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Design of a Mobile Application and Evaluation of Its Effects on Psychological Parameters of Covid-19 Inpatients: A Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Front Psychiatry 2021 24;12:612384. Epub 2021 May 24.

Lung Diseases Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Panic of the disease and the associated concerns can lower the quality of life and physical performance. As long as the COVID-19 pandemic is ever on the rise, the psychological pandemic of the disease is on the rise, too. The high prevalence of COVID-19 has further increased physicians' work pressure. Read More

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A Dual-Process Approach to Moral Panic and Public Support for Sex Offender Management Policies.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 7:8862605211023490. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Rutgers University, School of Criminal Justice, New Jersey, United States.

The current study explores if and how dual-process thinking styles (System I/experiential and System II/rational processing) predict and explain the degree to which members of the public express moral panic toward and support for existing sex offender management policies (registration, notification, residence restrictions), regardless of their efficacy or effects on recidivism rates, for different types of individuals who commit sex offenses (sex offender, juvenile sex offender, cybersex offender, female sex offender, rapist, child molester). Online experimental methods were used with a lay sample ( = 324). Results show that the extent to which participants exhibited a reliance on System I processing significantly predicted their feelings of moral panic (concern, hostility, and volatility) toward individuals classified as child molesters. Read More

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Multiple forms of mass anxiety in coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic.

J Affect Disord 2021 May 27;291:338-343. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Psychology, University of Montana, 32 Campus Drive, Missoula, MT, USA.

Background: Heightened public anxiety was observed at the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our study enriches scholarly understanding of this mass response by investigating both generic and pandemic-specific anxiety that explain preventive health behavior.

Methods: In our two-phase, mixed-methods study, pandemic-specific anxiety items elicited during the qualitative phase from March 2-8, 2020 were then tested in the quantitative phase from March 16-22, 2020. Read More

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Role of age, gender and marital status in prognosis for adults with depression: An individual patient data meta-analysis.

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2021 Jun 4;30:e42. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Research Department of Clinical, Educational & Health Psychology, Centre for Outcomes Research and Effectiveness (CORE), University College London, 1-19 Torrington Place, LondonWC1E 7HB, UK.

Aims: To determine whether age, gender and marital status are associated with prognosis for adults with depression who sought treatment in primary care.

Methods: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and Cochrane Central were searched from inception to 1st December 2020 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of adults seeking treatment for depression from their general practitioners, that used the Revised Clinical Interview Schedule so that there was uniformity in the measurement of clinical prognostic factors, and that reported on age, gender and marital status. Individual participant data were gathered from all nine eligible RCTs (N = 4864). Read More

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Influence of COVID-19 Information Sources on the Attitudes and Practices toward COVID-19 among the General Public of Saudi Arabia: Cross-sectional Online Survey.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Health Services and Hospital Administration, Faculty of Economics and Administration, King Abdulaziz University, University Building 125 Faculties Street, Jeddah, SA.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in panic among the general public, leading to many people seeking out information related to COVID-19 through various sources, including social media and traditional media. Identifying public preferences for obtaining such information may help health authorities to effectively plan successful health preventive and education intervention strategies.

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of the types of sources used for obtaining COVID-19 information among the general public in Saudi Arabia on their attitudes and practices during the pandemic, and to identify the socioeconomic factors associated with the use of different sources of information. Read More

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"Despite the Differences, We Were All the Same". Group Cohesion in Diagnosis-Specific and Transdiagnostic CBT Groups for Anxiety and Depression: A Qualitative Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 17;18(10). Epub 2021 May 17.

Research Unit for Psychotherapy & Psychopathology, Psychiatry West, Region Zealand, 4200 Slagelse, Denmark.

Group cohesion refers to a sense of belonging, mutual support and identification with other group members. Group cohesion has been associated with better outcomes, lower drop-out rates, more interpersonal support and better participation in psychotherapy. Nevertheless, the role of group cohesion in CBT has not yet received much attention. Read More

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Two decades of digital interventions for anxiety disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis of treatment effectiveness.

Psychol Med 2021 May 28:1-13. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Clinical, Neuro and Developmental Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Digital interventions for anxiety disorders are a promising solution to address barriers to evidence-based treatment access. Precise and powerful estimates of digital intervention effectiveness for anxiety disorders are necessary for further adoption in practice. The present systematic review and meta-analysis examined the effectiveness of digital interventions across all anxiety disorders and specific to each disorder v. Read More

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Could Dispositional Optimism Impair Panic Disorder and Depression Outcomes?

J Nerv Ment Dis 2021 Jun;209(6):459-462

Treatment Resistant Depression Ambulatory, Psychiatry Institute, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.

Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate potential correlates of dispositional optimism and quality of life in patients with depression and panic disorder. The study used a cross-sectional design. The analyzed sample consisted of 77 participants with panic disorder and 75 participants with depression attending two outpatient clinics at the Psychiatry Institute of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Read More

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Cognitive and body manifestations of driving anxiety according to different onsets.

Anxiety Stress Coping 2021 May 25:1-16. Epub 2021 May 25.

TS2-LESCOT, Univ Gustave Eiffel, IFSTTAR, Univ Lyon, Lyon, France.

Background: Driving anxiety can have deleterious effects not only on driving behavior, but also on life quality. The interaction between motor vehicle collision (MVC) experiences and driving anxiety has been studied from different standpoints. However, the comparison with other events triggering it has been scarcely considered. Read More

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Optimal well-being in the aftermath of anxiety disorders: A 10-year longitudinal investigation.

J Affect Disord 2021 May 14;291:110-117. Epub 2021 May 14.

University of South Florida, Department of Psychology.

Background: Although preliminary research has explored the possibility of optimal well-being after depression, it is unclear how rates compare to anxiety. Using Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and Panic Disorder (PD) as exemplars of anxiety, we tested the rates of optimal well-being one decade after being diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. Based on reward deficits in depression, we pre-registered our primary hypothesis that optimal well-being would be more prevalent after anxiety than depression as well as tested two exploratory hypotheses. Read More

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Medical students' relative immunity, or lack thereof, against COVID-19 emotional distress and psychological challenges; a descriptive study from Jordan.

F1000Res 2021;10:297. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine at The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.

Emotional distress is a major impact of COVID-19 among not only the general public but also healthcare workers including medical students. This study aimed at describing self-reported changes in emotional reactions associated with COVID-19 among medical students in Jordan and to assessing the potential effect of social media utilization on emotional distress among this group. A cross-sectional design was utilized to collect data early on during the outbreak in Jordan. Read More

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Psychophysiological assessment of stress reactivity and recovery in anxiety disorders.

J Anxiety Disord 2021 May 13;82:102426. Epub 2021 May 13.

The Institute of Living/Hartford Hospital, 200 Retreat Avenue, Hartford, CT 06106, United States; Yale University School of Medicine, 300 George Street, New Haven, CT 06511, United States.

The present study aimed to examine changes in psychophysiological arousal from baseline to a stressor phase (reactivity) and from the stressor phase to a second resting phase (recovery) in patients with anxiety disorders. Fifty adult patients with DSM-5 anxiety disorders (panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, or social anxiety disorder) and 28 healthy control (HC) participants underwent psychophysiological monitoring including electrocardiogram, respiration rate, electrodermal activity, gastrocnemius electromyograph, and end-tidal CO for a 3-min resting phase, a 6-min mild stressor phase, and a 3-min recovery phase. Anxious patients then went on to receive naturalistic cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in a specialty outpatient clinic. Read More

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Emotional Disorders During the COVID-19 Outbreak in Spain: The Role of Sociodemographic Risk Factors and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies.

Health Educ Behav 2021 May 19:10901981211014101. Epub 2021 May 19.

University of Málaga, Málaga, Andalucía, Spain.

Background: Cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERS) play a transdiagnostic role in emotional disorders, but the role of these strategies in coping with emotions during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic remains poorly understood.

Aims: To assess the presence of emotional disorders in Spain and the association to sociodemographic characteristics and CERS during the COVID-19 outbreak.

Method: Cross-sectional survey administered through an online platform. Read More

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Internalizing psychopathology and all-cause mortality: a comparison of transdiagnostic vs. diagnosis-based risk prediction.

World Psychiatry 2021 Jun;20(2):276-282

Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.

Previous studies have documented the utility of a transdiagnostic internalizing factor in predicting important future outcomes (e.g., subsequent mental disorder diagnoses). Read More

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The Role of Social Media Use in Peer Bullying Victimization and Onset of Anxiety Among Indonesian Elementary School Children.

Front Psychol 2021 28;12:635725. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland.

This study explored a multidimensional model of the relationships between social media use, gender, peer bullying victimization experiences, and the onset of anxiety symptoms among children. We hypothesized that greater experience of bullying would be associated with greater onset of anxiety. We also expected that gender and social media use (specifically Instagram and YouTube) would be linked with anxiety among elementary school children. Read More

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Factors differentiating panic disorder with and without comorbid symptoms of depression.

Psychol Psychother 2021 May 16. Epub 2021 May 16.

Mental Health Centre, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital - IDIVAL, Santander, Spain.

The aim of this study was to examine the sociodemographic and clinical differences between people with a probable diagnosis of panic disorder (PD) and those with PD and a probable comorbid diagnosis major depressive disorder (PD + MDD). We also sought to explore the potential contribution of cognitive variables to help differentiate between PD and PD + MDD. This was a subgroup analysis of 331 patients with PD symptoms who were included in the PsicAP clinical trial. Read More

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Doomsday Prepping During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Psychol 2021 14;12:659925. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia.

"Doomsday prepping" is a phenomenon which involves preparing for feared societal collapse by stockpiling resources and readying for self-sufficiency. While doomsday prepping has traditionally been reported in the context of extremists, during the COVID-19 pandemic, excessive stockpiling leading to supply shortages has been reported globally. It is unclear what psychological or demographic factors are associated with this stockpiling. Read More

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Fifteen years of NESDA Neuroimaging: An overview of results related to clinical profile and bio-social risk factors of major depressive disorder and common anxiety disorders.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jun 20;289:31-45. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Location VUMC and Amsterdam Neuroscience, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

The longitudinal Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) Neuroimaging study was set up in 2003 to investigate whether neuroanatomical and functional abnormalities during tasks of primary emotional processing, executive planning and memory formation, and intrinsic brain connectivity are i) shared by individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) and common anxiety disorders; and ii) characterized by symptomatology-specific abnormalities. Furthermore, questions related to individual variations in vulnerability for onset, comorbidity, and longitudinal course could be investigated. Between 2005 and 2007, 233 individuals fulfilling a diagnosis of MDD, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder and 68 healthy controls aging between 18 and 57 were invited from the NESDA main sample (n = 2981). Read More

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Information Overload, Wellbeing and COVID-19: A Survey in China.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2021 Apr 27;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AS, UK.

(1) Psychology must play an important role in the prevention and management of the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of the present study was to examine associations between the perceptions of information overload and wellbeing in China during the initial phase of COVID-19. (2) Methods: The present research involved a cross-sectional online survey, which controlled for established predictors of wellbeing and the perception of general (not COVID-19-specific) information overload. Read More

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Self-reported DSM-5 Anxiety Severity Measures: Evidence of Validity and Reliability in Spanish youths.

Psicothema 2021 05;33(2):312-319

Universitat Jaume I.

Background: Very few studies about the psychometric properties of the Anxiety Severity Measures (ASM) proposed in the DSM-5 exist, and none in Spanish-speaking populations. Thus, the aim of the present study was to provide validity and reliability evidence for the Spanish versions of the Agoraphobia, Social Anxiety, Separation Anxiety, Panic, Generalized Anxiety and Specific Phobia Severity measures.

Method: Participants included 567 Spaniards (mean age=21. Read More

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The individual in the system: The role of affect in recent veterinary graduates' reflective activity.

Authors:
Sheena M Warman

Vet Rec 2021 Apr 18:e304. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Bristol Veterinary School, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Background: The transition to professional practice can be a challenging time. The Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons' (RCVS) Professional Development Phase (PDP) aims to support recent graduates through this transition, with graduates required to reflect on their experiences. This study drew on the concept of "lived experience" to explore the influence of affect (feelings, emotions and mood) on recent graduates' experience of reflective activity. Read More

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Who Was Shopping More During the Spring Lockdown 2020 in Germany?

Front Psychiatry 2021 30;12:650989. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Addictive Behavior and Addiction Medicine, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.

During the lockdown, governmental restrictions resulted in changes to the day-to-day routines of many individuals. Some people appear to cope with stress by panic buying in an attempt to stockpile specific goods, resulting in empty supermarket shelves. Moreover, e-commerce experienced significant growth during this period. Read More

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Trait anger expression mediates childhood trauma predicting for adulthood anxiety, depressive, and alcohol use disorders.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jun 3;288:114-121. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

The Pennsylvania State University.

Background: General aggression and evolutionary models posit that more severe early exposure experiences to trauma (physical, emotional, sexual abuse and/or neglect) place one at risk for adulthood psychopathology through heightened trait anger expression-internal (Anger-In) and external (Anger-Out). However, there are a dearth of empirical studies explaining the longitudinal childhood maltreatment-adulthood psychopathology relation.

Objective: Therefore, this study investigated if childhood maltreatment exposure severity predicted elevated adulthood major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder (PD), and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Read More

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Magnitude and variability of structural brain abnormalities in neuropsychiatric disease: protocol for a network meta-analysis of MRI studies.

Evid Based Ment Health 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry Psychology and Neuroscience, London, UK.

Introduction: Structural MRI is the most frequently used method to investigate brain volume alterations in neuropsychiatric disease. Previous meta-analyses have typically focused on a single diagnosis, thereby precluding transdiagnostic comparisons.

Methods And Analysis: We will include all structural MRI studies of adults that report brain volumes for participants from at least two of the following diagnostic groups: healthy controls, schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder, psychotic depression, clinical high risk for psychosis, schizotypal personality disorder, psychosis unspecified, bipolar disorder, autism spectrum disorder, major depressive disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, emotionally unstable personality disorder, 22q11 deletion syndrome, generalised anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, mixed anxiety and depression. Read More

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The Burden of Agoraphobia in Worsening Quality of Life in a Community Survey in Italy.

Psychiatry Investig 2021 Apr 15;18(4):277-283. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Objective: Current nosology redefined agoraphobia as an autonomous diagnosis distinct from panic disorder. We investigated the lifetime prevalence of agoraphobia, its association with other mental disorders, and its impact on the health-related quality of life (HR-QoL).

Methods: Community survey in 2,338 randomly selected adult subjects. Read More

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Subjective experiences of bicyclists being passed by motor vehicles: The relationship to motor vehicle passing distance.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Jun 5;155:106102. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Institute of Transport Studies, Faculty of Engineering, Monash University, VIC, Australia; Amy Gillett Foundation, VIC, Australia.

Background: Feeling unsafe when riding a bicycle is a key barrier to cycling participation. To better understand the experiences of cycling on-road, this study aimed to explore the relationship between cyclists' subjective experiences and the lateral passing distance of motor vehicles.

Methods: An on-road observational study was conducted in Victoria, Australia. Read More

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Internet-delivered exposure therapy versus internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for panic disorder: A pilot randomized controlled trial.

J Anxiety Disord 2021 04 10;79:102382. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

School of Psychology, University of New South Wales Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia; Clinical Research Unit for Anxiety and Depression, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia; Black Dog Institute, University of New South Wales Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.

Aim: To compare the efficacy and acceptability of internet-delivered exposure therapy for panic disorder, to multi-component internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) that included controlled breathing, cognitive restructuring and exposure.

Methods: Participants with panic disorder, with or without agoraphobia, were randomized to internet-delivered exposure therapy (n = 35) or iCBT (n = 34). Both programs were clinician guided, with six lessons delivered over eight weeks. Read More

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Cohort profile of the longitudinal Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) on etiology, course and consequences of depressive and anxiety disorders.

J Affect Disord 2021 05 17;287:69-77. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam Public Health, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Vrije Universiteit, and GGZ InGeest Specialized Mental Health Care, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Oldenaller 1, 1081 HJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands).

Introduction: The Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA, www.nesda.nl) is a longitudinal, multi-site, naturalistic, case-control cohort study set up to examine the etiology, course and consequences of depressive and anxiety disorders. Read More

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