1,426,908 results match your criteria patients complications

Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction and Pulmonary Hypertension: Outcomes in SAVR.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, United States.

Background:  Severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) are independently associated with poor outcomes in cardiac surgery. We evaluated the relationship of several measures of LVDD, PH, and hemodynamic subtypes of PH including precapillary pulmonary hypertension(pcPH) and isolated post-capillary pulmonary hypertension(ipcPH) and combined pre and post capillary pulmonary hypertension(cpcPH) capillary PH to postoperative outcomes in a cohort of patients who underwent elective isolated-AVR.

Methods:  We evaluated ( = 206) patients in our local STS database who underwent elective isolated-AVR between 2014 and 2018, with transthoracic echocardiogram ( = 177) or right heart catheterization ( = 183) within 1 year of operation (or both,  = 161). Read More

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Lessons Learned After 760 Neurointerventions via the Upper Extremity Vasculature: Pearls and Pitfalls.

Neurosurgery 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: The radial approach has been gaining more widespread use by neurointerventionalists fueled by data from the cardiology literature showing better safety and overall reduced morbidity.

Objective: To present our institution's experience with the radial approach for neuroendovascular interventions in 614 consecutive patients who underwent a cumulative of 760 procedures.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed and identified neuroendovascular procedures performed via the upper extremity vasculature access site. Read More

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Thalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Spasmodic Dysphonia: A Phase I Prospective Randomized Double-Blind Crossover Trial.

Neurosurgery 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Division of Otolaryngology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Background: Adductor spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is a dystonia of the vocal folds causing difficulty with speech. The current standard of care is repeated botulinum toxin injections to weaken the adductor muscles. We sought to ameliorate the underlying neurological cause of SD with a novel therapy-deep brain stimulation (DBS). Read More

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A Systematic Review of Minimally Invasive Procedures for Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Too Minimal, Too Fast?

Neurosurgery 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Neurosurgery, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Cortico-amygdalohippocampectomy (CAH) is effective for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). Concerns regarding surgical morbidity have generated enthusiasm for more minimally invasive interventions. A careful analysis of current data is warranted before widespread adoption of these techniques. Read More

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Awake CT-guided percutaneous stylomastoid foramen puncture and radiofrequency ablation of facial nerve for treatment of hemifacial spasm.

J Neurosurg 2021 Apr 16:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

2Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California.

Objective: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a debilitating neuromuscular disorder with limited treatment options. The current study describes a novel minimally invasive procedure that provided effective and sustained relief for patients with HFS. The authors provide a detailed description of the awake CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the facial nerve for treatment of HFS, and they examine its clinical efficacy. Read More

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Flow-diverter stents in the early management of acutely ruptured brain aneurysms: effective rebleeding protection with low thromboembolic complications.

J Neurosurg 2021 Apr 16:1-8. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

4Neurology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel; and.

Objective: Flow-diverter stents (FDSs) are not generally used for the management of acutely ruptured aneurysms with associated subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Herein, the authors present their experience with FDSs in this scenario, focusing on the antiplatelet regimen, perioperative management, and outcome.

Methods: The authors retrospectively reviewed their institutional database for the treatment and outcomes of all patients with acutely ruptured aneurysms and associated SAH from July 2010 to September 2018 who had received an FDS implant as stand-alone treatment within 4 days after diagnosis. Read More

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Targeting accuracy of robot-assisted deep brain stimulation surgery in childhood-onset dystonia: a single-center prospective cohort analysis of 45 consecutive cases.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2021 Apr 16:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

1Department of Neurosurgery, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London.

Objective: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established treatment for pediatric dystonia. The accuracy of electrode implantation is multifactorial and remains a challenge in this age group, mainly due to smaller anatomical targets in very young patients compared to adults, and also due to anatomical abnormalities frequently associated with some etiologies of dystonia. Data on the accuracy of robot-assisted DBS surgery in children are limited. Read More

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The effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on wound healing, adhesion, and hemostasis after endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with nasal polyposis.

Am J Otolaryngol 2021 Mar 29;42(5):103010. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Prof. Dr. Cemil Tascioglu City Hospital, Otorhinolaryngology Department, Turkey.

Purpose: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most common chronic diseases seen worldwide. Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) has become a widely accepted procedure for medically refractory chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps. Prevention of revision surgery often depends on good wound healing and less adhesion formation. Read More

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Quality of life recovery after laparoscopic high uterosacral ligament suspension: a single centre observational study.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 Apr 1;260:212-217. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Università degli studi di Messina, Policlinico G. Martino, PID Ginecologia Oncologica e Chirurgia Ginecologica Miniinvasiva, Messina, Italy.

Objective: Laparoscopic high uterosacral ligament suspension (l-HUSLS) is a laparoscopic-transposed vaginal technique for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. Nowadays data regarding quality of life and sexual functions in patients who underwent l-HUSLS for pelvic organ prolapse are few and generic with most of the study investigating the anatomical outcome. For these reasons, the aim of our study is to evaluate these subjective outcomes in women undergoing this surgical procedure with the support of validated questionnaires. Read More

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Complications and outcomes following open laryngotracheal reconstruction: A 15 year experience at an Australian paediatric tertiary referral centre.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Mar 29;145:110687. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Paediatric Otolaryngology, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, The University of Sydney, Westmead, NSW, Australia; Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: To report on our experience with open pediatric laryngotracheal reconstruction (LTR) with cartilage interposition grafts over the past 15 years and document setbacks and factors that affect postoperative outcomes.

Method: A retrospective chart review was performed on all pediatric patients who underwent single and double-stage LTR at The Children's Hospital in Westmead between August 2004 and July 2019. The outcomes measured include the overall decannulation rate, rates of postoperative complications, need for subsequent procedures and postoperative functional results (dyspnea, stridor, voice impairment). Read More

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Patient Risk Factors Associated with 30- and 90- Day Readmission after Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Placement for Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus in Elderly Patients: A Nationwide Readmission Study.

World Neurosurg 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Department of Radiology & Biomedical Imaging, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. Electronic address:

Objective: For idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), risk stratifying patients and identifying those who are likely to fare well after ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VP) surgery may help improve quality of care and reduce unplanned readmissions. The aim of this study was to investigate the drivers of 30- and 90-day readmissions following VP shunt surgery for iNPH in elderly patients.

Methods: The Nationwide Readmission Database years 2013 - 2015 was queried. Read More

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Surgical management of diaphragmatic and thoracic endometriosis': a French multicentric descriptive study.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2021 Apr 13:102147. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of gynecology, Croix Rousse University Hospital, Hospices civils de Lyon (HCL), 103 Grande Rue de la Croix-Rousse, 69004 Lyon, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Surgical management of Diaphragmatic and thoracic endometriosis (DTE) is still controversial, a thoracic or an abdominal approach can be proposed.

Methods: We conducted a multicentric retrospective study in 8 thoracic, gynecology or digestive surgery units in 5 French university hospitals. The main objective was to review the current management of DTE. Read More

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Safety of transvaginal aspiration of cysts in pregnancies complicated with ovarian endometrioma.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2021 Apr 13:102146. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Kawagoe, Japan.

Objectives: Pregnancy complicated with ovarian endometrioma is a risk factor for preterm delivery and rupture or infection during pregnancy. This study aimed to clarify the effectiveness and safety of transvaginal aspiration during pregnancy for endometrioma diagnosed in the first trimester.

Design: This retrospective observational study included 8 pregnant women with endometrioma who underwent transvaginal cyst aspiration at 12-14 weeks (aspiration group) between March 2011-March 2018 and 23 pregnant women with endometrioma who refused aspiration during the same period (observation group). Read More

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The impact of modern radiotherapy on radiation-induced late sequelae: focus on early-stage mediastinal classical Hodgkin Lymphoma. A critical review by the Young Group of the Italian Association of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology (AIRO).

Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 2021 Apr 13:103326. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Introduction: The historically feared radiation-induced secondary cancers and cardiac toxicities observed among mediastinal classical Hodgkin Lymphoma (cHL) patients may still negatively burden the benefit of radiotherapy among long-term survivors. Modern radiotherapy (RT) delivery techniques, including intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) and deep inspiration breath-hold (DIBH) solutions, are drastically changing this scenario. Results of a literature overview are reported and discussed in this paper. Read More

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Imported scrub typhus in Europe: report of three cases and a literature review.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2021 Apr 13:102062. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Infectious/Tropical Diseases and Microbiology (DITM), IRCCS Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, Negrar, Verona, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Scrub typhus is a vector-borne rickettsial infection, which can cause relevant morbidity and mortality. While the number of cases is around a million per year globally, the infection is seldom diagnosed in travellers from Europe.

Methods: We herein report three cases diagnosed in Italian travellers and review the literature about imported cases in Europe in the last 60 years. Read More

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Admission levels of Soluble Urokinase Plasminogen Activator Receptor (suPAR) Associate with Development of Severe Complications in Hospitalised COVID-19 Patients: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Zayed Center for Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, United Arab Emirates; Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Medical University of Graz, Austria.

Objective: To examine the association between plasma levels of the soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) and the incidence of severe complications of COVID-19.

Methods: 403 RT-PCR-confirmed COVID-19 patients were recruited and prospectively followed-up at a major hospital in the United Arab Emirates. The primary endpoint was time from admission until the development of a composite outcome, including acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), intensive care unit (ICU) admission, or death from any cause. Read More

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A Case of Rapidly Progressive Upper Limb Ischemic Necrosis in a Patient with COVID-19.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Departments of Keter B and Internal medicine E, Rabmbam health care campus, Haifa, Israel; Rappaort faculty of medicine, Technion, Israel institute of technology, Haifa, Israel. Electronic address:

Aim: For more than one year the health systems all over the world are combating the global Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, cased by a novel Corona virus (N-COV) which was first described in Wuhan city, China, presenting as an atypical infection of the lower respiratory tract.

Methods: COVID-19 is characterized by multisystemic involvement, and mortality is attributed mainly to the respiratory system involvement, which may lead to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome and respiratory failure. Several COVID-19 associated complications are being increasingly reported, among which arterial and venous thromboembolic events, that may lead to amputation of affected limbs. Read More

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Laparoscopic or open treatment for hepatic alveolar echinococcosis: A single-institution experience.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

State Key Laboratory of Pathogenesis, Prevention and Treatment of High Incidence Diseases in Central Asia, First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830054, PR China; Hepatobiliary & Hydatid Department, Digestive and Vascular Surgery Centre, First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830054, PR China. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of laparoscopy in the treatment of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (AE).

Methods: Between January 2018 and December 2019, 213 hepatic AE patients were admitted to the authors' department. Among them, 165 patients (77. Read More

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Cardiovascular risks of periodontitis and oral hygiene indicators in patients with diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes Metab 2021 Apr 13:101252. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Neurology, Yongin Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yongin-si, South Korea. Electronic address:

Aim: Periodontitis is a common chronic inflammatory disease prevalent in diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate periodontitis and poor oral hygiene as independent risk factors for either cerebral or myocardial infarction in the diabetes population.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 17,009 patients with diabetes who had participated in a nationwide health-screening programme, including oral health examination, during 2002-2003 in South Korea. Read More

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Klotho: a possible mechanism of action of SGLT2 inhibitors preventing episodes of acute kidney injury and cardiorenal complications of diabetes.

Drug Discov Today 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Department of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, Pilani Campus, Rajasthan-333031, India. Electronic address:

Diabetes and cardiorenal comorbidities are major global health concerns, with high economic burdens and mortality rates. Sodium glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) are novel US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved antihyperglycemics with unexpected protective potential against cardiorenal diseases in patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Despite initial concerns, the incidence of episodes of acute kidney injury (AKI) was significantly lower in patients taking SGLT2i compared with other therapies or placebo. Read More

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The Utility of Chest CT imaging in suspected or diagnosed COVID-19 Patients - a review of literature.

Chest 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Lenox Hill Hospital, Pulmonary Medicine. Electronic address:

The COVID-19 pandemic has had devastating medical and economic consequences globally. The severity of COVID-19 is related, in a large measure, to the extent of pulmonary involvement. The role of chest CT in the management of patients with COVID-19 has evolved since the onset of the pandemic. Read More

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Preoperative planning of Total Hip Arthroplasty. Must this essential part of the procedure be necessarily performed by the orthopedic surgeon? A prospective study about 100 Corail ® Hip System.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Dec;86(4):644-649

Currently, patients who undergo total hip arthroplasty want a complete restoration of their hip function and not only pain relief. Templating in THA is essential for accurately predicting the optimal size of the implants required. It also reduces the risk of potential complications. Read More

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December 2020

[Brodie's abscess, a pathology difficult to diagnose].

Rev Chil Pediatr 2020 Dec 1;91(6):947-952. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Departamento de Traumatología y Ortopedia, Hospital Clínico, Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Introduction: Acute osteoarticular infections in children are rare pathologies, therefore early diagnosis and prompt treatment are crucial to avoid acute and long-term complications. Brodie's abscess (BA) is an un common type of subacute osteomyelitis, difficult to diagnose, so clinical suspicion is essential. Ob jective: To describe a case of Brodie's abscess and its etiological and clinical features. Read More

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December 2020

[Severe combined immunodeficiency, report of chilean patients diagnosed during the 1999-2020 period].

Rev Chil Pediatr 2020 Dec 21;91(6):908-916. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Departamento de Pediatría, Hospital Luis Calvo Mackenna, Santiago, Chile.

Introduction: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is the most severe form of primary immunodeficiency. To date, there is little local information about this disease.

Objective: To describe the epidemiology, complications, prognosis, and use of the BCG vaccine in Chilean patients with SCID. Read More

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December 2020

[Prevalence of Arterial Hypertension in a neonatal intensive care unit].

Rev Chil Pediatr 2020 Dec 8;91(6):891-898. Epub 2020 Oct 8.

Hospital General de Niños Pedro de Elizalde, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction: The prevalence of neonatal hypertension in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) ranges between 3 and 9%. However, there is no current data on Latin America.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of neonatal hypertension and to assess its association with causes previously related to this condi tion. Read More

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December 2020

[Characterization of full term newborns with hypernatremic dehydration].

Rev Chil Pediatr 2020 Dec 8;91(6):874-880. Epub 2020 Oct 8.

Fundación Hospital Infantil Los Ángeles, San Juan de Pasto, Colombia.

Introduction: The hypernatremic neonatal dehydration is a severe condition whose incidence has increased in recent years resulting in complications leading to the hospitalization of the newborn.

Objective: Describe the clinical and laboratory characteristics of term-newborns with Hypernatremic Dehy dration diagnosis.

Patients And Method: Descriptive observational study of hospitalized term- newborns due to hypernatremic dehydration between a period from 2014 to 2016. Read More

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December 2020

'The medicine is not for sale': Practices of traditional healers in snakebite envenoming in Ghana.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Apr 16;15(4):e0009298. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Internal Medicine/Infectious Diseases, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Snakebite envenoming is a medical emergency which is common in many tropical lower- and middle-income countries. Traditional healers are frequently consulted as primary care-givers for snakebite victims in distress. Traditional healers therefore present a valuable source of information about how snakebite is perceived and handled at the community level, an understanding of which is critical to improve and extend snakebite-related healthcare. Read More

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"Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial of Ultra-modified Internal Sphincterotomy vs Closed Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy for Chronic Fissure-in-Ano".

Am Surg 2021 Apr 16:31348211011104. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Anesthesiology & Critical Care, 64052Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey.

Background: Currently, the lateral internal sphincterotomy is the treatment of choice for a chronic anal fissure (CAF). However, the length of the internal sphincter incision varies, due to lack of standardization. Insufficient length increases the risk of recurrence. Read More

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Cost-Benefit Analysis of Robotic vs. Laparoscopic Hepatectomy: A Propensity-Matched Retrospective Cohort Study of American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database.

Am Surg 2021 Apr 16:31348211011124. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Surgery, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ, USA.

Background: Robotic and laparoscopic hepatectomies having increased utilization as minimally invasive techniques are explored for hepatobiliary malignancies. Although the data on outcomes from these 2 approaches are emerging, the cost-benefit analysis of these approaches remains sparse. This study compares the costs associated with robotic vs. Read More

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No Difference in Morbidity or Mortality Between Octogenarians and Other Geriatric Burn Trauma Patients.

Am Surg 2021 Apr 16:31348211011122. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma, Burns and Surgical Critical Care, 8788University of California Irvine, Orange, CA, USA.

Background: Geriatric burn trauma patients (age ≥65 years) have a 5-fold higher mortality rate than younger adults. With the population of the US aging, the number of elderly burn and trauma patients is expected to increase. A past study using the National Burn Repository revealed a linear increase in mortality for those >65 years old. Read More

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