120,998 results match your criteria parkinson's disease


Hydroxytyrosol as anti-parkinsonian molecule: Assessment using in-silico and MPTP-induced Parkinson's disease model.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Apr 18;139:111525. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Biochemistry, Basic Medical Sciences Block-II, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014, India. Electronic address:

3-Hydroxytyrosol (HXT) is a natural polyphenol present in extra virgin olive oil. It is a key component of Mediterranean diet and is known for its strong antioxidant activity. The present study evaluated the potential of HXT as an anti-parkinsonian molecule in terms of its ability to inhibit MAO-B and thereby maintaining dopamine (DA) levels in Parkinson's disease (PD). Read More

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Conveyance of cortical pacing for parkinsonian tremor-like hyperkinetic behavior by subthalamic dysrhythmia.

Cell Rep 2021 Apr;35(3):109007

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan; Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan; Neuroscience Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Parkinson's disease is characterized by both hypokinetic and hyperkinetic symptoms. While increased subthalamic burst discharges have a direct causal relationship with the hypokinetic manifestations (e.g. Read More

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MiR-30a-5p Regulates GLT-1 Function via a PKCα-Mediated Ubiquitin Degradation Pathway in a Mouse Model of Parkinson's Disease.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Neurology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510515, China.

Glutamate excitotoxicity is caused by dysfunctional glutamate transporters and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD); however, the mechanisms that underlie the regulation of glutamate transporters in PD are still not fully elucidated. MicroRNAs(miRNA), which are abundant in astrocytes and neurons, have been reported to play key roles in regulating the translation of glutamate-transporter mRNA. In this study, we hypothesized that the miR-30a-5p contributes to the pathogenesis of PD by regulating the ubiquitin-mediated degradation of glutamate transporter 1 (GLT-1). Read More

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Does human alpha synuclein behave like prions?

CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Drosophila Transgenic Laboratory, Section of Genetics, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Alpha synuclein (α-synuclein) is a protein which is abundantly found in brain and in lesser amount in heart and muscles. The exact role of α-synuclein is not known but it is consider to control the movement of synaptic vesicles. Its overexpression in the neurons leads to the formation of Lewy bodies which specifically damage the dopaminergic neurons in the subtantianigra of the mid brain and leads to the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). Read More

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Alpha-Synuclein Oligomers and Neurofilament Light Chain Predict Phenoconversion of Pure Autonomic Failure.

Ann Neurol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Objective: To explore the role of alpha-synuclein (αSyn) oligomers and neurofilament light chain (NfL) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with pure autonomic failure (PAF) as markers of future phenoconversion to multiple system atrophy (MSA).

Methods: Well-characterized patients with PAF (n=32) were enrolled between June 2016 and February 2019 at Mayo Clinic Rochester and followed prospectively with annual visits to determine future phenoconversion to MSA, Parkinson's disease (PD), or dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). ELISA was utilized to measure NfL and protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA) to detect αSyn oligomers in CSF collected at baseline. Read More

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Emerging urinary alpha-synuclein and miRNA biomarkers in Parkinson's disease.

Metab Brain Dis 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Allied Health Sciences, Augusta University, 987 St. Sebastian Way, Augusta, GA, 30912, USA.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases after Alzheimer's disease (AD), afflicting adults above the age of sixty irrespective of gender, race, ethnicity, and social status. PD is characterized by motor dysfunctions, displaying resting tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural imbalance. Non-motor symptoms, including rapid eye movement (REM) behavior disorder, constipation, and loss of sense of smell, typically occur many years before the appearance of the PD motor symptoms that lead to a diagnosis. Read More

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Gastrointestinal dysfunction in Parkinson's disease: molecular pathology and implications of gut microbiome, probiotics, and fecal microbiota transplantation.

J Neurol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Neurosciences, King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, London, UK.

Gastrointestinal symptoms and gut dysbiosis may occur before the onset of motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). Prediagnostic and prodromal features, such as constipation and α-synuclein pathology, can be detected several years before the clinical diagnosis of PD and have the potential to develop as early PD biomarkers. Environmental toxins and gut dysbiosis may trigger oxidative stress and mucosal inflammation, and initiate α-synuclein accumulation in the enteric nervous system, early in PD. Read More

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Principal Component Analysis of Striatal and Extrastriatal D2 Dopamine Receptor Positron Emission Tomography in Manganese Exposed Workers.

Toxicol Sci 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

The relationships between the neurotoxicant manganese (Mn), dopaminergic pathology and parkinsonism remain unclear. Therefore, we used [11C](N-methyl)benperidol (NMB) positron emission tomography (PET) to investigate the associations between Mn exposure, striatal and extrastriatal D2 dopamine receptors (D2R), and motor function in 54 workers with a range of Mn exposure. Cumulative Mn exposure was estimated from work histories, and all workers were examined by a movement specialist and completed a Grooved Pegboard test (GPT). Read More

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Association of Dual LRRK2 G2019S and GBA Variations With Parkinson Disease Progression.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e215845. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Neurology, Mount Sinai Beth Israel, and Icahn School of Medicine, Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Importance: Despite a hypothesis that harboring a leucine-rich repeat kinase 2(LRRK2) G2019S variation and a glucocerebrosidase (GBA) variant would have a combined deleterious association with disease pathogenesis, milder clinical phenotypes have been reported in dual LRRK2 and GBA variations Parkinson disease (PD) than in GBA variation PD alone.

Objective: To evaluate the association of LRRK2 G2019S and GBA variants with longitudinal cognitive and motor decline in PD.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This longitudinal cohort study of continuous measures in LRRK2 PD, GBA PD, LRRK2/GBA PD, and wild-type idiopathic PD used pooled annual visit data ranging from 2004 to 2019 from the Mount Sinai Beth Israel, Parkinson Disease Biomarker Program, Harvard Biomarkers Study, Ashkenazi Jewish-LRRK2-Consortium, Parkinson Progression Marker Initiative, and SPOT-PD studies. Read More

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Dementia is an age-independent risk factor for severity and death in COVID-19 inpatients.

Alzheimers Dement 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Institute of Medical Biochemistry Leopoldo de Meis, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Introduction: Dementia has been associated with COVID-19 prevalence, but whether this reflects higher infection, older age of patients, or disease severity remains unclear.

Methods: We investigated a cohort of 12,863 UK Biobank community-dwelling individuals > 65 years old (1814 individuals ≥ 80 years old) tested for COVID-19. Individuals were stratified by age to account for age as a confounder. Read More

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The pleiotropic effects of antithrombotic drugs in the metabolic-cardiovascular-neurodegenerative disease continuum: impact beyond reduced clotting.

Clin Sci (Lond) 2021 Apr;135(8):1015-1051

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

Antithrombotic drugs are widely used for primary and secondary prevention, as well as treatment of many cardiovascular disorders. Over the past few decades, major advances in the pharmacology of these agents have been made with the introduction of new drug classes as novel therapeutic options. Accumulating evidence indicates that the beneficial outcomes of some of these antithrombotic agents are not solely related to their ability to reduce thrombosis. Read More

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The magnetic-nanoparticle-assisted sensitive detection of nitrated α-syn in blood based on a sensitizing electrochemical layer.

Nanoscale 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

School of Preclinical Medicine, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241001, PR China. and School of Life Sciences, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, PR China.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disease. Nitrated α-synuclein (α-syn) in the blood is a potentially efficient biomarker for PD in its early stages. In this work, an ultrasensitive electrochemical immunosensor was developed for the specific detection of nitrated α-syn. Read More

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Impaired cerebral microcirculation in isolated REM sleep behaviour disorder.

Brain 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Nuclear Medicine & PET Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

During the prodromal period of Parkinson's disease and other α-synucleinopathy-related parkinsonisms, neurodegeneration is thought to progressively affect deep brain nuclei, such as the locus coeruleus, caudal raphe nucleus, substantia nigra, and the forebrain nucleus basalis of Meynert. Besides their involvement in the regulation of mood, sleep, behaviour, and memory functions, these nuclei also innervate parenchymal arterioles and capillaries throughout the cortex, possibly to ensure that oxygen supplies are adjusted according to the needs of neural activity. The aim of this study was to examine whether patients with isolated REM sleep behaviour disorder, a parasomnia considered to be a prodromal phenotype of α-synucleinopathies, reveal microvascular flow disturbances consistent with disrupted central blood flow control. Read More

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Ageing promotes pathological alpha-synuclein propagation and autonomic dysfunction in wild-type rats.

Brain 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Neuronal aggregates of misfolded alpha-synuclein protein are found in the brain and periphery of patients with Parkinson's disease. Braak and colleagues have hypothesized that the initial formation of misfolded alpha-synuclein may start in the gut, and then spread to the brain via peripheral autonomic nerves hereby affecting several organs, including the heart and intestine. Age is considered the greatest risk factor for Parkinson's disease, but the effect of age on the formation of pathology and its propagation has not been studied in detail. Read More

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Increased free water in the substantia nigra in idiopathic REM sleep behaviour disorder.

Brain 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Neurology and Institute of Neurology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200025, China.

Imaging markers sensitive to neurodegeneration in the substantia nigra are critically needed for future disease-modifying trials. Previous studies have demonstrated the utility of posterior substantia nigra free water as a marker of progression in Parkinson's disease. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that free water is elevated in the posterior substantia nigra of idiopathic REM sleep behaviour disorder, which is considered a prodromal stage of synucleinopathy. Read More

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Effects of Medicinal Plants and Flavonoids on Parkinson's Disease: A Review on Basic and Clinical Evidences.

Adv Pharm Bull 2021 Feb 1;11(2):224-232. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder which is characterized by typical symptoms including gradual progressive muscle rigidity, tremor and loss of motor skills. Although there is no definitive cure for PD, the extract of some medicinal plants and their ingredients have been suggested to relieve its symptoms and to prevent disability in patients. This review is focused on therapeutic effects of some medicinal plants and their ingredients on PD. Read More

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February 2021

Prodromal Parkinson disease subtypes - key to understanding heterogeneity.

Nat Rev Neurol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

In Parkinson disease (PD), pathological processes and neurodegeneration begin long before the cardinal motor symptoms develop and enable clinical diagnosis. In this prodromal phase, risk and prodromal markers can be used to identify individuals who are likely to develop PD, as in the recently updated International Parkinson and Movement Disorders Society research criteria for prodromal PD. However, increasing evidence suggests that clinical and prodromal PD are heterogeneous, and can be classified into subtypes with different clinical manifestations, pathomechanisms and patterns of spatial and temporal progression in the CNS and PNS. Read More

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Short-Term High-Intensity Treadmill Exercise Promotes Ceramide-Dependent Extracellular Vesicle Secretion in the Central Nervous System of Mice.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Apr 21;27:e929609. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Neurology, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND A lack of physical exercise, a critical aspect of a healthy lifestyle, contributes to several cerebral diseases, such as cognitive impairment, Parkinson disease (PD), and Alzheimer disease (AD). The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of physical exercise on cerebral disease via released extracellular vesicles (EVs). MATERIAL AND METHODS Short-term high-intensity treadmill exercise was applied to assess the effect of physical activity on EVs in the serum and brain tissue. Read More

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Getting into a "Flow" state: a systematic review of flow experience in neurological diseases.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2021 Apr 20;18(1):65. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Neurocenter, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Spitalstrasse 31, 6000, Luzern 16, Switzerland.

Background: Flow is a subjective psychological state that people report when they are fully involved in an activity to the point of forgetting time and their surrounding except the activity itself. Being in flow during physical/cognitive rehabilitation may have a considerable impact on functional outcome, especially when patients with neurological diseases engage in exercises using robotics, virtual/augmented reality, or serious games on tablets/computer. When developing new therapy games, measuring flow experience can indicate whether the game motivates one to train. Read More

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Genome instability and loss of protein homeostasis: converging paths to neurodegeneration?

Open Biol 2021 Apr 21;11(4):200296. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Biomedical Sciences of Cells and Systems, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, 9713 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Genome instability and loss of protein homeostasis are hallmark events of age-related diseases that include neurodegeneration. Several neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are characterized by protein aggregation, while an impaired DNA damage response (DDR) as in many genetic DNA repair disorders leads to pronounced neuropathological features. It remains unclear to what degree these cellular events interconnect with each other in the development of neurological diseases. Read More

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Neurofilament light chain: A novel blood biomarker in patients with ataxia telangiectasia.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2021 Apr 9;32:93-97. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Pediatrics, Amalia Children's Hospital, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Department of Pediatric Neurology, Amalia Children's Hospital, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Department of Laboratory Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Aim: Neurofilament light chain (NfL) is recognized as a blood biomarker in several neurodegenerative disorders, but its possible relevance in Ataxia Telangiectasia (A-T) has not been examined. The aim of this study was to investigate the biomarker potential of blood NfL concentrations in patients with A-T.

Method: Blood (serum/plasma) NfL concentrations were measured in a Dutch and an American cohort of patients with A-T and compared to control values. Read More

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Microtubule acetylation: a reading key to neural physiology and degeneration.

Neurosci Lett 2021 Apr 17:135900. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Biosciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy.

Neurons are the perfect example of cells where microtubules are essential to achieve an extraordinary degree of morphological and functional complexity. Different tubulin isoforms and associated post-translational modifications are the basis to establish the diversity in biochemical and biophysical properties of microtubules including their stability and the control of intracellular transport. Acetylation is one of the key tubulin modifications and it can influence important structural, mechanical and biological traits of the microtubule network. Read More

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Administration of quercetin improves mitochondria quality control and protects the neurons in 6-OHDA-lesioned Parkinson's disease models.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Apr 20;13. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, China.

Mounting evidence suggests that mitochondrial dysfunction and impaired mitophagy lead to Parkinson's disease (PD). Quercetin, one of the most abundant polyphenolic flavonoids, displays many health-promoting biological effects in many diseases. We explored the neuroprotective effect of quercetin in the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rat model of PD and in 6-OHDA-treated PC12 cells. Read More

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Sirtuin Acetylation and Deacetylation: a Complex Paradigm in Neurodegenerative Disease.

Mol Neurobiol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Chitkara College of Pharmacy, Chitkara University, Rajpura, Punjab, India.

Sirtuins are the class III of histone deacetylases that depend on nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide for their activity. Sirtuins can influence the progression of neurodegenerative disorders by switching between deacetylation and acetylation processes. Histone acetylation occurs when acetyl groups are added to lysine residues on the N-terminal part of histone proteins. Read More

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The potential role of miR-124-3p in tumorigenesis and other related diseases.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Carlson School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Clark University, Worcester, MA, 01610, USA.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of single-stranded noncoding and endogenous RNA molecules with a length of 18-25 nucleotides. Previous work has shown that miR-124-3p leads to malignant progression of cancer including cell apoptosis, migration, invasion, drug resistance, and also recovers neural function, affects adipogenic differentiation, facilitates wound healing through control of various target genes. miR-124-3p has been mainly previously characterized as a tumor suppressor regulating tumorigenesis and progression in several cancers, such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), gastric cancer (GC), bladder cancer, ovarian cancer (OC), and leukemia, as a tumor promotor in breast cancer (BC), and it has been also widely studied in a variety of neurological diseases, like Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD), and cardiovascular diseases, ulcerative colitis (UC), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Read More

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Increased Accumulation of α-Synuclein in Inflamed Appendices of Parkinson's Disease Patients.

Mov Disord 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.

Background: The accumulation of α-synuclein (α-Syn) aggregates that leads to the onset of Parkinson's disease (PD) has been postulated to begin in the gastrointestinal tract. The normal human appendix contains pathogenic forms of α-Syn, and appendectomy has been reported to affect the incidence of PD.

Objective: This study investigated appendix abnormality in patients with PD. Read More

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Effects of home-based exercise on motor, non-motor symptoms and health-related quality of life in Parkinson's disease patients: A randomized controlled trial.

Jpn J Nurs Sci 2021 Apr 19:e12418. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

School of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan.

Aim: To explore the effect of home-based exercise on motor symptoms (MS), non-motor symptoms (NMS), and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients.

Methods: This study was a randomized control trial with a convenience sample of 98 PD patients. Data were collected at baseline and interventions after 4 and 8 weeks. Read More

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LRRK2 G2019S kinase activity triggers neurotoxic NSF aggregation.

Brain 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

CIBIO, Università degli Studi di Trento, Trento, Italy.

Parkinson's disease is characterized by the progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons within the substantia nigra pars compacta and the presence of protein aggregates in surviving neurons. The LRRK2 G2019S mutation is one of the major determinants of familial Parkinson's disease cases and leads to late-onset Parkinson's disease with pleomorphic pathology, including α-synuclein accumulation and deposition of protein inclusions. We demonstrated that LRRK2 phosphorylates N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor (NSF). Read More

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Association of Stress-Health Factors among Parkinson's Disease Patient/Caregiving-Partner Dyads.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA.

Objective: Few studies have explored the shared effects of Parkinson's disease (PD) within patient/caregiver dyads. To fill this gap, we compared stress-health outcomes of patients with those of caregiving-partners, examined individual stress-health associations, and explored stress-health associations within dyads.

Method: A total of 18 PD patient/caregiving-partner dyads (N = 36) reported on disease-specific distress, anxiety, quality of life (QOL), and provided saliva samples for cortisol assessment. Read More

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