266,382 results match your criteria patients cervical


Dual-phase contrast-enhanced CT evaluation of dural arteriovenous fistula in patients with pulsatile tinnitus as an initial symptom.

Eur J Radiol 2021 Dec 31;148:110137. Epub 2021 Dec 31.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) can cause pulsatile tinnitus (PT). The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic performance of dual-phase contrast-enhanced CT (DP-CECT) for DAVF in PT patients compared with digital subtraction angiography (DSA).

Method: From February 2015 to April 2021, PT patients undergoing routine DSA examination were prospectively analyzed. Read More

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December 2021

Diagnosis and surgical repair of delayed tracheal perforation post thyroidectomy in context of previous cranio-spinal radiotherapy - A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jan 10;91:106761. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

General and Endocrine Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Rockingham General Hospital, Elanora Drive, Cooloongup, Western Australia 6168, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: This is the first case of delayed tracheal perforation post total thyroidectomy in the context of previous radiotherapy to the neck. Such a presentation can be easily misdiagnosed and managed as a seroma at significant risk to the patient, as the latter had no precipitating factors and cardiorespiratory compromise. There are nineteen previously described cases of delayed tracheal injury post thyroidectomy of variable severity and variable intervention. Read More

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January 2022

Anatomical factors that impede using the radial artery approach for carotid artery revascularization.

World Neurosurg 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, International University of Health & Welfare, 1-4-3 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: We investigated the anatomical characteristics that complicate utilizing the radial artery approach (RAA) for craniocervical intravascular intervention.

Methods: The data of 73 lesions in consecutive 65 patients who underwent transradial cervical carotid artery intervention was evaluated. We assessed the success rate of RAA in right-sided and left-sided lesions. Read More

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January 2022

Systemic Inflammatory Markers as Predictors of Postoperative Complications and Survival in Patients With Advanced Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Undergoing Free-Flap Reconstruction.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Dec 22. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Associate Professor, Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Centre Sestre milosrdnice, Zagreb, Croatia; University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of systemic inflammatory indices as factors for postoperative complications and survival in patients with advanced stages of p16-negative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma undergoing free-flap reconstruction.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. The primary predictor variables were inflammatory markers such as neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, and platelet count, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-monocyte ratio, derived NLR, systemic immune-inflammation, and systemic inflammatory marker index (SIM). Read More

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December 2021

Clinical factors associated with lower health scores in COVID-19 related persistent olfactory dysfunction.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2022 Jan 15. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA.

Background: Patients suffering from persistent COVID-19 olfactory dysfunction (OD) commonly report parosmia. Understanding the impact of COVID-19 OD and parosmia is critical to prioritizing research and interventions. This study investigates the impact of parosmia and other clinical and disease characteristics on health state utility values (HUVs) for those with persistent COVID-19 OD. Read More

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January 2022

Investigation of the causes of BCG refractory in patients treated with intracavitary BCG as secondary treatment in superficial bladder tumors with transurethral resection.

Int Urol Nephrol 2022 Jan 15. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

Department of Urology, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: Non-muscle invasive bladder cancers (NMIBC) tend to recur and progress over time. Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is an effective therapy for the treatment of NMIBC in that it reduces both recurrence and progression rates. The present study investigates the causes of BCG failure, with emphasis on those attributable to application errors by the practitioner and/or patient. Read More

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January 2022

Frequency reallocation based on cochlear place frequencies in cochlear implants: a pilot study.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2022 Jan 15. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Department, University Hospital of Verona, Piazzale Aristide Stefani, 1, 37126, Verona, Italy.

Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate speech perception outcomes after a frequency reallocation performed through the creation of an anatomically based map obtained with Otoplan, a tablet-based software that allows the cochlear duct length to be calculated starting from CT images.

Methods: Ten postlingually deafened patients who underwent cochlear implantation with MED-EL company devices from 2015 to 2019 in the Tertiary referral center University Hospital of Verona have been included in a retrospective study. The postoperative CT scans were evaluated with Otoplan; the position of the intracochlear electrodes was obtained, an anatomical mapping was carried out and then it was submitted to the patients. Read More

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January 2022

Barriers and facilitators to physical activity participation in patients with head and neck cancer: a scoping review.

Support Care Cancer 2022 Jan 15. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

Nursing College of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, 030001, China.

Background: Patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) usually experienced disfigurement, dysfunction, and psychosocial distress, leading to a decline in their quality of life. Physical activity (PA) is recommended for such patients. Despite the proven benefits of participating in PA, the compliance of patients with HNC is still poor. Read More

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January 2022

Steroid affected cytokines in aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Division of Rhinology, University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: Patients with aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) are among the most challenging rhinologic patients to treat. AERD has a complex inflammatory milieu of lipid mediators and cytokines. In this study we evaluated cytokine differences in the complex AERD environment at the mucus, epithelial and tissue levels. Read More

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January 2022

The Effect of Exercise for the Prevention of Bone Mass After Bariatric Surgery: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Obes Surg 2022 Jan 15. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure (CIAFEL), Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Plácido Costa, 91, 4200-450, Porto, Portugal.

We aimed to assess if exercise applied after bariatric surgery (BS) improves bone mineral density (BMD) compared to usual care. Systematic search was conducted up to January 2021. Effect measures were determined using standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Read More

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January 2022

Kearns-Sayre syndrome: expanding spectrum of a "novel" mitochondrial leukomyeloencephalopathy.

Neurol Sci 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Neuroradiology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan, Italy.

Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) is a rare mitochondrial disease associated to a widespread cerebral leukodystrophy. MRI shows a typical centripetal pattern where U-fibers are mainly affected with a relative spare of periventricular white matter. Recently, different patterns of spinal cord involvement have been described in KSS. Read More

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January 2022

An audit of dental assessments including orthopantomography and timing of dental extractions before radiotherapy for head and neck cancer.

Br Dent J 2022 Jan 14;232(1):38-43. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Faculty of Health and Social Care, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, UK; Liverpool Head and Neck Centre, Liverpool University Hospitals Aintree, Liverpool, UK.

Introduction Head and neck cancer (HNC) patients should receive a dental assessment at an appropriate time before commencing radiotherapy (RT), to prevent complications such as osteoradionecrosis (ORN) if extractions are required. A recent orthopantomogram radiograph (OPG) is part of this assessment.Aim To compare the delivery of pre-RT dental assessment at the Regional Oncology Centre against national guidelines in regard to OPG assessments and timing of extractions. Read More

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January 2022

Comparison of laminoplasty and posterior fusion surgery for cervical ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament.

Sci Rep 2022 Jan 14;12(1):748. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

This prospective multicenter study, established by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare and involving 27 institutions, aimed to compare postoperative outcomes between laminoplasty (LM) and posterior fusion (PF) for cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), in order to address the controversy surrounding the role of instrumented fusion in cases of posterior surgical decompression for OPLL. 478 patients were considered for participation in the study; from among them, 189 (137 and 52 patients with LM and PF, respectively) were included and evaluated using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores, the JOA Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOACMEQ), and radiographical measurements. Basic demographic and radiographical data were reviewed, and the propensity to choose a surgical procedure was calculated. Read More

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January 2022

Long-acting recombinant human interleukin-7, NT-I7, increases cytotoxic CD8 T cells and enhances survival in mouse glioma models.

Clin Cancer Res 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Radiation Oncology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine.

Purpose: Patients with glioblastoma (GBM) are treated with radiation therapy (RT) and temozolomide (TMZ). These treatments may cause prolonged systemic lymphopenia, which itself is associated with poor outcomes. NT-I7 is a long-acting IL-7 that expands CD4 and CD8 T cell numbers in humans and mice. Read More

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January 2022

Neurovascular abnormalities in patients with Loeys-Dietz syndrome type III.

Eur J Med Genet 2022 Jan 11:104424. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Department of Congenital Cardiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

The aim of this article is to describe neurovascular findings in patients with Loeys Dietz syndrome type III and their possible clinical impact. Loeys Dietz syndrome type III, caused by pathogenic SMAD3 variants, is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by aneurysms and arterial tortuosity in combination with osteoarthritis. Neurovascular abnormalities have been described in other heritable aortic syndromes, however, reliable data in Loeys Dietz syndrome type III is missing. Read More

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January 2022

Cervix Surgical uterine evacuation in patients with two cervices: a case series.

Contraception 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States.

Objectives: To describe the clinical circumstances, surgical approach, intraoperative challenges, and outcomes of patients with two cervices undergoing uterine evacuation for spontaneous, incomplete, or induced abortion at our institution.

Study Design: We used diagnostic and procedure codes related to uterine anomalies and uterine evacuation to identify patients with cervical duplication who underwent uterine evacuation at Penn Medicine from January 2008 to December 2020.

Results: We identified fifteen patients with cervical duplication in whom we performed uterine evacuations during nineteen pregnancies. Read More

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January 2022

Emergency repair of blunt traumatic bronchus injury presenting with massive air leak.

Chin J Traumatol 2021 Dec 22. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Trauma Surgery Unit, Department of General Surgery, Hospital Sultanah Aminah, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Blunt traumatic tracheobronchial injury is rare, but can be potentially life-threatening. It accounts for only 0.5%-2% of all trauma cases. Read More

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December 2021

Trends in treatment patterns and costs of care among patients with advanced stage cervical cancer.

Gynecol Oncol 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Current treatments for recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer (r/mCC) do not offer satisfactory clinical benefits, with most patients progressing beyond first-line (1L) treatment. With new treatments under investigation, understanding current treatment patterns, the impact of newly approved therapies, and total costs of care for r/mCC are important.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of a US commercial insurance claims database to identify adult patients with r/mCC between 2015 and Q1-2020; defining 1L treatment as the first administration of systemic treatment without concomitant chemoradiation or surgery. Read More

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January 2022

Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards 2022 (CHEERS 2022) Statement: Updated Reporting Guidance for Health Economic Evaluations.

Value Health 2022 Jan;25(1):3-9

Warwick Research in Nursing, University of Warwick Warwick Medical School, Warwick, UK.

Health economic evaluations are comparative analyses of alternative courses of action in terms of their costs and consequences. The Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) statement, published in 2013, was created to ensure health economic evaluations are identifiable, interpretable, and useful for decision making. It was intended as guidance to help authors report accurately which health interventions were being compared and in what context, how the evaluation was undertaken, what the findings were, and other details that may aid readers and reviewers in interpretation and use of the study. Read More

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January 2022

Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) 2022 Explanation and Elaboration: A Report of the ISPOR CHEERS II Good Practices Task Force.

Value Health 2022 Jan;25(1):10-31

Warwick Research in Nursing, University of Warwick Warwick Medical School, Warwick, UK.

Health economic evaluations are comparative analyses of alternative courses of action in terms of their costs and consequences. The Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) statement, published in 2013, was created to ensure health economic evaluations are identifiable, interpretable, and useful for decision making. It was intended as guidance to help authors report accurately which health interventions were being compared and in what context, how the evaluation was undertaken, what the findings were, and other details that may aid readers and reviewers in interpretation and use of the study. Read More

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January 2022

Assessing the Clinical Value of Objective and Patient-Reported Audiovestibular Outcome Measures in the Risk Estimation of Systemic Cobalt Toxicity for Patients With a Metal-on-Metal Hip Implant.

Ear Hear 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium; Health Innovation and Research Institute, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Ear Nose Throat, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium; Lab for Equilibrium Investigations and Aerospace, University of Antwerp, Belgium; Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Delta General Hospital Roeselare, Roeselare, Belgium; Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, General Hospital Herentals, Herentals, Belgium; Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Monica General Hospital Deurne, Deurne, Belgium; and ANCA Medical Centre, Sint-Martens-Latem, Belgium.

Objectives: Based on limited evidence from case reports and small cohort studies of metal-on-metal (MoM) hip implant patients with presumed systemic cobalt (Co) toxicity, and a few animal studies on Co-induced damage to the otovestibular system, it was hypothesised that Co exhibits an ototoxic potential alongside other systemic manifestations. Preliminary investigations from our research group in MoM patients confirmed this assumption for the auditory system, whereas no signs of Co-induced vestibular impairment were detected, and a clear dose-response relationship between the auditory function and the blood Co levels was lacking. Therefore, the current study aimed to extend and validate these findings in a larger sample of MoM patients and control subjects, to explore the potential clinical value of audiovestibular outcome measures in the risk estimation of systemic Co toxicity in this patient population. Read More

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January 2022

Trends for In- and Outpatient Thyroid Cancer Surgery in Older Adults in New York State, 2007-2017.

J Surg Res 2022 Jan 11;273:64-70. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Institute for Translational Epidemiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York; Department of Population Health Science and Policy, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York; Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Background: In view of the 2013 American Thyroid Association consensus statement on outpatient thyroidectomy, the present study assessed the trends and factors associated with thyroid cancer surgery setting in older adults, using the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database.

Materials And Methods: There were 14,495 patients with surgically treated thyroid cancer in New York State between 2007 and 2017. Trends were plotted over time and stratified by surgery type. Read More

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January 2022

Comparison of sagittal vertical axis and decompression on the clinical outcome of cervical spondylotic myelopathy.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2022 Jan 10;213:107125. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Joint Spine Centre, Vivantes Auguste Viktoria Klinikum, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: Decompression and cervical balance are major goals in the surgical treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Cervical balance is assumed to be a key factor for neurological recovery and pain reduction. Surgical reduction of C2-7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA) correlates with clinical improvement. Read More

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January 2022

Robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy with biodegradable ductal stenting (Archimedes BPS®).

Surg Oncol 2022 Jan 6;40:101706. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Federico II University Hospital, Naples, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Postoperative Pancreatic Fistula (POPF) development remains a challenge after pancreaticoduodenectomy, occurring in 3-45% of cases [1]. The placement of a trans-anastomotic Wirsung stent is usually done in high-risk patients to decrease incidence and severity of POPF.

Methods: Herein, we present a fully robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy with a biodegradable ductal stent interposition in a 47 y. Read More

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January 2022

The tumor immune microenvironments of HPV and HPV head and neck cancers.

WIREs Mech Dis 2021 Oct 19:e1539. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are the etiological agent of a significant, and increasing, fraction of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC)-a heterogenous group of malignancies in the head and neck region. HPV infection accounts for approximately 25% of all cases, with the remainder typically caused by smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. These distinct etiologies lead to profound clinical and immunological differences between HPV-positive (HPV ) and HPV-negative (HPV ) HNSCC, likely related to the expression of exogenous viral antigens in the HPV subtype. Read More

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October 2021

Aspirin Is an Effective Prophylaxis for Venous Thromboembolism in Ambulatory Patients with Femoral Neck Fracture Undergoing Hip Arthroplasty.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Rothman Orthopaedic Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: Although aspirin has been adopted as an effective and safe prophylaxis against venous thromboembolism (VTE) by the arthroplasty community, the role of aspirin in the prevention of VTE in the setting of arthroplasty for trauma remains insufficiently known. Therefore, the present multicenter study investigated the efficacy of aspirin as VTE prophylaxis for patients with femoral neck fracture undergoing total hip arthroplasty or hemiarthroplasty.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 1,141 patients with femoral neck fracture who underwent total hip arthroplasty or hemiarthroplasty from 2008 to 2018 at 3 different institutions. Read More

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January 2022

Arterial Atherosclerosis: Vascular Surgery Interventions.

Am Fam Physician 2022 Jan;105(1):65-72

East Carolina University and East Carolina Heart Institute, Greenville, NC, USA.

Atherosclerotic vascular disease is a leading cause of death worldwide. Atherosclerotic stenosis of the internal carotid or intracranial arteries causes up to 15% of strokes. Peripheral artery disease affects up to one in five people in the United States who are 60 years and older and nearly one-half of those who are 85 years and older. Read More

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January 2022

Anesthetic management of ventricular-peritoneal shunt implantation in osteogenesis imperfecta type IIB: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jan;101(1):e28483

Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara-cho, Okinawa, Japan.

Introduction: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), a rare congenital disorder, has a risk of bone fracture and progressive bone deformity. OI type II is the most serious subtype, and very few reports on its anesthetic management exist. Patients face several anesthetic difficulties, of which easy fracturing of OI-affected bones is critical. Read More

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January 2022

Analysis of the nystagmus characteristics of cupula diseases: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jan;101(1):e28211

Department of Otolaryngology, Longgang E.N.T. Hospital & Shenzhen Key Laboratory of E.N.T., Institute of E.N.T. Shenzhen, China.

Introduction: Clinically, there is a kind of patients with positional vertigo or dizziness, which occurs when they turn left or right, look down or up, lie down or sit up. With a long duration and varying frequency, it is not consistent with the manifestations of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). In addition, the persistent geotropic direction-changing positional nystagmus (PG-DCPN) was observed in a supine head-roll test. Read More

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January 2022

Occult craniocervical dissociation on cervical CT: an under-appreciated presentation of craniocervical trauma requiring occipital cervical fusion.

Emerg Radiol 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Florida College of Medicine - Jacksonville, 655 West 8th Street, Jacksonville, FL, 32209, USA.

Background And Purpose: Craniocervical dissociation is a rare and life-threatening injury that results from a significant hyperflexion-hyperextension force. Occult craniocervical dissociation is defined as an unstable craniocervical injury in the absence of atlanto-occipital joint space widening or other skull base line abnormality. The early and accurate diagnosis of craniocervical dissociation is crucial since the early diagnosis and subsequent stabilization with occipital-cervical fusion has been shown to reduce neurologic morbidity and mortality. Read More

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January 2022