16;65:102298. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Biopharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, The University of Jordan, 11942, Amman, Jordan.

This article highlights the main aspects of Jordan's public health response in combating the COVID-19 pandemic. Also, it briefly describes the main characteristics of the pandemic waves. Although Jordan has successfully implemented various stringent control measures at the early stage of the pandemic which resulted in a slow pace of COVID-19 spread in the country, the dramatic and sudden surge in COVID-19 cases and deaths since September 2020 raises many concerns and questionable debates regarding the effectiveness of Jordan's COVID-19 mitigation strategies, the earlier epidemiological surveillance process, decision-making and decisions' execution at various sectors, as well as the degree of commitment to precautionary measures among the general population. Read More

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Pandemic risk management using engineering safety principles.

Process Saf Environ Prot 2021 Jun 15;150:416-432. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Centre for Risk, Integrity, and Safety Engineering (C-RISE), Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada.

The containment of infectious diseases is challenging due to complex transmutation in the biological system, intricate global interactions, intense mobility, and multiple transmission modes. An emergent disease has the potential to turn into a pandemic impacting millions of people with loss of life, mental health, and severe economic impairment. Multifarious approaches to risk management have been explored for combating an epidemic spread. Read More

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Time to recovery from Eclampsia and its determinants in east Gojjam zone hospitals, Amhara, Ethiopia, 2017/18.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Apr 14;21(1):301. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: Eclampsia is a tonic clonic type of seizure among pre-eclamptic mothers. Time to recovery from eclampsia is to mean that the time when the mother recovered from severity features of pre-eclampsia. As far as the mother is not free from severity features, she is in a potential to end-up with repeated seizure (eclampsia). Read More

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Acculturative stress, stigma, and mental health challenges: emic perspectives from Somali young adults in San Diego county's 'Little Mogadishu'.

Ethn Health 2021 Apr 13:1-17. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Group for Immigrant Resettlement and Assessment, San Diego, CA, USA.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the social factors that contribute to the mental health challenges that Somali young adults endure.

Design: In a two-phase qualitative approach carried-out in the San Diego area, in phase-I, we conducted exploratory interviews with key-informants including clinicians and local Somali leaders ( = 7) who are familiar with the challenges of young Somalis. This information was then augmented through a focus group discussion with Somali young adults ( = 4) to gain further contextual knowledge and for access to the larger community of young people for phase-II. Read More

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Modeling of COVID-19 with limited public health resources: a comparative study of three most affected countries.

Eur Phys J Plus 2021 5;136(4):359. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Division of Mathematics, School of Advanced Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai, India.

COVID-19 has become a deadly pandemic in the recent times claiming millions of lives worldwide in a grievous manner. Most of the countries in the world have limited number of medical resources (hospitals, beds, ventilators, etc.), and in the case of large outbreak, it becomes very difficult to provide treatment to every infected individual. Read More

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Prevalence and risk factors for anxiety symptoms during the outbreak of COVID-19: A large survey among 373216 junior and senior high school students in China.

J Affect Disord 2021 06 3;288:17-22. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: The increasing menace of the COVID-19 epidemic led to an atmosphere of anxiety around the world, however the evidence among Chinese students aged 12 to 18 years has been limited.

Methods: A total of 373216 junior and senior high school students were recruited using a cluster sampling method in Zhengzhou, Xinxiang, Xinyang city of Henan Province, China, during February 4-12, 2020. Presence of anxiety symptoms was determined by Generalized Anxiety Disorder tool (GAD-7). Read More

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Home alone? Effect of weather-induced behaviour on spread of SARS-CoV-2 in Germany.

Slava Yakubenko

Econ Hum Biol 2021 Apr 1;42:100998. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

University of Goettingen, Germany.

In early 2020 the world was struck by the epidemic of novel SARS-CoV-2 virus. Like many others, German government has introduced severe contact restrictions to limit the spread of infection. This paper analyses effects of weather on the spread of the disease under the described circumstances. Read More

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Starting with I: Combating Anti-Blackness in Libraries.

Med Ref Serv Q 2021 Apr-Jun;40(2):139-150. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Medical University of South Carolina Library, Charleston, USA.

When millions saw footage of George Floyd's murder by police during the COVID-19 pandemic where marginalized groups had higher death rates, increased awareness and action arose because Black people are treated differently in the United States. Many libraries subsequently created statements and committees to commit to reduce inequities in libraries; however, Black bodies are still being harmed. Therefore, this editorial details the concept and provides concrete steps for making change. Read More

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The Impact of Implementing the Egypt Pandemic Preparedness Plan for Acute Respiratory Infections in Combating the Early Stage of the COVID-19 Pandemic, February-July 2020: Viewpoint.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2021 05 7;7(5):e27412. Epub 2021 May 7.

Preventive Sector, Ministry of Health and Population, Cairo, Egypt.

This article briefly describes Egypt's acute respiratory infection (ARI) epidemic preparedness and containment plan and illustrates the impact of implementation of the plan on combating the early stage of the COVID-19 epidemic in Egypt. Pillars of the plan include crisis management, enhancing surveillance systems and contact tracing, case and hospital management, raising community awareness, and quarantine and entry points. To identify the impact of the implementation of the plan on epidemic mitigation, a literature review was performed of studies published from Egypt in the early stage of the pandemic. Read More

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Effectiveness of Epidemic Preventive Policies and Hospital Strategies in Combating COVID-19 Outbreak in Taiwan.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 26;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Nursing, Hsinchu MacKay Memorial Hospital, Hsinchu 30071, Taiwan.

(1) Background: The implementation of effective control measures in a timely fashion is crucial to control the epidemic outbreak of COVID-19. In this study, we aimed to analyze the control measures implemented during the COVID-19 outbreak, as well as evaluating the responses and outcomes at different phases for epidemic control in Taiwan. (2) Methods: This case study reviewed responses to COVID-19 and the effectiveness of a range of control measures implemented for epidemic control in Taiwan and assessed all laboratory-confirmed cases between 11 January until 20 December 2020, inclusive of these dates. Read More

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Comparisons between the Neighboring States of Amazonas and Pará in Brazil in the Second Wave of COVID-19 Outbreak and a Possible Role of Early Ambulatory Treatment.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 24;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Federal University of Espirito Santo, Campus de Goiabeiras, Vitoria-ES 29075-910, Brazil.

Brazil and many countries are now experiencing a second wave of the COVID-19 outbreak. The objective of this study is to compare results with statistical samples involving millions of people in the two largest neighboring states in Brazil, Amazonas and Pará, which in the first wave were similar but now show significant different results in combating COVID-19. During the first wave, in May 2020, the maximums of the 7-day average daily deaths per population of Amazonas and Pará were similar: 15. Read More

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Experiences of frontline Pakistani emigrant physicians combating COVID-19 in the United Kingdom: a qualitative phenomenological analysis.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Mar 31;21(1):291. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Institute of Public Health, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: This study aims to explore the experiences, beliefs, feelings, and challenges faced by Pakistani migrant doctors working in the United Kingdom in times of the COVID-19 pandemic. The qualitative study aims to explore the lived experiences, beliefs, feelings, and challenges faced by Pakistani migrant physicians working in the United Kingdom during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: An exploratory phenomenological approach was used to collate data on experiences expressed during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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