12,557 results match your criteria partner violence

Implications of household tobacco and alcohol use on child health and women's welfare in six low and middle-income countries: An analysis from a gender perspective.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jun 5;281:114102. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Centre for Global Health Research, Unity Health Toronto, University of Toronto, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1W8, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: To study the implications of household tobacco and alcohol use on child health and women's welfare using a gender lens in Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, and Nigeria with varied geographical and cultural characteristics in the pattern of tobacco and alcohol use.

Methods: We identified child health and women's welfare outcomes that may be impacted by tobacco and alcohol use, with a focus on the crowding-out effects on household resource allocation. For child health indicators, we focussed on engagement in preventative care, nutrition, and responses to acute illness. Read More

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Anxiety and depressive symptoms in pregnancy predict low birth weight differentially in male and female infants-findings from an urban pregnancy cohort in India.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Biostatistics, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India.

Purpose: This study examined the contributions of antenatal anxiety, depression, and partner violence to low birth weight (LBW) in infants and to sex-specific birth weight outcomes among mothers from a cohort in urban India.

Methods: Data from 700 mothers from the PRAMMS cohort (Prospective Assessment of Maternal Mental Health Study) were used. Pregnant women were assessed in each trimester-T1, T2 and T3, for symptoms of anxiety, and depression as well as partner violence. Read More

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Making Choices in Discourse: New Alternative Masculinities Opposing the "Warrior's Rest".

Front Psychol 2021 25;12:674054. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Sociology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Psychology research on men studies, attractiveness, and partner preferences has evolved from the influence of sociobiological perspectives to the role of interactions in shaping election toward sexual-affective relationships and desire toward different kinds of masculinities. However, there is a scientific gap in how language and communicative acts among women influence the kind of partner they feel attracted to and in the reproduction of relationship double standards, like the myth of the "warrior's rest" where female attractiveness to "bad boys" is encouraged or supported. Some women imitate "the warrior" behavior of men by choosing dominant traditional masculinities (DTM) to have "fun" with and oppressed traditional masculinities (OTM) for "rest" after the "fun" with DTM-choosing an OTM for a stable relationship, but perhaps without passion, while also feeling attraction toward DTM, a response which perpetuates the chauvinist double standard that the feminist movement has condemned when men behave in this sexist way. Read More

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The effects of Intimate Partner Violence and a history of Childhood Abuse on Mental Health and Stress during Pregnancy.

J Fam Violence 2021 Apr 11;36(3):337-346. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut School of Medicine.

Purpose: Maternal adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and intimate partner violence (IPV) are temporally distinct risk factors that negatively impact mothers and their offspring. Risk associated with ACEs and IPV begin during pregnancy, a period of increased physical and psychological demands. The current study examined a person-centered method to empirically identify profiles of pregnant women based on type and severity of ACEs and past-year IPV. Read More

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Recovering from intimate partner violence through Strengths and Empowerment (RISE): Development, pilot testing, and refinement of a patient-centered brief counseling intervention for women.

Psychol Serv 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

VA Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion.

This article describes the rationale, development, and preliminary examination of a brief, variable-length (up to six sessions), modular-based counseling intervention for women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV). Recovering from IPV through Strengths and Empowerment (RISE) is an empowerment and skills-focused treatment that incorporates Motivational Interviewing. RISE was developed to fill the gap in interventions for women who disclose IPV within integrated healthcare settings such as the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Read More

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Cultural Sensitivity in Interventions Aiming to Reduce or Prevent Intimate Partner Violence During Pregnancy: A Scoping Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2021 Jun 10:15248380211021788. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) around the time of pregnancy is a recognized global health problem. Ethnic minorities and immigrant pregnant women experiencing IPV require culturally responsive health services. The aim of this scoping review was to identify aspects of cultural sensitivity in interventions to prevent or reduce IPV among ethnic minorities and immigrant pregnant women in high-income countries. Read More

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Prevalence and risk factors of violence against women and children during COVID-19, Germany.

Bull World Health Organ 2021 Jun 19;99(6):429-438. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Technical University of Munich, Richard-Wagner-Strasse 1, 80333 München, Germany.

Objective: To assess the prevalence and exacerbating factors of violence against women and children in Germany during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

Methods: We conducted a representative online survey with partnered women (18-65 years) between 22 April and 8 May 2020, when participants had been under lockdown for a month. We determined the prevalence of several forms of violence within the previous month using both direct elicitation and a list experiment. Read More

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Personal barriers to addressing intimate partner abuse: a qualitative meta-synthesis of healthcare practitioners' experiences.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jun 9;21(1):567. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of General Practice, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Healthcare practitioners (HCPs) play a crucial role in recognising, responding to, and supporting female patients experiencing intimate partner abuse (IPA). However, research consistently identifies barriers they perceive prevent them from doing this work effectively. These barriers can be system-based (e. Read More

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When "the Dream Dies" But the Ideal Persists: Representations of the Couple Relationship and Its Connection To Intimate Partner Violence Experiences.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211023484. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Aix Marseille Univ, LPS, Aix-en-Provence, France.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is now recognized internationally as a significant problem against which public action is being taken. However, victims commonly disclose little of this violence. The understanding of sociocultural factors that prevent women from talking about their male partner's violence towards them thus appears to be an important issue. Read More

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The Development and Psychometric Assessment of a Coping Inventory for Intimate Partner Violence Among Abused Iranian Women.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211023488. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

Helping abused Iranian women better cope with intimate partner violence (IPV) requires measuring their coping strategies. The review of literature on the subject showed that there is no context-based instrument for measuring coping with IPV among abused Iranian women. The present study was thus conducted to develop and perform the psychometric assessment of a coping inventory for intimate partner violence (CIIPV) in abused Iranian women. Read More

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Estimating the Influence of Incarceration on Subsequent Experience With Violence Among Black Men Who Have Sex With Men in the HPTN061 Study.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211021970. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) are disproportionately incarcerated in the United States. Incarceration is a barrier to health equity and may be a risk factor for experiences of interpersonal violence. However, the effect of incarceration on experienced violence among BMSM is understudied. Read More

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The magnitude and determinants of antepartum depression among women attending antenatal clinic at a tertiary hospital, in Mwanza Tanzania: a cross-sectional study.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 12;38:258. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Tanzania.

Introduction: there is an increased vulnerability for the development of common mental disorders during the peripartum period as evidenced in depressive disorder.

Methods: a cross sectional study was used to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with depression among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic (ANC) at Bugando Medical Centre (BMC), a tertiary level hospital in Mwanza Tanzania. A total of 380 pregnant women were recruited and interviewed by using Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale. Read More

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Beliefs on Marital Violence Among Portuguese Adolescents: Monitoring Their Evolution and Relationship With Dating Violence.

Violence Vict 2021 Jun;36(3):363-380

Department of Human and Sciences, University Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal, and Interdisciplinary Centre of Gender Studies Lisboa, Portugal.

In the last two decades, the problem of violence in the family sphere in particular and in intimate relationships in general has been on the agenda for Portuguese governmental and nongovernmental agencies. Several initiatives and campaigns have been launched, which are aimed at reducing occurrence of this violence, particularly among teenagers. This present study aims to assess the evolution in adolescents' attitudes and behaviors concerning intimate partner violence. Read More

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Responding to Intimate Partner Violence During Telehealth Clinical Encounters.

Melissa A Simon

JAMA 2021 Jun;325(22):2307-2308

The Center for Health Equity Transformation, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

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Longitudinal Consequences of Adolescent Alcohol Use Under Different Policy Contexts in Australia and the United States.

J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2021 May;82(3):377-386

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong Waterfront Campus, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To test the premise that youth alcohol harm minimization policies (compared with abstinence policies) reduce later drinking and harmful consequences of alcohol use in young adulthood, we compared associations among adolescent alcohol use, young adult alcohol consumption, and alcohol-related harms in Victoria, Australia and Washington State, United States.

Method: Data came from the International Youth Development Study, a longitudinal, cross-national study of the development of substance use. State-representative samples of seventh-grade (age 13) students in Victoria (n = 984, 53% female, 90% White) and Washington (n = 961, 54% female, 73% White) were surveyed in 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2014 (age 25). Read More

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Determinants of adverse birth outcome in Sub-Saharan Africa: analysis of recent demographic and health surveys.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 7;21(1):1092. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: More than 75% of neonatal deaths occurred in the first weeks of life as a result of adverse birth outcomes. Low birth weight, preterm births are associated with a variety of acute and long-term complications. In Sub-Saharan Africa, there is insufficient evidence of adverse birth outcomes. Read More

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Police are Influenced by Anchoring and Risk When Allocating Resources for Scenario-based Intimate Partner Violence Cases.

Mark R Kebbell

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 7:8862605211021974. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Griffith University, Queensland, Australia.

Sixty-six police officers were given four intimate partner violence (IPV) scenarios to rate for risk of future violence. At the start of the experiment, participants were provided with either a low-risk or high-risk "anchor" scenario of police attending an IPV incident. Next, participants were given three counterbalanced scenarios: high, medium, and low risk. Read More

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Association Between Intimate Partner Violence Subtypes and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Hazardous Substance Use.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 7:8862605211021963. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Palo Alto University, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a common problem for women in the United States and is associated with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as well as hazardous use of substances like alcohol and drugs. However, not all subtypes of IPV (i.e. Read More

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Troubling Trade-offs Between Women's Work and Intimate Partner Violence: Evidence From 19 Developing Countries.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 7:8862605211021961. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, Lahore, Pakistan.

The empirical link between women's employment status and their experience of different types of intimate partner violence (IPV) is not very apparent. Using Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) data from 19 developing countries in South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and the Middle East, we found that working women were significantly more likely to experience IPV than their stay-at-home counterparts. Given the great diversity in women's employment with respect to economic returns and working conditions, we disaggregated women's employment into three categories vis-à-vis agriculture jobs (AJ), blue-collar jobs (BJ), and white-collar jobs (WJ). Read More

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Midwives' experiences of father participation in maternity care at a large metropolitan health service in Australia.

Midwifery 2021 May 24;101:103046. Epub 2021 May 24.

Centre for Social and Early Emotional Development, School of Psychology, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Australia; Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia.

Objective: Engagement of fathers to participate in pregnancy, birth and early postnatal care has significant advantages for women and infants as well as fathers. In Australia, guidelines for midwifery practice do not include specific recommendations about father-inclusive care, and models for publicly funded maternity care do not extend to the provision of care tailored specifically towards the needs of fathers. This study investigated the perceptions of midwives regarding their role in fathers' wellbeing, the extent of fathers' attendance at and participation in their services, advantages and disadvantages of father participation and barriers and enablers to father engagement. Read More

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General Offending and Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration in Young Adulthood: A Dutch Longitudinal Study.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2021 Jun 6:306624X211022657. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.

This study examines the relationship between general offending and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration in young adulthood, using a Dutch longitudinal study. Young adults were followed over four waves, and self-reported data on general offending, IPV perpetration, and a number of individual characteristics were collected. Results of random effects models demonstrated that young adults involved in more diverse offending behavior reported higher levels of different types of IPV perpetration, even when individual factors were taken into account. Read More

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Continued Trauma: A Thematic Analysis of the Asylum-Seeking Experience Under the Migrant Protection Protocols.

Health Equity 2021 30;5(1):277-287. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Emergency Medicine, LAC+USC Medical Center, Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

The Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) required asylum seekers presenting to the U.S. southern border to wait in Mexico while seeking asylum. Read More

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Cross-disciplinary intersections between public health and economics in intimate partner violence research.

SSM Popul Health 2021 Jun 15;14:100822. Epub 2021 May 15.

Poverty Health and Nutrition Division, International Food Policy Research Institute, 1201 I St NW, Washington, DC, 20005, USA.

Research on intimate partner violence (IPV) has progressed in the last decade in the fields of public health and economics, with under-explored potential for cross-fertilisation. We examine the theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches that each discipline uses to conceptualise and study IPV and offer a perspective on their relative advantages. Public health takes a broad theoretical perspective anchored in the socio-ecological framework, considering multiple and synergistic drivers of IPV, while economics focuses on bargaining models which highlight individual power and factors that shape this power. Read More

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Associations Between Trauma-Informed Care Components and Multiple Health and Psychosocial Risks Among LGBTQ Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence.

J Ment Health Couns 2021 Apr 7;43(2):139-156. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Psychology, Syracuse University.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals disproportionately experience intimate partner violence (IPV) and resulting negative health consequences compared to cisgender heterosexual individuals. This study builds on prior recent work by examining specific trauma-informed care (TIC) components most associated with a comprehensive set of health and psychosocial risks among 298 LGBTQ IPV survivors who sought and accessed trauma-related services (e.g. Read More

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Correlates of self-reported history of mental health help-seeking: a cross-sectional study among individuals with symptoms of a mental or substance use disorder initiating care for HIV in Cameroon.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 Jun 5;21(1):293. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Mental health and substance use disorders (MSDs) increase the risk of poor human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care outcomes among people living with HIV (PLWH). Receipt of mental health care may improve these adverse outcomes. We aimed to identify correlates of prior mental health help-seeking among PLWH with symptoms of an MSD in Cameroon. Read More

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The Effect of an Intimate Partner Violence Against Women Training Program Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior on the Approaches of Nurses and Midwives: A Randomized Controlled Study.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 4:8862605211022064. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of intimate partner violence against women training program based on the theory of planned behavior on nurses' and midwives' approaches of violence. A randomized controlled trial was performed at nurses and midwives in Turkey, between December 2016 and August 2017. The participants were separated into an intervention group ( = 50) and control group ( = 49). Read More

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I'll catch you when you fall: Social safety nets and housing instability in IPV-exposed pregnant women.

J Affect Disord 2021 May 18;291:352-358. Epub 2021 May 18.

Doctoral Student, Clinical Psychology University of Memphis Psychology Building, Room 356 Memphis, TN 38152, Egypt. Electronic address:

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has significant consequences for women's mental health, and it also compromises women's economic security and livelihood, including housing stability. There is a dearth of research, however, on protective factors in the link between housing instability and psychopathology in IPV-exposed women.

Methods: The current study examines the protective role of social support in the association between housing instability and mental health (depression, posttraumatic stress) in a sample of pregnant, IPV-exposed women (N = 137). Read More

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Relationship Between Different Types of Violence and Mental Health in High School Students From Northern Mexico.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 3:8862605211021964. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain.

Different types of violence have been present in Mexico but there have been few studies that have analyzed their relationship with mental health in adolescents, especially in cities with high rates of social violence. It is important to compare different violence types and their relationship with mental health since not all relationships are the same. It appears that social violence has a stronger relationship with mental health, and for this reason it receives more attention, but other types of violence have a stronger relationship and do not receive as much attention. Read More

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