3,651 results match your criteria parameters moisture

Comparison of litter quality, performance, and some welfare parameters of broilers reared on the sepiolite-supplemented paper waste sludge.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Food Hygiene and Technology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey.

Waste management is the protection of the environment and the health of the population. Paper waste sludge is produced during paper production and sepiolite is a natural clay mineral. The aim of the study was to investigate the usability of sepiolite-added paper waste sludge as a bedding material in the broiler production. Read More

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September 2021

Data on assessment of flours from advanced genotypes and improved cassava varieties for industrial applications.

Data Brief 2021 Oct 28;38:107332. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Department of Chemistry, Chancellor College, University of Malawi, P.O Box 280, Zomba, Malawi.

The data presented in this article are related to the research paper "Physicochemical parameters and functional properties of flours from advanced genotypes and improved cassava varieties for industrial applications" [1]. The genotypes were collected from a multi-location (Uniform yield Trial) trial of the IITA breeding program in Malawi. The data were obtained using multiple analytical techniques and methodology such as oven-drying, sieving, colorimetry, titration, acid hydrolysis method, the Kjeldahl procedure, UV/VIS spectrophotometry, and centrifugation. Read More

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October 2021

Effect of heat processing on phenolics and their possible transformation in low-sugar high-moisture (LSHM) fruit products from Kainth (Pyrus pashia Buch.-ham ex D. Don) fruit.

Food Chem 2021 Sep 1;370:130988. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Fruit and Vegetable Technology, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysuru 570020, Karnataka, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, 201002, India. Electronic address:

LSHM fruit products were developed using 40% Kainth fruit juice (KJ40) and 10% pomace (KP10). The percentage of fruit juice and pomace was optimized based on the sensory analysis. The effect of heat processing on the nutritional and neutraceuticals parameters was studied. Read More

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September 2021

Antimicrobial electrospun nanofiber mats of NaOH-hydrolyzed chitosan (HCS)/PVP/PVA incorporated with in-situ synthesized AgNPs: Fabrication, characterization, and antibacterial activity.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Sep 6;190:585-600. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Laboratory of Advanced Polymer and Rubber Materials (APRM), Department of Chemistry and Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ubon Ratchathani University, Warin Chamrap, Ubon Ratchathani 34190, Thailand. Electronic address:

This work aims to improve the electrospinability and antibacterial activity of chitosan (CS) - based nanofibers. Three approaches consisting of reducing molecular weight of CS by NaOH hydrolysis (HCS), blending with two carrying polymers (polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)) and incorporating with in-situ synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were integrated simultaneously for the first time to fabricate the HCS-AgNPs/PVP/PVA multicomponent nanofibers. The electrospinning parameters were optimized to obtain the smooth and uniform nanofibers without beads of both HCS/PVP/PVA and HCS-AgNPs/PVP/PVA systems. Read More

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September 2021

[Deep water leakage from semi-mobile dunes in semi-arid regions and its response to rainfall patterns].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2020 Aug;31(8):2710-2720

College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010018, China.

As the main source of soil moisture supply in desertified areas, rainfall has a profound impact on soil moisture changes and plays an important role in deep soil moisture replenishment. Based on the Hydrus-1D model with optimized parameters, we analyzed the dynamic change process of the leakage in the 200 cm deep layer of the semi-mobile dunes in Horqin Sandy Land and its response to the rainfall patterns. The results showed that the averaged leakage replenishment of semi-mobile dunes was 254. Read More

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Shifting of Physicochemical and Biological Characteristics of Coffee Roasting Under Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction.

Front Nutr 2021 20;8:724591. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Division of Ambulatory Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) is an effective tool for the extraction of natural antioxidants. Thus, differentially roasted Arabica-coffee beans known as light (LC), medium (MC), and dark coffee (DC) were prepared and extracted under the influence of UAE. Following that, they were examined specifically on theirs physicochemical and biological characteristics: nutritional values, pH, °Brix, antioxidant activities, polyphenol content, caffeine, and chlorogenic-acid levels. Read More

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Life in the Wheat Litter: Effects of Future Climate on Microbiome and Function During the Early Phase of Decomposition.

Microb Ecol 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Soil Ecology, UFZ-Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Theodor-Lieser-Str. 4, 06120, Halle (Saale), Germany.

Even though it is widely acknowledged that litter decomposition can be impacted by climate change, the functional roles of microbes involved in the decomposition and their answer to climate change are less understood. This study used a field experimental facility settled in Central Germany to analyze the effects of ambient vs. future climate that is expected in 50-80 years on mass loss and physicochemical parameters of wheat litter in agricultural cropland at the early phase of litter decomposition process. Read More

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September 2021

Sustainable Hydrates for Enhanced Carbon Dioxide Capture from an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle in a Fixed Bed Reactor.

Ind Eng Chem Res 2021 Aug 15;60(30):11346-11356. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Monterrey 64849, Mexico.

An increase in temperature of up to 2 °C occurs when the amount of CO reaches a range of 450 ppm. The permanent use of mineral oil is closely related to CO emissions. Maintaining the sustainability of fossil fuels and eliminating and reducing CO emissions is possible through carbon capture and storage (CCS) processes. Read More

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Behaviour of Aspergillus parasiticus in aflatoxin production as influenced by storage parameters using response surface methodology approach.

Int J Food Microbiol 2021 Aug 24;357:109369. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Center for Animal Health Studies, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, North West University, Private Bag X2046, Mmabatho 2745, South Africa. Electronic address:

Aspergillus parasiticus is a pre-harvest and postharvest pathogen that is known to produce aflatoxin; however, it is less studied compared to A. flavus. Inappropriate storage conditions are a cause of food spoilage and growth of mycotoxigenic fungi especially in low moisture foods thus constituting hazards to health. Read More

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Comparing Freeze Drying and Spray Drying of Interleukins using Model Protein CXCL8 and its Variants.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2021 Aug 30. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

University of Graz, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Pharmaceutical Technology & Biopharmacy & Research Center Pharmaceutical Engineering GmbH, Inffeldgasse 13, 8010 Graz. Electronic address:

Spray-dried products, such as synthetic peptides and hormones, have already been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Agency and the European Medicines Agency, while spray-dried antibodies or interleukins, are not yet available on the market. Read More

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Optimization of spray drying process parameters for production of Japanese apricot ( Sieb. et Zucc.) juice powder.

Food Sci Biotechnol 2021 Aug 2;30(8):1075-1086. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Graduate School of Chonnam National University, 77 Yongbong-ro Buk-gu, Gwangju, 61186 South Korea.

Optimization of spray drying conditions namely inlet air temperature (IAT) and maltodextrin (MD) concentration was utilized by response surface methodology for Japanese apricot ( Sieb. et Zucc.) juice powder (JAJP) manufacture. Read More

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Characterisation of changes in physicochemical, textural and microbiological properties of sausage during ripening.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Oct 4;58(10):3993-4001. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Department of Animal Source Food Technology, University of Belgrade, Nemanjina 6, 11080 Belgrade, Serbia.

The purpose of this paper was to investigate effect of ripening time on physicochemical, textural and microbiological properties of (dry fermented sausage) during ripening and to conduct sensory and free fatty acid characterization of final product. Ripening time significantly ( < 0.05) affected all physicochemical parameters. Read More

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October 2021

Near- and mid-infrared determination of some quality parameters of cheese manufactured from the mixture of different milk species.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Oct 19;58(10):3981-3992. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Food Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17020 Canakkale, Turkey.

This study aimed to evaluate the performance of both near-infrared (NIR) diffuse reflectance and mid-infrared-attenuated total reflectance (MIR-ATR) in determining some quality parameters of a commercial white cheese made of unknown ratios of various milk species. For this purpose, 81 commercial Ezine cheese samples, a special ripened cheese produced in Turkey, containing unknown ratios of bovine, caprine, and ovine milk, were used. Reference analyses, including textural properties, protein content, nitrogen fractions, ripening index coefficients, fat, salt, dry matter-moisture, and ash contents as well as pH and titratable acidity levels, were conducted in the samples following the traditional gold standards. Read More

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October 2021

Impact of environmental conditions on the ripening of Queijo de Évora PDO cheese.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Oct 21;58(10):3942-3952. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Unidade de Tecnologia E Inovação, INIAV IP, Quinta Do Marquês, 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal.

"Queijo de Évora" is a traditional Portuguese cheese from raw ewe's milk and granted with PDO label. It is ripened traditionally in rooms with empirical control of temperature and humidity. Nowadays, almost all cheese factories use rooms with temperature and humidity control, but still a significant heterogeneity among cheeses is acknowledged due to unequal distribution of environmental conditions. Read More

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October 2021

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on the Toxicity of Pesticides towards Earthworms.

J Toxicol 2021 20;2021:8527991. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa.

This review examined one of the effects of climate change that has only recently received attention, i.e., climate change impacts on the distribution and toxicity of chemical contaminants in the environment. Read More

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Capacitance and transepidermal water loss after soaking in water for different durations: A pilot study.

Skin Res Technol 2021 Aug 29. Epub 2021 Aug 29.

Division of Dermatology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: There is a scarcity of data on the effects of duration of bathing and cutaneous properties.

Aims: This study aimed to investigate the changes of capacitance and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) after soaking in water for the different durations.

Method: This experimental biophysical study included healthy volunteers whose forearms were randomized to receive 3, 5, 10, 15, or 20 min of soaking of the volar aspect of the forearm. Read More

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Microstructural features assessment of different waterlogged wood species by NMR diffusion validated with complementary techniques.

Magn Reson Imaging 2021 Aug 27;83:139-151. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

National Research Council - Institute for Complex Systems (CNR-ISC) c/o Physics Department Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy; Centro Fermi - Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi, Piazza del Viminale 1, 00184 Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Wood is a hygroscopic, multi-scale and anisotropic natural material composed of pores with different size and differently oriented. In particular, archaeologically excavated wood generally is waterlogged wood with very high moisture content (400%-800%) that need to have a rapid investigation at the microstructural level to obtain the best treatment with preservative agents. Time-dependent diffusion coefficient D(t) quantified by Pulse Field Gradient (PFG) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) techniques provides useful information about complex porous media, such as the tortuosity (τ) describing pore connectivity and fluid transport through media, the average-pore size, the anisotropic degree (a). Read More

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Development and Characterization of Pectin Films with : Biodegradation in Soil and Seawater.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Aug 7;13(16). Epub 2021 Aug 7.

Department of Food Engineering, Institute of Engineering, Campus da Penha, Universidade do Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal.

Pectin films were developed by incorporating a halophyte plant (dry powder from stem parts) to modify the film's properties. The films' physicomechanical properties, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and microstructure, as well as their biodegradation capacity in soil and seawater, were evaluated. The inclusion of significantly increased the thickness (0. Read More

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Influence of Atmosphere on Calibration of Radiation Thermometers.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Aug 16;21(16). Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Current process of calibrating radiation thermometers, including thermal imagers, relies on measurement comparison with the temperature of a black body at a set distance. Over time, errors have been detected in calibrations of some radiation thermometers, which were correlated with moisture levels. In this study, effects of atmospheric air on thermal transmission were evaluated by the means of simulations using best available resources of the corresponding datasets. Read More

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Density- and moisture-dependent effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus on drought acclimation in wheat.

Ecol Appl 2021 Aug 27:e02444. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, Institute of Arid Agroecology, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, China.

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) is widely viewed as an ecosystem engineer to help plants adapt to adverse environments. However, a majority of the previous studies regarding AMF's eco-physiological effects are mutually inconsistent. To clarify this fundamental issue, we conducted an experiment focused on wheat (Triticum aestivum L. Read More

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Quality of Soybean Products in Terms of Essential Amino Acids Composition.

Molecules 2021 Aug 21;26(16). Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Department of Quality Food Products, Cracov University of Economics, 31-510 Cracow, Poland.

The content of protein, moisture content and essential amino acids in conventional and genetically modified soybean grain and selected soybean products (soybean pâté, soybean drink, soybean dessert, tofu) was analyzed in this paper. The following comparative analysis of these products has not yet been carried out. No differences were observed in the amino acid profiles of soybeans and soybean products. Read More

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Grape Pomace as a New Coagulant for Tofu Production: Physicochemical and Sensory Effects.

Foods 2021 Aug 11;10(8). Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Sciences (DISAFA), University of Turin, 10095 Grugliasco, Italy.

Tofu, one of the most important products made from soymilk, is obtained through a coagulation process performed with various coagulants (acids, salts and, enzymes). In this study, innovative tofu samples were produced using the grape pomace (GP) powders of different varieties (Barbera, Chardonnay, Moscato, and Pinot Noir) with different origins (fermented and distilled) at two concentration levels (2.5% and 5% /) as coagulants, and comparisons with traditional tofu were made. Read More

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Analytical Rheology of Honey: A State-of-the-Art Review.

Foods 2021 Jul 23;10(8). Epub 2021 Jul 23.

iMed.Ulisboa-Research Institute for Medicines, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto, 1649-003 Lisboa, Portugal.

Honey has been used as a nutraceutical product since ancient times due to its nutritional and medicinal properties. Honey rheology influences its organoleptic properties and is relevant for processing and quality control. This review summarizes the rheological behaviour of honeys of different botanical source(s) and geographical locations that has been described in the literature, focusing on the relation between rheological parameters, honey composition (moisture, water activity, sugar content, presence of colloidal matter) and experimental conditions (temperature, time, stress, shear rate). Read More

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Frying Conditions, Methyl Cellulose, and K-Carrageenan Edible Coatings: Useful Strategies to Reduce Oil Uptake in Fried Mushrooms.

Foods 2021 Jul 22;10(8). Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Faculty of Health and Sports Science, University of Zaragoza, 22002 Huesca, Spain.

Despite being widely consumed and appreciated, fried food has the unhealthy characteristic of high final oil content. Therefore, alternatives to reduce the oil uptake of fried products are being researched. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 0. Read More

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Numerical Simulation of the Water Vapor Separation of a Moisture-Selective Hollow-Fiber Membrane for the Application in Wood Drying Processes.

Membranes (Basel) 2021 Jul 31;11(8). Epub 2021 Jul 31.

School of Forest Resources, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469-5755, USA.

In this study, a simplified two-dimensional axisymmetric finite element analysis (FEA) model was developed, using COMSOL Multiphysics software, to simulate the water vapor separation in a moisture-selective hollow-fiber membrane for the application of air dehumidification in wood drying processes. The membrane material was dense polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). A single hollow fiber membrane was modelled. Read More

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Management of using fungicides and host plant defense inducers under drought conditions: A case-study of flowering dogwood.

Plant Dis 2021 Aug 25. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Tennessee State University, Otis Floyd Nursery Research Center, 472 Cadillac Lane, McMinnville, Tennessee, United States, 37110;

is considered one of the most destructive pathogens of ornamental crops. Different fungicides and host plant defense inducers were tested for their efficacy in managing Phytophthora root rot in drought conditions. In this study, the drought conditions were maintained by evaluating the moisture holding capacity of the pine bark in a 10. Read More

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Methods to determine the quality of acid oils and fatty acid distillates used in animal feeding.

MethodsX 2021 6;8:101334. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Nutrition, Food Science and Gastronomy Department-XIA, Torribera Food Science Campus, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Science, Universitat de Barcelona, Av. Prat de la Riba, 171. 08921 Santa Coloma de Gramenet, Spain.

Acid oils and fatty acid distillates are by-products from the refining of edible oils and fats. They are used as feed ingredients, but their highly variable composition sometimes affects the productive parameters of the animals. Thus, their quality control and standardization are necessary. Read More

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Effect of site-specific conditions and operating parameters on the removal efficiency of petroleum-originating pollutants by using ozonation.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Aug 2;800:149393. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

School of Engineering, University of Basilicata, viale dell'Ateneo Lucano n. 10, 85100 Potenza, Italy.

Soil contamination is a worldwide problem, mainly caused by a wide range of organic compounds: e.g., alkanes, aromatics, and polynuclear aromatics. Read More

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Thermal Processing of a Degradable Carboxylic Acid-Functionalized Polycarbonate into Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering.

Polym Eng Sci 2021 Jul 22;61(7):2012-2022. Epub 2021 May 22.

Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers, The State University, Piscataway, NJ 08854.

Degradable polymers are often desirable for the fabrication of medical implants, but thermal processing of these polymers is a challenge. We describe here how these problems can be addressed by discussing the extrusion of fibers and injection molding of bone pins from a hydrolytically degradable tyrosine-derived polycarbonate. Our initial attempts produced fibers and pins with bubbles, voids, and discoloration, and resulted in the formation of large polymer plugs that seized screws and blocked extruder dies. Read More

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Comparative nutrient analysis of four species of cockroaches used as food for insectivores by life stage, species, and sex.

Zoo Biol 2021 Aug 21. Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.

A variety of insects are fed to insectivorous animals; however, nutritional analyses are often limited to adult life stages. Four species of nymph and adult female and male cockroaches (Blaberus giganteus, Blaptica dubia, Blatta lateralis, and Gromphadorhina portentosa) were analyzed for moisture, crude protein (CP), acid detergent fiber (ADF), fat, ash, and mineral content. The small sample size of this study precluded statistical analyses, however comparatively, CP in adult B. Read More

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