4,843 results match your criteria patients sarcopenia


Are muscle parameters obtained by computed tomography associated with outcome after esophagectomy for cancer?

Clin Nutr 2021 May 1;40(6):3729-3740. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background & Aims: Esophageal cancer patients often suffer from cancer-related malnutrition and, as a result, sarcopenia. Whether sarcopenia worsens the outcome after esophagectomy is unclear. Inconsistent study results are partly caused by varying cut-off values used for defining sarcopenia. Read More

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Additive Value of Preoperative Sarcopenia and Lymphopenia for Prognosis Prediction in Localized Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma.

Front Oncol 2021 27;11:683289. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Medical Oncology, University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France.

Background: Surgical resection with adjuvant chemotherapy is the only treatment that can provide long term survival in localized pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (LPDAC). Notwithstanding, recurrence occurs in the vast majority of patients and a better stratification of preoperative therapies is required. This study aimed to investigate preoperative immunological and nutritional factors to predict relapse-free survival (RFS) in patients with LPDAC. Read More

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Cross-Sectional Examination of Homocysteine Levels with Sarcopenia and Its Components in Memory Clinic Outpatients.

J Alzheimers Dis 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Center for Comprehensive Care and Research on Memory Disorders, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, Japan.

Background: Homocysteine is a common risk factor for cognitive impairment and sarcopenia. However, very few studies have shown an association between sarcopenia and serum homocysteine levels after adjustment for cognitive function.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between homocysteine and sarcopenia in memory clinic patients. Read More

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Corrigendum to 'Tangible dynamic changes in resilience, nutrition, and leisure activity of older patients with cardiovascular disease and possible sarcopenia: A longitudinal study' [Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics AGG, Volume 91, July-August 2021, 104416].

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2021 Jun 10;96:104456. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Taipei Municipal Gan-Dau Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, No.12, 225 Lane, Zhi-Sing Road, Taipei Taiwan, 11260, Taiwan, ROC.

Aim And Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the inter-relationships among resilience, nutrition, and leisure activity of older patients with cardiovascular disease and possible sarcopenia. Besides, the patterns of these three variables over a long-term follow-up was examine.

Material And Methods: Quantitative longitudinal study design was used in this study. Read More

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Association between preoperative low muscle mass and psychological factors after surgery among patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: A longitudinal study.

J Clin Neurosci 2021 Jul 27;89:8-14. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Rehabilitation Division, Tottori University Hospital, 36-1 Nishi-cho, Yonago, Tottori 683-8504, Japan; School of Health Science, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, 86 Nishi-cho, Yonago, Tottori 683-8503, Japan.

It remains controversial whether preoperative low muscle mass affects clinical outcomes after lumbar surgery. Previous studies evaluated outcomes such as pain, quality of life, and disability, but none investigated preoperative low muscle mass and psychological factors. The purpose of this study was to clarify the association between preoperative low muscle mass and postoperative psychological factors in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Read More

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Utility of preoperative CT-based body metrics in relation to postoperative complications in pediatric liver transplant recipients.

Liver Transpl 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Computed tomography (CT) derived body metrics such as skeletal muscle index (SMI), psoas muscle index (PMI), and subcutaneous fat index (ScFI) are measurable components of sarcopenia, frailty, and nutrition. While these body metrics are advocated in adults for predicting postoperative outcomes after liver transplantation (LT), little is known about the value in pediatric populations. This study assessed the relation between preoperative CT-based body metrics and postoperative short-term outcomes in pediatric LT recipients. Read More

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Impact of skeletal muscle mass in patients with recurrent gastric cancer.

World J Surg Oncol 2021 Jun 11;19(1):170. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Gastrointestinal and Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, 36-1 Nishi-cho, Yonago, 683-8504, Japan.

Background: We retrospectively examined the relationship among skeletal muscle mass index (SMI), prognosis, and chemotherapy side effects in patients with recurrent gastric cancer (RGC).

Methods: Sixty-seven patients who developed recurrence after undergoing curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer at Tottori University Hospital and received palliative chemotherapy were included in this study. Pretreatment computed tomography was performed to measure the skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and cross-sectional SMM at the third lumbar vertebra. Read More

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Survival motor neuron deficiency slows myoblast fusion through reduced myomaker and myomixer expression.

J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Genetics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, F. Edward Hébert School of Medicine, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Background: Spinal muscular atrophy is an inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by insufficient levels of the survival motor neuron (SMN) protein. Recently approved treatments aimed at increasing SMN protein levels have dramatically improved patient survival and have altered the disease landscape. While restoring SMN levels slows motor neuron loss, many patients continue to have smaller muscles and do not achieve normal motor milestones. Read More

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Clinical and prognostic role of sarcopenia in elderly patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma: a multicentre experience.

J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Hematology, ASST Spedali Civili, Brescia, Italy.

Background: Elderly classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) (ecHL) is a rare disease with dismal prognosis and no standard treatment. Fitness-based approaches may help design appropriate treatments. Sarcopenia has been associated with an increased risk of treatment-related toxicities and worse survival in various solid tumours, but its impact in ecHL is unknown. Read More

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Screening for Sarcopenia (Physical Frailty) in the COVID-19 Era.

Int J Endocrinol 2021 21;2021:5563960. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Psychiatry, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Although the numbers of aged populations have risen considerably in the last few decades, the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has revealed an extensive vulnerability among these populations. Sarcopenia is an age-related disorder that increases hospitalization, dependencies, and mortality in older adults. It starts to develop in midlife or even earlier as a result of unbalanced diet/poor nutrition and low levels of physical activity, in addition to chronic disorders such as obesity and diabetes mellitus. Read More

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Low preoperative skeletal muscle density is predictive for negative postoperative outcomes in older women with ovarian cancer.

Gynecol Oncol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden University, Department of Medical Oncology, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Objective: To determine the predictive value of lumbar skeletal muscle mass and density for postoperative outcomes in older women with advanced stage ovarian cancer.

Methods: A multicenter, retrospective cohort study was performed in women ≥ 70 years old receiving surgery for primary, advanced stage ovarian cancer. Skeletal muscle mass and density were assessed in axial CT slices on level L3. Read More

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The role of SARC-F scale in predicting progression risk of COVID-19 in elderly patients: a prospective cohort study in Wuhan.

BMC Geriatr 2021 06 10;21(1):355. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Global Health Research Center, Duke Kunshan University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: Since the outbreak of COVID-19, it has been documented that old age and underlying illnesses are associated with poor prognosis among COVID-19 patients. However, it is unknown whether sarcopenia, a common geriatric syndrome, is associated with poor prognosis among older COVID-19 patients. The aim of our prospective cohort study is to investigate the association between sarcopenia risk and severe disease among COVID-19 patients aged ≥60 years. Read More

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Gender differences in multifidus fatty infiltration and sarcopenia and association with preoperative pain and functional disability in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis.

Spine J 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Spine Surgery Unit, Neurosurgical Department, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel. Electronic address:

Background: In patients with lumbar spinal stenosis, female gender has been associated with higher pain and functional disability. Sarcopenia and multifidus atrophy have also been associated with symptomatic severity.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if gender differences in sarcopenia and multifidus atrophy are associated with gender disparities in disease symptomatology. Read More

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The role of sarcopenia in the pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 May;25(10):3670-3678

Department of Hepato-Bilio-Pancreatic Surgery, San Salvatore Hospital, L'Aquila, Italy.

Objective: Pancreaticoduodenectomy is still associated with prolonged hospitalization and with a lot of complications. For these reasons, it is fundamental to improve strategies for preoperative risk stratification, and sarcopenia is one of the new identified markers of frailty. The purpose of our study was to retrospectively detect sarcopenia in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy and evaluate its importance as a preoperative marker. Read More

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Effect of low tongue pressure on nutritional status and improvement of swallowing function in sarcopenic dysphagia.

Nutrition 2021 Apr 28;90:111295. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Human Culture and Science, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan.

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of low tongue pressure on the improvement of swallowing function in people with sarcopenic dysphagia and ongoing dysphagia or physical rehabilitation. In addition, we investigated whether sarcopenic dysphagia at admission was associated with severity of malnutrition.

Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of 146 people with sarcopenic dysphagia (mean age 84. Read More

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Comparison between skeletal muscle and adipose tissue measurements with high-dose CT and low-dose attenuation correction CT of F-FDG PET/CT in elderly Hodgkin lymphoma patients: a two-centre validation.

Br J Radiol 2021 Jul 9;94(1123):20200672. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Nuclear Medicine, University of Brescia and ASST Spedali Civili Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Objectives: High-dose CT (HDCT) is considered the gold-standard imaging for the measurements of skeletal muscle area (SMA), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and intramuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) areas in the abdomen. These parameters may reflect sarcopenia, which can have a prognostic impact in several oncological diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the agreement of measurements of SMA, VAT, SAT and IMAT areas between HDCT and low-dose CT (LDCT) of 18-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (F-FDG PET)/CT in elderly patients affected by Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Read More

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The relationship between primary sarcopenia and SARC-F, serum MMP9, TIMP1 levels, and MMP9/TIMP1 ratio in the geriatric patients.

Eur Geriatr Med 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpaşa mahallesi Kocamustafapaşa Caddesi no:34/E Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between serum MMP9 (Matrix metalloproteinase), TIMP1 (Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase) levels and MMP9/TIMP1 ratio and primary sarcopenia in geriatric patients, and compare the diagnostic accuracy of such biomarkers with that of the SARC-F score.

Methods: A total of 88 patients aged 65 years and older were assessed in the study. Comorbidities and geriatric syndromes were determined and patients with secondary sarcopenia were excluded. Read More

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Closed-loop artificial endocrine pancreas from Japan.

Artif Organs 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Departments of Surgery, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, Kochi, Japan.

The development of a closed-loop artificial pancreas (AP) in the Western countries and Japan is different. In Western countries, wearable AP with a closed-loop glycemic control system has been developed as a treatment for patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. On the contrary, in Japan, bedside closed-loop AP explored by a Japanese company (Nikkiso, Tokyo, Japan) has developed as perioperative glycemic control device in surgical patients and acute care patients with emergency. Read More

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The prognostic value of sarcopenia combined with preoperative fibrinogen-albumin ratio in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma after surgery: A multicenter, prospective study.

Cancer Med 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Background: To explore the prognostic value of the fibrinogen-albumin ratio (FAR) combined with sarcopenia in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) patients after surgery and to develop a nomogram for predicting the survival of ICC patients.

Materials And Methods: In this prospective cohort study, 116 ICC patients who underwent radical surgery were enrolled as the discovery cohort and another independent cohort of 68 ICC patients was used as the validation cohort. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze prognosis. Read More

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Four weeks of electromyostimulation improves muscle function and strength in sarcopenic patients: a three-arm parallel randomized trial.

J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health, University of Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Germany.

Background: Sarcopenia, defined as loss of muscle mass, quality, and function, is associated with reduced quality of life and adverse health outcomes including disability and mortality. Electromyostimulation (EMS) has been suggested to attenuate the loss of muscle mass and function in elderly, sedentary individuals. This study aimed to investigate the effects of EMS on muscle strength and function during 4 weeks of inpatient medical rehabilitation. Read More

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Associations Between Obesity With Low Muscle Mass and Physical Function in Patients With End-Stage Knee Osteoarthritis.

Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 2021 27;12:21514593211020700. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju National University College of Medicine, Jeju, Republic of Korea.

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of obesity with low muscle mass and its impact on physical function, quality of life (QOL) and pain in patients with end-stage knee osteoarthritis over 65 years old.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we assessed a total of 562 patients. After separating the group into males and females, we divided patients into 4 further groups: normal BMI with normal muscle mass, obesity with normal muscle mass, normal BMI with low muscle mass and obesity with low muscle mass. Read More

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Interactions of the microbiome with pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches for the management of ageing-related musculoskeletal diseases.

Ther Adv Musculoskelet Dis 2021 20;13:1759720X211009018. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Division of Bone Diseases, Geneva University Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Rue Gabrielle Perret Gentil 4, Geneva 1205, Switzerland.

Despite major progress in the understanding of the pathophysiology and therapeutic options for common ageing-related musculoskeletal conditions (i.e. osteoporosis and associated fractures, sarcopenia and osteoarthritis), there is still a considerable proportion of patients who respond sub optimally to available treatments or experience adverse effects. Read More

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Sarcopenia and acute severe ulcerative colitis patients.

Authors:
M M Xiaofei Li

Dig Liver Dis 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of infectious diseases, YiWu Central Hospital, Zhejiang 322000, China. Electronic address:

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Severe loss of mechanical efficiency in COVID-19 patients.

J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

GRI-AFIRS, School of Health Sciences, TecnoCampus, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Mataró, Spain.

Background: There is limited information about the impact of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on the muscular dysfunction, despite the generalized weakness and fatigue that patients report after overcoming the acute phase of the infection. This study aimed to detect impaired muscle efficiency by evaluating delta efficiency (DE) in patients with COVID-19 compared with subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), ischaemic heart disease (IHD), and control group (CG).

Methods: A total of 60 participants were assigned to four experimental groups: COVID-19, COPD, IHD, and CG (n = 15 each group). Read More

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Effect of early intensive rehabilitation on the clinical outcomes of patients with acute stroke.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Rehabilitation, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan.

Aim: Intensive rehabilitation effectively improves physical functions in patients with acute stroke, but the frequency of intervention and its cost-effectiveness are poorly studied. This study aimed to examine the effect of early high-frequency rehabilitation intervention on inpatient outcomes and medical expenses of patients with stroke.

Methods: The study retrospectively included 1759 patients with acute stroke admitted to the Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital between 2013 and 2016. Read More

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Analysis of the Relationship Between Lower leg Muscle Mass and Preservation of Lower Extremity in Patients with Diabetic Foot Ulcer.

Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2021 Jun 7:15347346211024493. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, 65363Dong-A University, Busan, Korea.

This study aimed to determine how the muscle mass of the lower leg affects the preservation of the lower extremities in patients with diabetic foot ulcer. This study analyzed patients with diabetic foot ulcer between January 2014 and June 2018 with a follow-up of at least 2 years. Of these 181 patients whose ulcer is located distal to the metatarsophalangeal joint, which was categorized as grade ≤2 by the Wagner classification were classified into 4 grades: grade 0 (treated without amputation), grade 1 (amputation distal to the metatarsophalangeal joint), grade 2 (Ray, transmetatarsal, Lisfranc, and Chopart amputation), and grade 3 (Syme, below-knee, and above-knee amputation) according to the final amputation degree. Read More

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Osteosarcopenia is a potential predictor for the prognosis of patients who underwent hepatic resection for colorectal liver metastases.

Ann Gastroenterol Surg 2021 May 18;5(3):390-398. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Surgery Department of Surgery The Jikei University School of Medicine Minato-ku Japan.

Aim: We investigated the prognostic impact of osteosarcopenia, which is the combination of osteopenia and sarcopenia, in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) after hepatic resection.

Methods: One hundred and eighteen patients were analyzed retrospectively. Osteopenia was evaluated with computed tomographic measurement of pixel density in the midvertebral core of the 11th thoracic vertebra. Read More

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Performance of Bioelectrical Impedance and Anthropometric Predictive Equations for Estimation of Muscle Mass in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients.

Front Nutr 2021 21;8:683393. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Health Sciences, Ribeirão Preto Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are vulnerable to loss of muscle mass due to several metabolic alterations derived from the uremic syndrome. Reference methods for body composition evaluation are usually unfeasible in clinical settings. To evaluate the accuracy of predictive equations based on bioelectrical impedance analyses (BIA) and anthropometry parameters for estimating fat free mass (FFM) and appendicular FFM (AFFM), compared to dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), in CKD patients. Read More

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Prevalence of Sarcopenia and Its Association With Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis of Community-Dwelling Asian Population.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 20;8:681232. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, South Korea.

Sarcopenia is a major disease affecting mortality and quality of life in the elderly population. We performed a meta-analysis of studies on the community-dwelling population to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia and its association with diabetes. Databases were searched for studies published up to February 3, 2021, reporting the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with and without diabetes. Read More

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