1,172 results match your criteria paeoniflorin naringin

Anti-inflammatory effects of paeoniflorin caused by regulation of the hif1a/miR-210/caspase1/GSDMD signaling pathway in astrocytes: a novel strategy for hypoxia-induced brain injury in rats.

Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2021 Jun 11:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

The First Clinical Medical College, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China.

Hypoxia-induced injury is a classic symptom of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), which is a risk factor of various diseases, such as hypertension, heart failure and stroke. However, there is no effective therapy for hypoxia-induced injury or OSAHS due to the elusive mechanism involved. This study aimed to assess the effects of paeoniflorin on hypoxia-induced injury and explore the underlying mechanism. Read More

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Single Standard Substance for the Simultaneous Determination of Eleven Components in the Extract of Paeoniae Radix Alba (Root of Pall.).

J Anal Methods Chem 2021 15;2021:8860776. Epub 2021 May 15.

College of Pharmaceutical Science, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310053, China.

Paeoniae Radix Alba (PRA), an herbal drug produced from the root of Pall., is widely used in many herbal medicine prescriptions/preparations. Since the pharmacological effects of PRA come from multiple chemical components, it is important to establish a method for the determination of those components in PRA extracts with simple operation and low cost, which is more suitable to evaluate the quality of PRA extracts and optimize the extraction process. Read More

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Identification of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNF-α) Inhibitor in Rheumatoid Arthritis Using Network Pharmacology and Molecular Docking.

Front Pharmacol 2021 21;12:690118. Epub 2021 May 21.

The Fourth Affiliated Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

This study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of Paeoniae Alba (white peony, WP) in treating immune inflammatory diseases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors (TNFis) by using network pharmacology and molecular docking. In this study, the ingredient of WP and the potential inflammatory targets of RA were obtained from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systematic Pharmacology Database, GeneCard, and OMIM databases, respectively. The establishment of the RA-WP-potential inflammatory target gene interaction network was accomplished using the STRING database. Read More

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Systems pharmacological study based on UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap-HRMS, network pharmacology and experimental validation to explore the potential mechanisms of Danggui-Shaoyao-San against atherosclerosis.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 2;278:114278. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, People's Hospital of Yangjiang, Yangjiang, 529500, China; School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, 510515, China; Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for TCM Viscera-State Theory and Applications, Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shenyang, 110032, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Atherosclerosis (AS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Danggui-Shaoyao-San (DSS) is not only a representative Chinese formula to treat gynecological disorder, but also found its use in AS-related diseases. However, the active ingredients and the anti-AS effects are vague yet. Read More

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Study on the Pharmacokinetic Profiles of Three Ingredients in Qilong Capsules and Their Potential Interactions in Rats by LC-MS/MS.

J Chromatogr Sci 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shandong University, Wenhuaxi Road 44, Jinan 250012, Shandong Province, P.R. China.

 : Qilong capsule (QLC) is a well-known Traditional Chinese Medicine, and it has a long history for the treatment of ischemic stroke. Its major ingredients are saponins, such as paeoniflorin, amygdalin and calycosin-7-glucoside, contributing to vasodilation function. In this study, a simple, rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed to determine three bioactive ingredients in rat plasma after oral administration of QLC. Read More

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Potential therapeutic compounds from traditional Chinese medicine targeting endoplasmic reticulum stress to alleviate rheumatoid arthritis.

Pharmacol Res 2021 May 28;170:105696. Epub 2021 May 28.

State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau, China; Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Joint Lab on Chinese Medicine and Immune Disease Research, China. Electronic address:

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease which affects about 0.5-1% of people with symptoms that significantly impact a sufferer's lifestyle. The cells involved in propagating RA tend to display pro-inflammatory and cancer-like characteristics. Read More

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[Effect of self-assembled nanoparticles from Shaoyao Gancao Decoction on release and absorption of main components of Baishao].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2021 May;46(9):2190-2196

Department of Pharmacy,Air Force Medical Center Beijing 100142, China.

To study the effect of self-assembled nanoparticles from Shaoyao Gancao Decoction(SGD-SAN) on the encapsulation, in vitro release and intestinal absorption of the main components of Baishao. Particle size analysis and morphological observation were used to verify the formation of SGD-SAN in the decoction. The entrapment efficiency(EE) of SGD-SAN on the main components of Baishao was determined by ultrafiltration centrifugation. Read More

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Total glucosides of Paeony restores intestinal barrier function through inhibiting Lyn/Snail signaling pathway in colitis mice.

Phytomedicine 2021 May 23;87:153590. Epub 2021 May 23.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an autoimmune disease. The pathogenesis of IBD is complicated and intestinal mucosal barrier damage is considered as the trigger factor for the initiation and recurrence of IBD. Total Glucosides of Paeony (TGP) has shown good inhibitory effects on immune-inflammation in clinic studies. Read More

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Recent Insights Into the Protective Mechanisms of Paeoniflorin in Neurological, Cardiovascular, and Renal Diseases.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2021 Jun;77(6):728-734

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS.

Abstract: The monoterpene glycoside paeoniflorin (PF) is the principal active constituent of the traditional Chinese herbal medicines, Radix Paeoniae Alba and Radix Paeoniae Rubra, which have been used for millennia to treat cardiovascular diseases (eg, hypertension, bleeding, and atherosclerosis) and neurological ailments (eg, headaches, vertigo, dementia, and pain). Recent evidence has revealed that PF exerts inhibitory effects on inflammation, fibrosis, and apoptosis by targeting several intracellular signaling cascades. In this review, we address the current knowledge about the pharmacokinetic properties of PF and its molecular mechanisms of action. Read More

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Paeoniflorin and Hydroxysafflor Yellow A in Xuebijing Injection Attenuate Sepsis-Induced Cardiac Dysfunction and Inhibit Proinflammatory Cytokine Production.

Front Pharmacol 2020 13;11:614024. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

State Key Laboratory of Component-based Chinese Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China.

Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction is a major contributor to the poor outcomes of septic shock. As an add-on with conventional sepsis management for over 15 years, the effect of Xuebijing injection (XBJ) on the sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction was not well understood. The material basis of Xuebijing injection (XBJ) in managing infections and infection-related complications remains to be defined. Read More

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Research Progress on Natural Product Ingredients' Therapeutic Effects on Parkinson's Disease by Regulating Autophagy.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 24;2021:5538200. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease in middle-aged and older adults. Abnormal proteins such as -synuclein are essential factors in PD's pathogenesis. Autophagy is the main participant in the clearance of abnormal proteins. Read More

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Paeoniflorin ameliorates ischemic injury in rat brain via inhibiting cytochrome c/caspase3/HDAC4 pathway.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

CAS Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Department of Neuropharmacology, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201203, China.

Paeoniflorin (PF), a bioactive monoterpene glucoside, has shown a variety of pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammation and autophagy modulation etc. In this study, we investigated whether and how PF exerted a protective effect against ischemic brain injury in vivo and in vitro. Primary rat cortical neurons underwent oxygen/glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) for 90 min. Read More

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Evaluating the Therapeutic Mechanisms of Selected Active Compounds in Cornus Officinalis and Paeonia Lactiflora in Rheumatoid Arthritis via Network Pharmacology Analysis.

Front Pharmacol 2021 21;12:648037. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China.

Cornus officinalis Sieb et. Zucc and Paeonia lactiflora Pall. have exhibited favorable therapeutic effects against rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the specific mechanisms of their active compounds remain unclear. Read More

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Traditional Chinese medicine prescription Guizhi Fuling Pills in the treatment of endometriosis.

Int J Med Sci 2021 16;18(11):2401-2408. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan 250355, PR China.

Endometriosis (EMs) is recorded as in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) books. Guizhi Fuling Pills (GFPs), a classic prescription for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, is widely used for women's blood stasis diseases represented by . At present, it has been applied to treat EMs in clinical settings. Read More

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Paeoniflorin attenuates the allergic contact dermatitis response via inhibiting the IFN-γ production and the NF-κB/IκBα signaling pathway in T lymphocytes.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 May 6;96:107687. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Dermatology, The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China; Institute (College) of Integrative Medicine, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China. Electronic address:

Paeoniflorin (PF) has been demonstrated to have an anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effect in the treatment of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). However, its clinical application is hampered by the lacking of comprehensive mechanical explanation. This research aimed to study the effect of PF on the proliferation, apoptosis and cytokines secretion as well as the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways of T lymphocytes activation in vitro and in vivo. Read More

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Optical Coherence Tomography and Microdialysis for Microneedle-Mediated Penetration Enhancement Study of Paeoniflorin-Loaded Ethosomes.

Skin Pharmacol Physiol 2021 May 6:1-11. Epub 2021 May 6.

School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.

Background: To understand the cumulative effect of topical formulations after medication, evaluate the therapeutic effect of microneedle-assisted (MN-assisted) paeoniflorin-loaded ethosomes (TGP-E), and explore the potential for deep penetration of drugs, this paper uses microdialysis to systematically study the percutaneous pharmacokinetics of TGP-E.

Methods: First, optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to study the effectiveness of microneedle puncture. Second, a microdialysis method and a UPLC-MS method for determining the amount of paeoniflorin (Pae) in dialysate were established. Read More

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Multiple component-pharmacokinetic studies on 10 bioactive constituents of Peiyuan Tongnao capsule using parallel reaction monitoring mode.

Biomed Chromatogr 2021 Apr 30:e5153. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

State Key Laboratory of Component-Based Chinese Medicine, Tianjin Key Laboratory of TCM Chemistry and Analysis, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China.

Peiyuan Tongnao capsule (PTC) plays an important role in clinical application due to its excellent curative efficacy in the treatment of ischemic stroke and chronic cerebral circulation insufficiency. To standardize and rationalize the clinical application of PTC, a rapid and sensitive method based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometry with parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) mode was developed and validated for the pharmacokinetic (PK) study. Ten bioactive compounds (aucubin, salidroside, echinacoside, paeoniflorin, verbascoside, liquiritin, 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy stilbene-2-O-β-d-glucoside, coumarin, glycyrrhizic acid, and emodin) were simultaneously determined in rat plasma. Read More

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Pharmacokinetic Changes According to Single or Multiple Oral Administrations of Socheongryong-Tang to Rats: Presented as a Typical Example of Changes in the Pharmacokinetics Following Multiple Exposures to Herbal Medicines.

Pharmaceutics 2021 Apr 1;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

College of Pharmacy, Chonnam National University, 77 Yongbong-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 61186, Korea.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic properties of ephedrine, paeoniflorin, and cinnamic acid after single or multiple doses of Socheongryong-tang (SCRT) were administered to rats, and to present an example of the pharmacokinetic changes following multiple doses of an herbal medicine. SCRT is a traditional herbal medicine that has been used clinically for a long time, and its main ingredients include ephedrine, paeoniflorin, and cinnamic acid. However, studies on the pharmacokinetic properties of SCRT are insufficient, and particularly, no pharmacokinetic information has been reported for multiple doses. Read More

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Identification of the Key Role of NF-κB Signaling Pathway in the Treatment of Osteoarthritis With Bushen Zhuangjin Decoction, a Verification Based on Network Pharmacology Approach.

Front Pharmacol 2021 12;12:637273. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Research Base of Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndrome, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou, China.

This study aimed to identify whether the NF-κB signaling pathway plays a key role in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) with Bushen Zhuangjin Decoction (BZD) based on a typical network pharmacology approach (NPA). Four sequential experiments were performed: 1) conventional high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), 2) preliminary observation of the therapeutic effects of BZD, 3) NPA using three OA-related gene expression profiles, and 4) verification of the key pathway identified by NPA. Only one HPLC-verified compound (paeoniflorin) was identified from the candidate compounds discovered by NPA. Read More

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Combined Cornus Officinalis and Paeonia Lactiflora Pall Therapy Alleviates Rheumatoid Arthritis by Regulating Synovial Apoptosis AMPK-Mediated Mitochondrial Fission.

Front Pharmacol 2021 9;12:639009. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

School of Pharmacy, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that leads to cartilage destruction and bone erosion. In-depth exploration of the pathogenesis of RA and the development of effective therapeutic drugs are of important clinical and social value. Herein, we explored the medicinal value of Cornus officinalis Sieb. Read More

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Paeoniflorin protects against dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice through inhibition of inflammation and eosinophil infiltration.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Apr 19;97:107667. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Medical School, Nanjing University, China; State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Medical School, Nanjing University, China; Shenzhen Research Institute of Nanjing University, Shenzhen, China. Electronic address:

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation and ulcers in the digestive tract. The treatment commonly includes anti-inflammatory agents like 5-aminosalicylic acid or corticosteroids or biologics for people with UC who are no longer responding to corticosteroids. The radices of Paeonia lactiflora Pall. Read More

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A strategy for practical authentication of medicinal plants in traditional Chinese medicine prescription, paeony root in ShaoYao-GanCao decoction as a case study.

J Sep Sci 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

School of Chinese Materia Medica, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, P. R. China.

Authentication of Chinese medicine materials in prescriptions is extremely difficult due to the complicated chemical matrix. A strategy integrating in-depth profiling, chemical marker selection, and selected detection was established and exemplarily applied to authenticate paeony root in ShaoYao-GanCao decoction. First, an ultra-performance liquid chromatography/linear trap quadrupole-Orbitrap method was developed to probe the chemical compositions of the decoction. Read More

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Paeoniflorin suppresses allergic and inflammatory responses by promoting autophagy in rats with urticaria.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jun 8;21(6):590. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Dermatological Department, Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan 610072, P.R. China.

Paeoniflorin (PF) has been reported to be effective against several skin disorders, such as allergic contact dermatitis and psoriasis; however, it remains unclear whether PF can protect against urticarial lesions. Herein, the effects of PF on rats with urticarial lesions and the possible underlying mechanism were investigated. The effects of PF administration on a rat model of ovalbumin-induced urticarial-like lesions were evaluated via pathological analysis using hematoxylin-eosin staining. Read More

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Paeoniflorin Attenuates Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis of Osteoblast Cells and Promotes Bone Formation via Regulating AKT/mTOR/Autophagy Signaling Pathway.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 7;2021:6623464. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Orthopedics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110003, China.

Paeoniflorin, a natural product derived from , possesses diverse pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and antidiabetic effects. It has been reported for promoting osteoblastogenesis and inhibiting osteoclastogenesis. This study investigates the therapeutic effects of paeoniflorin in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) and . Read More

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Unveiling spatial metabolome of Paeonia suffruticosa and Paeonia lactiflora roots using MALDI MS imaging.

New Phytol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines and School of Traditional Chinese Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, China.

Paeonia suffruticosa (PS) and Paeonia lactiflora (PL) belong to the only genus in the family Paeoniaceae. Comparative analysis of the spatial metabolomes of PS and PL has rarely been performed. In this work, combined with multiple matrixes and dual-polarity detection, high mass resolution matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization MS imaging (MALDI MSI) and MALDI tandem MSI were performed on the root sections of the two Paeonia species. Read More

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Paeoniflorin ameliorates neuropathic pain-induced depression-like behaviors in mice by inhibiting hippocampal neuroinflammation activated TLR4/NF-κB pathway.

Korean J Physiol Pharmacol 2021 May;25(3):217-225

Center of Morphological Experiment, Medical College of Yanbian University, Yanji, Jilin 133000, China.

Neuropathic pain (NP) that contributes to the comorbidity between pain and depression is a clinical dilemma. Neuroinflammatory responses are known to have potentially important roles in the initiation of NP and depressive mood. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of paeoniflorin (PF) on NP-induced depression-like behaviors by targeting the hippocampal neuroinflammation through the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway. Read More

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CP-25 ameliorates methotrexate induced nephrotoxicity via improving renal apoptosis and methotrexate excretion.

J Pharmacol Sci 2021 May 4;146(1):21-28. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Anhui Medical University, Key Laboratory of Anti-Inflammatory and Immune Medicine, Ministry of Education, Anhui Collaborative Innovation Centre of Anti-Inflammatory and Immune Medicine, Hefei, 230032, China. Electronic address:

Paeoniflorin-6'-O-benzene sulfonate (CP-25) is a derivative of Paeoniflorin. We investigate beneficial effect of CP-25 on methotrexate (MTX) induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Plasma blood urea nitrogen (Bun), plasma creatinine (CREA), urine CREA and protein in the rats were quantitatively measured. Read More

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Paeoniflorin protects PC12 cells from oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation-induced injury via activating JAK2/STAT3 signaling.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jun 29;21(6):572. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450000, P.R. China.

Ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke, and it has become a major health issue as it is characterized by high mortality and morbidity rates. Paeoniflorin (PF) is a natural compound and the main active ingredient of Radix Paeoniae. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of PF in oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R)-induced injury of PC12 cells and its association with the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway. Read More

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Deciphering the synergistic network regulation of active components from SiNiSan against irritable bowel syndrome via a comprehensive strategy: Combined effects of synephrine, paeoniflorin and naringin.

Phytomedicine 2021 Jun 24;86:153527. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China. Electronic address:

Background: SiNiSan (SNS) is an ancient Chinese herbal prescription, and the current clinical treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is effective. In the previous study of the research team, the multi-functional co-synergism of SNS against IBS was presented. Some potential drug targets and candidate ligands were predicted. Read More

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Suppression of apoptosis in vascular endothelial cell, the promising way for natural medicines to treat atherosclerosis.

Pharmacol Res 2021 Jun 7;168:105599. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

School of Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No. 1166, Liutai Avenue, Chengdu 611137, PR China. Electronic address:

Atherosclerosis, a chronic multifactorial disease, is closely related to the development of cardiovascular diseases and is one of the predominant causes of death worldwide. Normal vascular endothelial cells play an important role in maintaining vascular homeostasis and inhibiting atherosclerosis by regulating vascular tension, preventing thrombosis and regulating inflammation. Currently, accumulating evidence has revealed that endothelial cell apoptosis is the first step of atherosclerosis. Read More

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