15,072 results match your criteria participants mothers


Male microchimerism in females: a quantitative study of twin pedigrees to investigate mechanisms.

Hum Reprod 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Amsterdam Reproduction and Development (AR&D) Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Study Question: Does having a male co-twin, older brothers, or sons lead to an increased probability of persistent male microchimerism in female members of twin pedigrees?

Summary Answer: The presence of a male co-twin did not increase risk of male microchimerism and the prevalence of male microchimerism was not explained by having male offspring or by having an older brother.

What Is Known Already: Microchimerism describes the presence of cells within an organism that originate from another zygote and is commonly described as resulting from pregnancy in placental mammals. It is associated with diseases with a female predilection including autoimmune diseases and pregnancy-related complications. Read More

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Geographical variations in maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy associated with birth weight in Shaanxi province, Northwestern China.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0254891. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an, Shaanxi, P.R. China.

The geographical variation of maternal dietary patterns related to birth outcomes is important for improving the health of mothers and children; however, it is currently unknown. Thus, the objective of the study was to investigate geographical variations of maternal dietary pattern during pregnancy, and evaluate the spatial varying association of maternal dietary patterns in pregnancy with abnormal birth weight. A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Shaanxi province in Northwest China in 2013 to evaluate the relationship between abnormal birth weight and dietary pattern using the Geographically Weighted Logistic Regression (GWLR). Read More

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Magnitude and associated factors of delayed vaccination among children aged 11-23 months in, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2018.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 Jul 22:1-7. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Midwifery, College of Health Sciences, Aksum University, Aksum, Ethiopia.

Background: Delay in receiving the vaccination is a major public health problem that has been associated with vaccine-preventable disease epidemics. In Ethiopia, many children have not received the benefits of age-appropriate vaccination; thus more than 90% of child deaths are largely due to preventable communicable diseases.

Objective: The present study assessed the magnitude and associated factors of delayed vaccination among 12-23 months old children in Tigray, Ethiopia. Read More

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Parental identity as a resource for parental adaptation during the COVID-19 lockdown.

J Fam Psychol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Developmental, Personality, and Social Psychology.

The lockdown measures that were taken to contain the worldwide outbreak of COVID-19 caused many parents to stay at home with their children. This unusual situation created both risks and opportunities for families. In the present study, we examined the role of parental identity as a resource for parental adaptation during this challenging period, thereby considering both parenthood experiences and parents' general mental health while also taking into account the cumulative risk to which parents were exposed (e. Read More

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Cross-Cultural Associations of Four Parenting Behaviors With Child Flourishing: Examining Cultural Specificity and Commonality in Cultural Normativeness and Intergenerational Transmission Processes.

Child Dev 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Temple University.

Families from nine countries (N = 1,338) were interviewed annually seven times (M child = 7-15) to test specificity and commonality in parenting behaviors associated with child flourishing and moderation of associations by normativeness of parenting. Participants included 1,338 children (M = 8.59 years, SD = 0. Read More

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Evaluation of immunogenicity after first dose of hepatitis B vaccine in newborns with very low birth weight.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 Jul 21:1-5. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Division of Neonatology, İrmet Private Hospital, Tekirdağ, Turkey.

Objective: Hepatitis-B virus (HBV) infection is an important health problem worldwide. HBV vaccine application varies according to the birth weight and gestational week in the neonatal period. This study aimed to reconsider delaying the administration of the HBV vaccine because the birth weight of newborns was very low. Read More

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Treating Postpartum Depression: What Do We Know about Brexanolone?

Diseases 2021 Jul 12;9(3). Epub 2021 Jul 12.

NHS, Department of Mental Health, Psychiatric Service for Diagnosis and Treatment, Hospital "G. Mazzini", ASL 4, 64100 Teramo, Italy.

Postpartum depression (PPD) is defined as the onset of major depressive disorder in mothers, occurring during pregnancy or within 4 weeks post-delivery. With 7% of pregnancy-related death in the United States owing to mental health conditions, including PPD, and a global prevalence of 12%, PPD is a growing public health concern. In 2019, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved brexanolone, an exogenous analog of allopregnanolone, as the first ever drug to be specifically indicated for treating patients with PPD. Read More

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Schedules for home visits in the early postpartum period.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Jul 21;7:CD009326. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: Maternal complications, including psychological/mental health problems and neonatal morbidity, have commonly been observed in the postpartum period. Home visits by health professionals or lay supporters in the weeks following birth may prevent health problems from becoming chronic, with long-term effects. This is an update of a review last published in 2017. Read More

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Modern Contraceptive Use and Associated Factors During Extended Postpartum Period Among Women Who Gave Birth in the Last 12 Months at Northwest Ethiopia.

Int J Gen Med 2021 12;14:3313-3325. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Public Health, Medicine and Health Science College, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: The extended postpartum period is a one-year follow-up period after giving birth, and it is critical for women to prevent unintended pregnancy and reduce the risk of maternal and child mortality by ensuring safe birth intervals. Many women, however, are unaware that they are at risk for pregnancy throughout this period. Hence, the aim of this study was to assess the utilization and associated factors of modern contraceptives during extended postpartum family planning (EPPP) in northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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Necessity of salt intake reduction education beginning in youth: a cross-sectional survey of sodium-to-potassium ratios in mothers and their preschool children.

Hypertens Res 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Health Care Center, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Urinary sodium-to-potassium ratios are known to be high in preschoolers, but there are no reports comparing these ratios with those of the children's mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the urinary sodium-to-potassium ratios of mothers and their preschool children under the hypothesis that the ratio is equivalent between the two. We evaluated 297 preschoolers aged four to five attending six kindergartens (four in northern Japan, two in southern Japan), and we also evaluated the children's mothers. Read More

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Feeding practices and factors associated with the provision of iron-rich foods to children aged 6-23 months in Matam area, Senegal.

Public Health Nutr 2021 Jun 24:1-12. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

School of Food Sciences, Nutrition and Family Studies, Moncton University, Moncton, NB, Canada.

Objective: The objectives of this study were to document feeding practices amongst rural Senegalese children aged 6 to 23 months and to investigate psychosocial and environmental factors associated with the provision of iron-rich foods (IRF).

Design: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from January to July 2018.

Setting: The study took place in the region of Matam, northern Senegal. Read More

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Parental Perspectives on Children's Functional Experiences After Limb Fracture: A Qualitative Study.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

From the Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry Women and Children Health Research Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Department of Pediatrics, Section of Emergency Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI Department of Emergency Medicine, Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, London, Canada.

Background: Fractures are a common childhood injury. Although the pain associated with fractures is well described, the related functional impact is less understood. When a child's function is impaired, his or her ability to participate in day-to-day life is restricted. Read More

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Secondhand smoke exposure is longitudinally associated with shorter parent-reported sleep duration during childhood.

Sleep Health 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA; College of Nursing, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Secondhand smoke exposure has been cross-sectionally associated with worse sleep health outcomes in children and shorter sleep duration in adolescents.

Objectives: We assessed longitudinal and cross-sectional associations between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and shorter sleep duration in children from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a longitudinal birth cohort. We additionally examined whether associations would persist after controlling for potential confounders. Read More

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Food-Focused Media Literacy for Remotely Acculturating Adolescents and Mothers: A Randomized Controlled Trial of the "JUS Media? Programme".

J Adolesc Health 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

CDC Foundation, Atlanta, Georgia.

Purpose: Unhealthy eating is a major modifiable risk factor for noncommunicable diseases and obesity, and remote acculturation to U.S. culture is a recently identified cultural determinant of unhealthy eating among adolescents and families in low/middle-income countries. Read More

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Dravet syndrome: Effects on informal caregivers' mental health and quality of life - A systematic review.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 Jul 16;122:108206. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Al. Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal; Department of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Al. Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal; Psychiatry Service, Centro Hospitalar Universitário São João (CHUSJ), Al. Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, 4202-451 Porto, Portugal.

Background: Dravet syndrome (DS) is a severe developmental and epileptic encephalopathy, with predictable negative consequences for informal caregivers' mental health. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the representativeness of depression, anxiety, and burden in these caregivers and assess their quality of life.

Methods: The PRISMA recommendations were followed, and a comprehensive search was conducted on PubMed/MEDLINE, WoS and Scopus databases, without date or language limits. Read More

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Knowledge of breastfeeding practice and associated factors among fathers whose wife delivered in last one year in Gurage Zone, Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2021 19;16(7):e0254824. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Nursing, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia.

Background: Breastfeeding is the feeding of an infant or young child with breast milk directly from female human breasts. It confers short-term and long-term benefits for both child and mother, including helping to protect children against a variety of acute and chronic disorders. In mothers, breastfeeding (BF) reduces postpartum bleeding, enhances accelerated involution of the uterus, and plays a crucial role in child spacing. Read More

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Investigating pupillometry to detect emotional regulation difficulties in post-traumatic stress disorder.

World J Biol Psychiatry 2021 Jul 19:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Objective: Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been found to exhibit emotional regulation difficulties. However, the specific neural mechanisms that underlie these difficulties remain understudied. This study aimed to use pupillometry as an index function of parasympathetic nervous system activation, to investigate the mechanisms underlying emotional regulation difficulties in individuals with PTSD. Read More

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Association of Life-Course Educational Attainment and Breast Cancer Grade in the MEND Study.

Ann Glob Health 2021 7;87(1):59. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Population Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: Nigeria reports the highest age-standardized mortality rate for breast cancer (BC) among African countries and disproportionately high rates of high-grade cancer. Histological grade is a strong predictor of mortality, and evidence suggests that educational attainment influences cancer outcomes.

Objective: We characterize the association between educational trends across the life-course and BC grade at diagnosis. Read More

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Predicting the physical activity of new parents who participated in a physical activity intervention.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jul 10;284:114221. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Dalhousie University, Faculty of Medicine, Halifax, Canada.

Rationale: The demands of early parenthood may limit the pursuit of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA); thus, understanding the predictors of MVPA among this population could help build targeted intervention programs.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the correlates of MVPA, in the form of constructs subsumed within the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and multi-process action control (M-PAC) framework, among new parents participating in in a couple-based PA promotion randomized trial across a six-month period in the first year after birth.

Methods: In total, 264 participants (132 couples) at the two-month point of parenting their first child were enrolled in the trial through advertisements. Read More

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Effects of an attachment-based parent intervention on mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder: preliminary findings from a non-randomized controlled trial.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2021 Jul 18;15(1):37. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan.

Background: Caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) often experience difficulties in responding appropriately to the needs of those children, who typically express attachment in distinct and nonconventional ways. This highlights the need for an attachment-based approach targeted at caregivers of children with ASD. Circle of Security Parenting (COSP), an attachment-based parenting program, is designed to increase caregivers' sensitivity to children's attachment needs. Read More

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Prenatal and perinatal factors and risk of cancer in middle and older adulthood among men.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

Background: Prenatal factors have been associated with risk of cancers later in life, although studies in men have largely been case-control and focused on birth size only.

Methods: We used data from 5,845 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study to prospectively examine associations between several prenatal and perinatal factors and incident adult cancer risk. In 1994, mothers of participants reported information on characteristics and behaviors related to their pregnancy with their sons. Read More

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The parental perspective of thalassaemia in Bangladesh: lack of knowledge, regret, and barriers.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Jul 16;16(1):315. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Emerging and Neglected Diseases, Biomedical Research Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Background: Thalassaemia, a hereditary haemoglobin disorder, is a major public health concern in some parts of the world. Although Bangladesh is in the world's thalassaemia belt, the information on this disease is scarce. Additionally, the awareness of this life threatening, but potentially preventable disease is surprisingly poor. Read More

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A pilot study to evaluate the effect of classroom-based high-fidelity simulation on midwifery students' self-efficacy in clinical lactation and perceived translation of skills to the care of the breastfeeding mother-infant dyad.

Midwifery 2021 Jun 30;102:103078. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

LiquidGoldConcept, Inc. 124 Pearl Street #404 Ypsilanti, Michigan, 48197, United States; University of California, Davis, Physician Scientist Training Program, Graduate Group in Nutritional Biology, 3135 Meyer Hall One Shields Avenue Davis, CA, 95616, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Midwives are expected to provide timely and skilled support to breastfeeding mothers, yet it is not clear whether and how midwifery students receive training in clinical lactation. The primary objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the impact of a classroom-based breastfeeding simulation on nurse-midwifery students' self-efficacy in lactation skills. The secondary objective was to describe students' exposure to breastfeeding patients in the classroom and in clinical settings. Read More

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The Value of Mobile Health in Improving Breastfeeding Outcomes Among Perinatal or Postpartum Women: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Jul 16;9(7):e26098. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Pharmacy, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, China.

Background: Breastfeeding is essential for maintaining the health of mothers and babies. Breastfeeding can reduce the infection rate and mortality in newborns, and can reduce the chances of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents. For mothers, a longer duration of breastfeeding can reduce the risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Read More

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Capturing the voices of mothers: Delivery and content efficacy of a community attachment parenting program.

J Community Psychol 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Executive Director of Attachment & Trauma Parenting Organization, Ontario, Canada.

This qualitative case study sought to examine the delivery and content efficacy of a community attachment parenting program developed and hosted by an attachment and trauma-informed organization that services infants and their pre- or postnatal mothers in Ontario, Canada. A focus group and participant reflective journals were employed to amplify the voices of mothers who engaged in the 8-week program. Five overarching themes surfaced in the data which include (1) infant/mother attachment, (2) program delivery validations and recommendations, (3) program content validations and recommendations, (4) facilitator delivery, content and relational competencies and (5) connections with others. Read More

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Engendered Expressions of Anxiety: Men's Emotional Communications With Women and Other Men.

Front Sociol 2021 29;6:697356. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Leeds School of Social Sciences, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom.

While the contemporary therapeutic discourse inveigles us to talk about our personal problems, a countervailing neo-liberal healthist discourse, aligning with conventional masculinity norms, presumes that we will manage any issues independently. This discursive tension can be difficult to navigate, especially for men confronted with still powerful traditional expectations around masculinity (e.g. Read More

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Psychological Distress, Disorder Severity, and Perception of Positive Contributions in Couples Raising Individuals With Autism.

Front Psychol 2021 29;12:694064. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Joint Research Institute National University for Distance Education and Health Institute Carlos III (IMIENS), Madrid, Spain.

Parents' perception of the positive contributions associated with raising children with autism is considered to be a protective factor in the process of psychological adaptation. Thus, it is essential to unveil what factors are related to this perception. We explore how parents' psychological distress (parental stress and anxiety) predicts the perception of positive contributions in fathers and mothers who raise individuals with different levels of autism severity. Read More

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"She's the Center of My Life, the One That Keeps My Heart Open": Roles and Expectations of Native American Women.

Affilia 2021 Aug 10;36(3):357-375. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Tulane University School of Social Work, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Historically, Native American (NA) mothers have proven essential to the survival of their families and communities, yet scant research has examined their roles today. Current gender roles in NA communities are influenced by historical oppression (both historic and contemporary forms) that acted to reverse matrilineal gender norms in favor of patriarchy. The present study sought to explore norms and expectations for women among two NA tribes located in the southeastern region of the United States. Read More

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Low-level Plasmodium vivax exposure, maternal antibodies, and anemia in early childhood: Population-based birth cohort study in Amazonian Brazil.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jul 15;15(7):e0009568. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Parasitology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Malaria causes significant morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa and the Asia-Pacific region. Neonates and young infants remain relatively protected from clinical disease and the transplacental transfer of maternal antibodies is hypothesized as one of the protective factors. The adverse health effects of Plasmodium vivax malaria in early childhood-traditionally viewed as a benign infection-remain largely neglected in relatively low-endemicity settings across the Amazon. Read More

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momHealth: A Feasibility Study of a Multibehavioral Health Intervention for Pregnant and Parenting Adolescent Mothers.

Kans J Med 2021 9;14:176-181. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS.

Introduction: In 2016, 209,809 babies were born to mothers 15 - 19 years of age, for a live birth rate of 20.3 per 1,000 in this age group. Many health issues surround adolescent mothers and their infants, many of which can be addressed through behavioral change. Read More

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