18,434 results match your criteria pathway reporter


HOXD Antisense Growth-Associated Long Noncoding RNA Promotes Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Progression by Activating Wnt Signaling Pathway.

J Breast Cancer 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Breast Surgery, Zhengxing Hospital, Zhangzhou, China.

Purpose: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most lethal subtype of breast cancer owing to high heterogeneity, aggressive nature, and lack of treatment options, which has a substantial deleterious effect on patients' lives. HOXD antisense growth-associated long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) (HAGLR) plays tumor-promoting roles in many cancers. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of HAGLR in TNBC. Read More

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miR-141-5p suppresses vascular smooth muscle cell inflammation, proliferation, and migration via inhibiting the HMGB1/NF-κB pathway.

J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2021 Jun 14:e22828. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Pharmacy, Shanxi Cancer Hospital, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as significant modulators in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis (AS). Additionally, the dysregulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a crucial biological event during AS. Our study aimed to explore the functional roles and molecular mechanisms of miR-141-5p in VSMCs dysfunction. Read More

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Genes with 5' terminal oligopyrimidine tracts preferentially escape global suppression of translation by the SARS-CoV-2 NSP1 protein.

RNA 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

University of Texas at Austin

Viruses rely on the host translation machinery to synthesize their own proteins. Consequently, they have evolved varied mechanisms to co-opt host translation for their survival. SARS-CoV-2 relies on a non-structural protein, Nsp1, for shutting down host translation. Read More

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Long non-coding RNA CDKN2B-AS1 enhances LPS-induced apoptotic and inflammatory damages in human lung epithelial cells via regulating the miR-140-5p/TGFBR2/Smad3 signal network.

BMC Pulm Med 2021 Jun 14;21(1):200. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Intensive Care Unit, The Second Clinical Medical College, Jingzhou Central Hospital, Yangtze University, No. 1 Renmin Road, Jingzhou District, Jingzhou, 434000, Hubei, China.

Background: Sepsis is a complicated disease with systemic inflammation or organ dysfunction, and it is the leading cause of acute lung injury (ALI). Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have played important roles in the pathogenesis of sepsis. This study was designed to explore the biological function and regulatory mechanism of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2B antisense RNA 1 (CDKN2B-AS1) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung injury. Read More

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Expression of long non-coding RNA LUCAT1 in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its potential functions in regulating cigarette smoke extract-induced 16HBE cell proliferation and apoptosis.

J Clin Lab Anal 2021 Jun 14:e23823. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Blood Transfusion, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), characterized by persistent airflow limitation, was a disease mediated by a combination of inflammatory factors, immune cells, and immune mediators. COPD was an inflammatory and autoimmune disease involving T-lymphocytes triggered by cigarette smoke and other factors that progressively affected the bronchi, lung parenchyma, and pulmonary blood vessels. LncRNAs were reported to be implicated in COPD pathogenesis and development. Read More

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HDAC5 promotes intestinal sepsis via the Ghrelin/E2F1/NF-κB axis.

FASEB J 2021 Jul;35(7):e21368

Department of Respiratory, the First Hospital of Lanzhou University (the First School of Clinical Medicine), Lanzhou, P.R. China.

In the current study, we sought to determine the roles of histone deacetylase 5 (HDAC5) on the promotion of intestinal sepsis in a mouse model. Dual luciferase reporter gene assay was used to determine the binding relationship between HDAC5 and Ghrelin. Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was used as an animal model of intestinal sepsis. Read More

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MicroRNA-1178-3p suppresses the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma by regulating transducin (beta)-like 1 X-linked receptor 1.

Hum Cell 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery and Organ Transplantation, First Hospital of China Medical University, 155 Nanjing Street, Heping District, Shenyang, 110000, Liaoning, China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are implicated in various cancer-relevant cellular processes, including cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis. However, the function of miRNAs in hepatocellular cancer (HCC) has not been fully clarified. This study aimed to investigate the role of miR-1178-3p in HCC metastasis and try to reveal the potential mechanism. Read More

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lncRNA myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT) knockdown alleviates LPS-induced chondrocytes inflammatory injury via regulating miR-488-3p/sex determining region Y-related HMG-box 11 (SOX11) axis.

Open Life Sci 2021 31;16(1):511-522. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Orthopaedic, Taizhou Municipal Hospital, No. 381, Zhongshan East Road, Jiaojiang District, Taizhou 318000, Zhejiang, China.

Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) has been shown to be involved in the development of osteoarthritis (OA), an age-related bone and joint disease. However, the function and possible molecular mechanism of lncRNA myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced chondrocytes injury model remain unexplored. Cell viability and apoptosis were detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) and flow cytometry, respectively. Read More

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Exosomes Isolated From Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells Exert a Protective Effect on Osteoarthritis via lncRNA LYRM4-AS1-GRPR-miR-6515-5p.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 28;9:644380. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Orthopedics, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exosomes isolated from human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on osteoarthritis (OA) and a competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network.

Methods: Exosomes were isolated from human BMSCs and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Nanosight (NTA), and western blotting. Chondrocytes were treated with interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and then transfected with exosomes. Read More

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si-MALAT1 attenuates thymic cancer cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis via the miR-145-5p/HMGA2 pathway.

Authors:
Sheng Tan Jili Chen

Oncol Lett 2021 Aug 3;22(2):585. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221000, P.R. China.

Metastasis-associated-lung-adenocarcinoma-transcript-1 (MALAT1) is a long non-coding RNA that is considered a potential tumor marker. The present study aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of MALAT1 on cell proliferation and apoptosis in thymic cancer cells. IU-TAB-1, A549, HCT-116 and 293T cells were screened by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR to assess high-mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) expression in various types of cancer cells and were transfected with small interfering (si)RNA targeting MALAT1 (si-MALAT1). Read More

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miR-497 inhibits proliferation and invasion in triple-negative breast cancer cells via YAP1.

Oncol Lett 2021 Aug 2;22(2):580. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Shanghai No. 10 People's Hospital, Clinical College of Nanjing Medical University, Shanghai 200072, P.R. China.

MicroRNA (miR)-497 has been reported as a tumor suppressor in various cancer types. Nonetheless, the regulation of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) by miR-497 remains poorly understood. The present study aimed to investigate the potential function and mechanism of miR-497 in TNBC. Read More

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Wnt/β-Catenin signaling pathway participates in the effect of miR-626 on oral squamous cell carcinoma by targeting RASSF4.

J Oral Pathol Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Stomatology, Yantaishan Hospital, Yantai, China.

Background: The role of miR-626 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) was investigated by targeting RASSF4.

Methods: MiR-626 and RASSF4 expression was detected in normal oral mucosa or OSCC tissues and OSCC or normal cells. The methylation status of RASSF4 was analyzed using methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Read More

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MiR-144-induced KLF2 inhibition and NF-kappaB/CXCR1 activation promote neutrophil extracellular trap-induced transfusion-related acute lung injury.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 Jun 13. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Departments of Blood Transfusion, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, China.

Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a clinical syndrome which is associated with the formation of neutrophil extracellular trap (NET). Recent studies have demonstrated the roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the pathophysiological process of TRALI. Here, the study focused on the role of miR-144 and the molecular mechanisms in NET-induced TRALI. Read More

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MicroRNA-17-5p Promotes Cardiac Hypertrophy by Targeting Mfn2 to Inhibit Autophagy.

Cardiovasc Toxicol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, 226001, Jiangsu, China.

Pathological cardiac hypertrophy is the leading cause of heart failure, and miRNAs have been recognized as key factors in cardiac hypertrophy. This study aimed to elucidate whether miR-17-5p affects cardiac hypertrophy by targeting the mitochondrial fusion protein mitofusin 2 (Mfn2)-mediated phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and regulating autophagy. miR-17-5p expression was shown to be upregulated both in vivo and in vitro. Read More

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MiR-486-3p promotes osteogenic differentiation of BMSC by targeting CTNNBIP1 and activating the Wnt/β-catenin pathway.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Jun 8;566:59-66. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Orthopedics, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, 415 Fengyang Road, Shanghai, 200003, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: Dysfunction in the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) leads to bone loss/osteoporosis. The catenin beta interacting protein 1 (CTNNBIP1) is an inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, whose role in osteogenesis remains elusive. This study aimed to reveal the effects of miR-486-3p/CTNNBIP1 in osteogenesis. Read More

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Targeting HMGB1-TLR4 signaling by miR-216a-5p elevation alleviates the inflammatory behavioral hypersensitivity.

Neurosci Lett 2021 Jun 9:136043. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Anesthesiology, Cangzhou Central Hospital, Cangzhou City, Hebei Province, 061001, P.R. China.

Neuroinflammation induced by microglial activation has a critical role in inflammatory pain. In this study, we detected the function of miR-216a-5p in the progression of inflammatory behavioral hypersensitivity . Here, decreases of miR-216a-5p and up-regulation of high-mobility group box1 (HMGB1) were observed in complete freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammatory pain model in mice and LSP-activated BV2 microglia. Read More

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MicroRNA-197 promotes proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of gallbladder cancer cells by targeting insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Background: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is one of the common malignant tumors of the biliary tract. There is no report that miR-197 is involved in GBC.

Objectives: The relationship between miR-197 expression and survival time of GBC patients was analyzed. Read More

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Ochratoxin A induces ERK1/2 phosphorylation-dependent apoptosis through NF-κB/ERK axis in human proximal tubule HK-2 cell line.

Toxicon 2021 Jun 8;199:79-86. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Bogazici University, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Molecular Toxicology and Cancer Research Laboratory, Bebek, Istanbul, 34342, Turkey; Bogazici University, Center for Life Sciences and Technologies, Bebek, Istanbul, 34342, Turkey. Electronic address:

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a food contaminant mycotoxin with hazardous effects on human and animal health, primarily affecting the kidneys. OTA's mode of action is not well understood. OTA activates both MAPK/ERK and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways, which play role in apoptosis and cell survival, respectively. Read More

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A role for the Cockayne Syndrome B (CSB)-Elongin ubiquitin ligase complex in signal-dependent RNA polymerase II transcription.

J Biol Chem 2021 Jun 8:100862. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Stowers Institute for Medical Research, Kansas City, MO 64110; Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of Kansas Medical Center. Electronic address:

The Elongin complex was originally identified as an RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) elongation factor and subsequently as the substrate recognition component of a Cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase. More recent evidence indicates the Elongin ubiquitin ligase assembles with the Cockayne syndrome B helicase (CSB) in response to DNA damage and can target stalled polymerases for ubiquitylation and removal from the genome. In this report, we present evidence that the CSB-Elongin ubiquitin ligase pathway has roles beyond the DNA damage response in the activation of RNAPII-mediated transcription. Read More

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Long non-coding RNA A1BG-AS1 promotes tumorigenesis in breast cancer by sponging microRNA-485-5p and consequently increasing expression of FLOT1 expression.

Hum Cell 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Breast Surgery, Lishui Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 289 Kuocang Road, Lishui, 323000, Zhejiang, China.

The dysregulated long non-coding RNA A1BG antisense RNA 1 (A1BG-AS1) has been implicated in the oncogenicity of hepatocellular carcinoma. Using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction in this study, we detected A1BG-AS1 expression in breast cancer and elucidated the regulatory functions and exact mechanisms of A1BG-AS1 in breast cancer cells. The regulatory functions of A1BG-AS1 were examined in vitro using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, flow cytometric, and Transwell migration and invasion assays and in vivo through tumor xenograft experiments. Read More

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An in vivo reporter for tracking lipid droplet dynamics in transparent zebrafish.

Elife 2021 Jun 11;10. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Cancer Biology and Genetics Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, United States.

Lipid droplets are lipid storage organelles found in nearly all cell types from adipocytes to cancer cells. Although increasingly implicated in disease, current methods to study lipid droplets in vertebrate models rely on static imaging or the use of fluorescent dyes, limiting investigation of their rapid in vivo dynamics. To address this, we created a lipid droplet transgenic reporter in whole animals and cell culture by fusing tdTOMATO to Perilipin-2 (PLIN2), a lipid droplet structural protein. Read More

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Integrating miRNA and mRNA Profiling to Assess the Potential miRNA-mRNA Modules Linked With Testicular Immune Homeostasis in Sheep.

Front Vet Sci 2021 25;8:647153. Epub 2021 May 25.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou, China.

Beyond its well-known role in spermatogenesis and androgen production, mammalian testes are increasingly recognized as an immune-privileged organ for protecting autoantigenic germ cells, especially meiotic and postmeiotic germ cells, from systemic immune responses. Despite its importance, the molecular mechanisms underlying this regulation in mammals, including sheep, are far from known. In this study, we searched for the genes associated with testicular immune privilege and assessed their possible modulating mechanisms by analyzing systematic profiling of mRNAs and miRNAs on testicular tissues derived from prepubertal and postpubertal Tibetan sheep acquired by RNA sequencing. Read More

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Berberine Ameliorates Hepatic Insulin Resistance by Regulating microRNA-146b/SIRT1 Pathway.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 4;14:2525-2537. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Endocrine and Diabetes Center, Affiliated Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, People's Republic of China.

Objective: Hepatic insulin resistance is a major initiating factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus. In previous study, Gegen Qinlian Decoction containing berberine could enhance hepatic insulin sensitivity by SIRT1-dependent deacetylation of FOXO1. However, it is not clear whether berberine also can improve hepatic insulin sensitivity by SIRT1/FOXO1 pathway. Read More

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Echinacoside exerts anti-tumor activity via the miR-503-3p/TGF-β1/Smad aixs in liver cancer.

Cancer Cell Int 2021 Jun 10;21(1):304. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

School of Pharmacy, Lanzhou University, No. 199 Donggang West Road, Chengguan District, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730000, China.

Background: Echinacoside (ECH) is the main active ingredient of Cistanches Herba, which is known to have therapeutic effects on metastatic tumors. However, the effects of ECH on liver cancer are still unclear. This study was to investigate the effects of ECH on the aggression of liver cancer cells. Read More

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Inhibition of miR-431-5p attenuated liver apoptosis through KLF15/p53 signal pathway in S100 induced autoimmune hepatitis mice.

Life Sci 2021 Jun 7;280:119698. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory for Accurate Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Liver Diseases, Wenzhou Key Laboratory of Hepatology, Hepatology Institute of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325006, China. Electronic address:

Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of miR-431-5p on hepatocyte apoptosis in AIH.

Materials And Methods: We used intraperitoneal injection of S100 to establish AIH mouse model and injected AAV into tail vein on day 14 of modeling to regulate miR-431-5p expression. The expression of ALT, AST, IgG and apoptosis-related proteins Bax, Bcl-2 and cleaved caspase 3 were measured in each group. Read More

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Long intergenic noncoding RNA 00473 promoting migration and invasion of trophoblastic cell line HTR-8/SVneo via regulating miR-424-5p-mediated wnt3a/β-catenin signaling pathway.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Obstetrics, Ningbo First Hospital, Ningbo, China.

Background: Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious obstetric complication. Recent studies point out that the functions of long intergenic noncoding RNA 00473 (linc00473), miR-424-5p, and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway were involved in the invasion and migration of extravillous trophoblast. Here, we investigated the role and mechanism of linc00473 in HTR-8/SVneo trophoblastic cell line and its role in PE. Read More

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MicroRNA-340-5p inhibits the malignant phenotypes of osteosarcoma by directly targeting NRF2 and deactivating the PI3K/AKT pathway.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 May;25(10):3661-3669

Department of Pediatrics, Yantai Maternity and Child Care Hospital, Yantaishan Hospital, Yantai, China.

Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the effects and potential mechanisms of miR-340-5p in Osteosarcoma (OS) progression.

Patients And Methods: qRT-PCR was applied to detect expressions of miR-340-5p and NRF2 mRNA. MTT and transwell assay were carried out to determine the roles of miR-340-5p in OS cells viability, invasion and migration. Read More

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circRPS28 (hsa_circ_0049055) is a novel contributor for papillary thyroid carcinoma by regulating cell growth and motility via functioning as ceRNA for miR-345-5p to regulate frizzled family receptor 8 (FZD8).

Endocr J 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Endocrinology, Zhengzhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450007, China.

Circular RNA 40S ribosomal protein S28 (circRPS28; hsa_circ_0049055) is upregulated in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients. However, its role remained uncovered in the progression of PTC. Above all, expression of circRPS28 was determined in PTC samples by real-time quantitative PCR and circRPS28 was highly expressed in tumor tissues and cells. Read More

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MicroRNA-362-5p promotes the proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of trophoblast cells via targeting glutathione-disulfide reductase.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):2410-2419

First Department of Obstetrics, Chongqing Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Chongqing, China.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a common complication of pregnancy, harms the health of pregnant women and fetuses. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) dysregulation in placenta is involved in GDM. Herein, we explored the roles of miR-362-5p in GDM. Read More

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December 2021

RIP3 impedes transcription factor EB to suppress autophagic degradation in septic acute kidney injury.

Cell Death Dis 2021 Jun 8;12(6):593. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Division of Nephrology, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Autophagy is an important renal-protective mechanism in septic acute kidney injury (AKI). Receptor interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) has been implicated in the renal tubular injury and renal dysfunction during septic AKI. Here we investigated the role and mechanism of RIP3 on autophagy in septic AKI. Read More

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