1,244 results match your criteria pci increasing

New-onset atrial fibrillation in patients with worsening heart failure and coronary artery disease: an analysis from the COMMANDER-HF trial.

Clin Res Cardiol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Centre D'Investigation Clinique 1433 Module Plurithématique, CHRU Nancy - Hopitaux de Brabois, CHRU de Nancy, FCRIN INI-CRCT, Institut Lorrain du Coeur et des Vaisseaux Louis Mathieu, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France.

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) in the presence of heart failure (HF) is associated with poor outcomes including a high-risk of stroke and other thromboembolic events. Identifying patients without AF who are at high-risk of developing this arrhythmia has important clinical implications.

Aims: To develop a risk score to identify HF patients at high risk of developing AF. Read More

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The current role of surgery and SBRT in early stage of small cell lung cancer.

J Clin Transl Res 2021 Feb 17;7(1):34-48. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Early stage small cell lung cancer (T1-2N0M0SCLC) represents 7% of all SCLC. The standard treatment in patients with intrathoracic SCLC disease is the use of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Nowadays, the recommended management of this highly selected group is surgical resection due to favorable survival outcomes. Read More

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February 2021

Correction of Matrix Effects for Reliable Non-target Screening LC-ESI-MS Analysis of Wastewater.

Anal Chem 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Analytical Chemistry Group, Department of Plant and Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Thorvaldsensvej 40, 1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark.

Matrix effects are well-known challenges for accurate and comparable measurements with liquid chromatography (LC) electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). This study describes a three-step method to evaluate and compensate for matrix effects in enriched wastewater extracts using LC ESI-high-resolution MS (HRMS). As a first step, the "dilute and shoot" approach was used to determine the optimal relative enrichment factor (REF) for a direct comparison between wastewater influent (REF 10) and effluent (REF 50) extracts. Read More

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Health Inequality Among Older Adults with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention and Universal Health Coverage in Japan.

Popul Health Manag 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.

This study aimed to comprehensively evaluate whether income affects long-term health outcomes for older patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) provided by a universal health coverage system. Data were from the Latter Stage Elderly Healthcare Insurance database in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. A total of 5625 individuals aged ≥65 years who underwent PCI in 2014-2016 were included. Read More

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Rates of revascularization and PCI: CABG ratio: a new indicator predicting in-hospital mortality in acute coronary syndromes.

Coron Artery Dis 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Cardiology Section, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, Medical College of Wisconsin, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objective: The principal trend in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is increasing utilization of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) and declining coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) utilization. This study was designed to evaluate whether higher PCI:CABG ratios lead to higher in-hospital PCI or CABG mortality.

Methods: The National Readmission Database for years 2016 was queried for all hospitalized ACS patients who underwent coronary revascularization during their admission. Read More

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Diagnostic Performance of Selected Baseline Electrocardiographic Parameters for Prediction of Left Ventricular Remodeling in Patients with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

J Clin Med 2021 May 29;10(11). Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Cardiology and Internal Medicine, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, ul. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 9, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland.

To evaluate the diagnostic performance of selected baseline electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters as predictors of left ventricular remodeling (LVR) in patients with a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The study was performed as a single-center cohort study, with 249 patients (74.7% males) included in the final analysis. Read More

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CTO in contemporary PCI.

Curr Cardiol Rev 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Cardiology, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTO) represents the most challenging procedure in modern endovascular treatments. In recent years, the success rate of CTO PCI has substantially improved, owing to increasing operator expertise and advancements in CTO equipment and algorithms as well as the development of expert consensus documents. In this review, we summarize existing evidence for CTO PCI, its success/ risk prediction scoring tools, procedural principles and complications and provide an insight into the future role of CTO PCI. Read More

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Phytoremediation of metals by colonizing plants developed in point bars in the channeled bed of the Dilúvio Stream, Southern Brazil.

Int J Phytoremediation 2021 May 25:1-7. Epub 2021 May 25.

Soil Department, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Urban rivers are intensely impacted by pollution with metals resulting from anthropogenic activities, and these elements present in water and sediments can be ecofriendly phytoremediated. This study aimed to evaluate the levels of metals in the sediments and colonizing plants growing in point bars in the channeled bed of the Dilúvio Stream, Southern Brazil. Sediment and plants were sampled at five-point bars with consolidated vegetation. Read More

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Trajectories of cognitive performance over five years in a prospective cohort of patients with breast cancer (NEON-BC).

Breast 2021 May 15;58:130-137. Epub 2021 May 15.

EPIUnit - Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Taipas, 135, 4050-600, Porto, Portugal; Laboratório para a Investigação Integrativa e Translacional em Saúde Populacional (ITR), Rua das Taipas, 135, 4050-600, Porto, Portugal; Departamento de Ciências da Saúde Pública e Forenses e Educação Médica, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Alameda Professor Hernâni Monteiro, 4200-319, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:

Purpose: To identify trajectories of cognitive performance up to five years since diagnosis and their predictors, in a cohort of patients with breast cancer (BCa).

Methods: A total of 464 women with BCa admitted to the Portuguese Institute of Oncology, Porto, during 2012, were evaluated with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) before any treatment, and after one, three and five years. Probable cognitive impairment (PCI) at baseline was defined based on normative age- and education-specific reference values. Read More

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Intake salinity water by creole goats in a controlled environment: ingestive behavior and physiological variables.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 May 19;53(3):333. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Paraiba, Paraiba State, Areia City, 58397000, Brazil.

The study aimed to verify the effect of water salinity and environmental temperature on the physiological variables (respiratory rate, heart rate, rectal temperature, and surface temperature) and ingestive behavior (rumination, feeding, drinking, and idle) of creole goats. Thirty-six males with an average age of 5.0 ± 0. Read More

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P2Y12 Inhibitor Monotherapy Versus Conventional Dual Antiplatelet Therapy or Aspirin Monotherapy in Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Pooled Analysis of the SMART-DATE and SMART-CHOICE Trials.

Am J Cardiol 2021 Jul 16;150:47-54. Epub 2021 May 16.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Heart Vascular Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Controversy remains regarding the optimal antiplatelet regimen in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study sought to investigate the efficacy and safety of P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy compared with conventional dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) and aspirin monotherapy in patients with ACS undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Data on 4,453 patients were pooled from SMART-DATE and SMART-CHOICE randomized trials. Read More

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White blood cell count and clinical outcomes after left main coronary artery revascularization: insights from the EXCEL trial.

Coron Artery Dis 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

The Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Clinical Trials Center, Cardiovascular Research Foundation Center for Interventional Vascular Therapy, Division of Cardiology, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, USA Division of Cardiology, University of California - San Diego, San Diego, California, USA Centre Hospitalier de l'Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands Department of Surgery, UH Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA Department of Cardiology, National University of Ireland Galway (NUIG), Galway, Ireland Imperial College of London, London, UK.

Background: Prior studies have reported an association between elevated white blood cell count (WBCc) and worse clinical outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We assessed the prognostic impact of WBCc in patients undergoing revascularization for left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD).

Methods: In Evaluation of XIENCE Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization (EXCEL), 1905 patients with LMCAD and low or intermediate SYNTAX scores were randomized to PCI with everolimus-eluting stents versus CABG. Read More

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Impact of Postprocedural High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein on Lipoprotein(a)-Associated Cardiovascular Risk with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Am J Cardiol 2021 Jul 15;150:8-14. Epub 2021 May 15.

Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Shenzhen, China; Department of Cardiology, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

This study aimed to investigate the impact of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) on Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] associated cardiovascular risk in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 2318 STEMI-PCI patients were retrospectively recruited, and further stratified based on postprocedural hsCRP levels (≥ 2 vs < 2 mg/L). Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were defined as all-cause death, myocardial infarction and stroke. Read More

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Intravascular Ultrasound Versus Angiography-Guided Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation: A Health Economic Analysis.

Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2021 May 18;14(5):e006789. Epub 2021 May 18.

The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia (J.Z., D.L., S.J.D., J.S., A.W., W.C., D.S.).

Background: There is increasing evidence that use of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with improved clinical outcomes compared with angiography guidance alone. However, concern regarding the cost-effectiveness of IVUS has limited use of this technology worldwide. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of IVUS-guided PCI compared with angiography-guided PCI in patients undergoing drug-eluting stent implantation. Read More

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Comparison of the Efficacy of Danhong Injections at Different Time-points During the Perioperative Period of Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Front Pharmacol 2021 29;12:643446. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Evidence-Based Medicine Research Centre, Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanchang, China.

Danhong injections (DHI) are widely used in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). As there are no guidelines for the timing of DHI in the peri-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) period for AMI, we investigated the effects of DHI timing. We reviewed reports published before September 30, 2020 in PubMed, embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Chinese BioMedical database, Chinese VIP database, Wanfang database, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database. Read More

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Sex Differences Among Patients With High Risk Receiving Ticagrelor With or Without Aspirin After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Subgroup Analysis of the TWILIGHT Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Cardiol 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

The Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Importance: Shortened dual antiplatelet therapy followed by potent P2Y12 receptor inhibitor monotherapy reduces bleeding without increasing ischemic events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Objective: To explore sex differences and evaluate the association of sex with outcomes among patients treated with ticagrelor monotherapy vs ticagrelor plus aspirin.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This was a prespecified secondary analysis of TWILIGHT, an investigator-initiated, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial conducted at 187 sites across 11 countries. Read More

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Percutaneous management of calcified coronary arteries - review of atherectomy and lithotripsy devices and why it is important.

Curr Opin Cardiol 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Division of Cardiology, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Purpose Of Review: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) predisposes to suboptimal revascularization outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Despite the availability of several plaque modification devices, their rates of use remain low despite the prevalence of CAC encountered in clinical practice. It is important to understand how each device can be utilized in clinical practice in order to improve outcomes after PCI. Read More

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Longitudinal Patterns in Antithrombotic Therapy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in the Non-Vitamin K Oral Anticoagulant Era: A Nationwide Population-Based Study.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 4;10(7). Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 03080, Korea.

We investigated whether longitudinal patterns in antithrombotic therapy have changed after the introduction of non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Using a claims database of the Korean AF population who underwent PCI between 2012 and 2016 ( = 18,691), we analyzed prescription records of oral anticoagulants (OACs) and antiplatelets at 3-month intervals over 2 years after PCI. The study population was stratified (pre-NOAC, transition, and NOAC era) using time-periods of NOAC introduction in Korea and an expansion of reimbursement for NOAC in AF as indicators. Read More

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Comparison of outcomes for percutaneous coronary intervention in men and women with unprotected left main disease.

J Geriatr Cardiol 2021 Mar;18(3):168-174

Department of Cardiology, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCAD) is increasing strategy in coronary artery patients. However, there is a lack of knowledge on the impact of sex on outcomes of patients undergoing ULMCAD PCI.

Methods: From January 2004 to December 2015, there were 3,960 patients undergoing ULMCAD PCI at our institution, including 3,121 (78. Read More

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Very Elderly Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes Treated With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Heart Lung Circ 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Cardiology, Waitemata District Health Board, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: The rates of very elderly patients (≥85 years old) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are rapidly increasing. They are under-represented in clinical trials, and those who are included may not reflect the real-world population. We aim to review the clinical characteristics of very elderly patients undergoing PCI for ACS and identify factors associated with adverse outcomes. Read More

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Factors associated with survival in small cell lung cancer: an analysis of real-world national audit, chemotherapy and radiotherapy data.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Apr 9;10(4):4055-4068. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK; Department of Respiratory Medicine, Nottingham University Hospitals, Nottingham, UK.

Background: The mainstay of treatment for small cell lung cancer (SCLC) involves platinum doublet chemotherapy but the optimal duration, 4 vs. 6 cycles, is not known. Concurrent thoracic radiotherapy followed by prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) is recommended for fit individuals with limited stage. Read More

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Impact of provincial and national implementation strategies on P2Y12 inhibitor utilization for acute coronary syndrome in the elderly: an interrupted time series analysis from 2008 to 2018.

Implement Sci 2021 Apr 21;16(1):42. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Guidelines recommend both acetylsalicylic acid and ticagrelor following acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but appropriate prescription practices lag. We analyzed the impact of government medication approval, national guideline updates, and publicly funded drug coverage plans on P2Y12 inhibitor utilization.

Methods: Accessing provincial databases, we obtained data for elderly ACS patients in Ontario, Canada, between 2008 and 2018. Read More

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The association of baseline N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide with short and long-term prognosis following percutaneous coronary intervention in non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome with multivessel coronary artery disease: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Apr 21;21(1):202. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coronary Heart Disease Prevention, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, 510100, China.

Background: Several studies have shown that N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is strongly correlated with the complexity of coronary artery disease and the prognosis of patients with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), However, it remains unclear about the prognostic value of NT-proBNP in patients with NSTE-ACS and multivessel coronary artery disease (MCAD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Therefore, this study aimed to reveal the relationship between NT-proBNP levels and the prognosis for NSTE-ACS patients with MCAD undergoing successful PCI.

Methods: This study enrolled 1022 consecutive NSTE-ACS patients with MCAD from January 2010 to December 2014. Read More

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Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography in Patients With Versus Without Prior Myocardial Infarction or Coronary Revascularization: A Nationwide Cohort Study.

Cureus 2021 Mar 16;13(3):e13921. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Gastroenterology, Mayo Clinic in Arizona, Scottsdale, USA.

Background Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) can be associated with complications, including precipitation of peri-procedural myocardial ischemia. However, data regarding the trends and impact of previous myocardial infarction (MI) and/or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on ERCP outcomes remains unknown. Methods Using the National Inpatient Sample (2007-2014) and relevant ICD-9-CM codes, we identified adults who underwent ERCP with (Group 1) and without (Group 2) prior history of MI/PCI/CABG, and compared their demographics, comorbidities, and inpatient outcomes. Read More

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Analysis of individualized antiplatelet therapy for patients of acute coronary syndrome after percutaneous coronary intervention under the guidance of platelet function: A one-center retrospective cohort study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(16):e25601

Department of Cardiology, Tianjin Union Medical Center.

Abstract: There is controversy in clinical application of antiplatelet drugs by monitoring platelet function. Therefore, we explored whether early and dynamic medication could bring better clinical outcomes for patients under the guidance of platelet function tests (PFT).In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed the prognostic events of 1550 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) at Tianjin People's Hospital in China. Read More

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Robotic-assisted PCI: The future of coronary intervention?

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Cardiology, Royal Free Hospital, London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Robotic percutaneous coronary intervention (R-PCI) is a novel approach to performing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) whereby the operator can utilise remotely controlled technology to manipulate guidewires and catheter devices. This enables the procedure to be undertaken from within a radiation-shielded cockpit. Success in early trials has led to the release of commercially available robotic platforms which have now received regulatory approval and are available for use in clinical practice. Read More

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Real world perspective of coronary chronic total occlusion in third world countries: A tertiary care centre study from northern India.

Indian Heart J 2021 Mar-Apr;73(2):156-160. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Advanced Cardiac Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, PGIMER, Chandigarh, 160012, India. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics, angiographic profile and predictors of outcome for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) in a tertiary referral centre of north India.

Background: There is no data on the prevalence and very few reports on clinical characteristics, angiographic profile and outcome of PCI in CTO from India.

Methods: Retrospective analysis was done for the data of 12,020 patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) between January 2018 to January 2019 at our centre. Read More

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Long-Term Outcomes of Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack after Non-Emergency Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Jul 14;30(7):105786. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Cardiology, National University Heart Centre Singapore, Singapore; Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Objectives: Non-emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has lower risk of stroke than emergency PCI. With increasing elective PCI and increasing risk of stroke after PCI, risk factors for stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) in non-emergency PCI and long-term outcomes needs to be better characterised. We aim to identify risk factors for cerebrovascular accidents in patients undergoing non-emergency PCI and long-term outcomes after stroke or TIA. Read More

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Multicentre cohort study of the impact of percutaneous coronary intervention on patients with concurrent cancer and ischaemic heart disease.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Apr 13;21(1):177. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Cancer Control Centre, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka, Japan.

Background: The incidence of concurrent cancer and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is increasing; however, the long-term patient prognoses remain unclear.

Methods: Five-year all-cause mortality data pertaining to patients in the Osaka Cancer Registry, who were diagnosed with colorectal, lung, prostate, and gastric cancers between 2010 and 2015, were retrieved and analysed together with linked patient administrative data. Patient characteristics (cancer type, stage, and treatment; coronary risk factors; medications; and time from cancer diagnosis to index admission for percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI] or IHD diagnosis) were adjusted for propensity score matching. Read More

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Dual therapy with an oral non-vitamin K antagonist and a P2Y12 inhibitor vs triple therapy with aspirin, a P2Y12 inhibitor and a vitamin K antagonist for the treatment of diabetes mellitus patients with co-existing atrial fibrillation following percutaneous coronary intervention: A meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(15):e25546

Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Jingzhou Central Hospital, Jingzhou Clinical Medical College, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei, PR China.

Background: In this analysis, we aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of dual therapy (DT) with a non-vitamin K oral anticoagulant (NOAC) and an adenosine diphosphate receptor antagonist (P2Y12 inhibitor) vs triple therapy (TT) with aspirin, a P2Y12 inhibitor and a vitamin K antagonist for the treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with co-existing atrial fibrillation (AF) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), http://www.ClinicalTrials. Read More

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