836,016 results match your criteria pain article


Sample size determination and power analysis using the G*Power software.

Authors:
Hyun Kang

J Educ Eval Health Prof 2021 30;18:17. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Appropriate sample size calculation and power analysis have become major issues in research and publication processes. However, the complexity and difficulty of calculating sample size and power require broad statistical knowledge, there is a shortage of personnel with programming skills, and commercial programs are often too expensive to use in practice. The review article aimed to explain the basic concepts of sample size calculation and power analysis; the process of sample estimation; and how to calculate sample size using G*Power software (latest ver. Read More

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Visual aura without headache as a pre-cluster symptom in episodic cluster headache: A report of two cases.

Headache 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Evaluation and Treatment of Pain, FHU INOVPAIN, CHU Timone, AP-HM, Marseille, France.

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Efficacy of a pediatric headache infusion center: A single-center experience.

Headache 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Division of Child Neurology, Dayton Children's Hospital, Dayton, OH, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of a pediatric headache infusion center (HIC) in alleviating the symptoms and preventing future visits to the emergency department (ED).

Background: Headache is a common reason for visits to the pediatric ED. ED visits are associated with inordinate costs of care and are conceived by parents to be avoidable if adequate alternatives are available. Read More

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Treatment of medication overuse headache: Effect and predictors after 1 year-A randomized controlled trial.

Headache 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Danish Headache Center, Rigshospitalet-Glostrup, Valdemar Hansens Vej 5, Glostrup, 2600, Denmark.

Background: Combined withdrawal and early preventive medication was the most effective treatment for medication overuse headache (MOH) within the first 6 months in a previous study, but results from a longer follow-up period are lacking.

Objective: (1) To measure the efficacy at 1 year of three different treatment approaches to MOH; (2) to compare withdrawal and early preventives (W+P), preventives with potential withdrawal therapy after 6 months (P+pW), and withdrawal with delayed potential preventives (W+pP); and (3) to identify predictors of chronic headache after 1 year.

Methods: Patients with MOH and migraine and/or tension-type headache were randomly assigned to one of the three outpatient treatments. Read More

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Hemicrania continua in a family: A report of two cases.

Headache 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Division of Headache, Department of Neurology, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: To report two cases of hemicrania continua (HC) in a mother and daughter.

Background: HC is a rare primary headache disorder belonging to the family of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs). Unlike migraine, familial cases of TACs are rare, and we know relatively little of their inheritance pattern and genetic mechanisms. Read More

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A template for physical resilience research in older adults: Methods of the PRIME-KNEE study.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Older adults with similar health conditions often experience widely divergent outcomes following health stressors. Variable recovery after a health stressor may be due in part to differences in biological mechanisms at the molecular, cellular, or system level, that are elicited in response to stressors. We describe the PRIME-KNEE study as an example of ongoing research to validate provocative clinical tests and biomarkers that predict resilience to specific health stressors. Read More

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Surgery for Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: A Nationwide Registry-Based Observational Study With Patient-Reported Outcomes.

Neurosurgery 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of North Norway, Norwegian Registry for Spine Surgery, Tromsø, Norway.

Background: Indications and optimal timing for surgical treatment of degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) remain unclear, and data from daily clinical practice are warranted.

Objective: To investigate clinical outcomes following decompressive surgery for DCM.

Methods: Data were obtained from the Norwegian Registry for Spine Surgery. Read More

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Microvascular Decompression for Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Prospective, Multicenter Study.

Neurosurgery 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Seikei-kai Chiba Medical Center, Chiba, Japan.

Background: Microvascular decompression (MVD) is the most effective procedure for the long-term management of trigeminal neuralgia (TGN). However, retrospective and single-center studies are inherently biased, and there are currently no prospective, multicenter studies.

Objective: To evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes and complications in patients with TGN who underwent MVD at specialized Japanese institutions. Read More

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From emergency department to operating room: interventional analgesia techniques for hip fractures.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Critical Care Department, Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg, Genk, Belgium UHasselt, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences & Limburg Clinical Research Center, Diepenbeek, Belgium.

Purpose Of Review: To provide an update on pain management options with regional anesthesia for patients with hip fractures at the emergency department (ED).

Recent Findings: Patients who sustain a hip fracture are typically admitted and diagnosed in the ED before being transferred to the operating room for surgery. Studies have clearly demonstrated the ability of the fascia iliaca compartment blocks (FICBs) and femoral nerve blocks (FNBs) to reduce pain and the risk of an acute confusional state. Read More

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Palliative and End-of-Life Care: Prioritizing Compassion Within the ICU and Beyond.

Crit Care Med 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. Division of Primary Care and Population Health, Department of Medicine, Palliative Care Section, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC. Program to Support People and Enhance Recovery (ProSPER), Duke University, Durham, NC. School of Nursing, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR. Cambia Palliative Care Center of Excellence, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

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Working at Home: The Impacts of COVID 19 on Health, Family-Work-Life Conflict, Gender, and Parental Responsibilities.

J Occup Environ Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Public Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia (Graham, Weale, Lambert, Kinsman, Stuckey, Oakman).

Objective: To examine the impact of working at home on general health, pain, stress, and work-family and family-work conflict, and differences based on gender and parental responsibilities.

Methods: A convenience sample of 658 adults completed an online questionnaire. Regression modelling examined the effects and interactions of gender and parental responsibility on general health, musculoskeletal discomfort/pain frequency and severity, stress, and work-family and family-work conflict. Read More

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Living with embodied vibrations: Sensory experiences following a traumatic brain injury.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jul 15;284:114233. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Health Aging & Society, McMaster University, Canada.

Based on autoethnography, this article adopts a (neuro)phenomenological lens to explore sensory experiences following a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Although focussing particularly on pain, vision, hearing, and somatic experiences connected with sleep, we also touch on how these are interwoven with other symptoms associated with TBIs. We use these experiences to enliven, and thereby enrich, clinical constructions and understandings of 'sensitivity' to light and to noise, as well as 'sleep disturbance'. Read More

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Interrater and intrarater reliability of the single arm military press (SAMP) test for upper limb function in patients with non-specific neck pain.

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2021 Jul 20;55:102428. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Centre for Health and Social Care Research, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Performance measures that assess the upper limb disability (ULD) in patients with neck pain can provide useful information for making clinical decisions regarding the optimal management of those patients. The Single Arm Military Press (SAMP) test is a performance based ULD measure developed specifically for populations with neck pain. In this test, patients are asked to lift a 1 kg weight repetitively overhead for 30 s with repetitions counting as the score. Read More

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Case report: Caesarean scar endometriosis - A rare entity.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 16;85:106204. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Introduction And Importance: Caesarean scar endometriosis (CSE) is a rare form of endometriosis due to previous surgical scars from obstetrical and gynecological procedures. The incidence of CSE was 0.08% and quite difficult to diagnose. Read More

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Spontaneous uterine rupture during the first trimester of a partial molar pregnancy in a scar uterus: A rare case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 22;85:106229. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, University Hospital Center Ibn Rochd, Casablanca 20100, Morocco; Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco.

Introduction: Spontaneous uterine rupture in the first trimester is a redoubtable obstetric emergency that carries a high risk for both mother and fetus.

Cases Presentation: We present the case of a spontaneous uterine rupture in a patient with a scarred uterus at 9 weeks' gestation treated by laparotomy in emergency obstetrical department of Ibn Rochd University Hospital of Casablanca; whose histological examination of the removed material found a partial mole.

Clinical Discussion: Spontaneous uterine rupture in the first trimester is rare and usually occurs in a scarred or malformed uterus. Read More

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Objectively quantified lower limb strength recovery in people treated surgically or non-surgically after patellar dislocation: A systematic review.

Phys Ther Sport 2021 Jun 12;51:110-138. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, Kadoorie Centre for Critical Care Research and Education, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.

Objective: Synthesize evidence on objectively quantified lower limb strength recovery in people treated surgically or non-surgically after patellar dislocation.

Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, AMED and CINAHL databases were last searched on July 30th, 2020 for randomized controlled trials and observational studies that objectively quantified lower limb strength in people (any age or sex) treated surgically or non-surgically after patellar dislocation.

Results: 24 studies were included (877 participants, median age 20. Read More

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An attentional perspective on differential fear conditioning in chronic pain: The informational value of safety cues.

Behav Res Ther 2021 Jun 29;144:103917. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Psychology, Universität Koblenz-Landau, Germany.

Differences in fear conditioning between individuals suffering from chronic pain and healthy controls may indicate a learning bias that contributes to the acquisition and persistence of chronic pain. However, evidence from lab-controlled conditioning studies is sparse and previous experiments have produced inconsistent findings. Twenty-five participants suffering from chronic back pain and twenty-five controls not reporting chronic pain took part in a differential fear conditioning experiment measuring attention (eye tracking) and autonomic arousal (pupil dilation and skin conductance) elicited by visual cues predicting the presence or absence of electric shock. Read More

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The effect of erector spinae plane block on postoperative analgesia and respiratory function in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A double-blind randomized controlled trial.

J Clin Anesth 2021 Jul 26;74:110403. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

University of Health Science, Konya City Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Konya, Turkey.

Study Objective: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) causes moderate-to-severe postoperative pain. Postoperative pain is one of the leading contributors to respiratory dysfunction following surgery. This study investigated the effect of erector spinae plane (ESP) block on postoperative analgesia and respiratory function in patients undergoing LC. Read More

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Tendinopathy and tendon material response to load: What we can learn from small Animal studies.

Acta Biomater 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Musculoskeletal Translational Innovation Initiative, Carl J. Shapiro Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Carl J. Shapiro Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yerevan State Medical University, Yerevan, Armenia. Electronic address:

Tendinopathy is a debilitating disease that causes as much as 30% of all musculoskeletal consultations. Existing treatments for tendinopathy have variable efficacy, possibly due to incomplete characterization of the underlying pathophysiology. Mechanical load can have both beneficial and detrimental effects on tendon, as the overall tendon response depends on the degree, frequency, timing, and magnitude of the load. Read More

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Management of Eosinophilic Esophagitis During Oral Immunotherapy.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Emory University School of Medicine and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta. Electronic address:

Food allergies are antigen-driven diseases that can lead to IgE-mediated reactions of immediate hypersensitivity (eg. anaphylaxis triggered by a single food), or non-IgE reactions of delayed hypersensitivity such as eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE; eg. inability to eat multiple foods manifesting as abdominal pain, choking, dysphagia, vomiting, reflux, food impaction). Read More

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Segmental Height Decrease Adversely Affects Foraminal Height and Cervical Lordosis, But Not Clinical Outcome After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Using Allografts.

World Neurosurg 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyangsi, Gyeonggido, Republic of Korea.

Objective: The study was conducted to elucidate the clinical significance of postoperative segmental height decrease (SHD) in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using allografts.

Methods: We reviewed 88 patients who underwent ACDF using allografts as interbody spacers. Cervical lordosis, segmental lordosis, segmental height, foraminal height, fusion, allograft fracture, or resorption were assessed. Read More

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Directional deep brain stimulation of the posteromedial hypothalamus for refractory intermittent explosive disorder: a case series using a novel neurostimulation device and intraoperative microdialysis.

World Neurosurg 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Division of Neuroscience, Sírio-Libanês Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil; LIM 23, Institute of Psychiatry, University of Sao Paulo, School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by recurrent outbursts of aggressive behaviour. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the posteromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (pHyp) is an alternative therapy for extreme cases and shows promising results. Intraoperative microdialysis can help elucidate the neurobiological mechanism of pHyp-DBS. Read More

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Intraneural fibrosis and loss of microvascular architecture - Key findings investigating failed human nerve allografts.

Ann Anat 2021 Jul 26:151810. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background: Processed nerve allografts are increasingly used in clinical nerve reconstruction with promising results. However, allograft failure has been reported, leading to chronic pain and persistent loss of function. In the present work, we performed a histological and immunohistochemical analysis of two failed allograft reconstructions of a sensory human nerve one year after primary surgery. Read More

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Systolic finger pressures during an Allen test before hemodialysis access construction predict severe postoperative hand ischemia.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Surgery, Máxima Medical Center, Veldhoven, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objective: The Allen Test is a simple bedside method for determining hand perfusion. Earlier studies in hemodialysis (HD) patients found that an Allen Test before access construction did not predict hand ischemia later on. The study aimed to assess whether an Allen test combined with finger plethysmography before access surgery has a potential to predict the onset of severe hemodialysis access induced distal ischemia (HAIDI). Read More

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Does mobile payment change consumers' perception during payment process? -an ERP study.

Neurosci Lett 2021 Jul 26:136138. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

School of Business Administration, Guizhou University of Finance and Economics, Guiyang, P.R. China.

Innovative payment methods have been getting worldwide attention. Exploring the mechanisms behind consumers' purchase behaviors modulated by different payment methods was critical but challenging. In this paper, we proposed a 2 (payment methods: cash payment vs mobile payment) × 2 (price levels of products: high vs low) Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) experiment to study the difference of cash payment and mobile payment on consumers' purchase intention of products in different price level from a neuroscience perspective. Read More

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Cannabidiol microinjection into the nucleus accumbens attenuated nociceptive behaviors in an animal model of tonic pain.

Neurosci Lett 2021 Jul 26:136141. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Neuroscience Research Center, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Cannabidiol, the major non-psychoactive constituent of Cannabis, has attracted much attention as a therapeutic agent for intractable chronic pain in many conditions. Nucleus accumbens (NAc) as a major site of action of cannabinoids is one of the main mediators of several analgesic agents especially in the persistent pain condition. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of cannabidiol microinjection into the NAc on the modulation of nociception induced by formalin injection into the rat's paw. Read More

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Lychnophora pinaster's effects on inflammation and pain in acute gout.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jul 26:114460. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Laboratório de Plantas Medicinais, Escola de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Ethanolic extract of aerial parts from Lychnophora pinaster Mart. are used in traditional Brazilian medicine for treating pain, rheumatism and inflammation.

Aim Of The Study: Drugs for the treatment of gout present severe adverse effects, justifying the need to search for new therapeutic options. Read More

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Limonene from Agastache mexicana essential oil produces antinociceptive effects, gastrointestinal protection and improves experimental ulcerative colitis.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jul 26:114462. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Departamento de Farmacobiología, CINVESTAV-IPN, Calzada de los Tenorios 235, Col. Granjas Coapa, C.P. 14330, CDMX, Mexico. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacology Relevance: Agastache mexicana is a popular plant of great demand in folk medicine, essentially due to its calming properties and for alleviating arthritic, muscular and abdominal pain. Despite its spectrum for pain relief, pharmacological studies of its bioactive constituents have been barely investigated.

Aim Of The Study: To evaluate protective properties of the A. Read More

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Hemodynamic impact of increasing time between fentanyl and propofol administration during anesthesia induction: a randomised, clinical trial.

Braz J Anesthesiol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Hospital Central de la Defensa Gómez Ulla-IMIDEF, Critical Care and Pain Unit, Department of Anesthesia, Madrid, Spain.

Background And Objective: Anesthesia induction can produce severe propofol dose-dependent hypotension. Fentanyl coadministration reduces the catecholaminergic response to orotracheal intubation allowing propofol dose reduction. The aim of this study is to determine whether the hemodynamic response is improved by increasing the time between fentanyl and propofol administration and reducing the dose of the latter without increasing the time to achieve optimal hypnosis. Read More

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Analgesic effect of intercostal nerve block given preventively or at the end of operation in video-assisted thoracic surgery: a randomized clinical trial.

Braz J Anesthesiol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Nantong, China; Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong Key Laboratory of Translational Medicine in Cardiothoracic Diseases, Nantong, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare the analgesic effect of intercostal nerve block (INB) with ropivacaine when given preventively or at the end of the operation in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS).

Methods: A total of 50 patients undergoing VATS were randomly divided into two groups. The patients in the preventive analgesia group (PR group) were given INB with ropivacaine before the intrathoracic manipulation combined with patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). Read More

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