3,270 results match your criteria papers burn

Direct imaging evidences of metal inorganic contaminants traced into cigarettes.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jun 8;411:125092. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopaedic Sciences, Section of Human Anatomy, Sapienza University of Rome, Via A. Borelli 50, 00161 Rome, Italy.

Today, environmental health research on toxicological adverse effects of metal-inorganic materials diffused by cigarettes represents a new challenge for assessing new health risks directly related to the critical chemical-size features of the particles. Therefore, morpho-chemical analyses of hazardous particles become critical in response to the distinctive assumptions about the origin, evolution, and coexisting phases. Here, we report a detailed investigation through direct microscopy imaging of metal-inorganic contaminants for one traditional and two heat-not-burn commercial cigarettes of three different brands. Read More

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The Children's Forgiveness Card Set: Development of a Brief Pictorial Card-Sorting Measure of Children's Emotional Forgiveness.

Front Psychol 2021 29;12:628152. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, United States.

Friendships have important influences on children's well-being and future adjustment, and interpersonal forgiveness has been suggested as a crucial means for children to maintain friendships. However, existing measures of preadolescent children's forgiveness are restricted by developmental limitations to reporting emotional responses via questionnaire and inconsistent interpretations of the term "forgive." This paper describes development and testing of concurrent and discriminant validity of a pictorial measure of children's emotional forgiveness, the Children's Forgiveness Card Set (CFCS). Read More

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Utilisation of spent tyre pyrolysis char as activated carbon feedstock: The role, transformation and fate of Zn.

Waste Manag 2021 Apr 11;126:549-558. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Centre for Energy (M473), The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia; Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101, China.

Utilisation and minimisation of spent tyre stockpiles has been made more viable by pyrolysis and activation to produce low-cost activated carbons. The unique chemical composition of spent tyre pyrolysis chars (STPC), particularly the high Zn content, has been shown to affect their activation and subsequent utilisation. Nonetheless, little research has examined exactly how these additives affect activation and, ultimately, what becomes of Zn during the activation process. Read More

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The effect of inhibiting exosomes derived from adipose-derived stem cells via the TGF-β1/Smad pathway on the fibrosis of keloid fibroblasts.

Gland Surg 2021 Mar;10(3):1046-1056

Department of Plastic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical University, Zhanjiang, China.

Background: The main mechanism of keloid formation is that keloid fibroblasts (KFs) apoptosis is inhibited, leading to excessive proliferation. Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is a key signal molecule in the process of regulating cell fibrosis. This paper discusses the effect of adipose-derived stem cell exosomes (ADSCs-EXO) on the proliferation and apoptosis of KFS and its possible mechanism, in order to provide reference for the clinical intervention of hypertrophic scar. Read More

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Mitigating Psychological Trauma on Adult Burn Patients Based on Virtual Reality Technology of Smart Medical Treatment.

J Healthc Eng 2021 24;2021:5531176. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Plastic and Cosmetic Burn Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, Sichuan 637000, China.

Virtual reality (VR) is one of the hot spots in the computer network world in recent years, which has attracted more and more people's attention. This study mainly explores the effect of mitigating the psychological trauma of adult burn patients based on the VR technology of smart medical treatment. First, the EEG data are sent to the data processing module through a wireless protocol; then, the data processing module denoises the EEG data and performs feature extraction and feedback parameter calculation; after that, these parameters will be sent to the VR interaction engine; based on this, these parameters change the VR scene to capture and reflect the physiological activities of the patient's brain in real time; finally, the patient uses the VR scene content presented by the real-time feedback of the captured EEG signal as a guide to making self-adjustment in time, and the electrical signal of captured brain at this time is again transmitted to the next work cycle and continues to feed back and present new VR interactive scenes to guide and intervene in the patient's self-regulation behavior. Read More

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Measuring the impact of burn injury on the parent-reported health outcomes of children 1-to-5 years: Item pool development for the Preschool Life Impact Burn Recovery Evaluation (LIBRE) Profile.

Burns 2021 Feb 25. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Shriners Hospitals for Children - Boston, Boston, MA, United States; Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States. Electronic address:

Modern, reliable, and valid outcome measures are essential to understanding the health needs of young children with burn injuries. Burn-specific and age-appropriate legacy assessment tools exist for this population but are hindered by the limitations of existing paper-based instruments. The purpose of this study was to develop item pools comprised of questions appropriate for children aged 1-5 with burn injuries. Read More

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February 2021

Technical difficulties and mechanical failure of distal femoral locking compression plate (DFLCP) in management of unstable distal femoral fractures.

Int J Burns Trauma 2021 15;11(1):9-19. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, J. N. Medical College, Faculty of Medicine, A.M.U. Aligarh, India.

Objective of the paper is to portray the technical difficulties and mechanical failure of Distal Femoral Locking Compression Plate in the management of unstable distal femoral fractures. The primary outcome measure was defined as revision surgery due to implant failure with subsequent non-union. Secondary outcome measures were mal-union, delayed union, peri-implant fracture and infection. Read More

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February 2021

The Scoliosis Research Society adult spinal deformity standard outcome set.

Spine Deform 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Norton Leatherman Spine Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA.

Purpose: Symptomatic adult spinal deformity (ASD) with an extremely variable presentation with pain, with and without neurogenic leg pain, and/or disturbed sagittal and coronal balance, causes a significant societal burden of disease. It is an important consequence of the aging adult population, generating a plethora of spine-related interventions with variable treatment efficacy and consistently high costs. Recent years have witnessed more than a threefold increase in the prevalence and treatment of ASD, and further increases over the coming decades are expected with the growing elderly population worldwide. Read More

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Designing a multicenter registry of COVID-19 and other respiratory infections in Fars, Iran.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2021 Apr 6:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Vice Chancellor for Treatment, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Introduction: A year after the emergence of a novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, as a new crisis in respiratory infections, there remain many uncertainties and unknowns about SARS-CoV-2 and the disease it causes, COVID-19. Although COVID-19 is known as respiratory disease, some atypical manifestations have been seen, different from those seen in other types of viral respiratory infections. This paper aims to describe designing, launching, and implementing a data collection system for all respiratory diseases, with a focus on SARS-CoV-2 from the onset of this pandemic. Read More

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Comparison of therapeutic effects of encapsulated Mesenchymal stem cells in Aloe vera gel and Chitosan-based gel in healing of grade-II burn injuries.

Regen Ther 2021 Dec 21;18:30-37. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Medical Plants Research Center, Basic Health Sciences Institute, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.

Treatment of burn injuries with Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a great promise due to their unique properties. As two natural and functional wound dressing, Chitosan and Aloe-Vera gel assist wound regeneration by providing a proper environment. In the current study, we aimed to compare the effect of encapsulated BMSCs in Chitosan-based gel and Aloe-Vera gel on the healing of grade-II burn injuries compared to other groups in the rat. Read More

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December 2021

Leveraging Online Learning to Promote Systems Thinking for Sustainable Food Systems Training in Dietetics Education.

Front Nutr 2021 18;8:623336. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Food, Nutrition, Dietetics and Health, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, United States.

Educating and training a multisectoral food systems workforce is a critical part of developing sustainable, resilient, and healthy food and water systems. This paper shares perspectives from a working group of educators, learners, and food systems subject matter experts that collaborated over the course of a year to develop, pilot test, and evaluate two interactive webinar series with a multi-site cohort of dietetics interns and graduate students. The three-part webinar series format included a training webinar, a practice activity, and a synthesis webinar. Read More

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Laryngeal inhalational injuries: A systematic review.

Burns 2021 Feb 27. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Joint Base San Antonio, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Laryngeal inhalation injury carries a significant increase in mortality rate and often indicates immediate airway evaluation. This may be difficult in the setting of clinical deterioration necessitating immediate intubation, which itself can synergistically cause mucosal damage. Prior studies do not encompass predictive factors or long-term outcomes for the laryngotracheal complex. Read More

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February 2021

Technical and Medical Aspects of Burn Size Assessment and Documentation.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Mar 5;57(3). Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Trauma Hospital Berlin, Trauma Hospital Linz (ret), HLMedConsult, A-4020 Leonding, Austria.

In burn medicine, the percentage of the burned body surface area (TBSA-B) to the total body surface area (TBSA) is a crucial parameter to ensure adequate treatment and therapy. Inaccurate estimations of the burn extent can lead to wrong medical decisions resulting in considerable consequences for patients. These include, for instance, over-resuscitation, complications due to fluid aggregation from burn edema, or non-optimal distribution of patients. Read More

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Out-of-Distribution Detection of Human Activity Recognition with Smartwatch Inertial Sensors.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Mar 1;21(5). Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Orthopaedic Biomechanics Lab, Holland Bone and Joint Program, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada.

Out-of-distribution (OOD) in the context of Human Activity Recognition (HAR) refers to data from activity classes that are not represented in the training data of a Machine Learning (ML) algorithm. OOD data are a challenge to classify accurately for most ML algorithms, especially deep learning models that are prone to overconfident predictions based on in-distribution (IIN) classes. To simulate the OOD problem in physiotherapy, our team collected a new dataset (SPARS9x) consisting of inertial data captured by smartwatches worn by 20 healthy subjects as they performed supervised physiotherapy exercises (IIN), followed by a minimum 3 h of data captured for each subject as they engaged in unrelated and unstructured activities (OOD). Read More

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The "Burn": water quality and microbiological impacts related to limited free chlorine disinfection periods in a chloramine system.

Water Res 2021 Mar 14;197:117044. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL. Electronic address:

To control microbial proliferation and nitrification within distribution systems, utilities practicing secondary disinfection chloramination often discontinue their ammonia feed and provide a short, free chlorine disinfection period (FClP), commonly referred to as a "chlorine burn". However, the success and practicality of this approach is often criticized because of the return to nitrification; yet, previous studies conducted in full-scale distribution systems do not contain the sampling frequency to determine how quickly nitrification can return. In this research, a total of 15 hydrants distributed across hydraulically modeled water ages were sampled for 21 sampling events over a period spanning two annual FClPs (2018 and 2019) to investigate the water quality, planktonic community, and, using a new sampling technique, established biofilm community impacts within a single, distribution system pressure zone. Read More

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Solid waste management in the Arctic.

Waste Manag 2021 Mar 30;126:340-350. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

George Washington University, 1957 E St NW Suite 412, Washington, DC 20057, USA. Electronic address:

Arctic cities face unique challenges in managing their solid waste due to their relatively small size, remote location, extreme and rapidly changing climate, and boom-bust economies. We compare solid waste management practices across Arctic and non-Arctic cities employing the International Standard ISO 37120 Sustainable cities and communities - Indicators for city services and quality of life, published by the International Organization for Standardization in 2018. Generally, Arctic residents produce more waste annually (0. Read More

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Construction of heparin-based hydrogel incorporated with Cu5.4O ultrasmall nanozymes for wound healing and inflammation inhibition.

Bioact Mater 2021 Oct 9;6(10):3109-3124. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, 639 Zhi Zao Ju Road, Shanghai, 200011, China.

Excessive production of inflammatory chemokines and reactive oxygen species (ROS) can cause a feedback cycle of inflammation response that has a negative effect on cutaneous wound healing. The use of wound-dressing materials that simultaneously absorb chemokines and scavenge ROS constitutes a novel 'weeding and uprooting' treatment strategy for inflammatory conditions. In the present study, a composite hydrogel comprising an amine-functionalized star-shaped polyethylene glycol (starPEG) and heparin for chemokine sequestration as well as CuO ultrasmall nanozymes for ROS scavenging (CuO@Hep-PEG) was developed. Read More

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October 2021

A Simple-to-Use Nomogram for Predicting Survival in Children with Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Biomed Res Int 2021 11;2021:7264623. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.

Background: The research analyzed a group of patients to develop a statistical nomogram and a web-based survival rate predictor for the comprehensive estimate of the overall survival (OS) of children with acute myeloid leukemia.

Methods: Between 1999 to 2015, we used the Therapeutically Applicable Research to Generate Effective Treatments (TARGET) database to evaluate and randomly divide 440 children diagnosed with AML into the population of training ( = 309) and validation ( = 131). The analysis of Lasso Cox was used to identify separate predictive variables. Read More

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Taming of Covid-19: potential and emerging application of mesenchymal stem cells.

Cytotechnology 2021 Mar 22:1-46. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Burn and Regenerative Medicine Research Center, Velayat Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has turned out to cause a pandemic, with a sky scraping mortality. The virus is thought to cause tissue injury by affecting the renin-angiotensin system. Also, the role of the over-activated immune system is noteworthy, leading to severe tissue injury via the cytokine storms. Read More

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Demographic and socioeconomic disparities of benign cerebral meningiomas in the United States.

J Clin Neurosci 2021 Apr 4;86:122-128. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

University College London, Queen Square Institute of Neurology, London, UK; Universidad Internacional del Ecuador, Escuela de Medicina, Quito, Ecuador.

Epidemiology provides an avenue for deciphering disease pathogenesis. By determining incidence across socioeconomic and demographic variables in the context of benign cerebral meningiomas (BCM), epidemiologic data may aid in elucidating and addressing healthcare inequalities. To investigate BCM incidence (per 100,000) with respect to sex, age, income, residence, and race/ethnicity, we queried the largest United States (US) administrative dataset (1997-2016), the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS), which surveys 20% of US discharges. Read More

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[Reinterpreting the ventilator-induced lung injury from the prospective of mechanical power].

X B Liu F Zhu

Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2021 Mar;37(3):292-295

Department of Burn Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

Mechanical power is the power that the ventilator transmits to the respirator for lung ventilation. In recent years, some researchers have suggested that mechanical power may be a good indicator for assessing ventilator-induced lung injury in general, which can be used for guiding the best mechanical ventilation strategy. While introducing the definition and calculation method of mechanical power, this paper focuses on the association and potential mechanism of mechanical power with ventilator-induced lung injury, which aims to provide a new perspective and research direction for clinical understanding of ventilator-induced lung injury. Read More

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Evaluation of Clinical and Histological Outcomes of Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells in a Rabbit Corneal Alkali Burn Model.

Stem Cells Int 2021 7;2021:6610023. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Laboratory of Experimental Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

To assess effects of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) in corneal alkali injuries in an experimental animal model. Twenty white New Zealand rabbits were included in the study. The animal models were randomly divided into 2 groups. Read More

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Evolution of the soil chemical properties in slash-and-burn agriculture along several years of fallow.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 7;764:142823. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Soil Erosion Laboratory, Department of Geography, Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste, UNICENTRO, Street Simeão Camargo Varela de Sá, 03 Mailbox, 3010, 85040-080 Guarapuava, Paraná, Brazil. Electronic address:

Several studies have demonstrated the effects of slash-and-burn agriculture on soil chemical properties immediately or short-term after burning. This study aims to answer if: a) the slash-and-burn system affects soil chemical properties; b) management effects remain in a fallow chronosequence; and if c) these effects are restricted to the soil surface. The study was developed in the south-eastern region of the state of Paraná, located in southern Brazil. Read More

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Carbon balance of tropical peat forests at different fire history and implications for carbon emissions.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Mar 10;779:146365. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences, Faculty of Science, The University of Melbourne, Creswick, Victoria, 3363, Australia. Electronic address:

Accurate assessment of tropical peat forest carbon stocks and impact of fires on carbon pools is required to determine the magnitude of emissions to the atmosphere and to support emissions reduction policies. We assessed total aboveground carbon (AGC) in biomass pools including trees, shrubs, deadwood, litter and char, and peat carbon to develop empirical estimates of peat swamp forest carbon stocks in response to fire and disturbance. In contrast to the common assumption that peat fires combust all AGC, we observed that about half of undisturbed forest AGC, equivalent to about 70 Mg C ha, remains after one or two recent fires - mainly in dead trees, woody debris and pyrogenic carbon. Read More

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[Comparative epidemiology of thermal injury and hypothermia].

Sud Med Ekspert 2021 ;64(2):4-9

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia.

The paper presents the results of a comparative epidemiological study of thermal injury and fatal hypothermia based on the results of consolidated reports of the Bureau of Forensic Medicine of the Moscow Department of Health for 2017-2019. It was analyzed the archival material for three calendar years. It was used a continuous retrospective research method with an assessment of the general aggregate of the death incidence from thermal injury and hypothermia in Moscow in 2017-2019 by means of nonparametric statistical methods. Read More

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (Ptsd) Following Burn Injuries: A Comprehensive Clinical Review.

Ann Burns Fire Disasters 2020 Dec;33(4):276-287

Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and Founder Trustee, Desousa Foundation Mumbai, India.

Burns are a global public health problem with a large number of psychosocial and psychological problems that may ensue after burn injuries. One of the commonest psychological problems seen after burn injuries is depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The following paper reviews the existing literature on PTSD following burn injuries. Read More

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December 2020

Recommendations for influenza vaccination in burns patients based on a systematic review of the evidence.

J Burn Care Res 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Mersey Burn Centre for Burns and Plastic Surgery, Whiston Hospital, Merseyside, UK.

Severe burn injury is a serious systemic insult that can lead to life threatening secondary infections. Immunosuppression, inhalation injury and prolonged length of hospital stay are factors which predispose patients to severe respiratory tract infections. Furthermore, evidence shows that burns can put one at risk of infection long after the original injury. Read More

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Guidelines for Perioperative Care for Emergency Laparotomy Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society Recommendations: Part 1-Preoperative: Diagnosis, Rapid Assessment and Optimization.

World J Surg 2021 May 6;45(5):1272-1290. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Background: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols reduce length of stay, complications and costs for a large number of elective surgical procedures. A similar, structured approach appears to improve outcomes, including mortality, for patients undergoing high-risk emergency general surgery, and specifically emergency laparotomy. These are the first consensus guidelines for optimal care of these patients using an ERAS approach. Read More

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