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Psychological adjustment of Spanish adolescents and their parents during COVID-19 lockdown: A mixed method approach.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(7):e0255149. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Interventions, Faculty of Psychology, Universitat de València, Valencia, Spain.

Previous literature on the psychological impact of COVID-19 has shown a direct relationship between family conflicts and psychological distress among parents and their children during the domestic lockdown and social isolation; but there are also opportunities to enhance family bonding, encourage collective problem-solving and improve personal relationships. This study aimed to explore psychological adjustment processes of Spanish adolescents and their parents during the first month of lockdown by analyzing their narratives, perceived outcomes, protection and risk factors. A total of 142 people agreed to participate in this study. Read More

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Effects of screen-based retinal light stimulation measured with a novel contrast sensitivity test.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(7):e0254877. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Myopia is increasing worldwide hence it exists a pressing demand to find effective myopia control strategies. Previous studies have shown that light, spectral composition, spatial frequencies, and contrasts play a critical role in refractive development. The effects of light on multiple retinal processes include growth regulation, but also visual performance and perception. Read More

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Health worries, life satisfaction, and social well-being concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic: Insights from Lebanon.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(7):e0254989. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Information Technology and Operations Management, Adnan Kassar School of Business, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon.

The COVID-19 outbreak has struck Lebanon in its worst period of instability, not only impacting physical health, but also increasing psychological distress. Using an online survey enhanced by response time measurement, this study describes the overall patterns in mental well-being outcomes and examines their association with sociodemographic characteristics during the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, it identifies significant predictors for COVID-19 good practices. Read More

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Adjustment Disorder in the Face of COVID-19 Outbreak: The Impact of Death Anxiety, Media Exposure, Fear of Contagion and Hypochondriasis Symptoms.

Omega (Westport) 2021 Jul 29:302228211034372. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

School of Social Work, Ariel University, Israel.

Based on the theoretical view of Terror Management Theory, the current research examines whether higher levels of death anxiety symptoms, in the face of the COVID-19 outbreak, increase the extent to which participants are exposed to information regarding the spread of the pandemic, as well as the fear of contagion and symptoms of hypochondriasis, which all in turn increase symptoms of adjustment disorder. A total number of 302 participants filled out self-report questionnaires regarding death anxiety, adjustment disorder, the extent of exposure to information regarding COVID-19, fear of contagion, hypochondriasis, and demographic information. Structural Equation Modeling analysis indicated a very good fit of the theoretical model with the data, confirming the mediation effect of exposure to information, fear of contagion, and symptoms of hypochondriasis on the association between death anxiety and adjustment disorder symptoms. Read More

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Yoga for hypertensive patients: a study on barriers and facilitators of its implementation in primary care.

Glob Health Action 2021 Jan;14(1):1952753

Institute for Health and Sport, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: International guidelines for hypertension treatment recommend the use of yoga, particularly among low-risk patients. However, evidence is lacking on the implementation potential of health-worker-led yoga interventions in low-resource, primary care settings.

Objective: To assess barriers to and facilitators of the implementation of a yoga intervention for hypertensive patients in primary care in Nepal. Read More

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January 2021

Psychometric assessment of the Swedish version of the injustice experience questionnaire among patients with chronic pain.

Scand J Pain 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Objectives: The use of the Injustice Experience Questionnaire (IEQ) in psychological assessment of individuals with chronic pain is supported by research. The psychometric properties of the Swedish version, the IEQ-S, has not yet been evaluated. Hence, the aim was to investigate structural validity, and concurrent criterion validity of the IEQ-S against the Work Ability Index (WAI), the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS-SW), the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item depression module (PHQ-9), and the Generalized anxiety disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7). Read More

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A fine tuning of embryo loading technique by eliminating the air bubble in the outer sheath of embryo catheter among women undergoing IVF treatment.

Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Obstetrics & Gynaecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Kuala Lumpur Campus, National University of Malaysia, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Objectives: The role of air bubbles in bracketing the embryo-containing medium in inner catheter during embryo transfer (ET) has already been established. However, the role of air bubbles in outer catheter (OC) during implantation is yet to be determined. This study aimed to compare the implantation rates between women who have undergone ET with or without ASP (Vitrolife; Sweden), a medium use for oocyte retrieval and rinsing in OC embryo catheter. Read More

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COVID-19 Deliveries: Maternal Features and Neonatal Outcomes.

J Patient Cent Res Rev 2021 19;8(3):286-289. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Aurora Cardiovascular and Thoracic Services, Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke's Medical Centers, Milwaukee, WI; University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI.

Integrated, data-driven criteria are necessary to evaluate delivery outcomes in pregnancies affected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. This study analyzed maternal demographics, clinical characteristics, treatments, and delivery outcomes of 85 ethnically diverse, adult pregnant women who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 at the time of delivery. Median maternal and gestational ages were 27 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 23-31) and 39 weeks (IQR: 37. Read More

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Cognitive and Motor Cortical Activity During Cognitively Demanding Stepping Tasks in Older People at Low and High Risk of Falling.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 12;8:554231. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Neuroscience Research Australia, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Choice stepping reaction time tasks are underpinned by neuropsychological, sensorimotor, and balance systems and therefore offer good indices of fall risk and physical and cognitive frailty. However, little is known of the neural mechanisms for impaired stepping and associated fall risk in older people. We investigated cognitive and motor cortical activity during cognitively demanding stepping reaction time tasks using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in older people at low and high fall risk. Read More

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Oral Health Status and Treatment Need in Geriatric Patients with Different Degrees of Cognitive Impairment and Dementia: A Cross-Sectional Study.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Jun 2;10(6):2171-2176. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Private Practitioner and Consultant Oral Surgeon Thandalam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Health can be defined as more than an absence or lack of disease. It is generally related to personal, physical, social, along with spiritual wellness. However, the importance of good health is comparable with a progressive physical and cognitive limitations due to aging and hence, its clear definition is not possible. Read More

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Connecting Social Psychology and Deep Reinforcement Learning: A Probabilistic Predictor on the Intention to Do Home-Based Physical Activity After Message Exposure.

Front Psychol 2021 12;12:696770. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Industrial, Computer and Biomedical Engineering, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

Previous research has shown that sending personalized messages consistent with the recipient's psychological profile is essential to activate the change toward a healthy lifestyle. In this paper we present an example of how artificial intelligence can support psychology in this process, illustrating the development of a probabilistic predictor in the form of a Dynamic Bayesian Network (DBN). The predictor regards the change in the intention to do home-based physical activity after message exposure. Read More

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Knowledge and Attitude of Refractive Error Among Public High School Students in Gondar City.

Clin Optom (Auckl) 2021 20;13:201-208. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Optometry, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Refractive error (RE) is the main cause of visual impairment and blindness in the world. Lack of knowledge and unfavorable attitude of refractive error can have long-term consequences and dramatic effects in children and adults, such as loss of educational and employment opportunities, loss of economic gain for individuals, families, and societies, and impaired quality of life.

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the level of knowledge and attitude of refractive error among public high school students in Gondar city, Northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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Utility of the Interferon-Gamma Release Assay for Latent Tuberculosis Infection Screening among Indian Health-Care Workers.

Indian J Community Med 2021 Apr-Jun;46(2):281-284. Epub 2021 May 29.

Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College-Johns Hopkins Clinical Trials Unit, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Background: The utility of interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) screening among health-care workers (HCWs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) remains unclear.

Methods: This was a prospective cohort study among HCW trainees undergoing annual LTBI screening via tuberculin skin test (TST) and QuantiFERON TB Gold Test-in-tube (QFT-GIT) in Pune, India. TST induration ≥ 10 mm and QFT-GIT ≥ 0. Read More

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Cross-sectional study to assess the healthcare professionals' knowledge, attitude and practices about probiotics use in Pakistan.

BMJ Open 2021 Jul 28;11(7):e047494. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan

Objectives: The study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of HCPs regarding the use of probiotics in different health conditions and to identify various barriers that are associated with their use.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 405 HCPs by using a validated self- administered questionnaire for assessing their KAP towards probiotic use. The study data were analysed using descriptive statistics, χ test and binary logistic regression (BLR). Read More

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PediAppRREST: effectiveness of an interactive cognitive support tablet app in reducing deviations from guidelines in the management of paediatric cardiac arrest: protocol for a simulation-based randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2021 Jul 28;11(7):e047208. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Padua, Padua, Italy

Introduction: Paediatric cardiac arrest (PCA), despite its low incidence, has a high mortality. Its management is complex and deviations from guideline recommendations occur frequently. We developed a new interactive tablet app, named PediAppRREST, to support the management of PCA. Read More

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Behavioural interventions for CVD risk reduction for blue-collar workers: a systematic review.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objectives: Individuals working in blue-collar occupations experience high rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this systematic review is to describe the characteristics and efficacy of behavioural interventions that have targeted CVD risk factors in this high-risk group.

Methods: Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we searched seven databases to find interventions focused on changing the following: blood pressure, cholesterol, diet, physical activity, smoking or weight. Read More

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Detailed statistical analysis plan for the short-term versus long-term mentalisation-based therapy for outpatients with subthreshold or diagnosed borderline personality disorder randomised clinical trial (MBT-RCT).

Trials 2021 Jul 28;22(1):497. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Copenhagen Trial Unit, Centre for Clinical Intervention Research, Department 7812, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder is often extensive and resource-intensive. Mentalisation-based therapy is a psychodynamically oriented treatment option for borderline personality disorder, which includes a case formulation, psychoeducation, and group and individual therapy. The evidence on short-term compared with long-term mentalisation-based therapy is currently unknown. Read More

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Association between NR3C1 gene polymorphisms and age-related hearing impairment in Qingdao Chinese elderly.

BMC Med Genomics 2021 Jul 28;14(1):193. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Public Health College, Qingdao University, No. 38 Dengzhou Road, Shibei District, Qingdao, 266021, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

Background: Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI) has attracted increasing attention recently. It is caused by genetic and environmental factors. A number of ARHI-related genes have been found. Read More

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In-Person Versus Telehealth for Concussion Clinical Care in Adolescents: A Pilot Study of Therapeutic Alliance and Patient Satisfaction.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation/Office for Sport Concussion Research, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville (Dr Elbin); Schmieding Developmental Center, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Lowell (Ms Stephenson and Dr Lipinski); Inova Sports Medicine Concussion Program, Fairfax, Virginia (Dr Womble); Baylor Scott & White Sports Concussion Program, Frisco, Texas (Drs Reynolds and Covert); and Department of Orthopedic Surgery, UPMC Sports Medicine Concussion Program, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Kontos).

Objective: To conduct a pilot study of caregiver ratings of therapeutic alliance and patient satisfaction outcomes between telehealth and in-person concussion clinical care in male and female adolescent athletes.

Setting: Outpatient neuropsychology concussion clinic.

Participants: Fifteen patients (aged 15. Read More

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Magnocellular visual function in developmental dyslexia: deficit in frequency-doubling perimetry and ocular motor skills.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Laboratory of Applied Research in Neuroscience of Vision, Hospital de Olhos de Minas Gerais-Dr. Ricardo Guimarães, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Purpose: This study aimed to verify if patients with developmental dyslexia present deficits coherent with visual magnocellular dysfunction.

Methods: Participants with confirmed diagnosis of developmental dyslexia (n=62; age range=8-25 years; mean age=13.8 years, standard deviation=3. Read More

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Sleep Buffers the Effect of Discrimination on Cardiometabolic Allostatic Load in Native Americans: Results from the Oklahoma Study of Native American Pain Risk.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Psychology, The University of Tulsa, 800 South Tucker Drive, Tulsa, OK, 74104, USA.

Objectives: Compared to other racial/ethnic groups, Native Americans (NAs) are more likely to develop health conditions associated with allostatic load (stress-related wear-and-tear). Psychosocial factors (i.e. Read More

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Disparities in Anticoagulant Therapy Initiation for Incident Atrial Fibrillation by Race/Ethnicity Among Patients in the Veterans Health Administration System.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Jul 1;4(7):e2114234. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Importance: Atrial fibrillation is a common cardiac rhythm disturbance causing substantial morbidity and mortality that disproportionately affects racial/ethnic minority groups. Anticoagulation reduces stroke risk in atrial fibrillation, yet studies show it is underprescribed in racial/ethnic minority patients.

Objective: To compare initiation of anticoagulant therapy by race/ethnicity for patients in the Veterans Health Administration (VA) system with atrial fibrillation. Read More

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A Biofeedback App for Migraine: Development and Usability Study.

JMIR Form Res 2021 Jul 28;5(7):e23229. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Biofeedback is effective in treating migraines. It is believed to have a beneficial effect on autonomous nervous system activity and render individuals resilient to stressors that may trigger a migraine. However, widespread use of biofeedback is hampered by the need for a trained therapist and specialized equipment. Read More

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Factors Influence on Pap Test Screening among Lahu Hill Tribe Women in Remote Area Thailand.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2021 Jul 1;22(7):2243-2249. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Public Health Scholars at Mae Je Dee Mai Sub-district Health promotion hospital, Wiang Pa Pao, Chiang Rai, Thailand.

Background: Papanicolaou test is widely used to screening cervical cancer but low attend rate. There is one mountainous area found high participation rate.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the factors associated with successful Pap test among Lahu hill tribe women. Read More

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Do Social Relationships With Those Who Witness Moral Transgression Affect the Sense of Guilt?

Evol Psychol 2021 Jul-Sep;19(3):14747049211032576

Department of Computer Science, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Japan.

Moral emotion is thought to have evolved to guide our behavior and control our impulse to achieve immediate rewards, thus serving to enforce pro-social behavior. Guilt, one of the moral emotions, is a social, other-oriented emotion that is experienced primarily in interpersonal situations, although it may also be experienced in non-interpersonal situations. We predicted that the intensity of the sense of guilt would differ depending on the relationship between a witness and the person who performed the antisocial behavior because building a good reputation plays an important role in the evolution of reciprocal altruism through indirect reciprocity. Read More

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Meta-Analysis of RCTs of Technology-Assisted Parent-Mediated Interventions for Children with ASD.

J Autism Dev Disord 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

UNSW, Sydney, Australia.

Technology-assisted parent-mediated interventions improve accessibility and are acceptable but not proven to be effective. We conducted a systematic search of 6 databases. We included and analysed results from studies on social and communication outcomes. Read More

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Video-based Parkinson's disease assessments in a nationwide cohort of Fox Insight participants.

Clin Park Relat Disord 2021 24;4:100094. Epub 2021 May 24.

Center for Health + Technology, University of Rochester, 265 Crittenden Blvd, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.

Introduction: Parkinson's disease (PD) research is hampered by slow, inefficient recruitment and burdensome in-person assessments that may be challenging to conduct in a world affected by COVID-19. Fox Insight is an ongoing prospective clinical research study that enables individuals to participate in clinical research from their own homes by completing online questionnaires. To date, over 45,000 participants with and without PD have enrolled. Read More

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Differential perceptions regarding personal protective equipment use during the COVID-19 pandemic by NHS healthcare professionals based on ethnicity, sex and professional experience.

Infect Prev Pract 2021 Sep 12;3(3):100141. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

University Hospitals Coventry & Warwickshire NHS Trust, Clifford Bridge Road, Coventry, CV2 2DX, United Kingdom.

Objectives: To capture perceptions regarding personal protective equipment (PPE) among healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic, including staff subgroups at high risk for severe COVID-19, such as black and minority ethnic (BAME) groups.

Design: Electronically distributed survey with semi-quantitative analysis. Survey distributed at a major academic NHS tertiary referral centre in the West Midlands with a diverse medical workforce to medically qualified staff who completed COVID-19 redeployment trainingN=121; 47% female; 49% of BAME background; 26% international medical graduates). Read More

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September 2021

Psychometric Properties of Nursing Delirium Screening Scale in Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units.

Indian J Crit Care Med 2021 Jun;25(6):680-684

Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.

Background: Nursing Delirium Screening Scale (Nu-DESC) is a new instrument for determining delirium by nurses. The study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of Nu-DESC and determined the sensitivity and specificity of it.

Methods: Two evaluators assessed delirium by Nu-DESC in nonintubated patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) wards of Ardabil educational and medical centers. Read More

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Quantitative multiparametric MRI as a non-invasive stratification tool in children and adolescents with autoimmune liver disease.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 27;11(1):15261. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Nutritional Disorders and Pediatrics, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland.

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (ASC) are two very closely related autoimmune liver diseases with overlapping clinical features and similar management strategies. The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of quantitative imaging markers to distinguish ASC from AIH in paediatrics. 66 participants (N = 52 AIH, N = 14 ASC) aged 14. Read More

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