1,189 results match your criteria pedal fat

[Clinical characteristics of 170 cases of macrodactyly].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Jun;53(3):590-593

Department of Hand Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, China.

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of 170 cases of macrodactyly.

Methods: Medical records of 170 macrodactyly patients at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital between March 2006 and October 2019, including demographic characteristics, clinical presentations, anatomical distributions, X-rays, pathological findings, and treatments, were reviewed. PIK3CA mutation analyses of 12 patients were also reviewed. Read More

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The association of illness perceptions and God locus of health control with self-care behaviours in patients with type 2 diabetes in Saudi Arabia.

Health Psychol Behav Med 2020 Aug 13;8(1):329-348. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

To investigate the associations between illness perceptions, God locus of health control (GLHC) beliefs, and self-care behaviours in Saudi patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). A cross-sectional study was conducted with 115 adults with T2D in a Saudi Arabian diabetes clinic. Illness perceptions, GLHC beliefs, and self-care behaviours were assessed using the Arabic versions of the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, God Locus of Health Control, and Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities. Read More

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Identification of candidate genes associated with slaughter traits in F2 chicken population using genome-wide association study.

J Liu J Zhou J Li H Bao

Anim Genet 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

National Engineering Laboratory for Animal Breeding, Beijing Key Laboratory of Animal Genetic Improvement, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.

Slaughter traits are crucial economic traits of chickens. We performed a GWAS to discover critical loci and candidate genes for 21 slaughter traits in an F2 chicken population resulting from crossing Luxi gamecocks and recessive white feather broilers. We found some SNPs and genes which were significantly associated with keel length, head length, body slope length, bilateral leg weight without shin, bilateral foot weight, subcutaneous fat thickness, heart weight, muscular stomach weight and glandular stomach weight. Read More

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Accessory Talar Facet Impingement and Sinus Tarsi Pain Associated With Accessory Anterolateral Talar Facet.

Foot Ankle Int 2021 May 22:10711007211002115. Epub 2021 May 22.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea.

Background: Sinus tarsi pain caused by accessory talar facet impingement (ATFI) owing to accessory anterolateral talar facet (AALTF) is not well documented. We evaluated prevalence of AALTF and differences of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings between persons with and without sinus tarsi pain, and investigated the relevant association between MRI findings and sinus tarsi pain in persons with AALTF.

Methods: We performed a case-control study on 120 ankles with sinus tarsi pain and 120 age- and gender-matched ankles without sinus tarsi pain. Read More

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Obesity impacts on task performance and perceived discomfort during seated foot target reaches.

Ergonomics 2021 Jun 11:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Industrial Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

This study examined obesity impacts on task performance and perceived discomfort during seated foot target reaches. Three independent variables, participant group, movement distance, and, movement direction, were considered. The task performance measures employed were reaction time, movement time and task performance time. Read More

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Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia presenting as limb hemihyperplasia: a case report and literature review.

Ammar A Khayat

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 May 18;21(1):225. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Umm AL Qura University, King Abdulaziz University, 24381, Al-Abdiyyah, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Primary intestinal lymphangiectasia is an exceedingly rare disorder. Epidemiology is unknown. It usually presents with lower extremity swelling, diarrhea, ascites, and protein-losing enteropathy. Read More

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Adiponectin receptor agonist AdipoRon ameliorates renal inflammation in diet-induced obese mice and endotoxin-treated human glomeruli ex vivo.

Diabetologia 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Research Program for Clinical and Molecular Metabolism, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Aims/hypothesis: Chronic low-grade inflammation with local upregulation of proinflammatory molecules plays a role in the progression of obesity-related renal injury. Reduced serum concentration of anti-inflammatory adiponectin may promote chronic inflammation. Here, we investigated the potential anti-inflammatory and renoprotective effects and mechanisms of action of AdipoRon, an adiponectin receptor agonist. Read More

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Polysaccharide Promotes Diabetic Wound Healing Through Inhibition of the NLRP3 Inflammasome.

Front Pharmacol 2021 26;12:659215. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Institute of Wudang Traditional Chinese Medicine, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, China.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of polysaccharide (BSP) on wound healing in diabetes mellitus (DM) and to explore the underlying mechanisms. DM mouse models were induced by high fat-diet feeding combined with low-dose streptozocin injection. To establish diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) models, DM mice were wounded on the dorsal surface. Read More

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Skeletal Muscle Mass and Fat Mass Relationships With Physical Fitness Test Performance in Law Enforcement Recruits Before Academy.

J Strength Cond Res 2021 May;35(5):1287-1295

Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, California.

Abstract: Lockie, RG, Carlock, BN, Ruvalcaba, TJ, Dulla, JM, Orr, RM, Dawes, JJ, and McGuire, MB. Skeletal muscle mass and fat mass relationships with physical fitness test performance in law enforcement recruits before academy. J Strength Cond Res 35(5): 1287-1295, 2021-The purpose of this study was to analyze relationships between skeletal muscle mass percentage (SMM%) and fat mass percentage (FM%) relative to fitness test performance in law enforcement recruits. Read More

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Plantar forefoot pain: ultrasound findings before and after treatment with custom-made foot orthoses.

Radiol Med 2021 Jul 21;126(7):963-970. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milano, Italy.

Purpose: No prior studies investigated the role of ultrasound in the assessment of response of patients undergoing treatment of metatarsalgia with custom-made orthoses. Our aim was to describe ultrasound findings of patients with plantar forefoot pain treated with custom-made foot orthoses.

Methods: Twenty patients (15 females; mean age: 62. Read More

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Autologous fat grafting combined with negative pressure wound therapy in severe diabetic foot ulcer: a case study.

J Wound Care 2021 Apr;30(Sup4):S38-S40

Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, Tangshan Gongren Hospital, China.

Objective: Hard-to-heal wounds are a surgical challenge, and diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are one of the most common and severe varieties. Previous studies have shown that autologous fat grafting (AFG) and negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) have the potential to promote wound healing. This case study describes how these two methods together helped in the healing of a serious DFU. Read More

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Fish oil replacement prevents, while docosahexaenoic acid-derived protectin DX mitigates end-stage-renal-disease in atherosclerotic diabetic mice.

FASEB J 2021 May;35(5):e21559

Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Laval University, Quebec, QC, Canada.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) remains the major cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We used high-fat/high-sucrose (HFHS)-fed LDLr /ApoB mice with transgenic overexpression of IGFII in pancreatic β-cells (LRKOB100/IGFII) as a model of ESRD to test whether dietary long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids LCω3FA-rich fish oil (FO) could prevent ESRD development. We further evaluated the potential of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-derived pro-resolving lipid mediators, 17-hydroxy-DHA (17-HDHA) and Protectin DX (PDX), to reverse established ESRD damage. Read More

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Heel fat pad involvement in rheumatoid arthritis: a review and case series.

Clin Rheumatol 2021 Apr 4. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Rheumatology, Boston University/Boston Medical Center, 725 Albany Street, Boston, MA, 02118, USA.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease affecting not only the synovial joints but also multiple extra-articular sites, including ankle and foot soft tissue. Hindfoot abnormalities usually follow those in the forefoot, with up to 4 out of 10 patients experiencing talalgia during their disease course. Enthesophytosis, retrocalcaneal bursitis, and plantar fasciitis are among the most common etiologies, while heel fat pad abnormalities like subcalcaneal bursitis are rare. Read More

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Controlling Through-Slice Chemical-Shift Artifacts for Improved Non-Fat-Suppressed Musculoskeletal Turbo-Spin-Echo Magnetic Resonance Imaging at 7 T.

Invest Radiol 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

From the Siemens Healthcare AG, Zurich, Switzerland SCMI, Swiss Center for Musculoskeletal Imaging, Balgrist Campus AG, Zurich, Switzerland Radiology, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Siemens Healthcare AG, Erlangen, Germany.

Objectives: Through-slice chemical shift artifacts in state-of-the-art turbo-spin-echo (TSE) images can be significantly more severe at 7 T than at lower field strengths. In musculoskeletal applications, these artifacts appear similar to bone fractures or neoplastic bone marrow disease. The objective of this work was to explore and reduce through-slice chemical shift artifacts in 2-dimensional (2D) TSE imaging at 7 T. Read More

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Association between 30-s Chair Stand-Up Test and Anthropometric Values, Vibration Perception Threshold, FHSQ, and 15-D in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Biology (Basel) 2021 Mar 22;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Health Economy Motricity and Education (HEME), Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain.

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic, worldwide disease affecting more than 400 million people. This pathology involves several associated problems, such as diabetic neuropathy complications, obesity, and foot problems, both in terms of health and sensitivity.

Objective: The objective of this study was to explore the relationships of the 30-s chair stand-up test with the Foot Health Status Questionnaire (FHSQ), the vibration perception threshold (VPT), and the 15-dimensional (15-D) questionnaire in T2DM people. Read More

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Modeling, Fabrication and Integration of Wearable Smart Sensors in a Monitoring Platform for Diabetic Patients.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Mar 6;21(5). Epub 2021 Mar 6.

National Research Council of Italy, Institute for Microelectronics and Microsystems (CNR-IMM), 95121 Lecce, Italy.

The monitoring of some parameters, such as pressure loads, temperature, and glucose level in sweat on the plantar surface, is one of the most promising approaches for evaluating the health state of the diabetic foot and for preventing the onset of inflammatory events later degenerating in ulcerative lesions. This work presents the results of sensors microfabrication, experimental characterization and FEA-based thermal analysis of a 3D foot-insole model, aimed to advance in the development of a fully custom smart multisensory hardware-software monitoring platform for the diabetic foot. In this system, the simultaneous detection of temperature-, pressure- and sweat-based glucose level by means of full custom microfabricated sensors distributed on eight reading points of a smart insole will be possible, and the unit for data acquisition and wireless transmission will be fully integrated into the platform. Read More

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Milk Beta-Hydroxybutyrate and Fat to Protein Ratio Patterns during the First Five Months of Lactation in Holstein Dairy Cows Presenting Treated Left Displaced Abomasum and Other Post-Partum Diseases.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Mar 14;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, School of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal.

The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) and fat to protein content (F:P) ratio patterns in the milk of Holstein cows with postpartum diseases throughout the first five months of lactation. This prospective study was performed at Vestjyske Dyrlaeger ApS (Nørre Nebel, Denmark). The milk fat, protein, and BHB were evaluated in the Danish Eurofins laboratory according to the monthly averaged days in milk (DIM1 to 5). Read More

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Patient Selection for Pedal Soft Tissue Augmentation.

Aesthet Surg J Open Forum 2020 Sep 24;2(3):ojaa031. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

School of Medicine and the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Background: Pedal fat grafting has been shown to improve pain and functional impairment from forefoot fat pad atrophy.

Objectives: The authors aimed to determine if patient demographics and foot characteristics play a role in the level of impact that is achieved following surgery.

Methods: The authors performed a retrospective review of patients who received forefoot autologous fat injections for the treatment of pedal fat pad atrophy. Read More

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September 2020

A history of lameness and low body condition score is associated with reduced digital cushion volume, measured by magnetic resonance imaging, in dairy cattle.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Jun 25;104(6):7026-7038. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

School of Veterinary Science, Massey University, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North, 4474, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Claw horn lesions (CHL) are the result of a failing of the functional anatomy of the hoof in dairy cows. The digital cushion is understood to be a vital structure in the prevention of CHL. Claw horn lesions have previously been shown to lead to pathological change to the pedal bone; however, their effects on the digital cushion are unknown. Read More

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The effect of change in mass distribution due to defensive posture on gait in fat-tailed scorpions.

J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 2021 Mar 9;207(2):117-125. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

CIBIO-InBIO, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, Rua Padre Armando Quintas 7, Vila do Conde, 4485-661, Vairão, Portugal.

In terrestrial legged locomotion, the distribution of mass can influence the gait characteristics. This can be due to a change in the magnitude or distribution of the load. The latter occurs in scorpions when they lift their large metasoma from a trailing position in ambulatory posture to the well-known arched forward position in the defensive posture. Read More

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Orange corn diets associated with lower severity of footpad dermatitis in broilers.

Poult Sci 2021 May 16;100(5):101054. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2050, USA. Electronic address:

Footpad dermatitis (FPD), damage and inflammation of the plantar surface of the foot, is of concern for poultry because FPD affects the birds' welfare and production value. Footpad dermatitis is painful and causes costly chicken paw downgrades, carcass condemnations, and reduced live weights. However, a universal preventative has not been found. Read More

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No differences in the body fat after violating core bioelectrical impedance measurement assumptions.

BMC Public Health 2021 03 12;21(1):495. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Sherman Health Science Research Centre, School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Rm 2002, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada.

Objective: It is unclear to what degree acutely violating bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) measurement assumptions will alter the predicted percent fat mass (%FM) and whether this differs by sex or body mass index (BMI).

Methods: %FM was assessed under control, dehydration, exercise, water, food intake and non-voided bladder conditions with three BIA devices (Tanita: BC-418, TBF-314, & Omron HBF-306CN) for men (n = 23, age: 24.0 ± 5. Read More

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Does plantar lipoatrophy affect dynamic balance in HIV infected persons?

Gait Posture 2021 May 17;86:101-105. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Physiotherapy, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital Park Lane, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria. Electronic address:

Background: Chronic inflammation in HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy have been shown to cause balance disorders due to neuromusculoskeletal damage, sensorimotor deficits, failure of foot mechanoreceptors and/or plantar lipoatrophy. However, despite evidence of plantar lipoatrophy in HIV patients, there is a dearth of information on how this relates to walking balance. This study sought to investigate how plantar fat thickness affects dynamic balance in HIV infected persons. Read More

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Morphology, adipocyte size, and fatty acid analysis of dairy cattle digital cushions, and the effect of body condition score and age.

J Dairy Sci 2021 May 6;104(5):6238-6252. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

The digital cushion is an essential part of maintaining a healthy foot, working to dissipate foot strike and body weight forces and lameness from claw horn disruption lesions. Despite the importance of the digital cushion, little is known about the basic anatomy, adipocyte morphology, and fatty acid composition in relation to age, limb position, and body condition score. In total, 60 claws (from 17 cows) were selected and collected from a herd, ensuring that body condition score data and computed micro-tomography were known for each animal. Read More

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The Associations between Physical Fitness, Complex vs Simple Movement, and Academic Achievement in a Cohort of Fourth Graders.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 02 26;18(5). Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Gerokinesiology, Kyungil University, Kyungsan 38428, Korea.

This study analyzed the correlation between elementary school students' body composition, physical activity, physical fitness, movement ability, and academic achievement. Movements ranged from simple actions to complex movements requiring executive functioning. In total, 110 fourth graders (60 boys, 50 girls) participated in this experiment. Read More

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February 2021

Fibroblasts from different body parts exhibit distinct phenotypes in adult progeria Werner syndrome.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 02 24;13(4):4946-4961. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Endocrinology, Hematology and Gerontology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chuo-Ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.

Werner syndrome (WS), also known as adult progeria, is characterized by accelerated aging symptoms from a young age. Patients with WS experience painful intractable skin ulcers with calcifications in their extremities, subcutaneous lipoatrophy, and sarcopenia. However, there is no significant abnormality in the trunk skin, where the subcutaneous fat relatively accumulates. Read More

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February 2021

A Step in the Right Direction: A Prospective Randomized, Controlled Crossover Trial of Autologous Fat Grafting for Rejuvenation of the Heel.

Aesthet Surg J 2021 06;41(7):NP959-NP972

Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Background: The shock-absorbing soft tissues of the heel are composed of dermis and specialized fat pads. Heel fat pad atrophy is common and can be painful and debilitating. In our previous work, autologous fat grafting was effective for treating pain from forefoot fat pad atrophy. Read More

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Bone Marrow Edema Syndrome of the Foot Treated with Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy: A Retrospective Case Series.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 May-Jun;60(3):523-528. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Associate Professor, Center for Joint Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

To determine the validity and safety of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in the treatment of bone marrow edema syndrome (BMES) of the foot. Twenty patients diagnosed as foot BMES in our Center were followed and treated by ESWT for 1 to 2 courses. The target of the ESWT treatment was the most obvious foot tenderness, or the most obvious part of bone edema on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

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October 2020

Effects of circadian rhythm disorder on body composition in women aged 31-40 years.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Jan;10(1):340-349

College of Physical Education of Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, China.

Background: Circadian rhythm disorder caused by lack of sleep, day-night reversal, or staying up late, can cause irreparable damage to the body, a significant increase in both the systolic and diastolic blood pressure of women in this age bracket. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of circadian disruption on body composition and insulin resistance in women aged 31-40 years.

Methods: Thirty female with circadian rhythm disorder and employed of the Foot Bath Club in Qufu city were selected as the research subjects, and a body composition analyzer was used to test the subjects' body composition using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Read More

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January 2021

Fat grafting and platelet-rich plasma in wound healing: a review of histology from animal studies.

Adipocyte 2021 12;10(1):80-90

Division of Surgery & Interventional Science, University College London , London, UK.

Stem cells could form the basis of a novel, autologous treatment for chronic wounds like diabetic foot ulcers. Fat grafts contain adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC) but low survival of cells within the grafts is a major limitation. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) may increase graft survival. Read More

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December 2021