20,814 results match your criteria peak systolic


Effect of intra-arterial vasodilator administration during radial artery access on systemic blood pressure in patients receiving moderate sedation.

J Vasc Access 2021 Apr 12:11297298211008099. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, USA.

Purpose: The hemodynamic effects of intra-arterial vasodilator administration for the prevention of radial artery spasm during transradial access have not been well characterized. This study evaluates the effect of intra-arterial Verapamil and Nitroglycerine administration on systemic blood pressure and its correlation with timing of moderate sedation administration.

Materials And Methods: Institutional review board approval was granted. Read More

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Bilateral tension pneumothorax during endoscopic submucosal dissection under general anesthesia diagnosed by point-of-care ultrasound - A case report.

Anesth Pain Med (Seoul) 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection has become popular. However, this can cause serious complications. In this case, esophageal perforation caused bilateral tension pneumothorax. Read More

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Study of effects of anthracycline drugs on myocardial function in breast cancer patients by quantitative analysis of layer-specific strain via 2D-STI technology.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(3):1184-1196. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Cardiology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University Shanghai City, China.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the value of layer-specific strain analysis by two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI) in the assessment of myocardial toxicity in breast cancer patients receiving anthracycline chemotherapy.

Methods: Thirty-four breast cancer patients receiving anthracycline chemotherapy were prospectively enrolled. Conventional echocardiography and 2D-STI were evaluated at baseline after the third and sixth cycles of anthracycline chemotherapy. Read More

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Echocardiographic assessment of right ventricular systolic function in healthy Beagle dogs compared to high field cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.

Vet J 2021 May 6;271:105653. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of Clinical Diagnostics and Services, Clinic of Diagnostic Imaging, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Ten healthy Beagle dogs were used to compare selected echocardiographic parameters of right ventricular (RV) systolic function with high field cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). All dogs underwent complete transthoracic echocardiography before and during anesthesia, as well as cardiac MRI with determination of morphology-based ejection fraction, and phase contrast angiography-derived stroke volume. A correlation analysis was carried out between echocardiographic and MRI parameters. Read More

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[Effect of delayed cord clamping and umbilical cord milking on cerebral hemodynamics in preterm infants: a randomized double-blind controlled trial].

Authors:
Ling Lin Hao Peng

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2021 Apr;23(4):332-337

Department of Pediatrics, Suining Central Hospital, Suining, Sichuan 629000, China.

Objective: To compare the effect of delayed cord clamping (DCC) versus umbilical cord milking (UCM) on cerebral blood flow in preterm infants.

Methods: This was a single-center, prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. A total of 46 preterm infants, with a gestational age of 30-33 weeks, who were born in Suining Central Hospital from November 2, 2018 to November 15, 2019 were enrolled and randomly divided into DCC group and UCM group, with 23 infants in each group. Read More

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Ventricular myocardial response to exercise in patients with Fontan circulation.

J Echocardiogr 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Division of Cardiology, Nagano Children's Hospital, 3100, Azumino, Nagano, Japan.

Background: Exercise stress echocardiography has been used to assess myocardial reserve in various heart diseases. This study examined the ventricular myocardial response to exercise in Fontan patients using exercise stress echocardiography.

Methods: Twenty-five Fontan patients and 19 control subjects underwent semi-supine bicycle exercise stress echocardiography in this prospective, single-center, cross-sectional study. Read More

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Identification of intra-individual variation in intracranial arterial flow by MRI and the effect on computed hemodynamic descriptors.

MAGMA 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, USA.

Objectives: To determine the intra-individual flow variation in serially acquired studies, and the influence of this variation on subsequent hemodynamic simulations using the inlet flow as a boundary condition. Author: Kindly check and confirm whether the corresponding authors are correctly identified.Confirmed. Read More

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Arterial and Venous Cerebral Blood Flow Velocities in Healthy Volunteers.

Acta Neurochir Suppl 2021 ;131:131-134

Brain Physics Laboratory, Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) enables assessment of brain hemodynamics through insonation of cerebral arteries and veins. Few studies have investigated whether the normal ranges of flow velocities in both arterial and venous compartments may be affected by age and sex.The purpose of this study was to determine the normal blood flow velocities across different sex and age subgroups in a cohort of healthy volunteers by studying the middle cerebral arteries (MCAs) and the straight sinus (SS). Read More

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January 2021

Haemorrhoidal haemodynamic changes in patients with haemorrhoids treated using Doppler-guided dearterialization.

BJS Open 2021 Mar;5(2)

Proctology Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCSS, Rome, Italy.

Background: Arterial hyperflow to haemorrhoids has been implicated as a possible pathophysiological co-factor in haemorrhoidal disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate how transanal haemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD) can influence haemodynamic parameters at the level of the haemorrhoidal piles.

Methods: Patients with grade III haemorrhoids selected for THD between July and December 2018 were evaluated using endoanal ultrasonography and colour Doppler imaging at the level of internal haemorrhoids before and 1 year after the surgical procedure. Read More

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Pilot assessment of omega-3 fatty acids and potassium thiocyanate in sickle cell anemia patients with conditional peak systolic cerebral artery blood velocity.

Blood Cells Mol Dis 2021 Mar 24;89:102564. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Hematology, University of Nigeria College of Medicine, Enugu, Nigeria. Electronic address:

Objective: The purpose of this pilot study was to explore the effect of omega-3 fatty acids and potassium thiocyanate on conditional peak systolic cerebral artery blood velocity in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA).

Methods: Transcranial doppler ultrasonography (TCD) was done on 232 SCA children, and 21 found with conditional peak systolic blood velocity (PSV) of 200-249 cm/s in internal carotid, middle or anterior cerebral arteries. These were randomized to receive omega-3 fatty acids and potassium thiocyanate with standard treatment of SCA (test group, N = 14), or standard treatment only (control group, N = 7). Read More

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Iron deficiency is associated with impaired biventricular reserve and reduced exercise capacity in patients with unexplained dyspnea.

J Card Fail 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Cardiology, Hartcentrum, Jessa Hospital, Hasselt, Belgium; Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium.

Background: Iron deficiency (ID) is frequent and associated with diminished exercise capacity in heart failure (HF), but its contribution to unexplained dyspnea without a HF diagnosis at rest remains unclear.

Methods: Consecutive patients with unexplained dyspnea and normal echocardiography and pulmonary function tests at rest underwent prospective standardized cardiopulmonary exercise testing with echocardiography (CPETecho) in a tertiary care dyspnea clinic. ID was defined as ferritin <300µg/l and transferrin saturation (TSAT)<20% and its impact on peak oxygen uptake (peakVO), biventricular response to exercise, and peripheral oxygen extraction was assessed. Read More

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Pre-surgical Prediction of Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation Recurrence Using In Vivo Mitral Valve Leaflet Strains.

Ann Biomed Eng 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

James T. Willerson Center for Cardiovascular Modeling and Simulation, Oden Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences, Department of Biomedical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is a prevalent cardiac disease associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Contemporary surgical treatments continue to have limited long-term success, in part due to the complex and multi-factorial nature of IMR. There is thus a need to better understand IMR etiology to guide optimal patient specific treatments. Read More

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Mitral Valve Remodeling and Strain in Secondary Mitral Regurgitation: Comparison With Primary Regurgitation and Normal Valves.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Apr;14(4):782-793

Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart and Vascular Center, Houston, Texas, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess mitral valve (MV) remodeling and strain in patients with secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) compared with primary MR (PMR) and normal valves.

Background: A paucity of data exists on MV strain during the cardiac cycle in humans. Real-time 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography allows for dynamic MV imaging, enabling computerized modeling of MV function in normal and disease states. Read More

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Age corrected changes in intracranial haemodynamics after carotid endarterectomy.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Martini Ziekenhuis Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Background: Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) is a frequently used method to monitor brain perfusion during and following carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Our aim was to define the normally occurring changes of intracranial haemodynamics in patients undergoing CEA measuring recently developed TCD parameters.

Methods: A retrospective, single-centre cohort study was performed. Read More

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Feasibility of Doppler Ultrasound for Cortical Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity Monitoring During Major Non-cardiac Surgery of Newborns.

Front Pediatr 2021 22;9:656806. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Newborns needing major surgical intervention are at risk of brain injury and impaired neurodevelopment later in life. Disturbance of cerebral perfusion might be an underlying factor. This study investigates the feasibility of serial transfontanellar ultrasound measurements of the pial arteries during neonatal surgery, and whether perioperative changes in cerebral perfusion can be observed and related to changes in the perioperative management. Read More

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Effect of aortic arch surgery in newborns' cerebral and gastrointestinal hemodynamics: evaluation by Doppler ultrasonography.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Apr 7:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Istanbul Saglik Bilimleri University Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aim: In this study, we investigated changes in newborns' cerebral and intestinal blood flow who had undergone aortic arch surgery.

Method: This study was carried out prospectively as a preliminary study in patients younger than 30 days at the time of aortic arch reconstruction between 1 August and 1 December, 2019. Cerebral and gastrointestinal hemodynamics were evaluated with Doppler USG before and 7 days after the operation. Read More

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Treatment of chronic diabetic foot ulcers with adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction cell injections: Safety and evidence of efficacy at 1 year.

Stem Cells Transl Med 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Diabetes Research Institute and Cellular Transplant Center, UHealth Sports Medicine Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA.

Diabetes affects multiple systems in complex manners. Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are a result of diabetes-induced microarterial vessel disease and peripheral neuropathy. The presence of arteriosclerosis-induced macroarterial disease can further complicate DFU pathophysiology. Read More

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Left Ventricular Strain: A Reliable Predictor of Short-Term Outcomes in Patients with Anterior Wall Myocardial Infarction without Heart Failure.

Adv Biomed Res 2020 28;9:67. Epub 2020 Nov 28.

Department of Cardiology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is a key determinant in decision-making after acute myocardial infarction (MI). Little is known of its relationship with left ventricular Strain and N-Terminal fragment of pro-B-type Natriuretic Peptide (NT-pro-BNP) following acute anterior wall MI (AWMI).

Materials And Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of patients with a diagnosis of acute AWMI and the absence of overt heart failure (HF). Read More

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November 2020

Left ventricular myocardial strain quantification with two- and three-dimensional cardiovascular magnetic resonance based tissue tracking.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2021 Apr;11(4):1421-1436

Internal Medicine II, Ulm University Medical Center, Ulm, Germany.

Background: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance based tissue tracking (CMR-TT) was reported to provide detailed insight into left ventricular (LV) contractile function and deformation with both of two- and three-dimensional (2/3D) algorithms. This study was designed to investigate the feasibility and reproducibility of these two techniques for measuring LV global and segmental strain, and establish gender- and age-related reference values of global multi-dimensional peak strains among large healthy population.

Methods: We retrospectively recruited 150 healthy volunteers (75 males/females) and divided them into three age groups (G, G and G). Read More

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