9 results match your criteria pasteurellosis mannheimiosis

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Biomarkers, immune responses and cellular changes in vaccinated and non-vaccinated goats during experimental infection of M. haemolytica A2 under tropical conditions.

Microb Pathog 2021 Aug 25;157:105001. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: We investigated the biomarkers, immune responses and cellular changes in vaccinated and non-vaccinated goats experimentally challenged with M. haemolytica serotype A2 under rainy and hot tropical conditions. A total of twenty-four clinically healthy, non-pregnant, female goats randomly allocated to 2 groups of 12 goats each were used for the study. Read More

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Effect of apo-lactoferrin on leukotoxin and outer membrane vesicles of Mannheimia haemolytica A2.

Vet Res 2020 Mar 5;51(1):36. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Departamento de Biología Celular, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV-IPN), Ave. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 2508, Zacatenco, 07360, CdMx, Mexico.

Mannheimia haemolytica serotype A2 is the principal cause of pneumonic mannheimiosis in ovine and caprine livestock; this disease is a consequence of immune suppression caused by stress and associated viruses and is responsible for significant economic losses in farm production worldwide. Gram-negative bacteria such as M. haemolytica produce outer membrane (OM)-derived spherical structures named outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) that contain leukotoxin and other biologically active virulence factors. Read More

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Association between infection with reproductive physiology and performance in small ruminants: A review.

Vet World 2019 Jul 6;12(7):978-983. Epub 2019 Jul 6.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Mannheimiosis or pneumonic pasteurellosis commonly occurs in small ruminants. Mannheimiosis is caused by () a Gram-negative coccobacillus producing acute febrile and infectious condition resulting in death of animal if not diagnosed and treated promptly. serotype A2 is a commensal of the nasopharynx, gaining access to the lungs when host defenses are compromised by stress or infection in small ruminants. Read More

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Bacterial, PCR and clinico-pathological diagnosis of naturally occurring pneumonic pasturellosis (mannheimiosis) during subtropical climate in sheep.

Microb Pathog 2017 Nov 29;112:176-181. Epub 2017 Sep 29.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Government College University, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan.

Mannheimia haemolytica is causative agent of pneumonic pasteurellosis (mannheimiosis) that causes huge economic losses to livestock farmers. We investigated the microbial and clinico-pathological patterns associated with ovine pneumonic pasturellosis during an outbreak. Prior to death, infected sheep revealed clinical signs including dyspnoea, salivation, pyrexia and mucopurulent nasal discharge. Read More

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November 2017

Clinicopathological observations in experimental peste des petit ruminants virus and Mannheimia haemolytica A:2 co-infection in goats.

Niger J Physiol Sci 2012 Dec 18;27(2):129-36. Epub 2012 Dec 18.

Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

The experiment describes for the first time the clinicopathological features of the co-infection of Peste des petit Ruminants (PPR) virus and Mannheimia haemolytica,in goats. Twenty clinically healthy goats, six months of age were used. 15 goats were infected by intratracheal inoculation of 1ml of pure cultured 106. Read More

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December 2012

The N-acetyl-D-glucosamine specific adhesin from Mannheimia haemolytica activates bovine neutrophils oxidative burst.

Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2006 Sep 15;113(1-2):148-56. Epub 2006 Jun 15.

Laboratorio de Patología, Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali, BC, Mexico.

In this work we identified specific bovine leukocytes that were bound by the Mannheimia haemolytica adhesin molecule (MhA) and the biological effect on the leukocytes. Histochemical staining and flow cytometry showed that MhA bind neutrophils (90%) and monocytes (5%). MhA induced an oxidative response in purified neutrophils; this effect was 1. Read More

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September 2006

How Mannheimia haemolytica defeats host defence through a kiss of death mechanism.

Vet Res 2005 Mar-Apr;36(2):133-56

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, FMV Sart-Tilman B43, 4000 Liège, Belgium.

Mannheimia haemolytica induced pneumonias are only observed in goats, sheep and cattle. The bacterium produces several virulence factors,whose principal ones are lipopolysaccharide and leukotoxin. The latter is cytotoxic only for ruminant leukocytes, a phenomenon that is correlated with its ability to bind and interact with the ruminant beta2-integrin Lymphocyte Function-associated Antigen 1. Read More

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Protective effect of dexamethasone in experimental bovine pneumonic mannheimiosis.

Microb Pathog 2004 Apr;36(4):227-36

Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA.

Clinical and experimental studies provide unequivocal evidence that neutrophils participate in the pathogenesis of lung injury in bovine pneumonic mannheimiosis (BPM). Since the inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 beta, and interleukin-8 play a central role in the recruitment and activation of neutrophils, we hypothesize that pharmacological inhibition of their expression may prevent or reduce the inflammatory lung injury that is characteristic of the disease. The purpose of this study was to determine whether systemic therapy with dexamethasone sodium phosphate (DEX), a potent inhibitor of inflammatory cytokine synthesis, ameliorates disease development in an in vivo experimental model of BPM. Read More

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Biological effects of two genetically defined leukotoxin mutants of Mannheimia haemolytica.

Microb Pathog 2003 May;34(5):217-26

Department of Veterinary PathoBiology, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN 55108, USA.

Mannheimia(Pasteurella)haemolytica serotype 1 is the primary causative agent responsible for bovine pneumonic mannheimiosis, also known as shipping fever in cattle. The bacterium produces a variety of virulence factors, foremost of which is the exotoxic leukotoxin. The leukotoxin is a calcium-dependent cytolysin that is a member of the RTX (repeats in toxin) family and exhibits a narrow cell-type and species specificity and has biological effects only on ruminant leukocytes and platelets. Read More

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