1,559 results match your criteria penetration improving


Redox-sensitive hyaluronic acid-cholesterol nanovehicles potentiate efficient Transmembrane internalization and controlled release for penetrated "full-line" inhibition of pre-metastatic initiation.

J Control Release 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Pharmaceutics, China Pharmaceutical University, 639 Longmian Avenue, Nanjing 211198, China. Electronic address:

Metastatic breast cancer is a major cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The tumor-specific penetration and triggered drug release for "full-line" inhibition of pre-metastatic initiation are of essential importance in improving mortality rates. Here, a crosslinked, redox-sensitive amphiphilic conjugate (cHLC) was constructed with a combination of features, including hyaluronic acid (HA)-mediated tumor active targeting, lipoic acid (LA) core-crosslinking based bio-stability and reducibility, and lipid raft anchoring-promoted HA-mediated endocytosis through cholesterol (CHO) modification for the penetrated co-delivery of paclitaxel (PTX) and the multi-targeted anti-metastatic agent, silibinin (SB). Read More

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A multiple environment-sensitive prodrug nanomicelle strategy based on chitosan graftomer for enhanced tumor therapy of gambogic acid.

Carbohydr Polym 2021 Sep 20;267:118229. Epub 2021 May 20.

School of Pharmacy, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221004, China.

A novel multiple environment-sensitive polymeric prodrug of gambogic acid (GA) based on chitosan graftomer was fabricated for cancer treatment. Folic acid-chitosan conjugates was complexed with thermosensitive amine terminated poly-N-isopropylacrylamide (NH-PNIPAM) to develop FA-CSPN. Gambogic acid was conjugated with the graftomer via esterification to achieve high drug-loading capacity and controlled drug release. Read More

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September 2021

Dengue fever and insecticide resistance in Aedes mosquitoes in Southeast Asia: a review.

Parasit Vectors 2021 Jun 10;14(1):315. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Institute for Medical Research, Jalan Pahang, 50588, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Dengue fever is the most important mosquito-borne viral disease in Southeast Asia. Insecticides remain the most effective vector control approach for Aedes mosquitoes. Four main classes of insecticides are widely used for mosquito control: organochlorines, organophosphates, pyrethroids and carbamates. Read More

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Facilitating communication for critically ill patients and their family members: Study protocol for two randomized trials implemented in the U.S. and France.

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 Jun 3;107:106465. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Cambia Palliative Care Center of Excellence and Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.

Background: Critically-ill patients and their families suffer a high burden of psychological symptoms due, in part, to many transitions among clinicians and settings during and after critical illness, resulting in fragmented care. Communication facilitators may help.

Design And Intervention: We are conducting two cluster-randomized trials, one in the U. Read More

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Biodegradable Copper-Based Nanoparticles Augmented Chemodynamic Therapy through Deep Penetration and Suppressing Antioxidant Activity in Tumors.

Adv Healthc Mater 2021 Jun 2:e2100412. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Laboratory of Chemical Biology, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 5625 Renmin Street, Changchun, Jilin, 130022, China.

Chemodynamic therapy (CDT) efficacy has been limited by the poor penetration ability of large nanoparticles (NPs) and the antioxidant activity of tumors, especially high heme oxygenase (HO-1) and glutathione (GSH) levels. Herein, PEGylated CuMoO -coated and zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZP)-loaded Cu (CCMZ) NPs are designed to afford rapid degradation ability and augmented CDT efficacy through inhibiting HO-1 activity and depleting GSH. The deep penetration of tumor can be achieved under the high levels of GSH, which triggers the degradation of CuMoO shell. Read More

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Effects of N-terminus modified Hx-amides on DNA binding affinity, sequence specificity, cellular uptake, and gene expression.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2021 May 28:128158. Epub 2021 May 28.

Cancer Research UK Drug-DNA Interactions Research Group, UCL Cancer Institute, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom.

Five X-HxIP (Hx-amides) 6a-e, in which the N-terminus p-anisyl moiety is modified, were designed and synthesised with the purpose of optimising DNA binding, improving cellular uptake/nuclear penetration, and enhancing the modulation of the topoisomerase IIα (TOP2A) gene expression. The modifications include a fluorophenyl group and other heterocycles bearing different molecular shapes, size, and polarity. Like their parent compound HxIP 3, all five X-HxIP analogues bind preferentially to their cognate sequence 5'-TACGAT-3', which is found embedded on the 5' flank of the inverted CCAAT box-2 (ICB2) site in the TOP2A gene promoter, and inhibit protein complex binding, as evidenced in a cell free system. Read More

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Modulation of Gastrointestinal Mucus Properties with Ionic Liquids for Drug Delivery.

Adv Healthc Mater 2021 May 29:e2002192. Epub 2021 May 29.

John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA.

The mucus barrier lining the gastrointestinal tract poses a significant barrier to the oral delivery of macromolecular drugs. Successful approaches to overcoming this barrier have primarily focused on reducing drug and carrier interactions with mucus or disrupting the mucus layer directly. Choline-based ionic liquids (ILs) such as choline geranate and choline glycolate (CGLY) have recently been shown to be effective in enhancing the intestinal absorption of macromolecules such as insulin and immunoglobulin (IgG), respectively. Read More

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Transdermal drug delivery systems for fighting common viral infectious diseases.

Drug Deliv Transl Res 2021 May 22. Epub 2021 May 22.

Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan.

Transdermal drug delivery systems (TDDS) have many advantages and represent an excellent alternative to oral delivery and hypodermic injections. TDDS are more convenient and less invasive tools for disease and viral infection treatment, prevention, detection, and surveillance. The emerging development of microneedles for TDDS has facilitated improved skin barrier penetration for the delivery of macromolecules or hydrophilic drugs. Read More

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The emerging role of nanotechnology in skincare.

Adv Colloid Interface Sci 2021 May 11;293:102437. Epub 2021 May 11.

University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Biotechnology and Bioscience, Piazza della Scienza 2, 20126 Milano, Italy. Electronic address:

The role of cosmetic products is rapidly evolving in our society, with their use increasingly seen as an essential contribution to personal wellness. This suggests the necessity of a detailed elucidation of the use of nanoparticles (NPs) in cosmetics. The aim of the present work is to offer a critical and comprehensive review discussing the impact of exploiting nanomaterials in advanced cosmetic formulations, emphasizing the beneficial effects of their extensive use in next-generation products despite a persisting prejudice around the application of nanotechnology in cosmetics. Read More

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Hydrogel matrix presence and composition influence drug responses of encapsulated glioblastoma spheroids.

Acta Biomater 2021 May 16. Epub 2021 May 16.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, United States. Electronic address:

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive brain tumor with median patient survival of 12-15 months. To facilitate treatment development, bioengineered GBM models that adequately recapitulate the in vivo tumor microenvironment are needed. Matrix-encapsulated multicellular spheroids represent such model because they recapitulate solid tumor characteristics, such as dimensionality, cell-cell, and cell-matrix interactions. Read More

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Collagenase-loaded pH-sensitive nanocarriers efficiently remodeled tumor stroma matrixes and improved the enrichment of nanomedicines.

Nanoscale 2021 May;13(20):9402-9414

College of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

The dense extracellular matrix (ECM) in tumor tissue severely hinders the penetration and enrichment of antitumor nanomedicines, which could significantly affect their efficiency. In this study, we used pH-sensitive nanocarriers loaded with collagenase (Col) to remold the tumor microenvironment (TME). Furthermore, we combined the collagenase delivery system with a nanomedicine to improve its penetration and enrichment in the tumor, thereby improving efficacy. Read More

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injection of dual-delivery PEG based MMP-2 sensitive hydrogels for enhanced tumor penetration and chemo-immune combination therapy.

Nanoscale 2021 Jun;13(21):9577-9589

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266073, China.

Improving the deep penetration of nanoparticles and realizing the combination of chemotherapy and immunotherapy have become a promising strategy for cancer treatment. Herein, a nuclear-targeted tetrahedral DNA nanostructure (NLS-TDNs, NT) was synthesized to construct matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2) sensitive hydrogels as delivery vehicles with co-loaded disulfide cross-linked polyethyleneimine (PSP)/nuclear-targeted tetrahedral DNA (NLS-TDNs, NT)/doxorubicin (DOX) nanoparticles (NPs) (PSP/NT/DOX NPs and PNT/DOX NPs) and an immune adjuvant imiquimod (R837) to realize a combination of chemotherapy and immunization for metastatic breast cancer. Due to the membrane-breaking ability of the PNT/DOX NPs, the nanoparticles could effectively achieve deep penetration into tumor tissues, and the in situ generation of tumor-associated antigens by PNT/DOX elicited a strong immune response in the presence of R837, achieving a chemo-immune combination therapy of breast cancer, inducing the maturation of dendritic cells (DCs) and secretion of related cytokines, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-12 (IL-12p70) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) in vitro. Read More

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Bioadhesive glycosylated nanoformulations for extended trans-corneal drug delivery to suppress corneal neovascularization.

J Mater Chem B 2021 05;9(20):4190-4200

State Key Laboratory of Precision Measurement Technology and Instrument, School of Precision Instruments & Opto-Electronics Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China. and Tianjin Key Laboratory of Biomedical Detection Techniques & Instruments, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China.

Eye-drop formulations as conventional regimens to tackle ocular diseases are far from efficient due to the rapid clearance by eye tears and the blockage of the corneal epithelium barrier. Here, we describe a bioadhesive glycosylated nanoplatform with boric acid pendants as a drug carrier for noninvasive trans-corneal delivery of drugs to treat corneal neovascularization (CNV), a serious corneal disease resulting in significant vision impairment. This biocompatible nanoplatform is formulated from a synthetic amphiphilic boric acid-based copolymer self-assembling to form highly stable micelles with a high loading capacity for dexamethasone (DEX). Read More

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Carrier-free highly drug-loaded biomimetic nanosuspensions encapsulated by cancer cell membrane based on homology and active targeting for the treatment of glioma.

Bioact Mater 2021 Dec 1;6(12):4402-4414. Epub 2021 May 1.

College of Pharmacy, Henan University, Kaifeng, 475000, PR China.

Nanosuspensions, as a new drug delivery system for insoluble drugs, are only composed of a drug and a small amount of stabilizer, which is dispersed in an aqueous solution with high drug-loading, small particle size, high dispersion, and large specific surface area. It can significantly improve the dissolution, bioavailability, and efficacy of insoluble drugs. In this study, paclitaxel nanosuspensions ((PTX)NS) were prepared by an ultrasonic precipitation method, with the characteristics of simple preparation and easy repetition. Read More

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December 2021

Recent progress in nanomedicine for enhanced cancer chemotherapy.

Theranostics 2021 19;11(13):6370-6392. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Chengdu Women's and Children's Central Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 611731, PR China.

As one of the most important cancer treatment strategies, conventional chemotherapy has substantial side effects and leads easily to cancer treatment failure. Therefore, exploring and developing more efficient methods to enhance cancer chemotherapy is an urgently important problem that must be solved. With the development of nanotechnology, nanomedicine has showed a good application prospect in improving cancer chemotherapy. Read More

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Ocular prodrugs: Attributes and challenges.

Asian J Pharm Sci 2021 Mar 28;16(2):175-191. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research, Punjabi University, Patiala 147001, India.

Ocular drug delivery is one of the most attention-grabbing and challenging endeavors among the numerous existing drug delivery systems. From a drug delivery point of view, eye is an intricate organ to investigate and explore. In spite of many limitations, advancements have been made with the intention of improving the residence time or permeation of the drug in the ocular region. Read More

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Fentanyl conjugate vaccine by injected or mucosal delivery with dmLT or LTA1 adjuvants implicates IgA in protection from drug challenge.

NPJ Vaccines 2021 May 13;6(1):69. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Fentanyl is a major contributor to the devastating increase in overdose deaths from substance use disorders (SUD). A vaccine targeting fentanyl could be a powerful immunotherapeutic. Here, we evaluated adjuvant and delivery strategies for conjugate antigen vaccination with fentanyl-based haptens. Read More

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Incorporation of simvastatin into lipid membranes: Why deliver a statin in form of inclusion complex with hydrophilic cyclodextrin.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 Apr 24;204:111784. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093, Warsaw, Poland; Faculty of Chemistry, Biological and Chemical Research Centre, University of Warsaw, Żwirki i Wigury 101, 02-089, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

In this work, the effects of simvastatin (SIM), (2-hydroxypropyl)-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) and their complex (SIM:HPβCD) on the structure and properties of lipid membranes were investigated for the first time by Langmuir technique combined with PM-IRRAS spectroscopy. An improved understanding of the differences of the interactions between free SIM, and SIM in the form of an inclusion complex with HPβCD with the lipid membrane will improve the development of preparation methods for in vivo applications. Monolayers of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), cholesterol (Chol) and their mixture DMPC:Chol (7:3) served as simple models of one leaflet of the cell membrane. Read More

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A novel biodegradable injectable chitosan hydrogel for overcoming postoperative trauma and combating multiple tumors.

Carbohydr Polym 2021 Aug 16;265:118065. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Health Technology, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, DK-2800, Denmark. Electronic address:

Wound bacterial infections and tumor recurrence are the main reasons for the poor prognosis after primary tumor resection. Here, we fabricated a novel therapeutic nanocomposite using chitosan (CS) hydrogel combined with black phosphate nanosheets (BPNSs) and in situ grown copper nanoparticles (CuNPs). The obtained hydrogel ([email protected]@CuNPs), possessing a remarkable temperature-sensitive spongy-like state, offered 24. Read More

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Field study on the improvement of coal gangue filling using dynamic compaction.

PLoS One 2021 5;16(5):e0250961. Epub 2021 May 5.

School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China.

In this study, dynamic compaction method was used to treat the gangue hill of the Xinglongzhuang coal mine in China, and the deep compaction of deep coal gangue was examined. The crushing characteristics and improving depth of coal gangue filling under different dynamic compaction conditions were determined. Dynamic compaction tests with different tamping energy were performed to improve the coal gangue filling. Read More

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Tank-mixing adjuvants enhanced the efficacy of fludioxonil on cucumber anthracnose by ameliorating the penetration ability of active ingredients on target interface.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 Apr 29;204:111804. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Key Laboratory of Pesticide Toxicology & Application Technique, College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, 271018, China; Research Center of Pesticide Environmental Toxicology, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, 271018, China. Electronic address:

In this study, pot and field experiments showed that S903, Hasten and Gemini-31511 can significantly enhanced the control efficacy of fludioxonil on cucumber anthracnose. Then by studying the deposition and penetration interaction between active ingredients and cucumber leaves to revealed how the adjuvants influence the interaction process between pesticide active ingredients and target plants to improve the control efficacy. By analysis the effect of fludioxonil deposition to synergism of adjuvants, indicated that fludioxonil active ingredient deposition caused by adjuvants was not the main factor for the adjuvants synergistic effect. Read More

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Implementation outcomes of HIV self-testing in low- and middle- income countries: A scoping review.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(5):e0250434. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Medical Social Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America.

Introduction: HIV self-testing (HIV-ST) is an effective means of improving HIV testing rates. Low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) are taking steps to include HIV-ST into their national HIV/AIDS programs but very few reviews have focused on implementation in LMIC. We performed a scoping review to describe and synthesize existing literature on implementation outcomes of HIV-ST in LMIC. Read More

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Comparative evidence support better antioxidant efficacy of mitochondrial-targeted (Mitoquinone) than cytosolic (Resveratrol) antioxidant in improving in-vitro sperm functions of cryopreserved buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) semen.

Cryobiology 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Artificial Breeding Research Centre, LPM Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India. Electronic address:

The present study compared the effect of mitochondria-targeted (Mitoquinone, MitoQ) and untargeted cytosolic antioxidant (Resveratrol, RESV) supplementation on lipid peroxidation (LPO) and in-vitro sperm functions of cryopreserved buffalo bull semen. To optimize additive's concentration, sperm pellet obtained from twenty-four ejaculates was supplemented with different concentrations of MitoQ (20 nM, 100 nM, 200 nM); and RESV (10 μM, 25 μM, 50 μM) against control in the extender. The post-thaw sperm motility, livability, and membrane integrity were higher (P < 0. Read More

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Improving Release of Liposome-Encapsulated Drugs with Focused Ultrasound and Vaporizable Droplet-Liposome Nanoclusters.

Pharmaceutics 2021 Apr 22;13(5). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Bioengineering, Erik Johnson School of Engineering, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080, USA.

Active targeted delivery of small molecule drugs is becoming increasingly important in personalized therapies, especially in cancer, brain disorders, and a wide variety of other diseases. However, effective means of spatial targeting and delivering high drug payloads in vivo are still lacking. Focused ultrasound combined with superheated phase-shift nanodroplets, which vaporize into microbubbles using heat and sound, are rapidly becoming a popular strategy for targeted drug delivery. Read More

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Transdermal System Based on Solid Cilostazol Nanoparticles Attenuates Ischemia/Reperfusion-Induced Brain Injury in Mice.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2021 Apr 15;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Kindai University, 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka 577-8502, Japan.

Cilostazol (CIL) exerted a protective effect by promoting blood-brain barrier integrity as well as improving the status of neurological dysfunctions following cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. We attempted to design a 0.5% CIL carbopol gel using solid nanoparticles (CIL-Ngel), and then investigated the relationships between energy-dependent endocytosis and the skin penetration of CIL-Ngel in this study. Read More

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Elucidating compositional factors of maize cell walls contributing to stalk strength and lodging resistance.

Plant Sci 2021 Jun 19;307:110882. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Área de Fisiología Vegetal, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas y Ambientales, Universidad de León, E-24071, León, Spain. Electronic address:

Lodging is one of the causes of maize (Zea mays L.) production losses worldwide and, at least, the resistance to stalk lodging has been positively correlated with stalk strength. In order to elucidate the putative relationship between cell wall, stalk strength and lodging resistance, twelve maize inbreds varying in rind penetration strength and lodging resistance were characterized for cell wall composition and structure. Read More

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Improved imiquimod-induced psoriasis like dermatitis using microneedles in mice.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2021 Jul 23;164:20-27. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Beijing Laboratory of Biomedical Materials, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, PR China. Electronic address:

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, in which the key features are epidermis hyperplasia, hyper-keratinization, leading to low drug absorption. As an approach of transdermal drug delivery, the microneedle (MN) has received increasing attentions for its painless penetration and efficient administration. In this study, we fabricated polylactic acid polymer MNs with hot-press method and established a psoriasis-like skin inflammation model in ear and dorsal skin of mice by topical application of imiquimod (IMQ). Read More

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A Physiological-Based Pharmacokinetic Model For The Broad Spectrum Antimicrobial Zinc Pyrithione: II. Dermal Absorption And Dosimetry In The Rat.

J Toxicol Environ Health A 2021 Aug 22;84(15):609-631. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

The Procter & Gamble Company, Global Product Stewardship, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

The broad spectrum antimicrobial/antifungal zinc pyrithione (ZnPT) is used in products ranging from antifouling paint to antidandruff shampoo. The hazard profile of ZnPT was established based upon comprehensive toxicological testing, and products containing this biocide have been safely used for years. The purpose of this study was to create a dermal physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for ZnPT in the rat for improving dose-response analysis of ZnPT-induced toxicity where reversible hindlimb weakness was the endpoint used as the basis for ZnPT risk assessments. Read More

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Benefits to utilising ultrasound in examining the eye.

Emerg Med Australas 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Emergency Department, Redlands Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Ocular ultrasound (US) is not one of ACEMs 'big 5' in terms of US capability that is expected of a trainee or FACEM. Most texts have a small chapter dedicated to ocular US but it is usually at the back or a subsection of a chapter where it is rarely seen or appreciated. However, it is a straightforward scan to perform with many benefits which will be discussed in this article. Read More

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Facile fabrication of multi-pocket nanoparticles with stepwise size transition for promoting deep penetration and tumor targeting.

J Nanobiotechnology 2021 Apr 19;19(1):111. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Huaxi MR Research Center (HMRRC), Department of Radiology, Functional and Molecular Imaging Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, People's Republic of China.

Background: Nanocarriers-derived antitumor therapeutics are often associated with issues of limited tumor penetration and dissatisfactory antitumor efficacies. Some multistage delivery systems have been constructed to address these issues, but they are often accompanied with complicated manufacture processes and undesirable biocompatibility, which hinder their further application in clinical practices. Herein, a novel dual-responsive multi-pocket nanoparticle was conveniently constructed through self-assembly and cross-linking of amphiphilic methoxypolyethylene glycol-lipoic acid (mPEG-LA) conjugates to enhance tumor penetration and antitumor efficacy. Read More

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