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Effect of Sustained Interventions from Infancy to Toddlerhood in Children with Cleft Lip and Palate for Preventing Early Childhood Caries.

Caries Res 2021 Jul 22:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Thiruvalla, India.

The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of sustained interventions in children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) for preventing early childhood caries (ECC). This prospective, nonrandomized interventional cohort study was conducted in infants aged 0-12 months with congenital CLP. Interventions were given to parents/primary caregivers in the form of combined oral health-care measures (sterile wet gauze piece, finger brush, toothbrush, and toothpaste) by a motivational interviewing approach. Read More

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Barriers and facilitators to expressing milk on campus as a breastfeeding student.

J Am Coll Health 2021 Jul 22:1-7. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Nutrition and Food Studies, Steinhardt School, New York University, New York, New York, USA.

Objective: Despite the growing student parent population, many postsecondary institutions in the United States (U.S.) lack sufficient lactation policies for students. Read More

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Evaluating the Feasibility of Continuing Medical Education for Disseminating Emerging Science on the Breast Cancer and Environment Connection.

J Health Commun 2021 Jul 22:1-11. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Communication, Michigan State University, East Lansing, United States.

Developing continuing medical education (CME) training programs is a strategy for communicating emerging science to health practitioners. This research tests the feasibility of using CME modules for translating and disseminating research findings from the Breast Cancer and Environment Research Program. Recent findings have identified certain windows of susceptibility, like during puberty, in which exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals can increase breast cancer risk later in life. Read More

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Persistence of Immunity Following 2-Dose Priming with a 10-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine at 6 and 10 Weeks or 6 and 14 Weeks of Age in Nepalese Toddlers.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

From the Paediatric Research Unit, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal; Oxford Vaccine Group, Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Department of Pathology, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand; NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, Oxford, United Kingdom; International Vaccine Access Centre, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland; and Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health Biomedical Research Centre, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has had a substantial impact on invasive pneumococcal disease. Previously, we compared immunity following vaccination with the 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) administered at 2 slightly different schedules: at 6 and 10 weeks of age, and at 6 and 14 weeks of age, both followed by a 9-month booster. In this study, we followed up those participants to evaluate the medium-term persistence of serotype-specific pneumococcal immunity at 2-3 years of age. Read More

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The impact of COVID-19 related restrictions on social and daily activities of parents, people with disabilities and older adults: Protocol for a longitudinal, mixed-methods study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, CA.

Background: Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to wide-scale changes in societal organization. This has dramatically altered people's daily activities, especially among families with young children, those living with disabilities such as spinal cord injury (SCI), those who have experienced a stroke, and older adults. We aim to 1) investigate how COVID restrictions influence daily activities 2) track the psychosocial effects of these restrictions over time; and 3) identify strategies to mitigate the potential negative effects of these restrictions. Read More

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Parental identity as a resource for parental adaptation during the COVID-19 lockdown.

J Fam Psychol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Developmental, Personality, and Social Psychology.

The lockdown measures that were taken to contain the worldwide outbreak of COVID-19 caused many parents to stay at home with their children. This unusual situation created both risks and opportunities for families. In the present study, we examined the role of parental identity as a resource for parental adaptation during this challenging period, thereby considering both parenthood experiences and parents' general mental health while also taking into account the cumulative risk to which parents were exposed (e. Read More

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Culturally adapting youth mental health first aid training for Asian Americans.

Psychol Serv 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Counseling, Higher Education, and Special Education.

Despite high rates of mental health challenges, Asian Americans are less likely to seek out and receive school-based mental health services (SBMHSs) than their non-Asian peers. The Youth Mental Health First Aid (YMHFA) training is an 8-hr manualized public education program designed to educate adults on recognizing common mental health challenges among adolescents and intervening. However, no published research has evaluated YMHFA among Asian Americans. Read More

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"I am affected in all the ways … ": A phenomenographic analysis of Latinx adolescents' perceptions of family separations at the border.

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Children's National Hospital.

Objectives: This phenomenographic analysis examines how news of family separations at the U.S.-Mexico border shaped variations of experience and perceptions among U. Read More

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Interventions to Support Adolescents With Cancer in Decision-Making: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

School of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan.

Background: Adolescents have autonomous views and participatory rights. There is increasing support for involving adolescents with cancer in the healthcare decision-making process.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to synthesize current knowledge to identify major components and outcomes of interventions to enhance shared decision-making (SDM) by adolescents with cancer during and after treatment. Read More

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Cross-Cultural Associations of Four Parenting Behaviors With Child Flourishing: Examining Cultural Specificity and Commonality in Cultural Normativeness and Intergenerational Transmission Processes.

Child Dev 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Temple University.

Families from nine countries (N = 1,338) were interviewed annually seven times (M child = 7-15) to test specificity and commonality in parenting behaviors associated with child flourishing and moderation of associations by normativeness of parenting. Participants included 1,338 children (M = 8.59 years, SD = 0. Read More

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Associations of near work time, watching TV, outdoors time, and parents' myopia with myopia among school children based on 38-year-old historical data.

Acta Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Gerontology Research Center and Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyvaskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.

Purpose: To study the prevalence and risk factors of myopia with data from a questionnaire study conducted in 1983 among Finnish school children.

Methods: School children (n = 4 961) from the 1st, 5th and 8th grades of school (7-, 11- and 15-year-olds) in Central Finland were screened for vision followed by a questionnaire, which was returned by 4 352 (87.7%) participants. Read More

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Decision fatigue among clinical nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

J Clin Nurs 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Aims And Objectives: The purpose of this study was to report the psychometric properties, including validity and reliability, of the decision fatigue scale (DFS).

Background: Decision fatigue may impair nurses' ability to make sound clinical decisions and negatively impact patient care. Given the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on psychological well-being and the workplace environment, decision fatigue may be even more apparent among clinical nurses. Read More

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Parents' strategies and advice for creating a positive sleep situation in the family.

Scand J Caring Sci 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Division of Nursing and Medical Technology, Department of Health, Education and Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, SE-97187, Sweden.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the experience-based knowledge of parents of children aged 0-3 years for creating a positive sleep situation in the family.

Design: This study has a qualitative design. Data were collected using an online survey and analysed using the critical incident technique. Read More

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Health-Related Quality of Life and Its Associated Factors in Children and Adolescents with Type1 Diabetes, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Glob Pediatr Health 2021 8;8:2333794X211030879. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia.

In the clinical management of diabetes, fixing metabolic variables is insufficient, and thus, health-related quality of life assessment is becoming an important indicator of the outcome of the treatment and detector of a problem in children and adolescents with chronic disease. Therefore the main aim of this study was to assess the Quality of life of children with type 1 diabetes in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study design was included 229 study participants with type 1 diabetics aged between 8 and 18 years in Addis Ababa governmental hospitals. Read More

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Recruiting 'hard to reach' parents for health promotion research: experiences from a qualitative study.

BMC Res Notes 2021 Jul 21;14(1):276. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Health Promotion Research Centre, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.

Objective: Marginalised populations are less likely to take part in health research, and are sometimes considered 'easy to ignore'. We aimed to describe our approach and results of recruiting parents who experience disadvantage, for focus groups exploring infant feeding on the island of Ireland. Upon receiving ethical approval, we implemented recruitment strategies that included building rapport with community organisations through existing networks, targeting specific organisations with information about our aims, and utilising social media groups for parents. Read More

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A cross-sectional survey assessing the influence of theoretically informed behavioural factors on hand hygiene across seven countries during the COVID-19 pandemic.

BMC Public Health 2021 07 21;21(1):1432. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Psychology Department, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK.

Background: Human hygiene behaviours influence the transmission of infectious diseases. Changing maladaptive hygiene habits has the potential to improve public health. Parents and teachers can play an important role in disinfecting surface areas and in helping children develop healthful handwashing habits. Read More

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Changing trends in the prevalence of childhood asthma over 40 years in Greece.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Respiratory Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Patras and University of Patras Medical School, Rion, Patras, Greece.

Background: A series of repeated questionnaire surveys among 8- to 9-year-old school children in the city of Patras, Greece, demonstrated a continuous rise in the prevalence of wheeze/asthma from 1978 to 2003, with a plateau between 2003 and 2008. We further investigated wheeze/asthma trends within the same environment over the last decade.

Methods: Two follow-up surveys were conducted in 2013 (N = 2554) and 2018 (N = 2648). Read More

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Family Empowerment (FAME): A feasibility trial of preventive multifamily groups for asylum seeker families in the Netherlands.

J Marital Fam Ther 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

ARQ Centrum'45, ARQ National Psychotrauma Centre, Diemen, the Netherlands.

This study evaluated the feasibility of Family Empowerment (FAME), a preventive multifamily program for asylum seeker families in the Netherlands. FAME aims to reinforce the parent-child relationship, family functioning, and social support. We used an uncontrolled pre-test-post-test design, embedded in a mixed-methods approach. Read More

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Premarital genetic screening and care of Tanzanian children with sickle cell disease: a qualitative study on parents' views and experiences.

J Community Genet 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, P.O. Box 65001, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Genetic testing and counselling is one of the approaches to reduce the high birth rate of individuals with sickle cell disease (SCD). A descriptive phenomenological approach was used to explore parents' views on premarital genetic screening for sickle cell trait and their experiences in the care of Tanzanian children with SCD using a face-to-face in-depth interview. The study was conducted at sickle cell clinic at tertiary hospital in Dar es Salaam region between June and August 2020. Read More

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Associations Between Physiological Signals Captured Using Wearable Sensors and Self-reported Outcomes Among Adults in Alcohol Use Disorder Recovery: Development and Usability Study.

JMIR Form Res 2021 Jul 21;5(7):e27891. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Human Development, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, United States.

Background: Previous research has highlighted the role of stress in substance misuse and addiction, particularly for relapse risk. Mobile health interventions that incorporate real-time monitoring of physiological markers of stress offer promise for delivering tailored interventions to individuals during high-risk states of heightened stress to prevent alcohol relapse. Before such interventions can be developed, measurements of these processes in ambulatory, real-world settings are needed. Read More

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Experiences of parent-adolescent dyads regarding a Facebook-based intervention to improve overweight/obesity treatment in adolescents: A qualitative study.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Psychotherapy and Psychopathology Research Unit-Psychology Research Centre, School of Psychology, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

APOLO-Teens is a Facebook-based psychological intervention aiming to optimize hospital treatment for adolescents with overweight/obesity. The present qualitative study aims to explore (1) how adolescents experienced participation in APOLO-Teens and (2) how parents perceived adolescents' participation. Sixteen adolescent-parent dyads were interviewed by telephone using semistructured guides. Read More

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Adolescent Electronic Cigarette Use and Tobacco Smoking in the Millennium Cohort Study.

Addiction 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Sociology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, US.

Aims: To evaluate the catalyst, diversion, and common liability hypotheses by examining associations between e-cigarette use and tobacco cigarette smoking at modal ages 14 and 17, controlling for adolescent and infancy risk factors.

Design: Intergenerational, prospective cohort data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS). Nationally representative sample of infants born September, 2000 through January, 2002. Read More

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Do the Consequences Experienced by the People in the Life of a Problem Gambler Differ Based on the Nature of Their Relationship with the Gambler?

J Gambl Stud 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Département de Psychologie, Université du Québec À Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Consequences experienced by the partners of individuals with a gambling disorder are well documented. However, little is known about the deleterious effects experienced by other people than partners of gamblers. A better understanding of these consequences could help improve clinical practices. Read More

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Health behaviors of German university freshmen during COVID-19 in association with health behaviors of close social ties, living arrangement, and time spent with peers.

Health Psychol Behav Med 2021 6;9(1):582-599. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Psychology, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Objective: The start of university is a critical period for health risk behavior (i.e. eating, physical activity, alcohol use) which can be influenced by expectations and by environmental factors such as living arrangement, health behaviors of close social ties (i. Read More

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Eliciting Health State Utilities for Aromatic L-Amino Acid Decarboxylase (AADC) Deficiency: A Vignette Study in France.

Patient Relat Outcome Meas 2021 12;12:237-246. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

PTC Therapeutics GmbH, Zug, Switzerland.

Purpose: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is difficult to measure in rare diseases, especially in paediatric populations, yet capturing HRQoL is critical to evaluating treatment, including the cost-effectiveness of treatments. Given the ultra-rare nature of AADC deficiency indirect elicitation of HRQoL data through proxy caregiver/parent ratings is not feasible. In these circumstances, HRQoL data may be derived through vignette studies using the general population. Read More

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Assessment of Health-related Quality of Life in Saudi Children with Cancer.

Health Serv Insights 2021 6;14:11786329211029351. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplant, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Advances in pediatric cancer treatment and dramatic improvement in long-term survival have made health-related quality of life (HRQOL) a priority. This study describes the HRQOL of Saudi children on cancer treatment, given the paucity of data on the subject. Parents of children undergoing cancer treatment between the ages of 2 and 12 years enrolled to answer the Arabic version of the parent proxy report PedsQL™ 3. Read More

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Necessity of salt intake reduction education beginning in youth: a cross-sectional survey of sodium-to-potassium ratios in mothers and their preschool children.

Hypertens Res 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Health Care Center, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Urinary sodium-to-potassium ratios are known to be high in preschoolers, but there are no reports comparing these ratios with those of the children's mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the urinary sodium-to-potassium ratios of mothers and their preschool children under the hypothesis that the ratio is equivalent between the two. We evaluated 297 preschoolers aged four to five attending six kindergartens (four in northern Japan, two in southern Japan), and we also evaluated the children's mothers. Read More

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Differentiating white matter measures that protect against vs. predispose to bipolar disorder and other psychopathology in at-risk youth.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Bipolar disorder (BD) is highly heritable. Identifying objective biomarkers reflecting pathophysiological processes predisposing to, versus protecting against BD, can help identify BD risk in offspring of BD parents. We recruited 21 BD participants with a first-degree relative with BD, 25 offspring of BD parents, 27 offspring of comparison parents with non-BD psychiatric disorders, and 32 healthy offspring of healthy parents. Read More

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Decision-making in imminent extreme premature births: perceived shared decision-making, parental decisional conflict and decision regret.

J Perinatol 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Amalia Children's Hospital, department of neonatology, Radboud university medical center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Objective: To describe levels of perceived shared decision making (SDM), decisional conflict (DC), and decision regret (DR) in prenatal counseling by pregnant women, partners, neonatologists, and obstetricians regarding decision-making around imminent extreme premature birth in which a decision about palliative comfort care versus early intensive care had to be made.

Study Design: Multicenter, cross-sectional study using surveys to determine perceived SDM at imminent extreme premature birth in parents and physicians, and to determine DC and DR in parents.

Results: In total, 73 participants from 22 prenatal counseling sessions were included (21 pregnant women, 20 partners, 14 obstetricians, 18 neonatologists). Read More

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Vitamin D and family history of hypertension in relation to hypertension status among college students.

J Hum Hypertens 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Hypertension and vitamin D concentrations have heritable components, although these factors remain uninvestigated in young adults. The objective of this study was to investigate hypertension risk among young adults with respect to family history of hypertension, adjusting for vitamin D status. Resting blood pressure (BP) was measured in 398 individuals aged 18-35 and classified according to the 2017 American Heart Association criteria. Read More

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