8,238 results match your criteria papers written

Eating experiences and quality of life in patients with larynx cancer in Spain. A qualitative study.

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being 2021 Dec;16(1):1967262

Faculty of Nursing and Occupational Therapy, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain.

Purpose: This paper aims at describing the eating experience of people diagnosed with and treated for laryngeal cancer. Going beyond the mere conceptualization of "after-effect" or the quantification of the disease's impact on the basis of standardized questionnaires, we present a qualitative analysis of the narratives of such experiences.

Methods: Ethnographic study. Read More

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December 2021

Nuances of Arteriovenous Fistula Creation for Vascular Access in Hemodialysis.

Indian J Plast Surg 2021 Sep 8;54(3):257-263. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Depatment of Plastic Surgery, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

With rising incidence and increased life expectancy of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the number of patients requiring hemodialysis has increased substantially. Vascular access is the lifeline for a patient on hemodialysis (HD), and an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the undisputed gold standard for HD access. An effective and long-lasting fistula serves to increase the life expectancy of ESRD patients and improves their quality of life. Read More

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September 2021

Seeking recognition through carceral health care bureaucracy: Analysis of medical care request forms in a County Jail.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Oct 13;291:114485. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics; And Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health, Behavior and Society, 4940 Eastern Ave, A121, Baltimore, MD, 21224, USA. Electronic address:

People experiencing incarceration in the U.S. have a constitutional right to have access to health care. Read More

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October 2021

Fate and transport in environmental quality.

J Environ Qual 2021 Oct 18. Epub 2021 Oct 18.

Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences; Environmental Science, and Policy Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, 48824, USA.

Changes in pollutant concentrations in environmental media occur both due to pollutant transport in water or air and due to local processes, such as adsorption, degradation, precipitation, straining, etc. The terms "fate and transport" and "transport and fate" reflect the coupling of moving with the carrier media and biogeochemical processes describing local transformations or interactions. Journal of Environmental Quality (JEQ) was one of the first to publish papers on fate and transport (F&T). Read More

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October 2021

A systematic review of the neural correlates of multisensory integration in schizophrenia.

Schizophr Res Cogn 2022 Mar 5;27:100219. Epub 2021 Oct 5.

Department of Social and Psychological Studies, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.

Multisensory integration (MSI), in which sensory signals from different modalities are unified, is necessary for our comprehensive perception of and effective adaptation to the objects and events around us. However, individuals with schizophrenia suffer from impairments in MSI, which could explain typical symptoms like hallucination and reality distortion. Because the neural correlates of aberrant MSI in schizophrenia help us understand the physiognomy of this psychiatric disorder, we performed a systematic review of the current research on this subject. Read More

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Accuracy of Surgical Templates with and without Metallic Sleeves in Case of Partial Arch Restorations: a Systematic Review.

J Dent 2021 Oct 14:103852. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

School of Dentistry, University of Sassari, 07100 Sassari, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: The aim of the present systematic review was to evaluate whether there were any differences in the three-dimensional accuracy and the implant survival rate of implants placed using computer-assisted planning and surgical templates with or without metallic sleeves.

Sources: This systematic review was written according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines and registered to the PROSPERO (International prospective register of systematic reviews) database.

Study Selection: PICOS (population, intervention, control, outcomes, and studies) question was assessed, too. Read More

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October 2021

Semianalytical modeling of the mass transfer in microfluidic electrochemical chips.

Phys Rev E 2021 Sep;104(3-2):035110

Arts et Metiers Institute of Technology, I2M UMR CNRS 5295, University of Bordeaux, CNRS Esplanade des Arts et Métiers, 33405 Talence Cédex, France.

This paper reports a mass transfer model of a reactant flowing in a large aspect ratio microfluidic chip made of a channel with electrodes on the side walls. A semianalytical solution to the two-dimensional Fickian diffusion of a reactant in a microchannel, including the electrochemical reaction at the electrode interface and the velocity profile obtained from the Navier-Stokes equations in a fully developed laminar regime, is found. The solution is written in the Laplace domain in terms of transfer functions. Read More

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September 2021

Open source Vicon Toolkit for motion capture and Gait Analysis.

Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2021 Sep 29;212:106414. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

The Department of Robotics Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 85 Prescott St, Worcester, MA 01609, United States. Electronic address:

Background And Objective: The Vicon motion capture system is a popular tool for biomechanics, gait analysis, and robotics. The ASCII files produced are large and complex, making them difficult to read and analyze.

Methods: This paper presents two packages, the Vicon Toolkit Package and the Gait Analysis Toolkit Package. Read More

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September 2021

Is intraoperative neuromonitoring effective in hip and pelvis orthopedic and trauma surgery? A systematic review.

J Orthop Traumatol 2021 Oct 13;22(1):40. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Orthopaedics and Traumatology Unit, Cattinara Hospital-ASUGI, Strada di Fiume 447, 34149, Trieste, Italy.

Introduction: Sciatic nerve injury is an uncommon but potentially devastating complication in hip and pelvis surgery. Intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) was applied since the seventies in neurosurgery and spine surgery. Nowadays, IONM has gained popularity in other surgical specialities including orthopaedic and trauma surgery. Read More

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October 2021

Physician Aid in Dying for Dementia: The Problem With the Early vs. Late Disease Stage Distinction.

Front Psychiatry 2021 27;12:703709. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Center for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Leuven, Belgium.

Physician aid in dying (PAD) based on dementia is a contentious, highly debated topic. Several countries are considering extending their existing laws to include requests in incompetent patients based on a previously written advance directive. Discussions about this issue often invoke a distinction based on disease stage. Read More

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September 2021

[The quotations of from the ].

X C Xu H Zheng

Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi 2021 May;51(3):177-182

School of Basic Medical Science, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310053, China.

The (, Great Illustrated Directions on Medical Classics) was written by Haiyan He Yue in the Ming Dynasty. This book cited some sections from the ( , Danxi's Medical Cases), and some cases in this book were new discoveries. Using the method of philology, this paper compared the cited sections from the Danxi Yi An () in The Yijing Dazhi with the medical records in (), (, Further Discourses on the Properties of Things), (, Collected Essentials of Master Danxi's Medical Book), and (, Heart and Essentials of Danxi's Treatment Methods). Read More

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Community health workers at the dawn of a new era: 8. Incentives and remuneration.

Health Res Policy Syst 2021 Oct 12;19(Suppl 3):106. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Health Systems Program, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: This is the eighth in our series of 11 papers on "CHWs at the Dawn of a New Era". Community health worker (CHW) incentives and remuneration are core issues that affect the performance of individual CHWs and the performance of the overall CHW programme. A better understanding of what motivates CHWs and a stronger awareness of the social justice dimensions of remuneration are essential in order to build stronger CHW programmes and to support the professionalization of the CHW workforce. Read More

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October 2021

Resource Allocation Schemes for 5G Network: A Systematic Review.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Oct 2;21(19). Epub 2021 Oct 2.

Malaysian Institute of Information Technology (MIIT), Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur 50250, Malaysia.

Fifth-generation (5G) communication technology is intended to offer higher data rates, outstanding user exposure, lower power consumption, and extremely short latency. Such cellular networks will implement a diverse multi-layer model comprising device-to-device networks, macro-cells, and different categories of small cells to assist customers with desired quality-of-service (QoS). This multi-layer model affects several studies that confront utilizing interference management and resource allocation in 5G networks. Read More

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October 2021

Time Signature Detection: A Survey.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Sep 29;21(19). Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Department of Applied Informatics, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland.

This paper presents a thorough review of methods used in various research articles published in the field of time signature estimation and detection from 2003 to the present. The purpose of this review is to investigate the effectiveness of these methods and how they perform on different types of input signals (audio and MIDI). The results of the research have been divided into two categories: classical and deep learning techniques, and are summarized in order to make suggestions for future study. Read More

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September 2021

Hollow Channel Formation inside Sodium Aluminoborate Glass by Femtosecond Laser Writing and Distilled Water Etching.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Sep 23;14(19). Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Chemical Technology of Glass and Glass Ceramics, Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology, 125480 Moscow, Russia.

Recently, the effect of nanograting formation was demonstrated for binary sodium borate glass with the possibility of data storage with an enhanced level of security. The obvious disadvantage of such glass is poor chemical stability, which limits real applications. In this paper, we show that the introduction of AlO allows preserving the possibility of nanograting formation with a significant increase of chemical resistance and thus to preserve optical memory applications. Read More

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September 2021

Constructing Japanese MeSH term dictionaries related to the COVID-19 literature.

Genomics Inform 2021 Sep 30;19(3):e25. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Computer Science Department, The University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a flood of research papers and the information has been updated with considerable frequency. For society to derive benefits from this research, it is necessary to promote sharing up-to-date knowledge from these papers. However, because most research papers are written in English, it is difficult for people who are not familiar with English medical terms to obtain knowledge from them. Read More

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September 2021

Podcasting to the undergraduate medical radiation student.

J Med Imaging Radiat Sci 2021 Oct 8. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

School Of Dentistry and Health Sciences, Charles Sturt University, 7 Major Innes Rd, Port Macquarie, NSW 2444, Australia.

Introduction: The researcher of this study identified a gap in the current availability of educational resources that are specifically designed for the undergraduate student studying Medical Radiation Science (MRS). The purpose of the development of the podcast is to improve the student experience and allow for autonomy in student learning through utilising extracurricular means, as they are introduced to a career in the medical radiation sciences. This paper explores the implementation of an extracurricular podcast to a large undergraduate MRS cohort. Read More

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October 2021

autopsych: An R Shiny tool for the reproducible Rasch analysis, differential item functioning, equating, and examination of group effects.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(10):e0257682. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Center for Pedagogical Measurements, Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan.

In this paper, we present autopsych, a novel online tool that allows school assessment experts, test developers, and researchers to perform routine psychometric analyses and equating of student test data and to examine the effect of student demographic and group conditions on student test performance. The app extends current open-source software by providing (1) extensive embedded result narration and summaries for written reports, (2) improved handling of partial credit data via customizable item-person Wright maps, (3) customizable item- and person-flagging systems, (4) item-response theory model constraints and controls, (5) many-facets Rasch analysis to examine item bias, (6) Rasch fixed item equating for mapping student ability across test forms, (7) tabbed spreadsheet outputs and immediate options for secondary data analysis, (8) customizable graphical color schemes, (9) extended ANOVA analysis for examining group differences, and (10) inter-rater reliability analyses for the verifying the consistency of rater scoring systems. We present the app's architecture and functionalities and test its performance with simulated and real-world small-, medium-, and large-scale assessment data. Read More

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October 2021

Defining the social determinants of health for nursing action to achieve health equity: A consensus paper from the American academy of nursing.

Nurs Outlook 2021 Oct 7. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Psychiatric Mental Health and Substance, American Academy of Nursing, Washington, D. C., USA.

Background: The 2019-2020 American Academy of Nursing (Academy, 2019) policy priorities document states that "they have a clear and distinct focus on social determinants of health and uses this lens to advance policies and solutions within each of the three overarching priorities" PURPOSE: This consensus paper seeks to establish conceptual clarity and consensus for what social determinants of health mean for nursing, with emphasis on examples of health policies that advance planetary health equity and improve planetary health-related quality of life.

Methods: Volunteers from five Expert Panels of the Academy met via videoconference to determine roles and refine the focus of the paper. After the initial discussion, the first draft of the conceptual framework was written by the first three authors of the paper and, after discussion via videoconference with all the co-authors, successive drafts were developed and circulated for feedback. Read More

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October 2021

Diagnosis and treatment of lobar pneumonia in the pre-antibiotic era Anton Chekhov's medical report (1883).

Microbes Infect 2021 Oct 7:104889. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Institute of the History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine at Ulm University, Parkstraße 11, D-89073, Ulm, Germany.

In the late 19 century, pneumonia was one of the leading causes of death in Europe and the USA. Although at this time doctors knew about the infectious cause of pneumonia, they were not able to offer patients specific antimicrobial therapy. In the current paper, we translated into English for the first time and analyzed the almost forgotten medical report of a pneumonic patient written by the famous Russian writer and physician Anton Chekhov (1860-1904), which describes the classic stages of lobar pneumonia, now no longer observed in clinical practice due to antibacterial treatment. Read More

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October 2021

A computational approach to quantitatively define sarcomere dimensions and arrangement in skeletal muscle.

Comput Methods Programs Biomed 2021 Sep 24;211:106437. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Computer Science, University of Verona, Strada Le Grazie 15, Verona 37134, Italy. Electronic address:

Background And Objective: The skeletal muscle is composed of integrated tissues mainly composed of myofibers i.e., long, cylindrical syncytia, whose cytoplasm is mostly occupied by parallel myofibrils. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of Government-Driven Smartphone Text Messages on Public Compliance With COVID-19 Preventative Measures.

Comput Inform Nurs 2021 Jul 8;39(10):527-537. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Author Affiliations: Department of Nursing, Nambu University (Dr Kim); and College of Nursing, Chonnam National University (Dr Lee), Gwangju. Republic of Korea.

The new pandemic situation caused by a highly infectious virus has prompted the government of many countries to strengthen epidemic prevention measures. An unprecedented action was taken by the Korean government by sending text messages on COVID-19 preventative measures and the movement routes of confirmed-positive persons to the entire nation's smartphones. This study aimed to examine how effective the government-driven smartphone text messages were for public compliance with the measures. Read More

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Bibliometric Analysis on Geriatric Nursing Research in Web of Science (1900-2020).

Biomed Res Int 2021 28;2021:8758161. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Department of Medical Library and Information Sciences, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Aging is a growing public health concern for people, organizations, and governments. The current study was undertaken to provide insights into the global research output on geriatric nursing.

Methods: A bibliometric study was implemented using the WoS database for the period from 1900 to 2020. Read More

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October 2021

Contribution of epididymal epithelial cell functions to sperm epigenetic changes and the health of progeny.

Hum Reprod Update 2021 Oct 7. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Spermatozoa acquire their motility and fertilizing abilities during their maturation through the epididymis. This process is controlled by epididymal epithelial cells that possess features adapted to sense and respond to their surrounding environment and to communicate with spermatozoa. During the past decade, new intercellular communication processes have been discovered, including the secretion and transport of molecules from the epithelium to spermatozoa via extracellular vesicles (EVs), as well as sensing of the intraluminal milieu by cellular extensions. Read More

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October 2021

Multidisciplinarity in Transition Pathways for Patients With Kidney Disease: The Current State of Play.

Front Pediatr 2021 20;9:689758. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, Department of Pediatrics, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

In the field of medical care, successful transition from pediatric-centered to adult-oriented healthcare can provide a sense of continuity in the development of youth, and prepare them to accept responsibility for and manage their own chronic kidney condition in complete autonomy. The so-called transition process requires the presence of some basic aspects: a multidisciplinary team, which acts as a bridge between child and adult services; a comprehensive clinical, cognitive, psychological, and social change for the young people; the involvement of family and caregivers. Within the framework of transition and chronicity during the developmental age, we selected international papers explaining models which agreed on some important steps in the transition process, although many differences can be observed between different countries. Read More

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September 2021

The conscious state of the dying patient: An integrative review.

Palliat Support Care 2021 Oct 7:1-13. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

Faculty of Health, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Public Health, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Objectives: The cognitive state of the dying in the last days of life may deteriorate, resulting in a reduced ability to communicate their care needs. Distressing symptoms, physical and existential, may go unrecognized and untreated. The objectives of this integrative review were to systematically interrogate the literature to determine the changing conscious state of dying adults and to identify changes in their care needs. Read More

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October 2021

mHealth and its application in menstrual related issues: a systematic review.

Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2021 Oct 7:1-8. Epub 2021 Oct 7.

1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Objective: The objective of this research was to evaluate how menstrual tracking applications can promote gynaecological health.

Materials And Methods: We performed a systematic review in Medline and Scopus, for papers evaluating menstrual tracking mobile applications. We excluded review articles and those not written in English. Read More

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October 2021

Algebraic solutions for the Fourier transform interrogator.

Opt Express 2021 Aug;29(16):25632-25662

A new method for fast, high resolution interrogation of an array of photonic sensors is proposed. The technique is based on the integrated Fourier transform (FT) interrogator previously introduced by the authors. Compared to other interferometric interrogators, the FT-interrogator is very compact and has an unprecedented tolerance to variations in the nominal values of the sensors' resonance wavelength. Read More

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Who was buried with Nestor's Cup? Macroscopic and microscopic analyses of the cremated remains from Tomb 168 (second half of the 8th century BCE, Pithekoussai, Ischia Island, Italy).

PLoS One 2021 6;16(10):e0257368. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

Department of Cultural Heritage, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Cremation 168 from the second half of the 8th century BCE (Pithekoussai's necropolis, Ischia Island, Italy), better known as the Tomb of Nestor's Cup, is widely considered as one of the most intriguing discoveries in the Mediterranean Pre-Classic archaeology. A drinking cup, from which the Tomb's name derives, bears one of the earliest surviving examples of written Greek, representing the oldest Homeric poetry ever recovered. According to previous osteological analyses, the Cup is associated with the cremated remains of a juvenile, aged approximately 10-14 years at death. Read More

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October 2021

South-to-south mentoring as a vehicle for implementing sustainable health security in Africa.

One Health Outlook 2021 Oct 6;3(1):20. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

International Federation of Biosafety Associations (IFBA), Ottawa, Canada.

Background: While sustainability has become a universal precept in the development of global health security systems, supporting policies often lack mechanisms to drive policies into regular practice. 'On-paper' norms and regulations are to a great extent upheld by frontline workers who often lack the opportunity to communicate their first-hand experiences to decisionmakers; their role is an often overlooked, yet crucial, aspect of a sustainable global health security landscape. Initiatives and programs developing transdisciplinary professional skills support the increased bidirectional dialogue between these frontline workers and key policy- and decisionmakers which may sustainably narrow the gap between global health security policy design and implementation. Read More

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October 2021