Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm 2021 05 16;8(3). Epub 2021 Mar 16.
From the CORe (T.U., C.M., T.K.), Department of Medicine, the University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Department of Neurology and Center of Clinical Neuroscience (T.U., E.K.H., D.H.), Charles University in Prague, 1st Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital; Department of Radiology (J.K., M.V.), Charles University in Prague, First Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic; Buffalo Neuroimaging Analysis Center (N.B., M.G.D., R.Z.), Department of Neurology, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York; IRCCS (N.B.), Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Milan, Italy; Center for Biomedical Imaging at Clinical Translational Science Institute (R.Z.), University at Buffalo, State University of New York; and Melbourne MS Centre (T.K.), Department of Neurology, the Royal Melbourne Hospital, VIC, Australia.
Objective: To describe the dynamics of brain volume loss (BVL) at different stages of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), to describe the association between BVL and clinical measures, and to investigate an effect of treatment escalation on the rate of BVL.
Methods: Together, 1903 patients predominantly with RRMS from the Avonex-Steroids-Azathioprine cohort (N = 166), the study of early IFN-β1a treatment cohort (N = 180), and the quantitative MRI cohort (N = 1,557) with ≥2 MRI scans and ≥1-year of follow-up were included. Brain MRI scans (N = 7,203) were performed using a single 1. Read More