24,841 results match your criteria parenting


Parenting, deviant peer affiliation, and externalizing behavior during adolescence: processes conditional on sympathetic nervous system reactivity.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.

Background: This study examined associations between permissive parenting, deviant peer affiliations, and externalizing behavior across mid to late adolescence in a plausible indirect effects model of change over time with deviant peer affiliation serving as the mediator. We also evaluated potential conditional indirect effects wherein these relationships may be moderated by sex and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity, indexed by skin conductance level (SCL) reactivity.

Method: Participants included 242 community-sampled adolescents (M = 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13046DOI Listing

Investigation of a developmental pathway from infant anger reactivity to childhood inhibitory control and ADHD symptoms: interactive effects of early maternal caregiving.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.

Background: ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a complex pathogenesis. Individual differences in temperamental reactivity - in particular, anger reactivity - are predictive of ADHD. The goal of this study was to examine the moderating (maternal caregiving behaviors; MCB) and mediating (inhibitory control) variables of reactivity using a 9-year multimethod prospective longitudinal design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13047DOI Listing

Children's Inattention and Hyperactivity, Mother's Parenting, and Risk Behaviors in Adolescence: A 10-Year Longitudinal Study of Chilean Children.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Division of Academic General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

Objective: To examine how mothers' nurturant and, separately, hostile parenting mediate the effects of young children's inattentiveness and hyperactivity on risk behaviors in adolescence.

Method: Data were analyzed from 920 healthy Chilean children, studied at 5.5, 10 years, and adolescence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DBP.0000000000000661DOI Listing

Early student (dis)engagement: Contributions of household chaos, parenting, and self-regulatory skills.

Dev Psychol 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute.

Previous studies suggest that the roots of school dropout (a) can be established early in life, (b) are likely to involve multilevel factors (home, child, classroom) operating prior to and during the elementary school years, and (c) can be identified by 3rd grade. The decision to drop out of school is thus a dynamic developmental process that can begin with disengagement in elementary school. Yet few studies have examined the multilevel factors that might contribute to children's early disengagement from school. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/dev0000720DOI Listing

Gender differences in attachment from an evolutionary perspective: what is Good for the goose may not be good for the gander.

Authors:
Harald A Euler

Attach Hum Dev 2019 Mar 25:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

a Department of Psychology , University of Kassel , Kassel , Germany.

Human gender differences tend to be largest in behaviors of high reproductive relevance, that is, sexual and parenting behavior. Such differences show up best in biologically meaningful configurations of specific behaviors rather than in coarse categories. Paternal involvement is thus expressed in aspects and optima which differ from those of maternal involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2019.1589055DOI Listing

Widening the lens on family processes and the development of parent-child attachment relationships.

Authors:
Brenda L Volling

Attach Hum Dev 2019 Mar 25:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

a Department of Psychology , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , MI , USA.

This commentary addresses the research conducted by McConnachie et al. (this issue) on attachment in gay father families, lesbian mother families, and heterosexual parent families. Strengths of the research included the inclusion of different family constellations, the focus on between-family and within-family differences, the longitudinal research design, and the age-appropriate assessment of attachment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2019.1589068DOI Listing

Online social support group use by breastfeeding mothers: A content analysis.

Heliyon 2019 Mar 9;5(3):e01245. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Salomons Centre for Applied Psychology, Canterbury Christ Church University, Kent, UK.

Background: Breastfeeding is a public health priority and lack of breastfeeding support a contributing factor to the low initiation and continuation rates in the UK. Online social support groups are being increasingly utilised by breastfeeding mothers and research into this phenomenon is only now emerging.

Aim: To document and describe the posts made within an online breastfeeding support group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01245DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411598PMC

Assessment of the Effects of Pediatric Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on Family Stress and Well-Being: Development of the IMPACT 1.0 Scale.

Glob Pediatr Health 2019 15;6:2333794X19835645. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Medications may lessen core symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), yet families continue to report stress and have a low quality of life. Primary care providers manage almost half of all children with ADHD but do not have a brief measure to assess ADHD impacts on family in the context of everyday family life. The IMPACT (Impact Measure of Parenting-Related ADHD Challenges and Treatment) 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2333794X19835645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421607PMC

Parenting Stress in Mothers of Children With Autism Without Intellectual Disability. Mediation of Behavioral Problems and Coping Strategies.

Front Psychol 2019 8;10:464. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Departamento de Ciencias de la ocupación, logopedia, psicología evolutiva y de la educación, Universidad Católica de Valencia San Vicente Mártir, Valencia, Spain.

The present study investigated the mediating role of behavioral difficulties, coping strategies, and social functional support in the relationship between symptoms severity and parenting stress in mothers of children with ASD (autism spectrum disorder). The parenting stress questionnaire, coping orientation to problems experienced scale, strengths and difficulties questionnaire, and Duke-UNC social support questionnaire were administered to 52 mothers, who also estimated the ASD severity symptoms of their children. Correlation analyses revealed that parenting stress was positively correlated with the children's ASD symptoms and behavioral problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00464DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6418028PMC

Identity in Personal Recovery for Mothers With a Mental Illness.

Front Psychiatry 2019 8;10:89. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Rural Health, Monash University, Moe, VIC, Australia.

Developing a "positive identity" is considered a core component of personal recovery, and mothering offers meaning in life and a valued identity. Few studies have highlighted the factors influencing identity within a personal recovery paradigm for mothers with mental illness. This study explores how mothers describe their identity in relation to recovery, including the factors that influence identity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6418025PMC

Relations between Parent Psychological Control and Parent and Adolescent Social Aggression.

J Child Fam Stud 2019 Jan 13;28(1):140-151. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, USA.

Parent-child interactions and parenting behavior may be related to social aggression among adolescents, and adolescents' social aggression may relate to parents' social aggression. This study investigated (a) whether parent psychological control predicted future adolescent and parent social aggression in their own peer relationships, (b) whether parents' social aggression was related to their use of psychological control within the parent-adolescent relationship (c) whether adolescents' and parents' social aggression was associated with changes in each other's social aggression over time, and (d) change in psychological control. Participants were 174 racially/ethnically diverse parent-adolescent dyads assessed longitudinally for four years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1240-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428203PMC
January 2019

A Systematic Review of Trials to Improve Child Outcomes Associated With Adverse Childhood Experiences.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Claremont Graduate University,School of Community and Global Health, Claremont, California.

Context: The purpose of this systematic literature review was to summarize current evidence from RCTs for the efficacy of interventions involving pediatric health care to prevent poor outcomes associated with adverse childhood experiences measured in childhood (C-ACEs).

Evidence Acquisition: On January 18, 2018, investigators searched PubMed, PsycInfo, SocIndex, Web of Science, Cochrane, and reference lists for English language RCTs involving pediatric health care and published between January 1, 1990, and December 31, 2017. Studies were included if they were (1) an RCT, (2) on a pediatric population, and (3) recruited or screened based on exposure to C-ACEs. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.11.030DOI Listing
March 2019
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Stress and perceived stigma among parents of children with epilepsy.

Neurol Sci 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Psychiatric Social Work, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Govindswamy Building (2nd Floor), Hosur Road, Near Bangalore Milk Dairy, Landmark: SBI NIMHANS Branch, Bangalore, 560 029, India.

Purpose: The present study aimed at understanding the stress and perceived stigma among parents of children with epilepsy seeking treatment at a tertiary referral center for neurology in South India.

Materials And Methods: Parents of sixty children suffering from epilepsy in the age group of 4-15 years were interviewed to explore parental stress and perceived stigma. They were recruited consecutively over a period of 6 months in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-019-03822-6DOI Listing

Maternal Neurobiological Processing of Negative Adolescent Stimuli: Relations With Positive Parenting and Relationship Quality.

J Res Adolesc 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

George Mason University.

We examined associations between maternal affective neurobiology and positive parenting in a study of 20 mothers of adolescents. Mothers underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging during an emotion image task, rated parent-adolescent relationship quality, and completed an adolescent interaction task in which positive parenting behaviors were observed. Maternal structure was associated with lower responsivity in emotional processing regions in the general negative image contrast and was related to greater dorsolateral prefrontal cortex activation to negative adolescent images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jora.12490DOI Listing

Maternal unwanted and intrusive thoughts of infant-related harm, obsessive-compulsive disorder and depression in the perinatal period: study protocol.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 21;19(1):94. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Background: Unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harm-related to the infant are reported by the vast majority of new mothers, with half of all new mothers reporting unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harming their infant on purpose. Thoughts of intentional harm, in particular, are distressing to women, their partners and the people who care for them. While maternal, unwanted and intrusive thoughts of infant-related harm are known to be associated with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and depression, preliminary evidence suggests that they are not associated with an increased risk of harm to infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2067-xDOI Listing

Father-child attachment in adoptive gay father families.

Attach Hum Dev 2019 Mar 21:1-14. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

a Centre for Family Research , University of Cambridge , UK.

The attachment security of children in 30 gay father families, 29 lesbian mother families and 38 heterosexual parent families was investigated using the Friends and Family Interview (FFI) at the second phase of a longitudinal study. Children in gay father families showed significantly higher levels of secure-autonomous attachment than children in heterosexual parent families, significantly lower levels of preoccupied attachment than children in either lesbian mother or heterosexual parent families, and significantly lower levels of disorganised attachment than children in heterosexual parent families. For children in gay father families, stepwise multiple regression revealed that neither hyperactivity nor emotional symptoms at Phase 1 were predictive of disorganisation at Phase 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2019.1589067DOI Listing

Patterns of parenting: revisiting mechanistic models.

Attach Hum Dev 2019 Mar 21:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

a Section of Clinical Child and Family Studies, Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences , Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health research institute , Amsterdam , The Netherlands.

This commentary argues for the need to revisit the foundations of attachment theory and its tradition of formulating testable mechanistic models of relationship development and change. Modeling and simulation may be useful to test novel theoretical propositions, such as the one stating that pleasure in parenting may be a determinant of secure father-infant attachment relationships (Brown & Cox, this issue). We discuss this proposition's plausibility, by relating parenting pleasure to the temporal patterning of parenting, a neglected property in parent-child interaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2019.1589062DOI Listing

Reflective functioning in fathers with young children born preterm and at term.

Attach Hum Dev 2019 Mar 21:1-14. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

a Faculty of Psychology , University of Vienna , Vienna , Austria.

The present study assessed 322 parents of 173 children aged between 12 and 20 months (74 children born preterm) with the Parent Development Interview (PDI) to capture parents' Reflective Functioning (RF). RF scores were obtained, and topics were disclosed, for which modeling with Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) was applied. The study addressed (a) whether RF scores differed between fathers of children born preterm and at term, and diverged from the mothers' RF and, (b) whether topics on fathers' minds differed regarding parenting preterm or at-term children, and diverged from topics on parenting raised by mothers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2019.1589059DOI Listing

Recurrence of Maltreatment After Newborn Home Visiting: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Am J Public Health 2019 Mar 21:e1-e7. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

M. Ann Easterbrooks, Chie Kotake, and Rebecca Fauth are with Tufts Interdisciplinary Evaluation Research, Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Study and Human Development, Tufts University, Medford, MA.

Objectives: To investigate whether a newborn home visiting program for primiparous adolescent mothers (aged 16-20 years at childbirth) reduced recurrence of child maltreatment in child protective services (CPS) reports.

Methods: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of Healthy Families Massachusetts, a statewide home visiting program for young parents. A total of 704 first-time young mothers were randomly assigned to a home visiting group, or to a control group who we referred to other services and who received child development and parenting information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.304957DOI Listing

Impact of Painful Wound Care in Epidermolysis Bullosa During Childhood: An Interview Study with Adult Patients and Parents.

Acta Derm Venereol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Dermatology, University Medical Center Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, NL-9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands.

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a group of rare inherited bullous skin disorders that differ in nature and severity. Currently, there is no cure for the disease. One of the complex problems of EB is the repetitive and painful care of skin wounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2340/00015555-3179DOI Listing
March 2019
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Factors related to perceived burden among caregivers of service members/veterans following TBI.

Rehabil Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center.

Purpose/objective: To examine factors related to perceived caregiving burden in a sample of caregivers assisting service members and veterans (SMVs) across four areas: SMV injury and health status; caregiver life circumstances; caregiver duty and responsibilities; and caregiver needs. Research Method/Design: Participants were 214 caregivers (95.8% female; 86. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rep0000272DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Parental ethnic-racial socialization practices and the construction of children of color's ethnic-racial identity: A research synthesis and meta-analysis.

Psychol Bull 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Institute for Positive Psychology and Education.

Parental ethnic-racial socialization practices help shape the development of a strong ethnic-racial identity in children of color, which in turn contributes positively to mental health, social, and academic outcomes. Although there is a wide body of literature on the relationship between these meta-constructs, this research has not been systematically examined to either (a) determine the degree to which associations between parental ethnic-racial socialization approaches and ethnic-racial identity dimensions hold actual practical significance for parents of color or (b) estimate how these associations vary as a function of theorized mitigating factors. In response, this meta-analytic study investigated the strength of the association between parental ethnic-racial socialization practices and the construction of ethnic-racial identity, as well as factors that moderated the strength and direction of this association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000187DOI Listing

Qualitative study showed that a culturally tailored parenting programme improved the confidence and skills of Somali immigrants.

Acta Paediatr 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Aim: Parenting programmes tailored to immigrant parents have been reported to improve the mental health of the children and parents, as well as parents' sense of competence in parenting. However, research on parents' experiences of programmes tailored to their needs is scarce. This qualitative study aimed to describe Somali parents' experiences of how a culturally sensitive programme affected their parenting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.14788DOI Listing

Effects of Mindfulness-Based Positive Behavior Support (MBPBS) Training Are Equally Beneficial for Mothers and Their Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder or With Intellectual Disabilities.

Front Psychol 2019 6;10:385. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Numata Center for Buddhist Studies, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.

Parenting a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or intellectual disabilities (IDs) can be stressful for many parents. Mindfulness-Based Positive Behavior Support (MBPBS) is a customized mindfulness program that enables parents and other caregivers to reduce their perceived psychological stress to normative levels through mindfulness procedures and to support children with ASD or ID to self-manage their challenging behaviors through positive behavior support (PBS). In this study, we evaluated whether MBPBS would have differential effects on the stress levels of mothers of adolescents with ASD ( = 47) or with ID ( = 45) and the effects of the program on the aggressive, disruptive, and compliance behaviors of their children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00385DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6414461PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Perspectives on fertility preservation and parenthood among transgender youth and their parents.

Arch Dis Child 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Pediatrics, St-Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the views of young people (YP) with gender dysphoria and their parents concerning fertility preservation and reproductive and life priorities.

Design: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study assessed knowledge of potential effects of treatments for gender dysphoria on fertility, current and future life priorities and preferences regarding future fertility/parenting options among YP and parents.

Results: A total of 79 YP (81% assigned female at birth [AFAB], 19% assigned male at birth [AMAB], aged 12-18 years, 68% between ages 16 years and 18 years) and 73 parents participated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2018-316080DOI Listing

Communication with children and adolescents about the diagnosis of a life-threatening condition in their parent.

Lancet 2019 Mar 14;393(10176):1164-1176. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. Electronic address:

Many adults diagnosed with a life-threatening condition have children living at home; they and their partners face the dual challenge of coping with the diagnosis while trying to maintain a parenting role. Parents are often uncertain about how, when, and what to tell their children about the condition, and are fearful of the effect on their family. There is evidence that children are often aware that something is seriously wrong and want honest information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)33202-1DOI Listing

Couple Relationship and Parent-Child Relationship Quality: Factors Relevant to Parent-Child Communication on Sexuality in Romania.

J Clin Med 2019 Mar 19;8(3). Epub 2019 Mar 19.

School of Psychology and Education Sciences, Babes-Bolyai University, 400029 Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

This study of parents in Romania explores how perceptions of their couple relationship quality and of factors associated with it (such as sexual communication anxiety and sexual perfectionism) were related to their perception of aspects describing parenting dimensions relevant to the sexual education and sexual health of their children. The hypotheses tested in this study were supported by the data collected from 106 participants (aged 25 to 51 years), parents of 1 to 3 children: (1) sexual communication anxiety with one's partner (but not sexual perfectionism) is a significant predictor for parents' self-efficacy, outcome expectancy and communication and parenting behavior related to sexuality education; (2) parents' self-efficacy and outcome expectancy about parent-child communication on sexual topics (including involvement in risky sexual behaviors) predict the level of parenting behavior in this respect; (3) parents' sexual communication anxiety (but not their sexual perfectionism) together with their self-efficacy and outcome expectancy regarding parent-child communication about sexuality predict the level of parental sexuality-communication-and-education behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8030386DOI Listing

Parenting practices that may encourage and discourage physical activity in preschool-age children of Brazilian immigrant families: A qualitative study.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(3):e0214143. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Health Studies & Department of Kinesiology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, United States America.

Brazilians are a rapidly increasing Latino immigrant group in the United States (US), yet little research has examined factors influencing physical activity (PA) levels and behaviors of children growing up in Brazilian immigrant families. This information is needed to develop culturally sensitive interventions tailored to this population. Therefore, this qualitative study explored PA parenting practices used by Brazilian immigrant mothers living in the US. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214143PLOS

Parenting and the dysregulation profile predict executive functioning in children with acquired brain injury.

Child Neuropsychol 2019 Mar 19:1-19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

b Psychological Sciences , The University of Melbourne , Victoria , Australia.

Background: Children with acquired brain injury (ABI) present with high rates of psychological disorders commonly accompanied by deficits in hot and cold executive functions (EFs). Impairments in EFs have been reported to precede mental health problems. Moreover, children who are vulnerable to developing mental health problems in adulthood frequently present with a dysregulation profile in childhood, characterized by impairments in cognitive, behavioral and emotional regulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2019.1589442DOI Listing
March 2019
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Supporting Mothers with Mental Illness: Postpartum Mental Health Service Linkage as a Matter of Public Health and Child Welfare Policy.

J Law Health 2017 ;30(1):1-19

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Through our work in youth advocacy as, respectively, legal and public health professionals, we are all too aware of the high levels of health care fragmentation experienced during pregnancy and postpartum by poor, young mothers of color. Meredith Matone's research highlights the heightened risk of fragmentation for girls with histories of child welfare involvement. For example, she found that 66. Read More

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January 2017

[The Relationship Between Childhood Traumas, Identity Development, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation and Psychopathology].

Turk Psikiyatri Derg 2018 ;29(4):269-278

Objective: The present study aimed to explore the relationship between traumatic experiences, difficulties in emotion regulation, identity confusion and psychopathology.

Method: Six hundred and thirty five university students volunteered to participate to the first step of the study (460 (72.4%) females and 175 (27. Read More

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January 2018
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Placement disruption in foster care: Children's behavior, foster parent support, and parenting experiences.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Mar 15;91:147-159. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

University of Illinois at Chicago, United States.

Background: The majority of children in foster care 24 months or longer experience three or more placements. Children's behavior problems are a primary contributor to multiple moves, but little is known about how behavior problems and other stressors lead to disruptions. This study focused on foster parents' experiences of parenting a child at risk for moves using the determinants of parenting model (Belsky, 1984) to identify potential correlates of difficult parenting experiences and placement disruption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.03.012DOI Listing

The Role of Children's Neurophysiological Functioning in the Links Between Emotion-Parenting Behaviors and Child Anxiety Symptoms: A Biological Sensitivity to Context Framework.

Fam Process 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

A plethora of data supports links between parenting behaviors and child anxiety, but few studies have examined factors that can contribute to variability in these relations. Adopting a biological sensitivity to context framework, this study explored the role of children's physiological stress reactivity in the links between emotion-parenting and child anxiety symptoms in a group of Chinese families. Sixty-one parent-child dyads (child M  = 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/famp.12438DOI Listing

Socioeconomic Status and Parenting Style in Childhood: Long-term Effects on Cognitive Function in Middle and Later Adulthood.

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Psychology, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA.

Objectives: This study assesses whether childhood socioeconomic status (SES) is related to cognitive function and cognitive change at mid and later life and explores the buffering effects of parenting style and adulthood SES.

Method: Data were derived from the three waves of the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study, a national survey including 7,108 participants aged from 24 to 75 years at baseline. We used multiple regression and multilevel models to investigate the associations between childhood SES, adulthood SES, and cognitive performance and change at midlife and the role of parents' affection and discipline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbz034DOI Listing

Identifying the unmet information and support needs of women with autoimmune rheumatic diseases during pregnancy planning, pregnancy and early parenting: mixed-methods study.

BMC Rheumatol 2018 27;2:21. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

1Division of Population Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

Background: Autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs) such as inflammatory arthritis and Lupus, and many of the treatments for these diseases, can have a detrimental impact on fertility and pregnancy outcomes. Disease activity and organ damage as a result of ARDs can affect maternal and foetal outcomes. The safety and acceptability of hormonal contraceptives can also be affected. Read More

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https://bmcrheumatol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s419
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41927-018-0029-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390539PMC
July 2018
1 Read

'I Want Them to Learn about Israel and the Holidays': Jewish Israeli Mothers in Early-Twenty-First-Century Britain.

Authors:
Angela Davis

Relig Gend 2016 20;6(1):80-94. Epub 2016 Jun 20.

Research has shown that the presence of children in the Jewish Israeli emigrant family intensifies their ambivalence about living abroad, but encourages greater involvement with fellow Israelis as they seek to transmit a Jewish Israeli identity and maintain their children's attachment to the Jewish state. This article explores this assumption by focusing on the experiences of mothering of a group of Israeli emigrants in Britain. Based on twelve oral history interviews, it considers the issues of child socialisation and the mothers' own social life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18352/rg.10132DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420121PMC

Father Involvement and Father-Child Relationship Quality: An Intergenerational Perspective.

Parent Sci Pract 2018 9;18(1):28-44. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, University of Connecticut, 348 Mansfield Rd., U-1058, Storrs, CT 06269.

Objective: The present study looks at predictors that may be associated with father-child relationship quality and whether relationship quality appears to be transmitted across generations.

Design: This study includes 2,970 U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15295192.2018.1405700DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415916PMC
January 2018

Examining the Emotional Experience of Mothers Completing an Evidence-Based Parenting Intervention: A Grounded Theory Analysis.

Fam Process 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

Parenting interventions are a well-established treatment for addressing child behavior problems that have also been shown to improve parent psychosocial health. Yet, little is known about how caregiver emotional experiences change over time during treatment. In response, the purpose of this study was to explore the emotional experiences of mothers following their participation in an evidence-based parenting intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/famp.12441DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Psychological interventions for parents of children and adolescents with chronic illness.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2019 Mar 18;3:CD009660. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Background: Psychological therapies for parents of children and adolescents with chronic illness aim to improve parenting behavior and mental health, child functioning (behavior/disability, mental health, and medical symptoms), and family functioning.This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review (2012) which was first updated in 2015.

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and adverse events of psychological therapies for parents of children and adolescents with a chronic illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009660.pub4DOI Listing

Seeking equilibrium: The experiences of parents of infants and toddlers who are deaf/hard-of-hearing.

J Pediatr Rehabil Med 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Purpose: To identify key determinants of the quality of life of caregivers of infants and toddlers (< 3 years) who are deaf/hard-of-hearing (DHH).

Methods: We conducted focus groups with providers for children who are DHH as well as interviews with hearing parents of infants and toddlers who are DHH. A multi-step qualitative analysis on interview data using grounded theory was performed, and an iterative analysis to investigate codes to characterize specific topics in caring for deaf infants and toddlers was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/PRM-170528DOI Listing

Influence of Maternal and Paternal Parenting Style and Behavior Problems on Academic Outcomes in Primary School.

Front Psychol 2019 1;10:378. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment, Faculty of Psychology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Parents and teachers are concerned about the academic outcomes of children. Among the variables that play an important role in school success, parenting styles and behavior problems are some of the most studied. Literature shows that presence of behavioral problem and parenting styles based on physical punishment, lack of consistency and ineffective limit setting are related to poor academic achievement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00378DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405423PMC

Adult attachment and testosterone reactivity: Fathers' avoidance predicts changes in testosterone during the strange situation procedure.

Horm Behav 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States of America.

We assessed parents' testosterone reactivity to the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP), a moderately stressful parent-infant interaction task that pulls for parental nurturance and caregiving behavior. Parents (146 mothers, 154 fathers) interacted with their 1-year-old infants, and saliva samples were obtained pre- and post-task to assess changes in testosterone. We examined whether testosterone reactivity differed between mothers and fathers, the extent to which parents' characteristic approaches to closeness (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yhbeh.2019.01.009DOI Listing
March 2019
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Alcohol and parenthood: An integrative analysis of the effects of transition to parenthood in three Australasian cohorts.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 Feb 13;197:326-334. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Aims: To determine the extent to which the transition to parenthood protects against heavy and problematic alcohol consumption in young men and women.

Design: Integrated participant-level data analysis from three population-based prospective Australasian cohort studies.

Setting: General community; participants from the Australian Temperament Study, the Christchurch Health and Development Study, and the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Serotonin and motherhood: From molecules to mood.

Front Neuroendocrinol 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Neuroscience Program & Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. Electronic address:

Emerging research points to a valuable role of the monoamine neurotransmitter, serotonin, in the display of maternal behaviors and reproduction-associated plasticity in the maternal brain. Serotonin is also implicated in the pathophysiology of numerous affective disorders and likely plays an important role in the pathophysiology of maternal mental illness. Therefore, the main goals of this review are to detail: (1) how the serotonin system of the female brain changes across pregnancy and postpartum; (2) the role of the central serotonergic system in maternal caregiving and maternal aggression; and (3) how the serotonin system and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor medications (SSRIs) are involved in the treatment of maternal mental illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yfrne.2019.03.001DOI Listing

Improving lives by accelerating progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals for adolescents living with HIV: a prospective cohort study.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2019 Apr;3(4):245-254

Department of Global Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) face major challenges in achieving the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for vulnerable adolescents. We aimed to test the UN Development Programme's proposed approach of development accelerators-provisions that lead to progress across multiple SDGs-and synergies between accelerators on achieving SDG-aligned targets in a highly vulnerable group of adolescents in South Africa.

Methods: We did standardised interviews and extracted longitudinal data from clinical records at baseline (2014-15) and 18-month follow-up (2016-17) for adolescents aged 10-19 years living with HIV in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30033-1DOI Listing

Maternal childhood adversity, OXTR genotype and cognitive load impact on perceptual and behavioral responses to infant crying.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2019 Mar 6;104:195-202. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.

The crying of infants elicits aversive feelings and poses a risk for child abuse. Maternal childhood maltreatment can have negative parenting ability consequences and interact with the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) single nucleotide polymorphism (rs53576) to predict maternal response to infant distress stimuli. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of individual vulnerability differences to situational cognitive load in parenting situations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.03.005DOI Listing

An Exploratory Study of Autism Traits and Parenting.

J Autism Dev Disord 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Olga Tennison Autism Research Centre, School of Psychology & Public Health, La Trobe University, 1 Kingsbury Drive, Bundoora, Melbourne, VIC, 3086, Australia.

The study examined the association between autism traits and parenting when raising a typically developing (TD) child, and differences in parenting needs between parents with high and low traits. Fifty-eight parents with a blood relative with Autism (who happened to be an offspring with ASD in all cases) and a TD child completed the Autism Quotient, demographic and psychological information, as well as reporting on Parenting Sense of Competence, the Parent-Child Relationship, and Parenting Needs. Autism traits did not uniquely contribute to parenting self-esteem, but were associated with parenting difficulties for their TD child, and some aspects of this parent-child relationship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-03984-4DOI Listing

Longitudinal Links Between Callous-Unemotional Behaviors and Parenting in Early Childhood: A Genetically-Informed Design.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Objective: Most research on callous-unemotional behaviors (CU) and parenting does not focus on directions of effect, and work that does so has not been genetically-informed. The present study is the first to examine potential reciprocal effects between parenting and CU in a community sample of early childhood. Use of a twin sample also allows us to distinguish child-based genetic effects from environmentally-driven effects, which is necessary before translating this research to interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2019.03.013DOI Listing

The Influence of Maternal Parenting Style on the Neural Correlates of Emotion Processing in Children.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Objective: The importance of parenting in influencing mental health outcomes, particularly depression, during childhood and adolescence is well known. However, the mechanisms are unclear. Emotion processing impairments in children are thought to be both influenced by negative parenting behaviors, and fundamental to depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2019.01.018DOI Listing

The Family Mealtime Observation Study (FaMOS): Exploring the Role of Family Functioning in the Association between Mothers' and Fathers' Food Parenting Practices and Children's Nutrition Risk.

Nutrients 2019 Mar 15;11(3). Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Family Relations & Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada.

This cross-sectional study explores associations between mothers' and fathers' food parenting practices and children's nutrition risk, while examining whether family functioning modifies or confounds the association. Home observations assessed parents' food parenting practices during dinnertime ( = 73 families with preschoolers). Children's nutrition risk was calculated using NutriSTEP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11030630DOI Listing