1,127 results match your criteria peer socialization

Politics and Prejudice: How Political Discussion With Peers Is Related to Attitudes About Immigrants During Adolescence.

Front Sociol 2019 4;4:70. Epub 2019 Oct 4.

Department of Sociology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Research on prejudice has shown that with whom we surround ourselves matters for intergroup attitudes, but these studies have paid little attention to the content of those interactions. Studies on political socialization and deliberation have focused on the content of interaction by examining the transmission of norms as well as the direct consequences of political discussion on attitudes and behavior. However, this literature has not focused on prejudice as a potential consequence. Read More

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October 2019

The learning experiences of international students in nursing and midwifery programs: A literature review.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Mar 24;52:103027. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Prideaux Health Professions Education, Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park SA 5042, Australia. Electronic address:

Globally, education continues to diversify, with a growing body of literature that describes the experiences of international higher education students. While the research includes representation from the health sciences, nursing and midwifery programs are underrepresented; understanding the experiences of international students therein may assist in determining whether discipline-specific teaching, learning and support is required. This review aims to summarise international nursing and midwifery students' perceptions of challenge and enablement when undertaking an undergraduate or baccalaureate program. Read More

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Challenges to Interprofessional Education: will e-Learning be the Magical Stick?

Adv Med Educ Pract 2021 1;12:329-336. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Purpose: In Egypt, the main challenges to interprofessional education (IPE) implementation are complexity of the required curricular design, the attitudinal barriers between professions, and the needed resources. Action research work was planned and implemented to identify alternative solutions to overcome barriers to IPE in the local Egyptian context.

Methods: -An 8-week e-learning elective course was developed, implemented, and evaluated. Read More

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Mental health and psychosocial support in conflict: children's protection concerns and intervention outcomes in Syria.

Confl Health 2021 Apr 1;15(1):19. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Division of Psychology, Department of Life Sciences, College of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Brunel University London, Kingston Lane, Uxbridge, London, UB8 3PH, UK.

Child protection and mental health during conflict intersects with a variety of adverse conflict-related factors, and intervention outcomes in the field are often difficult to predict. Using the casefiles of 376 school children registered in a Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) project in the Northwest governorate of Idleb in Syria, this study aimed to determine (i) the rates of various protection concerns (potential mental health conditions, psychosocial deprivation issues, and social, behavioural and emotional issues) for students enrolled in this project, (ii) whether the rates of any of the protection concerns varied between children and adolescents, or between boys and girls, and (iii) which of the identified demographic and protection sector factors predicted the presence of potential mental health conditions and MHPSS intervention outcomes. MHPSS interventions (including individual MHPSS sessions tailored for children in conflict, resilience building activities, tutoring, peer building activities, community awareness, and other tailored services) were implemented at schools operated by the UK-based organization, Syria Relief. Read More

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Socially Demoralizing Environments and the Development of the Street Code from Childhood to Emerging Adulthood.

J Quant Criminol 2020 Mar 26;36(1):207-233. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

Department of Sociology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

Objectives: This study examines hypotheses regarding patterns of developmental change in street code commitment from childhood through emerging adulthood. It tests whether street code commitment demonstrates developmental stability or if it fluctuates in response to evolving socially demoralizing conditions.

Methods: Latent growth curve and parallel process models are applied to longitudinal data from an African American sample. Read More

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Selection and socialization accounts of the relation between fraternity membership and sexual aggression.

Psychol Addict Behav 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: The current project aims to enhance our understanding of the well-established relation between fraternity membership and sexual aggression on college campuses. Most prior research has been cross-sectional and unable to distinguish selection and socialization accounts of the relation, and only one prior longitudinal study has simultaneously examined selection and socialization effects.

Method: Fraternity membership, sexual aggression, binge drinking, sociosexual attitudes and behaviors, and perceived peer sexual aggression were assessed for 772 male participants ( = 116 fraternity members) in a longitudinal survey study from the summer prior to college through Year 2 of college. Read More

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Every guy needs his team: the promise of peer-led mentoring groups for college men.

J Am Coll Health 2021 Mar 17:1-11. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Lynch School of Education & Human Development, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, USA.

Objective: Our study conducted a preliminary evaluation of a peer-mentoring group program for college men (Freshmen League). We interviewed first-year men who participated in Freshmen League ( = 16) and others who did not ( = 10), asking them questions about authenticity, relationships, masculinity, and community. Using consensual qualitative research, we identified themes in constructions of their experiences and development throughout the year, and compared them across groups. Read More

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: the Challenges and Benefits of Formal Volunteering among Low-Income Diverse Older Adults.

J Gerontol Soc Work 2021 Mar 8:1-17. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Age Friendly Columbus and Franklin County, Blackburn Community Recreation Center, Columbus, Ohio, United States.

Volunteering is often considered an important component of productive and active aging. Although there is a rich body of literature on the predictors and outcomes of volunteering among the general older adults in the United States (U.S. Read More

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Associations between maternal reactions to child negative emotions and child social competence: A longitudinal study.

J Fam Psychol 2021 Mar 8. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Centre for Child and Family Science, The Education University of Hong Kong.

According to a heuristic model of emotion socialization, the implications of parental reactions to child emotions may vary by child characteristics. Children's knowledge about culturally bound, emotion display rules may be one of such characteristics, as it may alter children's interpretations of their parents' behaviors. The interrelationships among parental unsupportive reactions to child negative emotions, child emotion knowledge, and child social competence, however, have rarely been investigated. Read More

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Observed Maternal Coping Socialization and Child Internalizing Symptoms: The Roles of Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Peer Stress.

Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol 2021 Mar 8. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, 37235, USA.

Empirical evidence relying primarily on questionnaire reports indicates parent coping socialization messages play an important role in children's psychological functioning. The present study utilized a multi-informant, multi-method design to build on previous coping socialization research in childhood and adolescence. A novel coding system was developed to measure observed parental socialization of coping messages from observations of a discussion-based peer stress task. Read More

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Social Support and Peer Group Integration of Adolescents with Diabetes.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Feb 20;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Universidad de Sevilla, C/Avenzoar nº6, 41009 Seville, Spain.

The aim of this study was to examine, through the roles of peers with regards to diabetes, the relationship between the support perceived by adolescents with diabetes and their peer-group affiliation. This is a descriptive, phenomenological and retrospective study based on a qualitative methodology. In-depth interviews with 15 people aged 18-35 with type 1 diabetes mellitus diagnosed in their childhood or adolescence were carried out. Read More

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February 2021

Naturalistic evaluation of preschoolers' spontaneous interactions: The Autism Peer Interaction Observation Scale.

Autism 2021 Feb 24:1362361321989919. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Bar-Ilan University, Israel.

Lay Abstract: Peer interaction can be challenging in autism spectrum disorder, but naturalistic peer-observation scales for preschoolers are limited. This study examined the newly developed Autism Peer Interaction Observation Scale, with 17 subcategories, which evaluate naturalistic peer interaction processes in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder and typical development. We tested the Autism Peer Interaction Observation Scale to (a) characterize peer interactions of preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder who were cognitively able versus typical age-mates, (b) explore each group's hierarchical pattern of peer interaction behaviors, and (c) identify Autism Peer Interaction Observation Scale's links with standard reports for assessing social-communication functioning (Vineland Behavior Scales, 2nd ed. Read More

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February 2021

The Role Mentoring Plays in the Transition to Practice of Newly Credentialed Athletic Trainers.

J Athl Train 2021 Feb 22. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA.

Context: Mentoring has been identified as an important method of supporting newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs) during their transition to practice. Gaining a better understanding of this relationship could provide valuable insights that may assist employers and professional programs in developing a plan to better facilitate the transition.

Objective: To examine which aspects of the mentoring relationship provided the most benefit during transition to practice of newly certified ATs. Read More

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February 2021

Evaluation of a Positive Psychology Group Intervention in Nature for Young Cancer Survivors to Promote Well-Being and Post-Cancer Identity Development.

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2021 Feb 18. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Medical Oncology, Netherlands Cancer Institute-Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors (15-39 years) often struggle with their post-cancer identity. We developed an age-appropriate positive psychology group intervention with fellow AYA cancer survivors in a nature-rich environment. The aim of this study was to examine the needs and expectations of participants of this new, 1-week post-cancer identity intervention, and to evaluate their experiences to identify factors that contribute to the quality and impact of post-cancer mental health care interventions. Read More

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February 2021

Gender violence among youth: an effective program of preventive socialization to address a public health problem.

AIMS Public Health 2021 4;8(1):66-80. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Seville, Spain.

Gender violence among youth is a worldwide public health problem. Youth is increasingly exposed to violence in sexual-affective relationships, both stable and sporadic, and the age of victimization decreases. This adverse life experience affects many areas of youth's life, such as education, social relationships and, especially, their physical and mental health, with consequences that can be very harmful in the short and long-term. Read More

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January 2021

Predictors of Sexual Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Among Men: A Prospective Analysis.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Feb 4:886260521989735. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Research demonstrates that both peer socialization and underage drinking play a significant role in teen dating violence. However, less is known about the lasting effects of these risk factors on boys' ability to form healthy romantic relationships as they get older. The present study examined whether boys who perceived their peers would respect them more for having sex and those who engaged in past year heavy alcohol use would be more likely to perpetrate sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) in young adulthood compared to boys who did not endorse perceived peer approval for sex or report past year heavy drinking. Read More

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February 2021

Understanding the role of self-determination in shaping university experiences for autistic and typically developing students in the United Kingdom.

Autism 2021 Feb 3:1362361320984897. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Centre for Applied Autism Research, Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

Lay Abstract: Prior research suggests that autistic students in higher education might struggle with developing autonomy, competence and establish relatedness due to their executive functioning and social communication difficulties. We interviewed 18 autistic and 18 typically developing students to explore how students perceived themselves to be in control of their university experience. Both groups provided anecdotal examples that supported similar perceptions of self-determination in shaping the academic, daily living and socialisation aspects of university life. Read More

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February 2021

"Your Friends Do Matter": Peer Group Talk in Adolescence and Gender Violence Victimization.

Children (Basel) 2021 Jan 20;8(2). Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Pedagogy, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona, Spain.

Research on gender violence has identified as one main component leading to gender violence a dominant socialization process which associates attractiveness to men who show violent behaviors and attitudes, while egalitarian and non-violent men are emptied of attractiveness. This is known as coercive dominant discourse. Starting from the evidence that the peer group is a main context of socialization in adolescence, quantitative data were collected from six classes of secondary education (14-15-year-old adolescents) to explore whether the coercive dominant discourse is displayed in social interactions in the peer group and, if so, how it influences attractiveness patterns and sexual-affective behavior in adolescence. Read More

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January 2021

Daily Ethnic/Racial Context in Peer Groups: Frequency, Structure, and Implications for Adolescent Outcomes.

Yijie Wang

Child Dev 2021 Mar 21;92(2):650-661. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Michigan State University.

Ethnic/racial context in peer groups is poorly understood. Using daily data from 178 ethnically/racially diverse adolescents (M  = 14.53) over 2 weeks, this study investigated peer processes related to ethnicity/race (peer ethnic/racial processes) in everyday life. Read More

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A qualitative study of adolescent cancer survivors perspectives on social support from healthy peers - A RESPECT study.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Apr 20;77(4):1911-1920. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital (Rigshospitalet), Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Adolescents' psychosocial development is generally influenced by their peers. Those facing hospital-based cancer treatment are particularly challenged as they are isolated from their social network and lack sufficient coping resources.

Aim: This study explores the adolescent cancer survivor's perceptions and experiences with healthy classmate socialization support efforts via hospital co-admittance, from diagnosis to reinstatement in school, as an intervention of the RESPECT (REhabilitation including Social and Physical Activity and Education in Children and Teenagers with cancer) Study. Read More

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A Longitudinal Social Network Perspective on Adolescents' Exposure to Violent Video Games and Aggression.

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2021 Jan;24(1):24-31

Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Adolescents play video games as a social leisure activity, yet it is unclear whether peer influences play a role in spreading violent video game exposure (VVE) and aggression. It has been suggested that adolescents' aggression increases because of their friend's exposure to violent video games. This study tests this suggestion by using longitudinal social network analyses to investigate selection and socialization of aggression owing to VVE. Read More

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January 2021

Cultural Values Influence Relations Between Parent Emotion Socialization and Adolescents' Neural Responses to Peer Rejection.

Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol 2021 Jan 12. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Adolescents' responses to negative social experiences can be influenced by parenting behaviors. This includes how parents react to their child's expression of emotions, an aspect of parenting referred to as emotion socialization. Emotion socialization may intersect with cultural values, particularly collectivism, a socially-relevant attitude that emphasizes the importance of interpersonal relationships. Read More

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January 2021

College roommates have a modest but significant influence on each other's political ideology.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Jan 21;118(2). Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Professor of Health Policy and Management, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.

Does college change students' political preferences? While existing research has documented associations between college education and political views, it remains unclear whether these associations reflect a causal relationship. We address this gap in previous research by analyzing a quasi-experiment in which university students are assigned to live together as roommates. While we find little evidence that college students as a whole become more liberal over time, we do find strong evidence of peer effects, in which students' political views become more in line with the views of their roommates over time. Read More

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January 2021

Co-development of alcohol use problems and antisocial peer affiliation from ages 11 to 34: selection, socialization and genetic and environmental influences.

Addiction 2021 Jan 6. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background And Aims: Social context is an important factor in determining the developmental trajectory of alcohol use. We examined the co-development between alcohol use problems and antisocial peer affiliation. We also estimated the genetic and environmental influences on alcohol use problems, antisocial peer affiliation and their co-development over time. Read More

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January 2021

The Role Mentoring Plays in the Transition to Practice of Newly Credentialed Athletic Trainers.

J Athl Train 2020 Dec 22. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA.

Context: Mentoring has been identified as an important method to support newly credentialed athletic trainers during their transition to practice. Gaining a better understanding of this relationship could provide valuable insights that may assist employers and professional programs to develop a plan, which could better facilitate the transition.

Objective: To examine what aspects of the mentoring relationship provided the most benefit during transition to practice. Read More

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December 2020

Planning peer assisted learning (PAL) activities in clinical schools.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Dec 3;20(Suppl 2):453. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

The University of Sydney, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Sydney Medical School, Central Clinical School, Sydney, Australia.

Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) is well accepted as an educational method within health professional education, involving a process of socialisation among students. PAL activities provide a framework whereby students are permitted to practice and develop their healthcare and teaching skills. However, the success of PAL activities is dependent upon two key factors: the "agency" of the individual students, that is, their willingness to participate; and importantly, the "affordance" of the activity, that is, the invitational quality provided by the clinical school. Read More

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December 2020

The Power of Playgroups: Key components of supported and therapeutic playgroups from the perspective of parents.

Aust Occup Ther J 2021 Apr 22;68(2):144-155. Epub 2020 Nov 22.

School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.

Introduction: Playgroups are community-based programs for children and families aiming to improve child outcomes, enhance family and community networks and increase parenting capacity. Despite the prevalence of playgroups in Australian communities there is a lack of research clearly articulating the key components of playgroups, specifically from the perspective of parents attending these groups. This study aimed to identify the key components of supported and therapeutic playgroups impacting on perceived effectiveness from the perspective of parents with a child with a developmental delay and/or disability. Read More

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Associations between contextual and compositional characteristics of early childcare facilities with health, health behaviours and well-being among young children aged 06 years: protocol for a scoping review.

BMJ Open 2020 09 10;10(9):e037038. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Mannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.

Introduction: Early childhood is an important life stage which is crucial for determining health and health inequalities in later life. At the meso-level (institutional-level), early childcare facilities (eg, kindergartens, preschools) are the most important agent of socialisation next to families in young children aged 06 years. In recent years, an increasing amount of studies has focused on contextual and compositional characteristics of early childcare facilities and their association with health (eg, self-rated health), health behaviour (eg, physical activity) and well-being (eg, emotional well-being) in this age group. Read More

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September 2020

Enhanced nursing self-awareness and pharmacotherapy knowledge-base: peer-teaching and nursing/pharmacy interprofessional education.

Med Educ Online 2020 Dec;25(1):1814551

Idaho State University College of Pharmacy , Meridian, ID, USA.

Peer-teaching and interprofessional education can help students define individual healthcare roles, establish improved interprofessional relationships, and improve overall knowledge-base. Peer-teaching was provided by student pharmacists completing Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPEs) for nine weeks to undergraduate student nurses. 4 student pharmacists and 25 student nurses participated in this study. Read More

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December 2020

Social constraints associated with excessive internet use in adolescents: the role of family, school, peers, and neighbourhood.

Int J Public Health 2020 Nov 25;65(8):1279-1287. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

Department of Health Psychology and Methodology Research, Faculty of Medicine, P.J. Safarik University in Kosice, Kosice, Slovakia.

Objectives: Excessive internet use (EIU) has been studied predominantly within the context of individual risk factors. Less attention has been paid to social factors, especially in a fashion complex enough to include the multiple domains of adolescent socialization. This study examined the relationship between EIU and constraints within family, school, peer groups, and neighbourhoods, while controlling for emotional and behavioural difficulties. Read More

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November 2020