Brain Inj 2021 Jul 29:1-11. Epub 2021 Jul 29.
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor Scott and White Institute for Rehabilitation, Dallas, Texas, United States of America.
To discuss the biopsychosocial factors that affect being overweight or obese after acquired brain injury (ABI) Narrative review Based on the biopsychosocial model, we discuss the unique injury-specific factors that can affect bring overweight or obese among individuals with ABI including: (1) biological, (2) psychological and (3) social/ecological factors. Injury-specific factors that impact being overweight or obese following ABI include endocrine dysfunction, pain, bowel and bladder incontinence, balance problems and motor impairment, medications, sleep quality and fatigue, alcohol and tobacco use, psychological disorders and symptoms, cognitive changes, social support, isolation, participation, transportation, independence, and knowledge. These factors may also compound general factors impacting weight management, making it difficult for individuals with ABI to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Read More