62,228 results match your criteria parent-child relations


Mental and Social Health of Children and Adolescents With Pre-existing Mental or Somatic Problems During the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown.

Front Psychiatry 2021 8;12:692853. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry & Psychosocial Care, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The COVID-19 lockdown increases psychological problems in children and adolescents from the general population. Here we investigate the mental and social health during the COVID-19 lockdown in children and adolescents with pre-existing mental or somatic problems. We included participants (8-18 years) from a psychiatric ( = 249) and pediatric ( = 90) sample, and compared them to a general population sample ( = 844). Read More

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Clinical Holding in Pediatric Venipuncture: Caring by Empowering the Caregiver.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 11;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 11.

Patient Safety Research Group, Hospital Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Sant Boi de Llobregat, 08830 Barcelona, Spain.

The use of restraint in the child-adolescent population is highly controversial due to the consequences it can have for patients and their families, although it is sometimes necessary to employ restraint to perform techniques safely and effectively. Clinical Holding is committed to the involvement of parents during venipuncture in the context of family-centred care. This study assesses levels of distress and pain in children undergoing this procedure, as well as satisfaction in parents and nurses. Read More

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The causal influence of responsive parenting behaviour on academic readiness: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Syst Rev 2021 Jul 20;10(1):207. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Psychology, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Children's academic readiness has important implications for subsequent achievement and psychosocial functioning. A growing number of studies are utilizing randomized controlled trials (RCT) to examine whether responsive parenting interventions lead to positive gains in children's academic readiness. A synthesis of the extant literature is warranted to gain a precise estimate of the causal influence of responsive parenting on academic readiness, as well as to examine moderators that may serve to strengthen or weaken this effect. Read More

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Be My Safe Haven: Parent-Child Relationships and Emotional Health During COVID-19.

J Pediatr Psychol 2021 07;46(6):624-634

University of California, Irvine.

Objective: Since March 2020, millions of children have been confined to their homes and restricted from in-person activities, radically changing the dynamics of parent-child relationships. This study examines the association between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) impact and the mental health of parents and school-aged children; specifically, whether qualities of the parent-child relationship moderated the relationship between parents' emotional health (EH) and children's emotional and behavioral health (EBH).

Methods: Data from this Internet-based study of a community sample were collected in March-May 2020. Read More

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Regulatory parental feeding behaviors, emotion suppression, and emotional eating in the absence of hunger: Examining parent-adolescent dyadic associations.

Appetite 2021 Jul 16:105603. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

The Virginia Consortium Program in Clinical Psychology, 555 Park Avenue, Norfolk, VA, 23504, USA; Old Dominion University, 250 Mills Godwin Building, Norfolk, VA, 23529, USA.

Objective: The present study aimed to improve the understanding of inter- and intrapersonal processes implicated in emotional eating using a large community sample of parent-adolescent dyads.

Method: Participants included 1823 parent and adolescent dyads who completed the National Cancer Institute's Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study. Parents and adolescents each completed measures assessing parents' feeding behaviors, and participants' own emotional functioning and eating behaviors. Read More

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Parenting despite discrimination: Does racial identity matter?

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

University of Texas at Austin.

Background: Previous research suggests that parents' characteristics and race-related experiences shape the racial socialization messages they give their children. Parents' beliefs about race may also relate to how they interpret and respond to race-related stressors. The current study drew on the Sociohistorical Integrative Model for the Study of Stress in Black Families to examine the moderating roles of gender and racial identity subscales (i. Read More

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Factors Contributing to Mother-Daughter Talk about Sexual Health Education in an Iranian Urban Adolescent Population.

Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res 2021 May-Jun;26(3):223-229. Epub 2021 May 17.

Depatment of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Parent-adolescent dialog on sexual issues reduces high-risk sexual behavior in adolescents. However, many adolescents are deprived of such training. Several factors may affect the sexual dialog between parents and adolescents. Read More

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Migration and the Health of Non-migrant Family: Findings from the Jamaica Return(ed) Migrants Study.

J Immigr Minor Health 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Epidemiology Research Unit, Caribbean Institute for Health Research, The University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, Kingston 7, Jamaica.

Research on the association between migration and health among nonmigrant family in Jamaica is limited. Data from the 2012 Jamaica Return(ed) Migrants Study (N = 621) and weighted regression models were used to investigate the association between migration and health among left-behind women (n = 323) and men (n = 298) in Jamaica. Compared to women whose children lived in Jamaica, women who had a child abroad reported lower odds of good mental health (OR = 0. Read More

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[The support of the paediatric nurse in the paediatric emergency rapid response unit].

Soins Pediatr Pueric 2021 Jul-Aug;42(321):40-43. Epub 2021 May 26.

Direction de la recherche et de l'innovation, CHU de Nantes, UMR Inserm 1246-SPHERE, Université de Nantes, 5 allée de l'Île-Gloriette, 44093 Nantes cedex 1, France.

When a newborn baby is in need of rapid care outside the hospital where the mother has given birth, the nursery nurses work specifically to support the baby during the separation from its parents. They intervene before, during and after the separation of mother and child, particularly during the transfer of the baby to the mobile paediatric emergency and resuscitation unit. Read More

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[Maternity, a necessary consideration of its psychological dimension].

Soins Pediatr Pueric 2021 Jul-Aug;42(321):19-22. Epub 2021 May 21.

Tour Malte, boulevard de France, 91000, Évry, France.

The birth of a child is always an upheaval for a woman, a couple and a family. This revolution will be more easily channelled if it is accompanied by attentive professionals, in the clinical sense, and present to welcome the mother's emotions, thus allowing the baby to build itself more serenely and the mother to develop her skills. Read More

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The Associations Between Media Use, Midpoint of Sleep, and Sleep Quality in German Preschoolers: A Mediation Analysis Based on the Ulm SPATZ Health Study.

Nat Sci Sleep 2021 5;13:1025-1035. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Pediatric Epidemiology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical Faculty, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.

Introduction: The relation of electronic media use with sleep quality among preschoolers is a matter of ongoing debate. Longitudinal data are scarce and do not account for sleeping schedules.

Methods: We used the German Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire to measure parent-reported child's sleep quality; its score is computed by the sum of 34 items defined by a 1-3 level Likert scale (score ranging 34-102), with higher values representing lower sleep quality. Read More

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Household Debt, Maternal Well-Being, and Child Adjustment in Germany: Examining the Family Stress Model by Family Structure.

J Fam Econ Issues 2021 Jul 6:1-16. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

German Youth Institute, Nockherstr. 2, 81541 Munich, Germany.

The amount of household debt tripled globally over the last decades and a sizable share of individuals and families are overindebted due to mortgages, credit cards, or consumer debt. Yet research on the distribution of debt across families, and potential ripple effects of the psychological burden related to debt on well-being and family relations, remains sparse. Our study aims to fill these gaps by examining the socio-demographic profiles of families that have accumulated household debt and the unique role that the psychological burden related to debt plays on associations between mothers' well-being, parental dynamics, and child adjustment based on the Family Stress Model (FSM). Read More

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'The Devil's Company': A Grounded Theory Study on Aging, Loneliness and Social Change Among 'Older Adult Children' in Rural Indonesia.

Front Sociol 2021 22;6:659285. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Health Behavior, Environment and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

As a consequence of rising life expectancies, many families are no longer made up of one, but two simultaneously aging generations. This elderly parent-older adult child (OAC) dyad has emerged as a newly overserved yet little explored demographic phenomenon. Studies on this intergenerational aging dyad and the possible ramifications of when caregivers are simultaneously aging with care-receivers are scarce, especially in low and middle-income countries. Read More

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Depression, Anxiety, and Mother-Infant Bonding in Women Seeking Treatment for Postpartum Depression Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Clin Psychiatry 2021 07 6;82(4). Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

The conditions created by the COVID-19 pandemic could negatively affect maternal mental health and the mother-infant relationship. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on depression, anxiety, and mother-infant bonding among women seeking treatment for postpartum depression (PPD).

Baseline data collected in two separate randomized controlled trials of a psychoeducational intervention for PPD in the same geographic region, one prior to COVID-19 (March 2019-March 2020) and one during the COVID-19 pandemic (April-October 2020), were compared. Read More

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The Impact of E-Book Reading on Young Children's Emergent Literacy Skills: An Analytical Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 16;18(12). Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Research and Psychology in Education, Faculty of Education-Teaching and Learning Centre, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Young children's use of digital devices is increasing as we progress through the 21st century and handheld and mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets, have become increasingly available. While older children using tablets to read has been more broadly investigated, less is known about the impacts of digital reading on children at the stage of literacy acquisition. An analytical review was conducted on the effects of interactive e-book interventions for young children's literacy development when compared to (a) listening to print books, (b) regular school programs, and (c) reading non-enhanced and non-interactive e-books. Read More

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Psychometric Properties of the Polish Version of the Parental Feelings Inventory.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 3;18(11). Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Faculty of Educational Sciences, Institute of Psychology, University of Lodz, 91-433 Lodz, Poland.

Previous reports from international literature have emphasized the specific nature of the feelings experienced by parents related to their role, differentiating them from other emotional states. Researchers highlighted the role of parental emotions in parent-child interaction and child development. The aim of the present study was to create the Polish version of the Parental Feelings Inventory (PFI), which is a rating scale designed to determine parental emotions within the parenting role, and to assess its psychometric properties. Read More

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A Guide to Parent-Child fNIRS Hyperscanning Data Processing and Analysis.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Jun 13;21(12). Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

The use of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) hyperscanning during naturalistic interactions in parent-child dyads has substantially advanced our understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of human social interaction. However, despite the rise of developmental hyperscanning studies over the last years, analysis procedures have not yet been standardized and are often individually developed by each research team. This article offers a guide on parent-child fNIRS hyperscanning data analysis in MATLAB and R. Read More

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How Widowhood and Gender Shape the Impact of Maternal Favoritism on Adult Children's Psychological Well-Being.

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Dept. of Sociology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

Objectives: Our goal was to extend research on within-family differences in mother-child relations in later-life by focusing on two social structural characteristics of mothers and offspring that may play important roles in shaping the impact of maternal favoritism on adult children's depressive symptoms-mother's marital status and child's gender.

Methods: Mixed-methods data were collected as part of the Within-Family Differences Study from 641 adult children nested within 273 families in which: a) there were at least two living adult siblings, and b) mothers were married or widowed.

Results: Multilevel analyses indicated that perceiving oneself as the child to whom one's mother was most emotionally close was a strong predictor of higher depressive symptoms among daughters of widowed mothers; in contrast, perceptions of favoritism did not predict depressive symptoms among sons of either widowed or married mothers, or daughters of married mothers. Read More

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Patterns of physical activity parenting practices among parent-adolescent dyads who participated in a cross-sectional internet-based study.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 29;21(1):1265. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 141 Experiment Station Road, Stoneville, MS, 38776, USA.

Background: While research exploring relationships between individual parenting practices and child physical activity (PA) exists, little is known about simultaneous use of practices. Hence, study objectives were to determine patterns of PA parenting practices and their associations with demographic, anthropometric, and PA measures in a large sample of parents and their adolescent children (12-17 years).

Methods: Dyadic survey data from Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE), a cross-sectional, internet-based study, conducted in 2014 were analyzed using latent class analysis on 5 PA parenting practices - pressuring, guided choice, expectations, facilitation, and modeling. Read More

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Parental Mental Health and Children's Behaviors and Media Usage during COVID-19-Related School Closures.

J Korean Med Sci 2021 Jun 28;36(25):e184. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Department of Psychiatry, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is different from previous disasters in that it continues to the present and has affected all aspects of family life. During epidemics, psychosocial support is not less important than infection control. During COVID-19-related school closures, prolonged partial closures of schools could have detrimental social and health consequences for children and may increase the burden on the family. Read More

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Savvy investments or formative endowments? Disentangling causal direction in the association between parental support and self-efficacy in STEM university students.

J Couns Psychol 2021 Jun 28. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Research School of Management, ANU College of Business and Economics, Australian National University.

Conventional wisdom views the parent-child relationship as unilateral: Parents' actions upstream flow downstream to shape their children's development. However, scholars have proposed that this view of parenting is lopsided; children may influence their parents no less than parents influence children. We apply this bilateral perspective in a reexamination of the robust finding that confident people report having had more supportive parents. Read More

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Female adopted Chinese-American youth's sense of exclusion and short-and long-term adjustment.

Am J Orthopsychiatry 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Sociology.

In this article, we tested if female adopted Chinese youth's sense of exclusion predicted their behavioral adjustment and mental disorder diagnoses concurrently (Study 1) and longitudinally 5 years later (Study 2). In Study 1, 224 adoptees ( = 13.6 years, = 2. Read More

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Parental Self-Efficacy Predicted by Parents' Subjective Well-Being and Their Parenting Styles with Possible Role of Help-Seeking Orientation from Teachers.

J Psychol 2021 24;155(6):571-587. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Tel-Hai College.

The current study aims to test the ideas that parental self-efficacy is associated with parenting style, parents' help-seeking orientation from teachers, and subjective well-being. Based on the literature background presented, two hypotheses were examined: First, autonomy help-seeking orientation, the authoritative parenting style, and high subjective well-being would be positive predictors of parental self-efficacy. Second, dependent help-seeking orientation and non-authoritative parenting styles are negative predictors of parental self-efficacy. Read More

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Children's psychological well-being and problem behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic: An online study during the lockdown period in Germany.

PLoS One 2021 23;16(6):e0253473. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.

As COVID-19 dramatically changes human social life, restrictive lockdown periods to slow the spread of the virus have been suggested to particularly affect the psychological well-being of children and their families. To capture lockdown-related effects on a large scale, the present study used an online questionnaire completed by parents of 3-10-year-olds during the most restrictive lockdown period in Germany thus far (N = 2,672). Parents reported their stress level, their child's well-being, and their child's problem behaviors among others. Read More

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Transactional relations between maternal anxiety and toddler anxiety risk through toddler-solicited comforting behavior.

Depress Anxiety 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Psychology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, USA.

Introduction: Transactional developmental and anxiety theories suggest that mothers and toddlers may influence each other's anxiety development across early childhood. Further, toddlers' successful solicitations of comfort during uncertain, yet manageable, situations, may be a behavioral mechanism by which mothers and toddlers impact each other over time. To test these ideas, the current study employed a longitudinal design to investigate bidirectional relations between maternal anxiety and toddler anxiety risk (observed inhibited temperament and mother-perceived anxiety, analyzed separately), through the mediating role of toddler-solicited maternal comforting behavior, across toddlerhood. Read More

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Maternal Use of Decontextualized and Contextualized Talk: An In-Depth Investigation of Early Parent-Child Interactions in Down Syndrome.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2021 07 21;30(4):1767-1780. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Purpose The goal of this study was to characterize and quantify maternal use of decontextualized and contextualized input during mother-child interactions including young children with Down syndrome (DS). Method Participants included 22 mother-child dyads with DS ( = 42.8 months) and 22 mother-child dyads with typical development ( = 44. Read More

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Awareness of parental illness: a grounded theory of upholding family equilibrium in parents on long-term sick-leave in primary health care.

Scand J Prim Health Care 2021 Jun 21:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Academic Primary Health Care Center, Region Stockholm, SLSO, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: To understand the main concern of chronically ill parents and how they resolve this concern in relation to their children.

Design: Grounded theory.

Setting: Three primary health care clinics in Sweden. Read More

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Positioning the donor in a new landscape-mothers' and fathers' experiences as their adult children obtained information about the identity-release sperm donor.

Hum Reprod 2021 Jul;36(8):2181-2188

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Study Question: How do heterosexual parents experience identity-release donation when adult children have obtained information about their sperm donor?

Summary Answer: Adult offspring's receipt of identifying information about the sperm donor challenged the fathers' role as a parent, which was reflected in how parents positioned the donor in relation to the family.

What Is Known Already: An increasing number of countries provide access to treatment with identity-release or 'open-identity' donors. However, there is limited knowledge about how parents experience and manage the situation when adult offspring obtain identifying information about the donor and may even establish contact with him. Read More

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A single-item measure of childhood relationship quality and association with adult health and health behaviours.

Scand J Public Health 2021 Jun 19:14034948211022431. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

School of Public Health, West Virginia University, USA.

Aims: Adverse childhood experiences are known to relate positively to various health risks and adverse health behaviour in adult life, although the precise mechanisms are still debated. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a single-item measure of the quality of childhood relationships with family and household members might show a similar association.

Methods: We measured the overall quality of relationships with family and household members during the first 18 years of life. Read More

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