72,106 results match your criteria pain scores


Impact of Autologous Transobturator Sling Surgery on Female Sexual Function: A Comparative Study with Mesh Used Mid-Urethral Sling Surgeries.

Urol Int 2021 May 5:1-7. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Urology, Kartal Dr. Lutfi Kırdar Traning and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: To avoid mesh-related complications, autologous transobturator-tape (a-TOT) technique is a viable option in stress urinary incontinence (SUI) surgery. The method differs from TOT and retropubic tape (RT) in the usage of autologous tissue. We hypothesized that a-TOT improves female sexual dysfunction (FSD) more than TOT and RT. Read More

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Interoceptive Sensibility, Alexithymia, and Emotion Regulation in Individuals Suffering from Fibromyalgia.

Psychopathology 2021 May 5:1-6. Epub 2021 May 5.

Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Introduction: People suffering from fibromyalgia syndrome report various difficulties in emotional processing, possibly resulting from changes in bodily perception (interoception). In our study, we investigated the relationships between interoceptive sensibility (IS) and two disease-relevant emotional components (alexithymia and emotion regulation) in fibromyalgia sufferers compared to healthy individuals.

Methods: Fifty-five fibromyalgia sufferers and 55 healthy individuals, matched with regard to age and gender, participated in our cross-sectional study. Read More

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Anxiety and depression scores in patients subjected to arterial revascularization for critical limb ischemia.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Avenida Albert Einstein, 627, bloco A1, sala 422, Morumbi. ZIP: 05652-900. São Paulo, SP Brazil.

Objectives: This study aims to examine the changes in anxiety and depression scores in 138 patients with critical limb ischemia (rest pain or gangrene) who had no previous psychiatric history, at 30 days and 6 months after surgical revascularization.

Methods: Patients were submitted to a questionnaire-based evaluation using the Beck Anxiety and Depression Inventories before surgery (no more than three days before surgery) ("Pre-Op"), 30 days after surgical revascularization ("Early PO") and at least 6 months after surgical revascularization ("Late PO"). The cut-off scores for depression were (1) < 10, no depression or minimal depression; (2) 10‒18, mild to moderate depression; (3) 19‒29, moderate to severe depression; and (4) 30‒63, severe depression. Read More

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Use of a Double Reverse Traction Repositor versus a Traction Table for the Treatment of Intertrochanteric Femur Fractures: A Comparative Study.

Orthop Surg 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical results for unstable femoral intertrochanteric fractures treated with a double reverse traction repositor (DRTR) and those treated using a traction table with the Asia proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA-II).

Methods: A retrospective study was performed including 95 patients with AO/OTA type 31-A2 and 31-A3 unstable femoral intertrochanteric fractures who underwent DRTR or traction table-facilitated PFNA-II nailing from April 2015 to December 2018 in our traumatic center. Demographics, duration of operation, blood loss, part loading time after surgery, fracture healing time, and early and late complications were assessed. Read More

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A nonrandomised pilot study to examine the feasibility and acceptability of reflexology in patients undergoing hospital-based haemodialysis (solitude study).

J Ren Care 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University, Belfast, UK.

Background: Patients with end-stage kidney disease, receiving haemodialysis can experience complications-hypotension, headache, muscle cramp, chest pain, nausea and vomiting. Patients who experience all or some of these symptoms will often report reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and poor sleep quality, which may lead to increased morbidity and mortality.

Objective: The objective of this pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility of a larger randomised controlled trial to determine the effect of foot reflexology on a cohort of patients undergoing hospital-based haemodialysis. Read More

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Mobile-phone-based e-diary derived patient reported outcomes: Association with clinical disease activity, psychological status and quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis.

PLoS One 2021 5;16(5):e0250647. Epub 2021 May 5.

Multiple Sclerosis Center & Department of Neurology, Lady Davis Carmel Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Background: The applicability of mobile digital technology to promote clinical care of people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) is gaining increased interest as part of the implementation of patient-centered approaches. We aimed at assessing adherence to a smartphone-based e-diary, which was designed to collect patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Secondary objectives were to evaluate the construct and predictive validity of e-diary derived PROs and to explore the various factors that were associated with changes in PROs over time. Read More

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Outcomes of and factors influencing the arthroscopic treatment of rotator cuff injury with the patient in the lateral-lying and beach chair positions.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25797

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Longyan First Hospital Affiliated with Fujian Medical University, Long Yan, Fujian, China.

Abstract: To compare the postoperative effects of arthroscopy for rotator cuff injury with patients in the lateral-lying position (LLP) and beach chair position (BCP), and to identify factors influencing these effects.Data from patients with rotator cuff injuries who underwent shoulder arthroscopy in the LLP (n = 115, 53.24%) or BCP (n = 101, 46. Read More

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Intramuscular fatty infiltration and physical function in controlled acromegaly.

Eur J Endocrinol 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

E Valassi, Endocrinology, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: Patients with acromegaly show musculoskeletal symptoms which may persist despite disease control. Increased intramuscular fat fraction is a known cause of muscle dysfunction in several disorders.

Objective: To assess the degree of fat fraction in thigh muscles of controlled acromegaly patients, and its relationship with muscle dysfunction. Read More

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Evaluation of analgesic interaction between morphine, maropitant and dexmedetomidine in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy.

N Z Vet J 2021 May 5:1-27. Epub 2021 May 5.

School of Veterinary Science, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Aims: To compare the analgesic effect of morphine combined with maropitant and/or dexmedetomidine to morphine alone given at a higher dose, and to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of the drug combinations, in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy (OHE).

Methods: Forty client owned-dogs were randomised into four treatment groups (n=10 per group) each to receive a different analgesic protocol. After premedication with I/M acepromazine anaesthesia was induced with propofol to effect and maintained with isoflurane in 100% oxygen delivered via a circle system. Read More

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Effects of preoperative serum vitamin D levels on early clinical function outcomes and the moderate-to-severe pain prevalence in postmenopausal women after primary total knee arthroplasty.

Menopause 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Objective: To investigate the impact of vitamin D levels on early clinical function outcomes and the potential risk factors of moderate-to-severe pain prevalence in postmenopausal women after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

Methods: From April 2017 to December 2019, 226 women were retrospectively recruited. The women were divided into two groups based on their preoperative serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels: (1) vitamin D-sufficient group (≥30 ng/mL); (2) vitamin D-deficient group (<30 ng/mL). Read More

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Depression and anxiety symptoms are related to pain and frailty but not cognition or delirium in older surgical patients.

Brain Behav 2021 May 5:e02164. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Anesthesiology, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA.

Objective: In community dwelling older adults, depression and anxiety symptoms can be associated with early cognitive decline. Symptoms of depression and anxiety are common in older adults prior to surgery. However, their significance is unknown. Read More

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Mobile health use predicts self-efficacy and self-management in adolescents with sickle cell disease.

Transl Behav Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Division of Behavioral Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with significant health challenges that often worsen during adolescence. Living with SCD requires a substantial amount of self-management and mobile health (mHealth) holds considerable promise for assessing and changing behaviors to improve health outcomes. We integrated a mobile app as an adjunct to a group intervention (SCThrive) and hypothesized that more engagement with the mHealth app would increase self-management and self-efficacy for adolescents and young adults (AYA) with SCD. Read More

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Pan-European Study on Functional and Medical Recovery and Geriatric Rehabilitation Services of Post-COVID-19 Patients: Protocol of the EU-COGER Study.

J Nutr Health Aging 2021 ;25(5):668-674

Stefan Grund, MD, MaHM, Center for Geriatric Medicine, Agaplesion Bethanien Hospital Heidelberg, Geriatric Center at the Heidelberg University, Rohrbacher Straße 149, 69126 Heidelberg, Germany, Phone 004962213191730, FAX 004962213191513, Email:

Objectives: There is insufficient knowledge about the functional and medical recovery of older people infected with SARS-CoV-2. This study aims to gain insight into the course of functional and medical recovery of persons who receive geriatric rehabilitation (GR) following SARS-CoV-2 infection across Europe. Special attention will be paid to the recovery of activities of daily living (ADL) and to the GR services offered to these patients. Read More

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January 2021

The moderating effects of social support and depressive symptoms on pain among elderly multimorbid patients-data from the multicentre, prospective, observational cohort study MultiCare.

Aging Ment Health 2021 May 5:1-7. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Primary Medical Care, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Objectives: Depressive symptoms and chronic pain are common among patients with multimorbidity creating a complex medical condition for both the patient and the general practitioner. Perceived social support may function as a protective measure.

To examine the impact of perceived social support as a potential moderator between depressive symptoms and pain intensity and pain disability in daily activities in multimorbid patients aged 75+. Read More

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The oral microbiome in early rheumatoid arthritis patients and individuals at risk differs from healthy controls.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Orofacial Pain and Dysfunction, Academic Centre for Dentistry of Amsterdam (ACTA), University of Amsterdam and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: It has been suggested that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may originate at the oral mucosa. Our aim was to assess the oral microbiome and the periodontal condition in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) and individuals at risk of RA.

Methods: Three groups were recruited (50 participants each): (1) ERA patients (2010 ACR/EULAR criteria), (2) at-risk individuals (arthralgia and autoantibodies), and (3) healthy controls. Read More

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Guillain-Barré syndrome in Local Eastern China: a study of 595 patients.

Eur J Neurol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Neurology, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, Jining, Shandong Province, China.

Background: To investigate geographical differences in clinical features of patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) from local Eastern China and other areas.

Methods: A total of 595 patients fulfilling GBS and variants were included from two large hospitals located in Eastern China. Data collection included demographics, antecedent events, clinical presentation and signs, electrophysiological subtypes, treatment, complications during hospitalization, clinical severity at nadir and outcome at 12 months and were compared to the Southern China study and the Europe/Americas part of International GBS Outcome Study. Read More

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Comparing the efficacy of continuous and pulsed ultrasound therapies in patients with lateral epicondylitis: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study.

Turk J Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Mar 4;67(1):99-106. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Eskişehir, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of continuous and pulsed ultrasound therapies in lateral epicondylitis.

Patients And Methods: A total of 51 patients (18 males, 33 females; mean age: 46.52±6. Read More

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Effects of scapular stabilization exercises in patients of chronic neck pain with scapular dyskinesis: A quasi-experimental study.

Turk J Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Mar 4;67(1):77-83. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Inönü University, Faculty of Medicine, Malatya, Turkey.

Objectives: This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of scapular stabilization exercises in patients with chronic neck pain and scapular dyskinesis.

Patients And Methods: This single-center, prospective study included a total of 36 patients (17 males, 19 females; mean age: 41±12.8 years; range, 25 to 57 years) with chronic neck pain and scapular dyskinesis between April 2018 and September 2018. Read More

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Effect of Instrumentation Level on Mental Health Subscale of Scoliosis Research Society Outcomes Questionnaire in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Cureus 2021 Apr 1;13(4):e14234. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Baltalimani Bone Diseases Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, TUR.

Introduction Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery aims to obtain a flexible and stable spine, correct axial rotation and halt curve progression by fusing the least number of motion segments. Longer fusions can improve deformity correction, but late decompensation and lumbar degeneration may occur. Even some daily issues can be problematic in some scoliosis patients. Read More

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A comprehensive three-phase opiate sparing multimodal pain protocol for hip arthroscopy: a retrospective review.

J Hip Preserv Surg 2020 Aug 11;7(3):547-553. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals Sports Medicine Institute, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, 11100 Euclid Ave., Hanna House 5043, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.

The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of a three-phase, multimodal, perioperative pain protocol for primary hip arthroscopy based on pain scores, narcotic use, time to discharge, hospital admission and complications. A retrospective study of patients undergoing primary hip arthroscopy over a 48-month time period was conducted. Patients were separated into a multimodal group consisting of non-narcotic medication, local analgesia and a peripheral nerve block (PNB) versus patients receiving only a PNB. Read More

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Factors associated with high pain catastrophizing in patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome.

J Hip Preserv Surg 2020 Aug 10;7(3):483-486. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of South Carolina, 14 Medical Park, Suite 200, Columbia, SC 29206, USA.

The purpose of this study was to determine if physical, mental health and patient-specific factors are associated with increased Pain Catastrophizing in patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS). Patients who underwent primary hip arthroscopy for FAIS were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were included if they completed a standard pre-operative questionnaire which included the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), VAS and 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12) Physical and Mental Composite Scores. Read More

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Validity of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Hip Disease Evaluation Questionnaire (JHEQ) for Japanese patients with labral tear.

J Hip Preserv Surg 2020 Aug 29;7(3):466-473. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Department of Anesthesiology, Aichi Children's Health and Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohbu City, Aichi 474-8710, Japan.

The Japanese Orthopaedic Association Hip Disease Evaluation Questionnaire (JHEQ) was created for patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and to evaluate the conditions of patients with hip disease. Nevertheless, the validity of the JHEQ for patients with hip labral tears remains unclear. Therefore, we validated the JHEQ in patients with labral tears. Read More

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The effect of playing games with toys made with medical materials in children with cancer on pain during intravenous treatment.

Palliat Support Care 2021 May 5:1-10. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Inonu University, Malatya44280, Turkey.

Objective: This research aims to examine the effect of playing games with toys made of medical materials in children with cancer on pain that occurs during intravenous (IV) treatment.

Methods: The randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted between May 2016 and February 2018. The study sample comprised 110 children (experimental group 55; control group 55), determined using power analysis from the study population. Read More

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An investigation about chronic prostatitis in ankylosing spondylitis.

Adv Rheumatol 2021 May 4;61(1):23. Epub 2021 May 4.

Graduate Program in Medical Sciences (PPGCM), Health Sciences Center (CCS), Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, Brazil.

Background: Chronic prostatitis has been a common disease reported with high frequency in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) even from decades ago. Infectious (Chlamydia trachomatis) or non-infectious (uric acid) prostatitis can hypothetically trigger vertebral inflammation in AS. This study aimed to assess the features of chronic prostatitis in patients with AS compared to healthy controls. Read More

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Continuous erector spinae plane block versus thoracic epidural analgesia in video-assisted thoracic surgery: a study protocol for a prospective randomized open label non-inferiority trial.

Trials 2021 May 4;22(1):321. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Catharina Hospital, Michelangelolaan 2, Eindhoven, 5623 EJ, The Netherlands.

Background: Thoracic epidural analgesia is considered the gold standard for pain relief in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. This neuraxial technique blocks pain sensation by injecting a local anesthetic agent in the epidural space near the spinal cord to block spinal nerve roots. Recently, the erector spinae plane block has been introduced as a practical alternative to the thoracic epidural. Read More

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Personality traits predict regression of pelvic girdle pain after pregnancy: a longitudinal follow-up study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 May 4;21(1):353. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Orthopaedic, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical College, Beijing, 100853, China.

Background: Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is a multifactorial condition with a partly unknown etiology. This condition can be mentally and physically compromising both during and after pregnancy. To provide all-around preventive measures to improve the recovery from PGP, it is a necessity for obstetricians and orthopaedists to develop predictive studies about the worse prognosis for this condition. Read More

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Subtotal intracapsular tonsillectomy may be the first choice for tonsillectomy in children.

J Int Med Res 2021 May;49(5):3000605211011930

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The Affiliated Children's Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, 710003, China.

Objective: To investigate the effect and prognosis of subtotal intracapsular tonsillectomy.

Methods: All children (n=162) with tonsillar hypertrophy and chronic tonsillitis were randomly divided into two groups: tonsillectomy (n=75) and subtotal intracapsular tonsillectomy (n=87). Tonsillectomy: the tonsillar tissue was completely removed along with the tonsillar capsule. Read More

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Constant Rate Infusion of Lidocaine, Tumescent Anesthesia and Their Combination in Dogs Undergoing Unilateral Mastectomy.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Apr 29;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Messina, 98168 Messina, Italy.

Tumescent anesthesia (TUM) is a technique that was initially used to perform liposuction under local anesthesia, which consists of the injection of such large volumes of local anesthetic until to produce swelling and firmness (tumescence) of the surgical area. The aim of this study was to compare the intraoperative analgesic efficacy of lidocaine (LID) constant rate infusion (CRI), of TUM, or their combination (LID/TUM) and the postoperative pain and analgesic requirement in dogs undergoing unilateral mastectomy. Twenty-four dogs were premedicated with dexmedetomidine (3 μg/kg) and methadone (0. Read More

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Isokinetic Strength and Functional Scores after Rehabilitation in Jiu-Jitsu Fighter with Repair Surgery of Pectoralis Major Muscle Rupture: A Case Report.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 Apr 30;9(5). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Sports Science Convergence, Dongguk University, Seoul 04620, Korea.

A pectoralis major muscle rupture is a rare injury that mainly occurs during exercise. This study examined the application of rehabilitation, strength and passive range of motion (ROM) change, and subjective assessment for 1 year undertaken after repair surgery of pectoralis major muscle rupture in a Jiu-Jitsu fighter. We hypothesized that the application of ROM exercises and rehabilitation strategies contributed to muscle recovery and successful return to sports. Read More

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Treatment of Periprosthetic Joint Infection in Total Knee Arthroplasty with a Temporary Intramedullary Nail: Is a Long or Short Nail Better?

J Knee Surg 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland.

To our knowledge, no studies have compared postoperative outcomes between patients who received a temporary short or long intramedullary (IM) nail in the setting of infected total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare short-term outcomes for patients who underwent long or short IM nail insertion for treatment of periprosthetic knee infection. Specifically, we compared: (1) success rates; (2) patient reported/functional outcomes; and (3) complications between patients implanted with a short or a long IM nail following PJI of the knee. Read More

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