851 results match your criteria path analytic


Relations between executive functions and academic outcomes in elementary school children: A meta-analysis.

Psychol Bull 2021 Apr;147(4):329-351

Department of Psychology, Florida State University.

The primary goal of this study was to examine developmental patterns among the relations between components of executive function (EF; working memory [WM], inhibitory control, shifting), and academic outcomes (reading, mathematics, language) in elementary school-age children. These relations were examined within the context of the development of EF and of academic skills utilizing an extension of the unity and diversity, intrinsic cognitive load, and dual process theories. Using meta-analytic methods, we summarized results from 299 studies from 293 articles/dissertations, representing 65,605 elementary school-age children (42-191 months old [M = 101 months, SD = 24. Read More

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Risk patterns in food addiction: a Mexican population approach.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Hospitalet del Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Food addiction (FA) is a construct that has gained interest in recent years but its relevance in Mexican population is still unexplored.

Aims: The present study has the aims of explore FA in a community of Mexican population, as well as identifying the risk patterns associated with it, in relation to the different etiological factors that have been described such as impulsivity, emotional regulation and eating styles. Furthermore, to identify a predictive model of FA severity. Read More

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A person-centered framework for designing music-based therapeutic studies in dementia: current barriers and a path forward.

Aging Ment Health 2021 Jun 17:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Music-based interventions have received growing attention to improve quality of life for people diagnosed with dementia. Results of randomized controlled trials and meta-analytic reviews to date, however, reveal a lack of conclusive evidence for or against the effectiveness of such interventions. Herein, we critically review the basic assumptions and methodological issues ingrained in the cultures of research and care as they relate to evaluating music-based treatments for people with dementia, and propose a shift in the methodology by which music interventions are empirically evaluated. Read More

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Field-Dependent Dehydration and Optimal Ionic Escape Paths for CN Membranes.

J Phys Chem B 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Physics, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YB, United Kingdom.

Most analytic theories describing electrostatically driven ion transport through water-filled nanopores assume that the corresponding permeation barriers are bias-independent. While this assumption may hold for sufficiently wide pores under infinitely small bias, transport through subnanometer pores under finite bias is difficult to interpret analytically. Given recent advances in subnanometer pore fabrication and the rapid progress in detailed computer simulations, it is important to identify and understand the specific field-induced phenomena arising during ion transport. Read More

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Association of Second-Opinion Strategies in the Histopathologic Diagnosis of Cutaneous Melanocytic Lesions With Diagnostic Accuracy and Population-Level Costs.

JAMA Dermatol 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

David Geffen School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles.

Importance: Diagnostic variation among pathologists interpreting cutaneous melanocytic lesions could lead to suboptimal care.

Objective: To estimate the potential association of second-opinion strategies in the histopathologic diagnosis of cutaneous melanocytic lesions with diagnostic accuracy and 1-year population-level costs in the US.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Decision analysis with 1-year time horizon including melanocytic lesion diagnoses available from US pathologists participating in the Melanoma Pathology Study (M-Path) and from the study panel of reference pathologists who classified cases using the MPATH-Dx classification tool. Read More

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Predictors of cannabis and tobacco co-use in youth: exploring the mediating role of age at first use in the population assessment of tobacco health (PATH) study.

J Cannabis Res 2021 Jun 1;3(1):16. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine, Washington State University, P.O. Box 1495, Spokane, WA, 99210-1495, USA.

Background: Adolescents often use substances such as tobacco and cannabis. Co-use of these substances can lead to physical, mental, and psychosocial difficulties beyond that which would be anticipated by simple additivity of their individual effects.

Methods: We aimed to examine the mediating role of age at first use of cannabis or tobacco (AU) between youth factors of internalizing, externalizing, and sensation seeking and two co-use outcomes (lifetime; last 30 days). Read More

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Meta-analytic structural equation modeling made easy: A tutorial and web application for one-stage MASEM.

Res Synth Methods 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Psychology, National University of Singapore.

Meta-analytic structural equation modeling (MASEM) refers to fitting structural equation models (such as path models or factor models) to eta-analytic data. Currently, fitting MASEMs may be challenging for researchers that are not accustomed to working with R software and packages. Therefore, we developed webMASEM; a web application for MASEM. Read More

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Effects of water currents on fish migration through a Feynman-type path integral approach under [Formula: see text] Liouville-like quantum gravity surfaces.

Theory Biosci 2021 Jun 20;140(2):205-223. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Mathematical Sciences, Northern Illinois University, 1425 Lincoln Highway, DeKalb, IL, USA.

A stochastic differential game theoretic model has been proposed to determine optimal behavior of a fish while migrating against water currents both in rivers and oceans. Then, a dynamic objective function is maximized subject to two stochastic dynamics, one represents its location and another its relative velocity against water currents. In relative velocity stochastic dynamics, a Cucker-Smale type stochastic differential equation is introduced under white noise. Read More

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Network reorganization during verbal fluency task in fronto-temporal epilepsy: A functional near-infrared spectroscopy study.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jun 8;138:541-549. Epub 2021 May 8.

Professional Master Program in Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

This is the first study to use functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to investigate how the lateralization of the epileptogenic zone affects the reconfiguration of task-related network patterns. Eleven left fronto-temporal epilepsy (L-FTE) and 11 right fronto-temporal epilepsy (R-FTE), as well as 22 age- and gender-matched controls, were enrolled. Signals from 52-channel fNIRS were recorded while the subject was undertaking verbal fluency tasks (VFTs), which included categorical (CFT) and letter (LFT) fluency tasks. Read More

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Light transport with weak angular dependence in fog.

Opt Express 2021 Apr;29(9):13231-13245

Random scattering and absorption of light by tiny particles in aerosols, like fog, reduce situational awareness and cause unacceptable down-time for critical systems or operations. Computationally efficient light transport models are desired for computational imaging to improve remote sensing capabilities in degraded optical environments. To this end, we have developed a model based on a weak angular dependence approximation to the Boltzmann or radiative transfer equation that appears to be applicable in both the moderate and highly scattering regimes, thereby covering the applicability domain of both the small angle and diffusion approximations. Read More

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Production of Mass-Separated Erbium-169 Towards the First Preclinical Investigations.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 22;8:643175. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Center for Radiopharmaceutical Sciences ETH-PSI-USZ, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland.

The β-particle-emitting erbium-169 is a potential radionuclide toward therapy of metastasized cancer diseases. It can be produced in nuclear research reactors, irradiating isotopically-enriched ErO. This path, however, is not suitable for receptor-targeted radionuclide therapy, where high specific molar activities are required. Read More

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A biosensing method for the direct serological detection of liver diseases by integrating a SERS-based sensor and a CNN classifier.

Biosens Bioelectron 2021 Apr 20;186:113246. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200127, People's Republic of China; International Cooperation Laboratory on Signal Transduction, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Shanghai, 200438, People's Republic of China; National Center for Liver Cancer, Shanghai, 201805, People's Republic of China; Ministry of Education Key Laboratory on Signaling Regulation and Targeting Therapy of Liver Cancer, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Hepatobiliary Tumor Biology, Shanghai, 200438, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Direct serological detection, due to its clinical facility and testing economy, affords prominent clinical values to the early detection of cancer. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS)-based sensors have shown great promise in realizing this form of detection. Detecting liver cancer early with such a form, especially in terms of monitoring the pathogenic progression from hepatic inflammations to cancer, is the most effective clinical path to reducing the mortality rate. Read More

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The impact of illness identity on recovery from severe mental illness: A test of the model.

J Clin Psychol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Richard L Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

Objective: The Illness Identity model posits that self-stigma reduces hope and self-esteem among persons with severe mental illnesses, impacting a range of outcomes. The "insight paradox" anticipates that the negative effects of self-stigma are amplified by insight. This study tested these predictions using both cluster and path analyses. Read More

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Boundaries and depths of the oneiric.

Authors:
Beatrice Ithier

Int J Psychoanal 2020 Oct 11;101(5):879-899. Epub 2020 Sep 11.

Member of SPP (Société Psychanalytique de Paris), Paris, France.

After reviewing the rich fabric of Freud's conceptualization of dreams, the author concentrates on its emotional, trauma-related vertex, and compares it with the approach of Bion and his followers by exploring what is commonly known as "dream thought". She arrives at this concept by way of an initial consideration of night dreams. Then this thought "dreams" a dream by a kind of emotional breathing with an admixture of reverie, on the boundaries of the inter-subjectivity that links the psyches of the two members of the analytic couple while taking account of what could not be said, let alone thought, and as the scenario of the traumatic elements of the session. Read More

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October 2020

Becoming a Training and Supervising Analyst: Interviews from the Columbia Postgraduate Analytic Practice Study.

Int J Psychoanal 2020 Apr;101(2):300-319

Columbia Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA.

Although much has been written about the training and supervising analyst system (TSA), its role in analysts' professional development has not been empirically studied. The Columbia Psychoanalytic Practice Study (CPAPS) is a longitudinal study of the careers of graduates from the Columbia Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research. Interviews with 29/37 (78%) analysts graduating from 2003-2009 were analyzed using grounded theory. Read More

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Body Mass Index and Somatic Symptom Severity in Patients with Somatic Symptom Disorder: The Mediating Role of Working Memory.

Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci 2021 May;19(2):361-366

Department of Psychiatry, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: In somatic symptom disorder (SSD), cognitive dysfunction is related to perceptive distortion that excessively amplifies bodily sensations. The association between high body mass index (BMI) and cognitive dysfunction could be attributed to underlying systemic inflammation. We aimed to evaluate whether patients with SSD and high BMI exhibit increased somatic symptom severity and whether this is mediated by cognitive dysfunction. Read More

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Vaping identity in adolescent e-cigarette users: A comparison of norms, attitudes, and behaviors.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Jun 20;223:108712. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Family Medicine & Public Health, UC San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA; Moores Cancer Center, UC San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.

Introduction: Using the tenets underlying social identity theory and the theory of planned behavior, the current study compared the perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors of e-cigarette users that reported vaping as self-defining ("vapers") compared to users that denied vaping was central to their identity ("non-vapers").

Method: Secondary analyses of data from the 2017-2018 California Student Tobacco Survey were utilized. A weighted, multivariable regression model (N = 82,217) compared the demographic characteristics, beliefs, and behaviors of vapers and non-vapers. Read More

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An efficient and global interactive optimization methodology for path planning with multiple routing constraints.

ISA Trans 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China.

Path planning problem is attracting wide attention in autonomous system and process industry system. The existed research mainly focuses on finding the shortest path from the source vertex to the termination vertex under loose constraints of vertex and edge. However, in realistic, the constraints such as specified vertexes, specified paths, forbidden paths and forbidden vertexes have to be considered, which makes the existing algorithms inefficient even infeasible. Read More

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Longitudinal Uses of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study.

Tob Regul Sci 2021 Jan;7(1):3-16

Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, United States.

Objectives: The Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study is a nationally representative study of the US population on tobacco use and its effects on health, with 3 waves of data collection between 2013 and 2016. Prior work described the methods of the first wave. In this paper, we describe the methods of the subsequent 2 waves and provide recommendations for how to conduct longitudinal analyses of PATH Study data. Read More

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January 2021

Patterns of Media Use, Strength of Belief in COVID-19 Conspiracy Theories, and the Prevention of COVID-19 From March to July 2020 in the United States: Survey Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 04 27;23(4):e25215. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Annnenberg Public Policy Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Background: Holding conspiracy beliefs regarding the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States has been associated with reductions in both actions to prevent the spread of the infection (eg, mask wearing) and intentions to accept a vaccine when one becomes available. Patterns of media use have also been associated with acceptance of COVID-19 conspiracy beliefs. Here we ask whether the type of media on which a person relies increased, decreased, or had no additional effect on that person's COVID-19 conspiracy beliefs over a 4-month period. Read More

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Realization of the unconventional photon blockade based on a three-wave mixing system.

Opt Express 2021 Mar;29(6):8235-8243

In this paper, the unconventional photon blockade is studied in a three-wave-mixing system with a non-degenerate parametric amplification. A method of only retaining the Fock-state basis in the interference path is used to calculate the optimal analytic conditions of unconventional photon blockade. The numerical results agree well with the analytic conditions, which verifies the validity of this method. Read More

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Intuitive eating and its psychological correlates: A meta-analysis.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: Intuitive eating is an adaptive style of eating that has generated significant research attention. Theoretically, intuitive eating is a core construct that features prominently in the Acceptance Model of Intuitive Eating, a framework that explains how positive environmental influences can foster intuitive eating practices via body appreciation. Empirically, intuitive eating has been connected to a broad range of adaptive mental health indices. Read More

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Human DNA decays faster with time than viral dsDNA: an analysis on HPV16 using pathology archive samples spanning 85 years.

Virol J 2021 Mar 29;18(1):65. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Infections and Cancer Laboratory, Cancer Epidemiology Research Program, Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), Granvia de L'Hospitalet 199-203, 08908, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain.

Background: Quality of the nucleic acids extracted from Formalin Fixed Paraffin Embedded (FFPE) samples largely depends on pre-analytic, fixation and storage conditions. We assessed the differential sensitivity of viral and human double stranded DNA (dsDNA) to degradation with storage time.

Methods: We randomly selected forty-four HPV16-positive invasive cervical cancer (ICC) FFPE samples collected between 1930 and 1935 and between 2000 and 2004. Read More

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SumGNN: Multi-typed Drug Interaction Prediction via Efficient Knowledge Graph Summarization.

Bioinformatics 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Analytic Center of Excellence, IQVIA, Cambridge, MA.

Motivation: Thanks to the increasing availability of drug-drug interactions (DDI) datasets and large biomedical knowledge graphs (KGs), accurate detection of adverse DDI using machine learning models becomes possible. However, it remains largely an open problem how to effectively utilize large and noisy biomedical KG for DDI detection. Due to its sheer size and amount of noise in KGs, it is often less beneficial to directly integrate KGs with other smaller but higher quality data (e. Read More

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Modeling familial predictors of proband outcomes in neurogenetic disorders: initial application in XYY syndrome.

J Neurodev Disord 2021 03 22;13(1):12. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Section on Developmental Neurogenomics, Human Genetics Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Building 10 Room 4N242 MSC 1367, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD, 20892-1367, USA.

Background: Disorders of gene dosage can significantly increase risk for psychopathology, but outcomes vary greatly amongst carriers of any given chromosomal aneuploidy or sub-chromosomal copy number variation (CNV). One potential path to advance precision medicine for neurogenetic disorders is modeling penetrance in probands relative to observed phenotypes in their non-carrier relatives. Here, we seek to advance this general analytic framework by developing new methods in application to XYY syndrome-a sex chromosome aneuploidy that is known to increase risk for psychopathology. Read More

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Two-photon absorption line shapes in the transit-time limit.

Authors:
Kevin K Lehmann

J Chem Phys 2021 Mar;154(10):104105

Departments of Chemistry and Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4319, USA.

A weak excitation transit-time resolution limited analytic line shape is derived for a Doppler broadening-free degenerate two-photon transition from a standing wave with a TEM transverse profile. This approximation is appropriate when the collisional mean free path is much larger than the transverse width of the TEM beam. It is considerably simpler than the two-photon absorption line shape previously published, Bordé, C. Read More

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Perceived discrimination and contextual problems among children and adolescents in northern Chile.

PLoS One 2021 19;16(2):e0246998. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Departamento de Psiquiatría, Facultad de Medicina, Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Región Metropolitana, Chile.

Discriminatory behaviors among inter-ethnic relations in schools have long been noted and studied, but there are several correlations between discriminatory behaviors and other constructs that need further investigation. As an example, the relation between perceived discrimination and contextual problems-which include family, school and peer problems-among children and adolescents in Latin America has received little attention from previous studies. Further, the mediating role of ethnic identification and collective self-esteem in this relation also needs to be considered as they could be proven as protective factors for discriminatory behavior and its outcomes. Read More

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February 2021

Facile One-step Production of 2D/2D ZnO/rGO Nanocomposites under Microwave Irradiation for Photocatalytic Removal of Tetracycline.

ACS Omega 2021 Feb 1;6(5):3831-3839. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

National Local Joint Laboratory of Engineering Application of Microwave Energy and Equipment Technology, Faculty of Metallurgical and Energy Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, PR China.

Antibiotic wastewater poses a great threat to the ecological environment and human health. Photocatalytic technology is an effective way to solve environmental pollution problems. In recent years, 2D/2D nanocomposites have received widespread attention because of their larger contact area, which can improve photocatalytic activity. Read More

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February 2021

A path analytic model of health beliefs on the behavioral adoption of breast self-examination.

AIMS Public Health 2021 21;8(1):15-31. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Clinical Research Centre, Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan (HTAA), Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.

Background: In Malaysia, breast cancer accounted for 34.1% of all female cancer cases with women presenting breast cancer at late stages. Breast cancer has a higher five-year survival rate if detected early. Read More

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December 2020